Bootstrap vs Foundation for Apps vs Semantic UI

Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

Bootstrap

52.2K
11.3K
+ 1
7.6K
Foundation for Apps

32
37
+ 1
0
Semantic UI

825
1.3K
+ 1
670
Advice on Bootstrap, Foundation for Apps, and Semantic UI
Ashish Sharma
Sr. UI Associate at Daffodil Software · | 4 upvotes · 210.7K views

I am a bit confused when to choose Bootstrap vs Material Design or Tailwind CSS, and why? I mean, in which kind of projects we can work with bootstrap/Material/Tailwind CSS? If the design is made up on the grid, we prefer bootstrap, and if flat design, then material design. Similarly, when do we choose tailwind CSS?

Any suggestion would be appreciated?

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Replies (2)

Hi Ashish,

If you need minimal work to be done from your end and like most of the components / design available out of the box - go with Bootstrap. This is the oldest and has the widest adoption and a whole range of components built out by others.

If you like Material design, this is a good choice too. Please note that Bootstrap also has a Material theme, though it is not as native.

Both of these above frameworks are bulky and has more than what you may need.

If you like to build micro-components in a elegant way, TailwindCSS is the way to go.

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I don't know about material design.

You would go with Bootstrap if you want to prototype / build something without bothering about the design at all and you are OK if everything looks kinda template-y, using bootstrap out of the box components.

Go with Tailwind if you need a sleek design, a user interface where building with components will be important (because tailwind strongly favors component-based UI), and you know you will need to extend the built-in classes with your own (because tailwind is very easy to extend)

I would personally recommend tailwind over bootstrap any day of the week.

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Needs advice
on
Tailwind CSS
and
Bootstrap

I am planning to redesign my entire application, which is currently in Bootstrap. I heard about Tailwind CSS, and I think its really cool to work with. Is it okay if I use Bootstrap and Tailwind together? I can't remove Bootstrap altogether, as my application is using the js dependencies of Bootstrap, which I don't want to disturb.

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Replies (3)
Ivo Pereira

Factually talking about systems, we gotta make two bold headlines about each one: Bootstrap has been around for a while, has a vast community and much probably will not be gone in a while. Tailwind in the other hand, is the trendy framework starting from the past year. Referring to UI, I really prefer Tailwind, however I can't ignore the fact that a lot of libraries that emerged felt short in the end after a few years (a point where Bootstrap kept his status).

You are able to use both them together but I advise you — it will be a mess. And you gotta hope that you won't have any kind of conflicts between class naming and other general styling.

My recommendation would be to use one and only one. Perhaps rebuild the UI with a specific framework in mind, otherwise you will start to workaround things of both frameworks to contradict each other - and your team (if you work with one) will hate you.

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Recommends
Bootstrap

You might have heard about bootstrap 5. Bootstrap is now totally jQuery free. i have tried foundation and bulma too. but eventually fall again for bootstrap, as it is most convenient and stable. i use bootstrap with less or sass.

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Barry Hylton
Recommends
Bootstrap

I use both of these regularly. If you're going to have to use Bootstrap due to your js dependencies, stick with Bootstrap. I actually prefer Tailwind, but trying to use both of them and make them "play nice" feels like making things more complex with no real benefit.

EDIT: Sorry for the late response, I just noticed how old this is. StackShare sent me this in an email for some reason so I assumed it was relatively fresh.

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Daniel Hernández Alcojor
Frontend Developer at atSistemas · | 8 upvotes · 251.8K views
Needs advice
on
UIkIt
Bulma
and
Bootstrap

I'm building, from scratch, a webapp. It's going to be a dashboard to check on our apps in New Relic and update the Apdex from the webapp. I have just chosen Next.js as our framework because we use React already, and after going through the tutorial, I just loved the latest changes they have implemented.

But we have to decide on a CSS framework for the UI. I'm partial to Bulma because I love that it's all about CSS (and you can use SCSS from the start), that it's rather lightweight and that it doesn't come with JavaScript clutter. One of the things I hate about Bootstrap is that you depend on jQuery to use the JavaScript part. My boss loves UIkIt, but when I've used it in the past, I didn't like it.

