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Qt vs wxWidgets: What are the differences?

Comparison: Qt vs wxWidgets

Introduction:

When it comes to choosing a framework for developing cross-platform GUI applications, Qt and wxWidgets are two popular options. Both frameworks offer a variety of features and have their own advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we will compare the key differences between Qt and wxWidgets.

  1. Language Support: One of the major differences between Qt and wxWidgets is the programming language used. Qt primarily uses C++ and provides its own set of libraries, while wxWidgets supports multiple programming languages including C++, Python, and others. This makes wxWidgets more flexible for developers who prefer different languages.

  2. Look and Feel: Qt has its own set of native look and feel for different platforms, providing a consistent user interface across different operating systems. On the other hand, wxWidgets uses the native interface of the underlying operating system, resulting in a more platform-specific look and feel. This can be an advantage or a disadvantage depending on the specific requirements of the application.

  3. Development Tools: Qt offers comprehensive development tools including the Qt Creator IDE, which provides a rich set of features for designing, coding, and debugging applications. wxWidgets, on the other hand, relies on third-party IDEs such as Visual Studio or Code::Blocks. This means developers using wxWidgets may need to integrate different tools for their development workflow.

  4. Licensing: Qt offers both commercial and open-source licenses, allowing developers to choose the option that best fits their needs. wxWidgets, on the other hand, is completely open-source and available under the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL). This can be a consideration for developers who have specific licensing requirements for their projects.

  5. Widget Set: Qt provides a comprehensive set of widgets that cover a wide range of requirements for GUI applications. Additionally, Qt allows developers to create custom widgets easily. On the other hand, wxWidgets offers a smaller set of widgets compared to Qt. While wxWidgets does include commonly used widgets, developers might need to create custom widgets or extend existing ones to meet specific needs.

  6. Community and Support: Qt has a large and active developer community with extensive documentation, forums, and online resources. It also benefits from support and updates from the Qt Company, which provides professional services and support for commercial licenses. wxWidgets also has an active community, but the level of support and resources might not be as extensive as that of Qt.

In Summary, Qt and wxWidgets are both powerful frameworks for developing cross-platform GUI applications. The choice between them depends on factors such as programming language preference, desired look and feel, development tools, licensing requirements, widget set, and community support.

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Pros of Qt
Pros of wxWidgets
  • 17
    High Performance
  • 13
    Declarative, easy and flexible UI
  • 12
    Cross platform
  • 12
    Performance
  • 9
    Fast prototyping
  • 8
    Easiest integration with C++
  • 8
    Up to date framework
  • 7
    Python
  • 6
    Multiple license including Open Source and Commercial
  • 6
    Safe 2D Renderer
  • 5
    Great Community Support
  • 4
    HW Accelerated UI
  • 4
    Game Engine like UI system
  • 3
    No history of broken compatibility with a major version
  • 3
    JIT and QML Compiler
  • 3
    True cross-platform framework with native code compile
  • 3
    Reliable for industrial use
  • 3
    Pure C++
  • 3
    Been using it since the 90s - runs anywhere does it all
  • 2
    Open source
  • 2
    Easy Integrating to DX and OpenGL and Vulkan
  • 2
    From high to low level coding
  • 1
    Learning Curve
  • 1
    Great mobile support with Felgo add-on
  • 1
    Native looking GUI
  • 5
    Native looking UI
  • 4
    Learning Curve
  • 3
    Cross platform
  • 2
    Permissive license. Commercial with static linkage.
  • 2
    Open source
  • 1
    Pure C++ code
  • 1
    Python
  • 1
    Performance

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Cons of Qt
Cons of wxWidgets
  • 5
    Paid
  • 4
    C++ is not so productive
  • 2
    Lack of community support
  • 1
    Lack of libraries
  • 1
    Not detailed documentation
  • 1
    Uses Qt for GUI (wxQt)

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