Alternatives to iOS logo

Alternatives to iOS

Socket.IO, Android SDK, Safari, Windows, and macOS are the most popular alternatives and competitors to iOS.
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What is iOS and what are its top alternatives?

iOS is Apple's operating system for mobile devices, known for its sleek design, smooth performance, and strong security features. Key features include the App Store with a wide range of apps, seamless integration with other Apple devices through services like iCloud, and regular updates that improve functionality and security. However, some limitations of iOS include limited customization options, a closed ecosystem that restricts certain functionalities, and a higher price point compared to other alternatives.

  1. Android: Android is the most popular alternative to iOS, offering a wide range of customization options, compatibility with various devices, and access to the Google Play Store. Pros include versatility in device options, a more open ecosystem, and integration with Google services. However, cons include fragmentation across devices, potential security concerns, and a less consistent user experience.

  2. Windows 10 Mobile: Windows 10 Mobile is another alternative to iOS, known for its seamless integration with Windows 10 PCs, Microsoft services like Office, and live tile interface. Pros include productivity tools like Continuum for a desktop-like experience, frequent updates, and strong security features. However, cons include a limited app ecosystem, lack of developer support, and a declining market share.

  3. Ubuntu Touch: Ubuntu Touch is a mobile version of the Ubuntu operating system, offering a unique interface, convergence features for desktop and mobile use, and open-source development. Pros include a focus on privacy and security, regular updates, and customization options. However, cons include a limited app store, compatibility issues with certain devices, and a smaller user base compared to mainstream alternatives.

  4. LineageOS: LineageOS is a free and open-source operating system based on Android, known for its focus on privacy, customization, and performance optimization. Pros include regular updates, a community-driven development approach, and enhanced control over device settings. However, cons include potential stability issues on certain devices, limited support for proprietary apps, and a learning curve for new users.

  5. Sailfish OS: Sailfish OS is a Linux-based mobile operating system, offering a gesture-driven interface, compatibility with Android apps, and support for multitasking. Pros include a unique user experience, privacy-focused design, and efficient use of resources. However, cons include a small app ecosystem, limited device compatibility, and a niche market presence.

  6. KaiOS: KaiOS is a lightweight operating system designed for feature phones and smart feature phones, offering essential smartphone features, 4G connectivity, and support for apps like WhatsApp and Facebook. Pros include affordability, long battery life, and accessibility for users in emerging markets. However, cons include limited app selection, less advanced capabilities compared to smartphones, and a simplified user experience.

  7. Plasma Mobile: Plasma Mobile is a free and open-source mobile interface for Linux-based operating systems, offering a modern design, convergence features with desktop PCs, and compatibility with KDE applications. Pros include customization options, privacy features, and a community-driven development model. However, cons include early-stage development, potential bugs or instability, and limited device support.

  8. GrapheneOS: GrapheneOS is a security and privacy-focused operating system for mobile devices, known for its hardened security features, regular updates, and emphasis on user control over data. Pros include strong encryption, minimal pre-installed apps, and protection against tracking and malware. However, cons include limited device compatibility, technical expertise required for installation, and potential lack of mainstream app support.

  9. PostmarketOS: PostmarketOS is a touch-optimized, security-focused operating system based on Alpine Linux, designed for prolonging the life of older devices through community-driven development. Pros include long-term support for devices, lightweight system requirements, and open-source development tools. However, cons include limited device compatibility, potential hardware limitations on older devices, and a learning curve for non-technical users.

  10. PinePhone: PinePhone is a smartphone that supports various alternative operating systems, such as Ubuntu Touch, Sailfish OS, and postmarketOS, offering users the flexibility to choose their preferred mobile experience. Pros include hardware compatibility for different OS options, an unlocked bootloader for customization, and a community-driven ecosystem of developers. However, cons include potential hardware limitations, limited availability compared to mainstream devices, and varying levels of support for alternative OS versions.

Top Alternatives to iOS

  • Socket.IO
    Socket.IO

    It enables real-time bidirectional event-based communication. It works on every platform, browser or device, focusing equally on reliability and speed. ...