What do you think we should use? Maybe you have another suggestion?

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Replies (6)
Recommends
UIkIt

I have used bulma in several projects. We could not customize with the websites very well. Also when we need "quick solutions" Bulma is not suitable (I mean basic animations, to-top buttons, transparent navbar solutions etc. For these solutions, you need extra js codes).

Everybody knows about Bootstrap (heavy but popular).

Now we start a new project with UI kit, I like it. Pros: It is fast and lightweight and imho it has very good UI. Cons: Small community. Documentation.

Check this link for kick-off. https://github.com/zzseba78/Kick-Off

Maybe it is helpful.

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Damien Lucchese
Recommends
Bulma

Been checking out Bulma, myself, and really dig it. I like that it's a great base level jumping off point. You can get a layout going with it, pretty quickly, and then customize as you want. It definitely sounds like it's the one you're leaning towards but a big factor would be who will be using it most? Your boss, yourself, others? Whichever you like best, you'll prob be most productive with but if in the end your boss says it has to be UIkit, then best to be open-minded and give it another shot. Sometimes you may not jive with new tools in your stack, at first, but then they can become tools you learn to love. Best to you in your decision! Take care & keep safe.

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Recommends
Diez

I've moved away from the concept of UI kits. Not that many support CSS grid. A lot of the icons are easier to use in SVG. I've had success in the concept of design framework and design tokens. I build my brand identity in Figma, and extract in Diez. Then Diez integrates into React and SASS. Much easier because design is decoupled from software in a central authority, and software updates automatically from design changes.

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Recommends
Bulma

Honestly - pick whatever you are the most comfortable with. You can achieve almost the same effects with different tools, so why not use something I like using?

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Tomer Fishaimer
Frontend Architect at Aqua Security · | 2 upvotes · 158.9K views
Recommends
Tailwind CSS

Actually it really depends on your needs, there are 3 types of UI frameworks you can use:

  1. A complete set of UI components like: https://react-bulma.dev/en/getting-started.

    Pros:

    Having a lot of pre-built UI components saves a lot of time

    Cons:

    need to learn the react framework and the bulma styles, and it's harder to customize to your needs

  2. A pure css framework, like Bulma, where you write all the components yourself.

    Pros:

    A lot of flexibility to build the components you need

    Cons:

    You are bound to Bulma classes and markup.

    Takes more time since you need to build the components

  3. A utility class framework like: https://tailwindcss.com/.

Pros:

Most flexible, mix and match classes as you like and build your own markup

Very easy to customize to your needs

Cons:

Might take time to get used to and takes more time since you need to build the components

If you choose options one, then it's just a matter of deciding what style you like (material,ant, bulma) and go with the library that implements it If you go with pure css and build your own components, I can't recommend tailwind enough, I've been finding myself building entire pages without writing a single line of css.

And if later on, the designer wants to make a change to some color, or size, I just need to change one value in the config file, and the entire app is updated.

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Decisions about Bootstrap, Foundation for Apps, and Semantic UI
Ryan Wans

Ant Design offers the most components with JS and CSS taken care of. They look clean, professional, and usable.

We paired this with Bulma for making the containers and structure reactive. Bulma (for react) make it easy to just add a section, container, and content and have it work on all platforms.

We also use Geist UI, though not recognized by Stack share, for its simple and modern feel. Highly recommend Geist if you want modern components for complicated UI's

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Kexin Lin
at University of Toronto · | 7 upvotes · 27.3K views

I replaced Bootstrap with Material-UI during the front-end UI development, because Material-UI adopts a component-based importing style, making it suit well in a "React programming style". This makes me comfortable when programming because I can treat importing UI components as other React components I define.

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Bridget Sarah
Full Stack Developer at Bridget Sarah · | 10 upvotes · 231.2K views

I do prefer to write things from scratch however when it came to wanting to jump-start the frontend, I found that it was taking me a lot longer hence why needing to use something very fast.

