Amazon Redshift vs Google BigQuery: What are the differences?
What is Amazon Redshift? Fast, fully managed, petabyte-scale data warehouse service. Redshift makes it simple and cost-effective to efficiently analyze all your data using your existing business intelligence tools. It is optimized for datasets ranging from a few hundred gigabytes to a petabyte or more and costs less than $1,000 per terabyte per year, a tenth the cost of most traditional data warehousing solutions.
What is Google BigQuery? Analyze terabytes of data in seconds. Run super-fast, SQL-like queries against terabytes of data in seconds, using the processing power of Google's infrastructure Load data with ease. Bulk load your data using Google Cloud Storage or stream it in. Easy access. Access BigQuery by using a browser tool, a command-line tool, or by making calls to the BigQuery REST API with client libraries such as Java, PHP or Python..
Amazon Redshift and Google BigQuery can be primarily classified as "Big Data as a Service" tools.
Some of the features offered by Amazon Redshift are:
- Optimized for Data Warehousing- It uses columnar storage, data compression, and zone maps to reduce the amount of IO needed to perform queries. Redshift has a massively parallel processing (MPP) architecture, parallelizing and distributing SQL operations to take advantage of all available resources.
- Scalable- With a few clicks of the AWS Management Console or a simple API call, you can easily scale the number of nodes in your data warehouse up or down as your performance or capacity needs change.
- No Up-Front Costs- You pay only for the resources you provision. You can choose On-Demand pricing with no up-front costs or long-term commitments, or obtain significantly discounted rates with Reserved Instance pricing.
On the other hand, Google BigQuery provides the following key features:
- All behind the scenes- Your queries can execute asynchronously in the background, and can be polled for status.
- Import data with ease- Bulk load your data using Google Cloud Storage or stream it in bursts of up to 1,000 rows per second.
- Affordable big data- The first Terabyte of data processed each month is free.
"Data Warehousing" is the top reason why over 27 developers like Amazon Redshift, while over 17 developers mention "High Performance" as the leading cause for choosing Google BigQuery.
According to the StackShare community, Amazon Redshift has a broader approval, being mentioned in 269 company stacks & 67 developers stacks; compared to Google BigQuery, which is listed in 160 company stacks and 41 developer stacks.
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Looker , Stitch , Amazon Redshift , dbt
We recently moved our Data Analytics and Business Intelligence tooling to Looker . It's already helping us create a solid process for reusable SQL-based data modeling, with consistent definitions across the entire organizations. Looker allows us to collaboratively build these version-controlled models and push the limits of what we've traditionally been able to accomplish with analytics with a lean team.
For Data Engineering, we're in the process of moving from maintaining our own ETL pipelines on AWS to a managed ELT system on Stitch. We're also evaluating the command line tool, dbt to manage data transformations. Our hope is that Stitch + dbt will streamline the ELT bit, allowing us to focus our energies on analyzing data, rather than managing it.
I use Google BigQuery because it makes is super easy to query and store data for analytics workloads. If you're using GCP, you're likely using BigQuery. However, running data viz tools directly connected to BigQuery will run pretty slow. They recently announced BI Engine which will hopefully compete well against big players like Snowflake when it comes to concurrency.
What's nice too is that it has SQL-based ML tools, and it has great GIS support!
BigQuery allows our team to pull reports quickly using a SQL-like queries against our large store of data about social sharing. We use the information throughout the company, to do everything from making internal product decisions based on usage patterns to sharing certain kinds of custom reports with our publishers.
Aggregation of user events and traits across a marketing website, SaaS web application, user account provisioning backend and Salesforce CRM. Enables full-funnel analysis of campaign ROI, customer acquisition, engagement and retention at both the user and target account level.
Aggressive archiving of historical data to keep the production database as small as possible. Using our in-house soon-to-be-open-sourced ETL library, SharpShifter.
Google's insanely fast, feature-rich, zero-maintenance column store. Used for real-time customer data queries.