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Haskell vs Spring: What are the differences?

Developers describe Haskell as "An advanced purely-functional programming language". . On the other hand, Spring is detailed as "Provides a comprehensive programming and configuration model for modern Java-based enterprise applications". A key element of Spring is infrastructural support at the application level: Spring focuses on the "plumbing" of enterprise applications so that teams can focus on application-level business logic, without unnecessary ties to specific deployment environments.

Haskell belongs to "Languages" category of the tech stack, while Spring can be primarily classified under "Frameworks (Full Stack)".

"Purely-functional programming " is the top reason why over 72 developers like Haskell, while over 192 developers mention "Java" as the leading cause for choosing Spring.

Spring is an open source tool with 30.6K GitHub stars and 19.6K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Spring's open source repository on GitHub.

According to the StackShare community, Spring has a broader approval, being mentioned in 319 company stacks & 184 developers stacks; compared to Haskell, which is listed in 33 company stacks and 47 developer stacks.

Advice on Haskell and Spring
Needs advice
on
SpringSpring
and
DjangoDjango

I am a graduate student working as a software engineer in a company. For my personal development, I want to learn web development. I have some experience in Springboot while I was in university. So I want to continue with spring-boot, but I heard about Django. I'm reaching out to the experts here to help me choose a future proof framework. Django or Spring Boot?

Thanks in Advance

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Replies (5)
Recommends
SpringSpring

Kamrul Hasan, Don't choose dying technologies with small communities. How many startups do you think use Spring and Django? Use Google Trends to compare technologies. Study the StackOverflow developer survey and job websites to see what technologies are wanted. Few teams can afford to train you to get up to their level so be a life-long learner. Embrace the dawn of a new industry and become an expert.

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Sulaiman Sanusi
Recommends
SpringSpring

I recommend you stick to Java Spring as you already have experience with the technology, i suggest you master this technology and then if Django seam to be very interesting to you, django is a framework you can easily pickup as python is also easy, you have to probably be able to manage the context switching between a static typed language like Java to dynamic language like python

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Gonzalo Fernández
Recommends

Hi Kamrul,

It really depends on the kind of project and whether you feel more comfortable with Java or Python. Both are excellent frameworks, with a huge community and learning material. I've been working with Spring Boot since I started coding almost and I can assure you it's the perfect combination for Java. The learning curve may be harder that Django, but once you know the basics you're good to go. I can't tell you much about Django but you must now by now that it has a great reputation with Python users. In any case I don't think you can go wrong with any of these two. My advice is, if you are already familiar with the Spring framework, give Spring Boot a try, because you're going to find out that it just makes the whole Spring experience so much easier. Let us know what you chose!

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Christoph Becker
Recommends
SpringSpringDjangoDjango

It depends on what you want. Spring is Java-based whereas Django is Python-based. The question rather is Java vs Python. I personally recommend Python as it's shorter and easy to learn. But Java has advantages in really big systems.

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Recommends
DjangoDjango

Both are in active development and had huge community support. It really depends on you what you are comfortable with. Both are married to their respective languages. I choose Python over Java because of its simplicity and readability. To develop in java you need to write a lot of code. That's how java is. The best part I love with Django is its synchronization with Databases.

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Pros of Haskell
Pros of Spring
  • 85
    Purely-functional programming
  • 65
    Statically typed
  • 57
    Type-safe
  • 38
    Open source
  • 38
    Great community
  • 29
    Built-in concurrency
  • 29
    Composable
  • 28
    Built-in parallelism
  • 22
    Referentially transparent
  • 19
    Generics
  • 14
    Intellectual satisfaction
  • 13
    Type inference
  • 11
    If it compiles, it's correct
  • 7
    Monads
  • 7
    Flexible
  • 4
    Great type system
  • 4
    Proposition testing with QuickCheck
  • 3
    One of the most powerful languages *(see blub paradox)*
  • 2
    Fun
  • 2
    Kind system
  • 2
    Reliable
  • 2
    Highly expressive, type-safe, fast development time
  • 2
    Type classes
  • 2
    Better type-safe than sorry
  • 2
    Pattern matching and completeness checking
  • 2
    Purely-functional Programming
  • 2
    Best in class thinking tool
  • 2
    Great maintainability of the code
  • 0
    Orthogonality
  • 0
    Predictable
  • 220
    Java
  • 154
    Open source
  • 132
    Great community
  • 119
    Very powerful
  • 111
    Enterprise
  • 62
    Lot of great subprojects
  • 58
    Easy setup
  • 44
    Convention , configuration, done
  • 37
    Standard
  • 29
    Love the logic
  • 11
    Good documentation
  • 10
    Dependency injection
  • 9
    Stability
  • 6
    MVC
  • 6
    Easy
  • 3
    Strong typing
  • 3
    Makes the hard stuff fun & the easy stuff automatic
  • 2
    Code maintenance
  • 2
    Best practices
  • 2
    Maven
  • 2
    Great Desgin
  • 2
    Easy Integration with Spring Security
  • 2
    Integrations with most other Java frameworks
  • 1
    Java has more support and more libraries
  • 1
    Supports vast databases
  • 1
    Large ecosystem with seamless integration
  • 1
    OracleDb integration
  • 1
    Live project

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Cons of Haskell
Cons of Spring
  • 7
    Too much distraction in language extensions
  • 6
    Error messages can be very confusing
  • 4
    Libraries have poor documentation
  • 3
    No best practices
  • 3
    No good ABI
  • 2
    Sometimes performance is unpredictable
  • 2
    Poor packaging for apps written in it for Linux distros
  • 1
    Slow compilation
  • 15
    Draws you into its own ecosystem and bloat
  • 3
    Verbose configuration
  • 3
    Poor documentation
  • 3
    Java
  • 1
    Java is more verbose language in compare to python

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- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Haskell?

It is a general purpose language that can be used in any domain and use case, it is ideally suited for proprietary business logic and data analysis, fast prototyping and enhancing existing software environments with correct code, performance and scalability.

What is Spring?

A key element of Spring is infrastructural support at the application level: Spring focuses on the "plumbing" of enterprise applications so that teams can focus on application-level business logic, without unnecessary ties to specific deployment environments.

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What companies use Haskell?
What companies use Spring?
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Blog Posts

What are some alternatives to Haskell and Spring?
Scala
Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
Clojure
Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system.
Erlang
Some of Erlang's uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang's runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance. OTP is set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems.
Rust
Rust is a systems programming language that combines strong compile-time correctness guarantees with fast performance. It improves upon the ideas of other systems languages like C++ by providing guaranteed memory safety (no crashes, no data races) and complete control over the lifecycle of memory.
Python
Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
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