Perl vs Python vs Ruby

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Perl

1.6K
706
+ 1
491
Python

117K
91.2K
+ 1
6.4K
Ruby

22.1K
13.8K
+ 1
3.9K
Decisions about Perl, Python, and Ruby

Python has become the most popular language for machine learning right now since almost all machine learning tools provide service for this language, and it is really to use since it has many build-in objects like Hashtable. In C, you need to implement everything by yourself.

C++ is one of the most popular programming languages in graphics. It has many fancy libraries like eigen to help us process matrix. I have many previous projects about graphics based on C++ and this time, we also need to deal with graphics since we need to analyze movements of the human body. C++ has much more advantages than Java. C++ uses only compiler, whereas Java uses compiler and interpreter in both. C++ supports both operator overloading and method overloading whereas Java only supports method overloading. C++ supports manual object management with the help of new and delete keywords whereas Java has built-in automatic garbage collection.

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Kirill Mikhailov

Go is a way faster than both Python and PHP, which is pretty understandable, but we were amazed at how good we adapted to use it. Go was a blessing for a team , since strict typing is making it very easy to develop and control everything inside team, so the quality was really good. We made huge leap forward in dev speed because of it.

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Chose
PythonPython
over
ScalaScala

I am working in the domain of big data and machine learning. I am helping companies with bringing their machine learning models to the production. In many projects there is a tendency to port Python, PySpark code to Scala and Scala Spark.

This yields to longer time to market and a lot of mistakes due to necessity to understand and re-write the code. Also many libraries/apis that data scientists/machine learning practitioners use are not available in jvm ecosystem.

Simply, refactoring (if necessary) and organising the code of the data scientists by following best practices of software development is less error prone and faster comparing to re-write in Scala.

Pipeline orchestration tools such as Luigi/Airflow is python native and fits well to this picture.

I have heard some arguments against Python such as, it is slow, or it is hard to maintain due to its dynamically typed language. However cost/benefit of time consumed porting python code to java/scala alone would be enough as a counter-argument. ML pipelines rarerly contains a lot of code (if that is not the case, such as complex domain and significant amount of code, then scala would be a better fit).

In terms of performance, I did not see any issues with Python. It is not the fastest runtime around but ML applications are rarely time-critical (majority of them is batch based).

I still prefer Scala for developing APIs and for applications where the domain contains complex logic.

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Pros of Perl
Pros of Python
Pros of Ruby
  • 67
    Lots of libraries
  • 61
    Open source
  • 57
    Text processing
  • 48
    Powerful
  • 44
    Unix-style
  • 43
    Regex
  • 33
    Stable
  • 27
    Hackerish
  • 27
    Concise syntax
  • 19
    Easy to use
  • 9
    CPAN
  • 9
    Swiss army chainsaw
  • 8
    Code Less Do More
  • 6
    All purpose
  • 6
    Freedom
  • 5
    Familiar
  • 4
    Readability
  • 4
    Community
  • 3
    Modular
  • 3
    It's the best one-off task language
  • 2
    Many ways to do it
  • 2
    For a man
  • 2
    Postmodern
  • 2
    Object-Oriented
  • 1.1K
    Great libraries
  • 920
    Readable code
  • 814
    Beautiful code
  • 763
    Rapid development
  • 668
    Large community
  • 414
    Open source
  • 375
    Elegant
  • 264
    Great community
  • 257
    Object oriented
  • 206
    Dynamic typing
  • 68
    Great standard library
  • 51
    Very fast
  • 47
    Functional programming
  • 33
    Scientific computing
  • 31
    Easy to learn
  • 29
    Great documentation
  • 25
    Matlab alternative
  • 22
    Productivity
  • 21
    Easy to read
  • 19
    Simple is better than complex
  • 17
    It's the way I think
  • 17
    Imperative
  • 15
    Very programmer and non-programmer friendly
  • 14
    Free
  • 14
    Powerful
  • 13
    Fast and simple
  • 13
    Powerfull language
  • 12
    Scripting
  • 9
    Machine learning support
  • 9
    Explicit is better than implicit
  • 8
    Ease of development
  • 8
    Unlimited power
  • 7
    Import antigravity
  • 7
    Clear and easy and powerfull
  • 6
    Print "life is short, use python"
  • 6
    It's lean and fun to code
  • 5
    Great for tooling
  • 5
    Fast coding and good for competitions
  • 5
    There should be one-- and preferably only one --obvious
  • 5
    Python has great libraries for data processing
  • 5
    High Documented language
  • 5
    I love snakes
  • 5
    Although practicality beats purity
  • 5
    Flat is better than nested
  • 4
    Readability counts
  • 3
    Multiple Inheritence
  • 3
    Complex is better than complicated
  • 3
    Lists, tuples, dictionaries
  • 3
    Plotting
  • 3
    Rapid Prototyping
  • 3
    Great for analytics
  • 3
    Socially engaged community
  • 3
    Beautiful is better than ugly
  • 3
    CG industry needs
  • 2
    No cruft
  • 2
    Easy to learn and use
  • 2
    List comprehensions
  • 2
    Generators
  • 2
    Special cases aren't special enough to break the rules
  • 2
    Now is better than never
  • 2
    If the implementation is hard to explain, it's a bad id
  • 2
    If the implementation is easy to explain, it may be a g
  • 2
    Simple and easy to learn
  • 2
    Import this
  • 1
    Powerful language for AI
  • 1
    Because of Netflix
  • 1
    Pip install everything
  • 1
    Web scraping
  • 1
    Better outcome
  • 1
    Batteries included
  • 1
    Easy to setup and run smooth
  • 1
    It is Very easy , simple and will you be love programmi
  • 1
    Only one way to do it
  • 1
    A-to-Z
  • 1
    Many types of collections
  • 1
    Flexible and easy
  • 0
    Pro
  • 0
    Powerful
  • 598
    Programme friendly
  • 532
    Quick to develop
  • 488
    Great community
  • 466
    Productivity
  • 430
    Simplicity
  • 272
    Open source
  • 234
    Meta-programming
  • 203
    Powerful
  • 157
    Blocks
  • 138
    Powerful one-liners
  • 65
    Flexible
  • 56
    Easy to learn
  • 48
    Easy to start
  • 40
    Maintainability
  • 36
    Lambdas
  • 30
    Procs
  • 19
    Fun to write
  • 19
    Diverse web frameworks
  • 11
    Reads like English
  • 8
    Rails
  • 8
    Makes me smarter and happier
  • 7
    Elegant syntax
  • 6
    Very Dynamic
  • 5
    Programmer happiness
  • 5
    Matz
  • 4
    Generally fun but makes you wanna cry sometimes
  • 4
    Fun and useful
  • 3
    Friendly
  • 3
    Object Oriented
  • 3
    There are so many ways to make it do what you want
  • 2
    Easy packaging and modules
  • 2
    Primitive types can be tampered with
  • 2
    Elegant code