  • Android SDK
    Android SDK

    Android provides a rich application framework that allows you to build innovative apps and games for mobile devices in a Java language environment. ...

  • Safari
    Safari

    It is faster and more energy efficient than other browsers. Handy tools help you save, find, and share your favorite sites. Built-in privacy features help keep your browsing your business. ...

  • Windows
    Windows

    A series of personal computer operating systems produced by Microsoft as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems. ...

  • macOS
    macOS

    Desktop, laptop and home computers, and by web usage, it is the second most widely used desktop OS, after Microsoft Windows. ...

  • JavaScript
    JavaScript

    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles. ...

  • Git
    Git

    Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. ...

  • GitHub
    GitHub

    GitHub is the best place to share code with friends, co-workers, classmates, and complete strangers. Over three million people use GitHub to build amazing things together. ...

iOS alternatives & related posts

Socket.IO logo

Socket.IO

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Realtime application framework (Node.JS server)
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PROS OF SOCKET.IO
  • 219
    Real-time
  • 143
    Node.js
  • 141
    Event-based communication
  • 102
    Open source
  • 102
    WebSockets
  • 26
    Binary streaming
  • 21
    No internet dependency
  • 10
    Large community
  • 6
    Push notification
  • 5
    Ease of access and setup
  • 1
    Test
CONS OF SOCKET.IO
  • 12
    Bad documentation
  • 4
    Githubs that complement it are mostly deprecated
  • 3
    Doesn't work on React Native
  • 2
    Small community
  • 2
    Websocket Errors

related Socket.IO posts

dagim debebe

Hi,

I am a student and a junior developer who is a graduating candidate in comp sci major. I am about to start building my final year project which is a real-time messaging application for software developers to Enhance Knowledge Exchange and Problem Solving. It is mainly a chat application with more enhanced features. I am planning to use React and React Native for the frontend and cross-platform mobile apps, Node.js and ExpressJS for the backend, GraphQL for fetching and manipulating data from the backend and PostgreSQL for the database, and finally Socket.IO for the real-time chatting and communication. I would highly appreciate it if anyone here with experience in building similar apps to tell me if I made a good choice or suggest better tech stacks.

Thanks in advance.

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Max Musing
Founder & CEO at BaseDash · | 12 upvotes · 36.9K views

Socket.IO is great for building real-time systems like chat. It's effectively a nice wrapper around WebSockets, with the ability to fallback to other methods for browsers that don't support it. We just used it to implement real-time collaboration at BaseDash, including a chat system like you're looking to build.

Node.js is probably the correct choice, especially if you're already familiar with it You'll probably still need to build an API to send requests to your server, and then use Socket.IO to push messages to your clients. This will let you authenticate users and store messages on your database so you can retrieve them later. PostgreSQL and MongoDB are good options for your database, you should be fine either way. Don't worry about speed, they'll both be sufficient.

React on the front end makes it really simple to handle real-time updating data. Again, even better since you're already familiar.

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Android SDK logo

Android SDK

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An SDK that provides you the API libraries and developer tools necessary to build, test, and debug apps...
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PROS OF ANDROID SDK
  • 289
    Android development
  • 155
    Necessary for android
  • 128
    Android studio
  • 86
    Mobile framework
  • 82
    Backed by google
  • 27
    Platform-tools
  • 21
    Eclipse + adt plugin
  • 5
    Powerful, simple, one stop environment
  • 3
    Free
  • 3
    Больно
CONS OF ANDROID SDK
    Be the first to leave a con

    related Android SDK posts

    Jesus Dario Rivera Rubio
    Telecomm Engineering at Netbeast · | 10 upvotes · 1M views

    We are using React Native in #SmartHome to share the business logic between Android and iOS team and approach users with a unique brand experience. The drawback is that we require lots of native Android SDK and Objective-C modules, so a good part of the invested time is there. The gain for a app that relies less on native communication, sensors and OS tools should be even higher.

