Java vs Python vs Stan

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Java

133.7K
101.1K
+ 1
3.7K
Python

242K
197.2K
+ 1
6.9K
Stan

64
27
+ 1
0
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Pros of Java
Pros of Python
Pros of Stan
  • 599
    Great libraries
  • 445
    Widely used
  • 400
    Excellent tooling
  • 395
    Huge amount of documentation available
  • 334
    Large pool of developers available
  • 208
    Open source
  • 202
    Excellent performance
  • 157
    Great development
  • 150
    Used for android
  • 148
    Vast array of 3rd party libraries
  • 60
    Compiled Language
  • 52
    Used for Web
  • 46
    High Performance
  • 46
    Managed memory
  • 44
    Native threads
  • 43
    Statically typed
  • 35
    Easy to read
  • 33
    Great Community
  • 29
    Reliable platform
  • 24
    JVM compatibility
  • 24
    Sturdy garbage collection
  • 22
    Cross Platform Enterprise Integration
  • 20
    Good amount of APIs
  • 20
    Universal platform
  • 18
    Great Support
  • 14
    Great ecosystem
  • 11
    Lots of boilerplate
  • 11
    Backward compatible
  • 10
    Everywhere
  • 9
    Excellent SDK - JDK
  • 7
    It's Java
  • 7
    Static typing
  • 7
    Cross-platform
  • 6
    Long term language
  • 6
    Better than Ruby
  • 6
    Mature language thus stable systems
  • 6
    Portability
  • 5
    Used for Android development
  • 5
    Vast Collections Library
  • 5
    Clojure
  • 4
    Old tech
  • 4
    Best martial for design
  • 4
    Most developers favorite
  • 3
    Stable platform, which many new languages depend on
  • 3
    Testable
  • 3
    Great Structure
  • 3
    Javadoc
  • 3
    History
  • 2
    Faster than python
  • 2
    Type Safe
  • 0
    Job
  • 1.2K
    Great libraries
  • 961
    Readable code
  • 846
    Beautiful code
  • 787
    Rapid development
  • 689
    Large community
  • 435
    Open source
  • 393
    Elegant
  • 282
    Great community
  • 272
    Object oriented
  • 220
    Dynamic typing
  • 77
    Great standard library
  • 59
    Very fast
  • 55
    Functional programming
  • 49
    Easy to learn
  • 45
    Scientific computing
  • 35
    Great documentation
  • 29
    Productivity
  • 28
    Easy to read
  • 28
    Matlab alternative
  • 23
    Simple is better than complex
  • 20
    It's the way I think
  • 19
    Imperative
  • 18
    Very programmer and non-programmer friendly
  • 18
    Free
  • 17
    Machine learning support
  • 17
    Powerfull language
  • 16
    Fast and simple
  • 14
    Scripting
  • 12
    Explicit is better than implicit
  • 11
    Ease of development
  • 10
    Clear and easy and powerfull
  • 9
    Unlimited power
  • 8
    Import antigravity
  • 8
    It's lean and fun to code
  • 7
    Python has great libraries for data processing
  • 7
    Print "life is short, use python"
  • 6
    Although practicality beats purity
  • 6
    Readability counts
  • 6
    Rapid Prototyping
  • 6
    Fast coding and good for competitions
  • 6
    There should be one-- and preferably only one --obvious
  • 6
    Now is better than never
  • 6
    High Documented language
  • 6
    I love snakes
  • 6
    Flat is better than nested
  • 6
    Great for tooling
  • 5
    Lists, tuples, dictionaries
  • 5
    Great for analytics
  • 4
    Beautiful is better than ugly
  • 4
    Multiple Inheritence
  • 4
    Socially engaged community
  • 4
    CG industry needs
  • 4
    Easy to learn and use
  • 4
    Simple and easy to learn
  • 4
    Easy to setup and run smooth
  • 4
    Complex is better than complicated
  • 4
    Web scraping
  • 4
    Plotting
  • 3
    No cruft
  • 3
    It is Very easy , simple and will you be love programmi
  • 3
    Many types of collections
  • 3
    If the implementation is easy to explain, it may be a g
  • 3
    If the implementation is hard to explain, it's a bad id
  • 3
    Special cases aren't special enough to break the rules
  • 3
    Pip install everything
  • 3
    List comprehensions
  • 3
    Generators
  • 3
    Import this
