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Robot Framework
Robot Framework

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Robot Framework vs Selenium: What are the differences?

Developers describe Robot Framework as "A test automation framework for acceptance testing and ATDD". It is a generic test automation framework for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development. It has easy-to-use tabular test data syntax and it utilizes the keyword-driven testing approach. Its testing capabilities can be extended by test libraries implemented either with Python or Java, and users can create new higher-level keywords from existing ones using the same syntax that is used for creating test cases. On the other hand, Selenium is detailed as "Web Browser Automation". Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.

Robot Framework and Selenium are primarily classified as "Testing Frameworks" and "Browser Testing" tools respectively.

Selenium is an open source tool with 14.9K GitHub stars and 4.97K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Selenium's open source repository on GitHub.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Robot Framework?

It is a generic test automation framework for acceptance testing and acceptance test-driven development. It has easy-to-use tabular test data syntax and it utilizes the keyword-driven testing approach. Its testing capabilities can be extended by test libraries implemented either with Python or Java, and users can create new higher-level keywords from existing ones using the same syntax that is used for creating test cases.

What is Selenium?

Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.
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    What tools integrate with Robot Framework?
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    What are some alternatives to Robot Framework and Selenium?
    Cucumber
    Cucumber is a tool that supports Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD) - a software development process that aims to enhance software quality and reduce maintenance costs.
    Cypress
    Cypress is a front end automated testing application created for the modern web. Cypress is built on a new architecture and runs in the same run-loop as the application being tested. As a result Cypress provides better, faster, and more reliable testing for anything that runs in a browser. Cypress works on any front-end framework or website.
    TestNG
    It is a testing framework designed to simplify a broad range of testing needs, it covers all categories of tests: unit, functional, end-to-end, integration, etc.Run your tests in arbitrarily big thread pools with various policies available (all methods in their own thread, one thread per test class, etc.
    Gauge
    Gauge is created by ThoughtWorks. Gauge let you write tests in plain-speak and refactor fearlessly. Gaugeโ€™s pluggable architecture allows you to customize your environment so you can write tests in the language and IDE of your choice.
    Katalon Studio
    Katalon Studio is a free and robust automation solution for API, Web and Mobile testing. It integrates all necessary components with built-in keywords and project templates into a complete automation framework. Katalon Studio is easy-to-use for new users but still offers advanced capabilities for experienced users. The solution is trusted by an active community of over 150K users from 150+ countries around the world.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Robot Framework and Selenium
    Benjamin Poon
    Benjamin Poon
    QA Manager - Engineering at HBC Digital ยท | 8 upvotes ยท 188.2K views
    Nightwatchjs
    Nightwatchjs
    Selenium
    Selenium
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Cucumber
    Cucumber
    GitHub
    GitHub
    GoCD
    GoCD
    Docker
    Docker
    ExpressJS
    ExpressJS
    React
    React
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL

    For our digital QA organization to support a complex hybrid monolith/microservice architecture, our team took on the lofty goal of building out a commonized UI test automation framework. One of the primary requisites included a technical minimalist threshold such that an engineer or analyst with fundamental knowledge of JavaScript could automate their tests with greater ease. Just to list a few: - Nightwatchjs - Selenium - Cucumber - GitHub - Go.CD - Docker - ExpressJS - React - PostgreSQL

    With this structure, we're able to combine the automation efforts of each team member into a centralized repository while also providing new relevant metrics to business owners.

    See more
    Kevin Roulleau
    Kevin Roulleau
    QA Engineer Freelance at happn ยท | 5 upvotes ยท 42.6K views
    athappnhappn
    WebdriverIO
    WebdriverIO
    Appium
    Appium
    Selenium
    Selenium

    I chose WebdriverIO and Appium to implement a E2E tests solution on a native mobile app. WebdriverIO goes well beyond just implementing the Selenium / Appium protocol and allows to run tests in parallel out of the box. Appium has the big advantage of supporting iOS and Android platforms, so the test codebase and tools are exactly the same, which greatly reduces the learning curve and implementation time.

    See more
    Interest over time
    Reviews of Robot Framework and Selenium
    Review ofSeleniumSelenium

    we at www.cloudqa.io use selenium hub and node architecture to execute our test cases its a very powerful tool to automate web applications.

    How developers use Robot Framework and Selenium
    Avatar of Kang Hyeon Ku
    Kang Hyeon Ku uses SeleniumSelenium

    ๊ฐ€์žฅ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•œ ์›น UI / UX ํ…Œ์ŠคํŠธ ํˆด ์ด์ง€๋งŒ, ๋ฌธ์ œ๋„ ๋งŽ๋‹ค. iframe ์•ˆ์— ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ฑด ์ž˜ select ๊ฐ€ ์•ˆ๋˜๊ธฐ๋„ ํ•˜๊ณ , ํ™”๋ฉด์ด ์ž‘์•„ ์ปดํฌ๋„ŒํŠธ๊ฐ€ ํ™”๋ฉด์— ๋ณด์ด์ง€ ์•Š์œผ๋ฉด ๋˜ select ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋‹ค. ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ €๋ฅผ ์žˆ๋Š” ๊ทธ๋Œ€๋กœ ์ œ์–ด ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒŒ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ํฐ ๋งค๋ ฅ์ด๋‹ค.

    ps. selenide ์™€ ๊ฐ™์ด ์“ฐ๋ฉด ์ฝ”๋“œ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ์ด ๊ฐœ์„ ๋œ๋‹ค.

    Avatar of samdfonseca
    samdfonseca uses SeleniumSelenium

    Maintaining and expanding automated regression tests is one of my primary responsibilities at CrowdTwist. We use Selenium to test the front-end parts of our platform.

    Avatar of Ralic Lo
    Ralic Lo uses SeleniumSelenium

    Used Selenium web-driver for automated QA testing in continuous integration and continuous deployment.

    Avatar of Owen Miller
    Owen Miller uses SeleniumSelenium
    • Navigating our site for tests
    • Navigating other sites that discriminate against non-human visitors
    Avatar of Ataccama
    Ataccama uses SeleniumSelenium

    Selenium is a great way to automatically test if a build is sane and can be deployed.

    Avatar of Kide Systems
    Kide Systems uses Robot FrameworkRobot Framework

    Automated testing

    Avatar of Vaultize
    Vaultize uses Robot FrameworkRobot Framework

    Test automation.

    How much does Robot Framework cost?
    How much does Selenium cost?
    Pricing unavailable
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