    Also it helps us set different testing stages: we use Travis CI for the javascript (business logic), Bitrise to run build tests and @Detox for #end2end automated user tests.

    We use a microservices structure on top of Zeit's @now that read from firebase. We use JWT auth to authenticate requests among services and from users, following GitHub philosophy of using the same infrastructure than its API consumers. Firebase is used mainly as a key-value store between services and as a backup database for users. We also use its authentication mechanisms.

    You can be super locked-in if you also rely on it's analytics, but we use Amplitude for that, which offers us great insights. Intercom for communications with end-user and Mailjet for marketing.

    See more
    Sezgi Ulucam
    Developer Advocate at Hasura · | 7 upvotes · 951.1K views

    I've recently switched to using Expo for initializing and developing my React Native apps. Compared to React Native CLI, it's so much easier to get set up and going. Setting up and maintaining Android Studio, Android SDK, and virtual devices used to be such a headache. Thanks to Expo, I can now test my apps directly on my Android phone, just by installing the Expo app. I still use Xcode Simulator for iOS testing, since I don't have an iPhone, but that's easy anyway. The big win for me with Expo is ease of Android testing.

    The Expo SDK also provides convenient features like Facebook login, MapView, push notifications, and many others. https://docs.expo.io/versions/v31.0.0/sdk/

    See more
    Safari logo

    Safari

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    A graphical web browser
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    PROS OF SAFARI
    • 4
      More secure
    • 3
      More secure
    • 3
      Has Mac Extensions
    • 3
      Shows advanced tracking controls
    • 3
      Better privacy
    • 3
      Has fingerprinting
    • 2
      Awesome for developers
    • 2
      Way faster than edge
    • 1
      Good logo
    CONS OF SAFARI
    • 2
      Doesn't work on Windows
    • 2
      Tracks your every move
    • 2
      No PWAs
    • 1
      Webkit based
    • 1
      Stingy Apple product
    • 1
      Not cross-platform

    related Safari posts

    Niall Geoghegan
    at experiential psychotherapy institute · | 8 upvotes · 87K views

    I created a Squarespace website with multiple blog pages. I discovered that the native Squarespace commenting tool is not currently capable of letting people subscribe to my blog pages if they are using Google Chrome or Safari! I then discovered that Disqus email verification doesn't work with Yahoo Mail. I also hate that there's no way to turn off that email verification (which I don't need since I moderate all comments anyway). So I want to use a different commenting system. I've read some good things about Commento. Three questions: (1) will it work on a Squarespace site? (I'll pay a developer to integrate it for me) (2) Does it have its own issues/elements that don't work smoothly, similar to the other two? (3) Is there another plugin I should be considering for my Squarespace site?

    See more

    Hello, I am currently looking for a tool for automation tests in order to implement it into our CI/CD pipeline for both web development but also for Android and iOS. I considered Cypress but I need compatibility with Safari. I have knowledge of Java, C#, and JavaScript so the language isn't an issue. Also looked into Nightwatchjs and Puppeteer but found these 3 above more interesting.

    My main concern is:

    • Browser support - Desktop - needs to support Google Chrome, Safari, Firefox and Microsoft Edge (minimum)
    • Browser support - Mobile - Safari and Chrome (minimum)
    • App - Android and iOS

    If possible i would like to avoid using another tool for mobile (like Appium)

    What do you use? What is the one you recommend (even another from the ones mentioned)

    Thank you very much for your help!

    See more
    Windows logo

    Windows

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    A group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed by Microsoft
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    PROS OF WINDOWS
    • 3
      Lovely
    CONS OF WINDOWS
    • 2
      Proprietary
    • 1
      Not free to use

    related Windows posts

    Shared insights
    on
    UnityUnityElectronElectronmacOSmacOSWindowsWindows

    We want to create a 3D web and desktop(Windows and macOS) application with a lot of functionalities. This is a 3D furniture customization application in which we give options to add, delete, scale, move, rotate objects. Something like a floor planner. We are also going to add AR and VR.