  • 2
    Good for hacking
  • 2
    Flexible and easy
  • 2
    Batteries included
  • 2
    Can understand easily who are new to programming
  • 2
    Powerful language for AI
  • 2
    Should START with this but not STICK with This
  • 2
    A-to-Z
  • 2
    Because of Netflix
  • 2
    Only one way to do it
  • 2
    Better outcome
  • 1
    Automation friendly
  • 1
    Securit
  • 1
    Slow
  • 1
    Sexy af
  • 1
    Procedural programming
  • 0
    Powerful
  • 0
    Ni
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    Cons of Java
    Cons of Python
    Cons of Stan
    • 33
      Verbosity
    • 27
      NullpointerException
    • 17
      Nightmare to Write
    • 16
      Overcomplexity is praised in community culture
    • 12
      Boiler plate code
    • 8
      Classpath hell prior to Java 9
    • 6
      No REPL
    • 4
      No property
    • 3
      Code are too long
    • 2
      Non-intuitive generic implementation
    • 2
      There is not optional parameter
    • 2
      Floating-point errors
    • 1
      Java's too statically, stronglly, and strictly typed
    • 1
      Returning Wildcard Types
    • 1
      Terrbible compared to Python/Batch Perormence
    • 53
      Still divided between python 2 and python 3
    • 28
      Performance impact
    • 26
      Poor syntax for anonymous functions
    • 22
      GIL
    • 19
      Package management is a mess
    • 14
      Too imperative-oriented
    • 12
      Hard to understand
    • 12
      Dynamic typing
    • 12
      Very slow
    • 8
      Indentations matter a lot
    • 8
      Not everything is expression
    • 7
      Incredibly slow
    • 7
      Explicit self parameter in methods
    • 6
      Requires C functions for dynamic modules
    • 6
      Poor DSL capabilities
    • 6
      No anonymous functions
    • 5
      Fake object-oriented programming
    • 5
      Threading
    • 5
      The "lisp style" whitespaces
    • 5
      Official documentation is unclear.
    • 5
      Hard to obfuscate
    • 5
      Circular import
    • 4
      Lack of Syntax Sugar leads to "the pyramid of doom"
    • 4
      The benevolent-dictator-for-life quit
    • 4
      Not suitable for autocomplete
    • 2
      Meta classes
    • 1
      Training wheels (forced indentation)
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      - No public GitHub repository available -

      What is Java?

      Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!

      What is Python?

      Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.

      What is Stan?

      A state-of-the-art platform for statistical modeling and high-performance statistical computation. Used for statistical modeling, data analysis, and prediction in the social, biological, and physical sciences, engineering, and business.

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      Blog Posts

      What are some alternatives to Java, Python, and Stan?
      C lang
      Abstract
      Abstract builds upon and extends the stable technology of Git to host and manage your work.
      Golang
      Go is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel type system enables flexible and modular program construction. Go compiles quickly to machine code yet has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. It's a fast, statically typed, compiled language that feels like a dynamically typed, interpreted language.
      Scala
      Scala is an acronym for “Scalable Language”. This means that Scala grows with you. You can play with it by typing one-line expressions and observing the results. But you can also rely on it for large mission critical systems, as many companies, including Twitter, LinkedIn, or Intel do. To some, Scala feels like a scripting language. Its syntax is concise and low ceremony; its types get out of the way because the compiler can infer them.
      Kotlin
      Kotlin is a statically typed programming language for the JVM, Android and the browser, 100% interoperable with Java
      See all alternatives