Linux vs Windows: What are the differences?
Linux: A family of free and open source software operating systems based on the Linux kernel. A clone of the operating system Unix, written from scratch by Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers across the Net. It aims towards POSIX and Single UNIX Specification compliance; Windows: A group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed by Microsoft. A series of personal computer operating systems produced by Microsoft as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems.
Linux and Windows belong to "Operating Systems" category of the tech stack.
Broadsheet, Deliveroo, and Rightech IoT Cloud are some of the popular companies that use Linux, whereas Windows is used by Ericsson, iPhady, and House Extension Designs. Linux has a broader approval, being mentioned in 25 company stacks & 126 developers stacks; compared to Windows, which is listed in 10 company stacks and 33 developer stacks.
What is Linux?
What is Windows?
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What are the cons of using Linux?
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I once used Ubuntu as my exclusive Linux distro, but then I decided to switch my primary operating system to Arch Linux.
While more difficult to install, Arch Linux offered more flexibility during the installation process which allowed me to customize my system to fit me perfectly. With Ubuntu, instead of installing everything i did want, I had to remove everything that I didn't need.
Since #ATComputing is a vendor independent Linux and open source specialist, we do not have a favorite Linux distribution. We mainly use Ubuntu , Centos Debian , Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Fedora during our daily work. These are also the distributions we see most often used in our customers environments.
For our #ci/cd training, we use an open source pipeline that is build around Visual Studio Code , Jenkins , VirtualBox , GitHub , Docker Kubernetes and Google Compute Engine.
For #ServerConfigurationAndAutomation, we have embraced and contributed to Ansible mainly because it is not only flexible and powerful, but also straightforward and easier to learn than some other (open source) solutions. On the other hand: we are not affraid of Puppet Labs and Chef either.
Currently, our most popular #programming #Language course is Python . The reason Python is so popular has to do with it's versatility, but also with its low complexity. This helps sysadmins to write scripts or simple programs to make their job less repetitive and automating things more fun. Python is also widely used to communicate with (REST) API's and for data analysis.
We use Vagrant because it is the best toolchain for having a standardized development environment that is readily provisoned with just a single command on macOS, Linux, and Windows.
There's a lot of things that could be better; the thing I dislike the most is how Vagrant configuration file is a Ruby script with weird semantics around conditionals, which makes it its own special language to learn. They would have been a lot better off with the configuration approach taken by Xen (where the configuration file was a straightforward Python system).
Also, it's error messages are optimized too much for people developing Vagrant itself, and not enough for helping end users who are using Vagrant, which means one has to google often to figure out what the actual problem is.
Still, I don't think there's a better alternative for a development environment that Just Works for hundreds of developers. Docker isn't really designed for the development environment use case in my view, since it's optimized for throwing away state and getting a clean one when you make changes, and that's sometimes really not what you want. And having to SSH into a remote development environment has significant latency and editor setup costs that in my view make it a backup plan, not the main way to do things.
I use CloudApp because it saves me so much time and energy. I use it at the very least once an hour. When Skitch was shutdown I thought my life was over! CloudApp saved the day and gave me features that Skitch didn't have.
If you write a lot of technical content (or any content for that matter) it is an invaluable tool. I'm not sure about Windows support but it integrates flawlessly with macOS. 🤘
I have been using macOS for 12 years. I can't imagine switching to another operating system since I have all of my hotkeys memorized. Windows 10 has made some drastic improvements like adding GNU Bash/Linux to win developers over from unix-like systems, I just don't feel it is there yet. Maybe I'll give it a shot next time I need a new laptop. 🤷♂️
For those needing hosting on Windows or Windows Server too (and avoiding licensing hurdles), both Vultr and Amazon LightSail offer compelling choices, depending on how much compute power you need. Don't underestimate Amazon LightSail, especially for smaller or starting projects, but Vultr also offers an incremental $16 Windows option on top of their standard compute offerings.