    I am thinking about using Electron or Unity. Please recommend what should I choose for this purpose. Please consider that we have to develop for web and desktop (windows and mac) all platforms.

    See more

    Actually, I'll add, C++ and C# as well.

    Well, I'm into Computer Science since 1996, so I understand a bit of everything plus a lot of different OSs, I study 10 hours per day every day. However back in the 90s we didn't have books or universities about programming, all were passed through if you knew somebody in that profession. Which I did and in that time, he showed me .NET and MySQL, and that offered a lot of jobs also Java. Today you have a lot of options but I'm already discarding new languages as I believe they will jot succeed.

    My always dream was to create game, and software. I don't understand all programming concepts and I'm studying all languages at the same time, so I'm heavy loaded. But that keeps me more aware.

    I made a choice: use Python for everything but if you want performance, apps, security, compatibility, Multiplatform. What should I choose? The real question here is: which language should I go 100% and that language will teach me all I need about programming BUT without getting lost in that language forever (I discard any Assembly possibility) and one that has full documentation, support and libraries.

    In my experience: I found a lot of info for python and java. But hardly I have ever found anything for C lang, C++ and, what about C# (it's only for Windows, is it easy, I saw a lot of documentation). Thanks!!

    See more
    macOS logo

    macOS

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    The primary operating system for Apple's Mac family of computers
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    PROS OF MACOS
    • 4
      Clean Interface
    • 1
      M1
    • 1
      No promoted content
    CONS OF MACOS
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      Outdated window management

    related macOS posts

    Rogério R. Alcântara
    Shared insights
    on
    macOSmacOSLinuxLinuxGitGitDockerDocker

    Personal Dotfiles management

    Given that they are all “configuration management” tools - meaning they are designed to deploy, configure and manage servers - what would be the simplest - and yet robust - solution to manage personal dotfiles - for n00bs.

    Ideally, I reckon, it should:

    • be containerized (Docker?)
    • be versionable (Git)
    • ensure idempotency
    • allow full automation (tests, CI/CD, etc.)
    • be fully recoverable (Linux/ macOS)
    • be easier to setup/manage (as much as possible)

    Does it make sense?

    See more
    Shared insights
    on
    UnityUnityElectronElectronmacOSmacOSWindowsWindows

    We want to create a 3D web and desktop(Windows and macOS) application with a lot of functionalities. This is a 3D furniture customization application in which we give options to add, delete, scale, move, rotate objects. Something like a floor planner. We are also going to add AR and VR.

    I am thinking about using Electron or Unity. Please recommend what should I choose for this purpose. Please consider that we have to develop for web and desktop (windows and mac) all platforms.

    See more
    JavaScript logo

    JavaScript

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    PROS OF JAVASCRIPT
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      Can be used on frontend/backend
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      It's everywhere
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      Lots of great frameworks
    • 897
      Fast
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      Light weight
    • 425
      Flexible
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      You can't get a device today that doesn't run js
    • 286
      Non-blocking i/o
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      Ubiquitousness
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      Expressive
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      Extended functionality to web pages
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      Relatively easy language
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      Executed on the client side
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      Relatively fast to the end user
    • 25
      Pure Javascript
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      Functional programming
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      Async
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      Full-stack
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      Setup is easy
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      Future Language of The Web
    • 12
      Its everywhere
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      Because I love functions
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      JavaScript is the New PHP
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      Like it or not, JS is part of the web standard
    • 9
      Everyone use it
    • 9
      Expansive community
    • 9
      Easy
    • 9
      Can be used in backend, frontend and DB
    • 8
      Easy to hire developers
    • 8
      No need to use PHP
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      For the good parts
    • 8
      Can be used both as frontend and backend as well
    • 8
      Powerful
    • 8
      Most Popular Language in the World
    • 7
      Evolution of C
    • 7
      Hard not to use
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      Versitile
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      Its fun and fast
    • 7
      Supports lambdas and closures
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      Love-hate relationship
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      Photoshop has 3 JS runtimes built in
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      Nice
    • 7
      It's fun
    • 7
      Popularized Class-Less Architecture & Lambdas
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      Agile, packages simple to use
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      Can be used on frontend/backend/Mobile/create PRO Ui
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      1.6K Can be used on frontend/backend
    • 6
      Client side JS uses the visitors CPU to save Server Res
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      It let's me use Babel & Typescript
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      Easy to make something
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      Client processing
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      Everywhere
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      Scope manipulation
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      Function expressions are useful for callbacks
    • 5
      Stockholm Syndrome
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      Promise relationship
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      Clojurescript
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      What to add
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      Only Programming language on browser
    • 4
      Because it is so simple and lightweight
    • 1
      Easy to understand
    • 1
      Test
    • 1
      Test2
    • 1
      Subskill #4
    • 1
      Easy to learn
    • 1
      Hard to learn
    • 1
      Not the best
    • 0
      Hard 彤
    CONS OF JAVASCRIPT
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      A constant moving target, too much churn
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      Horribly inconsistent
    • 15
      Javascript is the New PHP
    • 9
      No ability to monitor memory utilitization
    • 8
      Shows Zero output in case of ANY error
    • 7
      Thinks strange results are better than errors
    • 6
      Can be ugly
    • 3
      No GitHub
    • 2
      Slow
    • 0
      HORRIBLE DOCUMENTS, faulty code, repo has bugs

