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MATLAB vs NumPy: What are the differences?

What is MATLAB? A high-level language and interactive environment for numerical computation, visualization, and programming. Using MATLAB, you can analyze data, develop algorithms, and create models and applications. The language, tools, and built-in math functions enable you to explore multiple approaches and reach a solution faster than with spreadsheets or traditional programming languages, such as C/C++ or Java.

What is NumPy? Fundamental package for scientific computing with Python. Besides its obvious scientific uses, NumPy can also be used as an efficient multi-dimensional container of generic data. Arbitrary data-types can be defined. This allows NumPy to seamlessly and speedily integrate with a wide variety of databases.

MATLAB belongs to "Languages" category of the tech stack, while NumPy can be primarily classified under "Data Science Tools".

NumPy is an open source tool with 11.1K GitHub stars and 3.67K GitHub forks. Here's a link to NumPy's open source repository on GitHub.

Instacart, Suggestic, and Twilio SendGrid are some of the popular companies that use NumPy, whereas MATLAB is used by Empatica, Wham City Lights, and Walter. NumPy has a broader approval, being mentioned in 63 company stacks & 34 developers stacks; compared to MATLAB, which is listed in 12 company stacks and 23 developer stacks.

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What is MATLAB?

Using MATLAB, you can analyze data, develop algorithms, and create models and applications. The language, tools, and built-in math functions enable you to explore multiple approaches and reach a solution faster than with spreadsheets or traditional programming languages, such as C/C++ or Java.

What is NumPy?

Besides its obvious scientific uses, NumPy can also be used as an efficient multi-dimensional container of generic data. Arbitrary data-types can be defined. This allows NumPy to seamlessly and speedily integrate with a wide variety of databases.

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    What are some alternatives to MATLAB and NumPy?
    R
    R provides a wide variety of statistical (linear and nonlinear modelling, classical statistical tests, time-series analysis, classification, clustering, ...) and graphical techniques, and is highly extensible.
    PHP
    Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.
    JavaScript
    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
    Python
    Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
    Java
    Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
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    Decisions about MATLAB and NumPy
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    How developers use MATLAB and NumPy
    Avatar of Vital Labs, Inc.
    Vital Labs, Inc. uses NumPyNumPy

    We utilize NumPy, SciPy, Pandas, and iPython Notebooks to power our analysis and analytics tools.

    Avatar of Ralic Lo
    Ralic Lo uses MATLABMATLAB

    For math calculation and solve partial differential equation numerically.

    Avatar of Eliana Abraham
    Eliana Abraham uses MATLABMATLAB

    I used to be an EE major so you can see where that comes from.

    Avatar of Solcast
    Solcast uses MATLABMATLAB

    Prediction, modelling, and simulation for Solar predictions

    Avatar of Eliana Abraham
    Eliana Abraham uses NumPyNumPy

    EECS 445 and All of Linear Algebra

    Nuff said

    Avatar of GadgetSteve
    GadgetSteve uses NumPyNumPy

    Fast Numeric Processing

    Avatar of Nough You
    Nough You uses NumPyNumPy

    Fast array operations.

    Avatar of BobStein
    BobStein uses NumPyNumPy

    big data analysis

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    How much does NumPy cost?
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