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Cons of Perl
Cons of Python
Cons of Ruby
  • 3
    Messy $/@/% syntax
  • 3
    No exception handling
  • 2
    No OS threads
  • 2
    Bad OO support
  • 2
    "1;"
  • 1
    Copy-on-create for interpreter-based threads
  • 1
    Barewords
  • 1
    Errors/warnings are ignored by default
  • 1
    Variables are global by default
  • 49
    Still divided between python 2 and python 3
  • 26
    Poor syntax for anonymous functions
  • 26
    Performance impact
  • 18
    GIL
  • 18
    Package management is a mess
  • 13
    Too imperative-oriented
  • 12
    Hard to understand
  • 10
    Dynamic typing
  • 8
    Very slow
  • 8
    Not everything is expression
  • 7
    Indentations matter a lot
  • 7
    Explicit self parameter in methods
  • 6
    Poor DSL capabilities
  • 6
    No anonymous functions
  • 6
    Requires C functions for dynamic modules
  • 5
    Hard to obfuscate
  • 5
    The "lisp style" whitespaces
  • 4
    The benevolent-dictator-for-life quit
  • 4
    Lack of Syntax Sugar leads to "the pyramid of doom"
  • 4
    Threading
  • 4
    Fake object-oriented programming
  • 4
    Incredibly slow
  • 3
    Not suitable for autocomplete
  • 3
    Official documentation is unclear.
  • 2
    Circular import
  • 1
    Training wheels (forced indentation)
  • 1
    Meta classes
  • 7
    Memory hog
  • 7
    Really slow if you're not really careful
  • 3
    Nested Blocks can make code unreadable
  • 2
    Encouraging imperative programming
  • 1
    Ambiguous Syntax, such as function parentheses

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What is Perl?

Perl is a general-purpose programming language originally developed for text manipulation and now used for a wide range of tasks including system administration, web development, network programming, GUI development, and more.

What is Python?

Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.

What is Ruby?

Ruby is a language of careful balance. Its creator, Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto, blended parts of his favorite languages (Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp) to form a new language that balanced functional programming with imperative programming.

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JavaScriptPythonNode.js+8
4
3127
What are some alternatives to Perl, Python, and Ruby?
PHP
Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.
C
Java
Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
PowerShell
A command-line shell and scripting language built on .NET. Helps system administrators and power-users rapidly automate tasks that manage operating systems (Linux, macOS, and Windows) and processes.
JavaScript
JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
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Interest over time