    related JavaScript posts

    Zach Holman

    Oof. I have truly hated JavaScript for a long time. Like, for over twenty years now. Like, since the Clinton administration. It's always been a nightmare to deal with all of the aspects of that silly language.

    But wowza, things have changed. Tooling is just way, way better. I'm primarily web-oriented, and using React and Apollo together the past few years really opened my eyes to building rich apps. And I deeply apologize for using the phrase rich apps; I don't think I've ever said such Enterprisey words before.

    But yeah, things are different now. I still love Rails, and still use it for a lot of apps I build. But it's that silly rich apps phrase that's the problem. Users have way more comprehensive expectations than they did even five years ago, and the JS community does a good job at building tools and tech that tackle the problems of making heavy, complicated UI and frontend work.

    Obviously there's a lot of things happening here, so just saying "JavaScript isn't terrible" might encompass a huge amount of libraries and frameworks. But if you're like me, yeah, give things another shot- I'm somehow not hating on JavaScript anymore and... gulp... I kinda love it.

    See more
    Conor Myhrvold
    Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 44 upvotes · 11.2M views

    How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:

    Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.

    Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:

    https://eng.uber.com/distributed-tracing/

    (GitHub Pages : https://www.jaegertracing.io/, GitHub: https://github.com/jaegertracing/jaeger)

    Bindings/Operator: Python Java Node.js Go C++ Kubernetes JavaScript OpenShift C# Apache Spark

    See more
    Git logo

    Git

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    Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system
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    PROS OF GIT
    • 1.4K
      Distributed version control system
    • 1.1K
      Efficient branching and merging
    • 959
      Fast
    • 845
      Open source
    • 726
      Better than svn
    • 368
      Great command-line application
    • 306
      Simple
    • 291
      Free
    • 232
      Easy to use
    • 222
      Does not require server
    • 27
      Distributed
    • 22
      Small & Fast
    • 18
      Feature based workflow
    • 15
      Staging Area
    • 13
      Most wide-spread VSC
    • 11
      Role-based codelines
    • 11
      Disposable Experimentation
    • 7
      Frictionless Context Switching
    • 6
      Data Assurance
    • 5
      Efficient
    • 4
      Just awesome
    • 3
      Github integration
    • 3
      Easy branching and merging
    • 2
      Compatible
    • 2
      Flexible
    • 2
      Possible to lose history and commits
    • 1
      Rebase supported natively; reflog; access to plumbing
    • 1
      Light
    • 1
      Team Integration
    • 1
      Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system
    • 1
      Easy
    • 1
      Flexible, easy, Safe, and fast
    • 1
      CLI is great, but the GUI tools are awesome
    • 1
      It's what you do
    • 0
      Phinx
    CONS OF GIT
    • 16
      Hard to learn
    • 11
      Inconsistent command line interface
    • 9
      Easy to lose uncommitted work
    • 7
      Worst documentation ever possibly made
    • 5
      Awful merge handling
    • 3
      Unexistent preventive security flows
    • 3
      Rebase hell
    • 2
      When --force is disabled, cannot rebase
    • 2
      Ironically even die-hard supporters screw up badly
    • 1
      Doesn't scale for big data

    related Git posts

    Simon Reymann
    Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 30 upvotes · 10M views

    Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:

    • GitHub (incl. GitHub Pages/Markdown for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool
    • Respectively Git as revision control system
    • SourceTree as Git GUI
    • Visual Studio Code as IDE
    • CircleCI for continuous integration (automatize development process)
    • Prettier / TSLint / ESLint as code linter
    • SonarQube as quality gate
    • Docker as container management (incl. Docker Compose for multi-container application management)
    • VirtualBox for operating system simulation tests
    • Kubernetes as cluster management for docker containers
    • Heroku for deploying in test environments
    • nginx as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)
    • SSLMate (using OpenSSL) for certificate management
    • Amazon EC2 (incl. Amazon S3) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments
    • PostgreSQL as preferred database system
    • Redis as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)

    The main reason we have chosen Kubernetes over Docker Swarm is related to the following artifacts:

    • Key features: Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.
    • Applications: An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).
    • Functionality: Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.
    • Monitoring: It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).
    • Scalability: All-in-one framework for distributed systems.
    • Other Benefits: Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.
    See more
    Tymoteusz Paul
    Devops guy at X20X Development LTD · | 23 upvotes · 8.9M views

    Often enough I have to explain my way of going about setting up a CI/CD pipeline with multiple deployment platforms. Since I am a bit tired of yapping the same every single time, I've decided to write it up and share with the world this way, and send people to read it instead ;). I will explain it on "live-example" of how the Rome got built, basing that current methodology exists only of readme.md and wishes of good luck (as it usually is ;)).

    It always starts with an app, whatever it may be and reading the readmes available while Vagrant and VirtualBox is installing and updating. Following that is the first hurdle to go over - convert all the instruction/scripts into Ansible playbook(s), and only stopping when doing a clear vagrant up or vagrant reload we will have a fully working environment. As our Vagrant environment is now functional, it's time to break it! This is the moment to look for how things can be done better (too rigid/too lose versioning? Sloppy environment setup?) and replace them with the right way to do stuff, one that won't bite us in the backside. This is the point, and the best opportunity, to upcycle the existing way of doing dev environment to produce a proper, production-grade product.

    I should probably digress here for a moment and explain why. I firmly believe that the way you deploy production is the same way you should deploy develop, shy of few debugging-friendly setting. This way you avoid the discrepancy between how production work vs how development works, which almost always causes major pains in the back of the neck, and with use of proper tools should mean no more work for the developers. That's why we start with Vagrant as developer boxes should be as easy as vagrant up, but the meat of our product lies in Ansible which will do meat of the work and can be applied to almost anything: AWS, bare metal, docker, LXC, in open net, behind vpn - you name it.

    We must also give proper consideration to monitoring and logging hoovering at this point. My generic answer here is to grab Elasticsearch, Kibana, and Logstash. While for different use cases there may be better solutions, this one is well battle-tested, performs reasonably and is very easy to scale both vertically (within some limits) and horizontally. Logstash rules are easy to write and are well supported in maintenance through Ansible, which as I've mentioned earlier, are at the very core of things, and creating triggers/reports and alerts based on Elastic and Kibana is generally a breeze, including some quite complex aggregations.

    If we are happy with the state of the Ansible it's time to move on and put all those roles and playbooks to work. Namely, we need something to manage our CI/CD pipelines. For me, the choice is obvious: TeamCity. It's modern, robust and unlike most of the light-weight alternatives, it's transparent. What I mean by that is that it doesn't tell you how to do things, doesn't limit your ways to deploy, or test, or package for that matter. Instead, it provides a developer-friendly and rich playground for your pipelines. You can do most the same with Jenkins, but it has a quite dated look and feel to it, while also missing some key functionality that must be brought in via plugins (like quality REST API which comes built-in with TeamCity). It also comes with all the common-handy plugins like Slack or Apache Maven integration.

    The exact flow between CI and CD varies too greatly from one application to another to describe, so I will outline a few rules that guide me in it: 1. Make build steps as small as possible. This way when something breaks, we know exactly where, without needing to dig and root around. 2. All security credentials besides development environment must be sources from individual Vault instances. Keys to those containers should exist only on the CI/CD box and accessible by a few people (the less the better). This is pretty self-explanatory, as anything besides dev may contain sensitive data and, at times, be public-facing. Because of that appropriate security must be present. TeamCity shines in this department with excellent secrets-management. 3. Every part of the build chain shall consume and produce artifacts. If it creates nothing, it likely shouldn't be its own build. This way if any issue shows up with any environment or version, all developer has to do it is grab appropriate artifacts to reproduce the issue locally. 4. Deployment builds should be directly tied to specific Git branches/tags. This enables much easier tracking of what caused an issue, including automated identifying and tagging the author (nothing like automated regression testing!).

    Speaking of deployments, I generally try to keep it simple but also with a close eye on the wallet. Because of that, I am more than happy with AWS or another cloud provider, but also constantly peeking at the loads and do we get the value of what we are paying for. Often enough the pattern of use is not constantly erratic, but rather has a firm baseline which could be migrated away from the cloud and into bare metal boxes. That is another part where this approach strongly triumphs over the common Docker and CircleCI setup, where you are very much tied in to use cloud providers and getting out is expensive. Here to embrace bare-metal hosting all you need is a help of some container-based self-hosting software, my personal preference is with Proxmox and LXC. Following that all you must write are ansible scripts to manage hardware of Proxmox, similar way as you do for Amazon EC2 (ansible supports both greatly) and you are good to go. One does not exclude another, quite the opposite, as they can live in great synergy and cut your costs dramatically (the heavier your base load, the bigger the savings) while providing production-grade resiliency.

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    Johnny Bell

    I was building a personal project that I needed to store items in a real time database. I am more comfortable with my Frontend skills than my backend so I didn't want to spend time building out anything in Ruby or Go.

    I stumbled on Firebase by #Google, and it was really all I needed. It had realtime data, an area for storing file uploads and best of all for the amount of data I needed it was free!

    I built out my application using tools I was familiar with, React for the framework, Redux.js to manage my state across components, and styled-components for the styling.

    Now as this was a project I was just working on in my free time for fun I didn't really want to pay for hosting. I did some research and I found Netlify. I had actually seen them at #ReactRally the year before and deployed a Gatsby site to Netlify already.

    Netlify was very easy to setup and link to my GitHub account you select a repo and pretty much with very little configuration you have a live site that will deploy every time you push to master.

    With the selection of these tools I was able to build out my application, connect it to a realtime database, and deploy to a live environment all with $0 spent.

    If you're looking to build out a small app I suggest giving these tools a go as you can get your idea out into the real world for absolutely no cost.

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    Context: I wanted to create an end to end IoT data pipeline simulation in Google Cloud IoT Core and other GCP services. I never touched Terraform meaningfully until working on this project, and it's one of the best explorations in my development career. The documentation and syntax is incredibly human-readable and friendly. I'm used to building infrastructure through the google apis via Python , but I'm so glad past Sung did not make that decision. I was tempted to use Google Cloud Deployment Manager, but the templates were a bit convoluted by first impression. I'm glad past Sung did not make this decision either.

    Solution: Leveraging Google Cloud Build Google Cloud Run Google Cloud Bigtable Google BigQuery Google Cloud Storage Google Compute Engine along with some other fun tools, I can deploy over 40 GCP resources using Terraform!

    Check Out My Architecture: CLICK ME

    Check out the GitHub repo attached

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