Bootstrap was the boom when it came out, I didn't like it, to be honest, set in its way and a pain to over-ride and in addition, you can tell from a distance if you're using boostrap and as everything looks the same.

I came across Tailwind CSS as I wanted more dynamic features, you could say, I've been now doing it for a few days and I love it a lot. I've been practising with the full stack part installed but I an't we wait until I do a new project, and I'll e able to select exactly what I want. Much faster.

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Pros of Bootstrap
Pros of Foundation for Apps
Pros of Semantic UI
  • 1.6K
    Responsiveness
  • 1.2K
    UI components
  • 945
    Consistent
  • 776
    Great docs
  • 677
    Flexible
  • 466
    HTML, CSS, and JS framework
  • 410
    Open source
  • 375
    Widely used
  • 368
    Customizable
  • 241
    HTML framework
  • 76
    Popular
  • 75
    Easy setup
  • 75
    Mobile first
  • 56
    Great grid system
  • 49
    Great community
  • 38
    Future compatibility
  • 34
    Integration
  • 27
    Very powerful foundational front-end framework
  • 24
    Standard
  • 23
    Javascript plugins
  • 19
    Build faster prototypes
  • 18
    Preprocessors
  • 13
    Grids
  • 8
    Clean
  • 7
    Good for a person who hates CSS
  • 4
    Love it
  • 4
    Easy to setup and learn
  • 4
    Rapid development
  • 2
    Clean and quick frontend development
  • 2
    Provide angular wrapper
  • 2
    Great and easy to use
  • 2
    Great and easy
  • 2
    Powerful grid system, Rapid development, Customization
  • 2
    Community
  • 2
    Great customer support
  • 2
    Popularity
  • 2
    Great and easy to make a responsive website
  • 2
    Sprzedam opla
  • 2
    Easy to use
  • 1
    Painless front end development
  • 1
    Responsive design
  • 1
    Reactjs
  • 1
    Geo
  • 1
    Design Agnostic
  • 1
    So clean and simple
  • 1
    Numerous components
  • 1
    Recognizable
  • 1
    Intuitive
  • 1
    Love the classes?
  • 1
    Material-ui
  • 1
    Pre-Defined components
  • 1
    Boostrap
  • 1
    It's fast
  • 1
    Felxible, comfortable, user-friendly
  • 1
    The fame
  • 1
    Easy setup2
  • 0
    Frefsd
    Be the first to leave a pro
    • 156
      Easy to use and looks elegant
    • 91
      Variety of components
    • 64
      Themes
    • 61
      Has out-of-the-box widgets i would actually use
    • 56
      Semantic, duh
    • 44
      Its the future
    • 42
      Open source
    • 37
      Very active development
    • 31
      Far less complicated structure
    • 28
      Gulp
    • 9
      Already has more features than bootstrap
    • 8
      Just compare it to Bootstrap and you'll be hooked
    • 7
      UI components
    • 7
      Clean and consistent markup model
    • 6
      Responsiveness
    • 4
      Elegant. clean. readable. maintainable
    • 4
      Because it is semantic :-D
    • 4
      Good-Looking
    • 2
      Great docs
    • 2
      Consistent
    • 2
      Is big and look really great, nothing like this
    • 2
      Modular and scalable
    • 1
      Jquery
    • 1
      Easy to use
    • 1
      Blends with reactjs

    Sign up to add or upvote prosMake informed product decisions

    Cons of Bootstrap
    Cons of Foundation for Apps
    Cons of Semantic UI
    • 25
      Javascript is tied to jquery
    • 15
      Every site uses the defaults
    • 13
      Too much heavy decoration in default look
    • 13
      Grid system break points aren't ideal
    • 8
      Verbose styles
      Be the first to leave a con
      • 5
        Outdated build tool (gulp 3))
      • 3
        HTML is not semantic (see list component)
      • 2
        Javascript is tied to jquery
      • 2
        Poor accessibility support

      Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

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      What is Bootstrap?

      Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing responsive, mobile first projects on the web.

      What is Foundation for Apps?

      Foundation for Apps is a framework you can use to build better, more polished single-page web applications that work across many devices. We’ve taken what we’ve learned from building the original Foundation framework to build an entirely new framework just for web apps.

      What is Semantic UI?

      Semantic empowers designers and developers by creating a shared vocabulary for UI.

      Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

      What companies use Bootstrap?
      What companies use Foundation for Apps?
      What companies use Semantic UI?

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      What tools integrate with Bootstrap?
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      What tools integrate with Semantic UI?
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        Blog Posts

        What are some alternatives to Bootstrap, Foundation for Apps, and Semantic UI?
        jQuery
        jQuery is a cross-platform JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML.
        Material
        Express your creativity with Material, an animation and graphics framework for Google's Material Design and Apple's Flat UI in Swift.
        React
        Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project.
        Foundation
        Foundation is the most advanced responsive front-end framework in the world. You can quickly prototype and build sites or apps that work on any kind of device with Foundation, which includes layout constructs (like a fully responsive grid), elements and best practices.
        Material Design
        Material Design is a unified system that combines theory, resources, and tools for crafting digital experiences.
        See all alternatives
        Reviews of Bootstrap, Foundation for Apps, and Semantic UI
        pm at 36kr
        Review of
        Bootstrap

        我们团队一直在使用bootstrap,非常简单易用,并且有帮助。支持也很到位,很喜欢!用了4年的时间,会持续的用下去,加油!!Bootstrap!!!

        Review of
        Bootstrap

        We have been using it for the past 3 years and have no complaints

        Review of
        Bootstrap

        Good service with a good price, worth the money.

        How developers use Bootstrap, Foundation for Apps, and Semantic UI
        StackShare uses
        Bootstrap

        Leanstack was on Bootstrap 2. Chose this because it is wildly popular, so it’s active, has been used a lot in production, and has a ton of features. Anything you need to do from a UI perspective, there’s likely a plugin for it already part of the library. Haven’t tried the others, but we're happy with BS.

        For StackShare, we upgraded to Bootstrap 3. I don’t like that they changed the name of columns, essentially breaking the grid layout for Bootstrap 2 and below, so that was a real pain to update. I hope they don’t do that again. Once we have more bandwidth, we’re totally going to decouple our markup from Bootstrap.

        shridhardalavi uses
        Bootstrap

        Bootstrap is a framework to help you design websites faster and easier. It includes HTML and CSS based design templates for typography, forms, buttons, tables, navigation, modals, image carousels, etc. It also gives you support for JavaScript plugins. Bootstrap's responsive CSS adjusts to phones, tablets, and desktops Bootstrap is compatible with all modern browsers (Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Safari, and Opera)

        CloudRepo uses
        Bootstrap

        We started with a bootstrap based template and then completely rewrote it due to poor design of the template. Using boostrap properly was a great experience - once you learn it and use it properly, it's simple to use and very good at being responsive and adapting to the various screen view.

        Perljobs.Ru uses
        Bootstrap

        I simply bought a "job board" template for the website, which is written using Bootstrap 2. I'm hoping to upgrade the site to Boostrap 3 when I'll have a time.

        Я просто купил шаблон для доски вакансий, написанный на Boostrap 2. Когда будет время перепишу все на Bootstrap 3.

        Ujjwal Bhujel uses
        Bootstrap

        With the advancement in CSS, Bootstrap is creating new milestones when it comes to minimising our CSS codes. So elegant and beautiful yet easy and convenient to use once you go through all the classes and its elements. In addition, its JS function is impressive too.

        osu! Ripple uses
        Semantic UI

        We use Semantic UI for our frotend. A heavily customised version of it, but still Semantic UI under the hood.

        Ralic Lo uses
        Semantic UI

        Used Semantic UI + Angular2 together with Spring or Node/Express for full stack web application development.

        Giftstarter uses
        Semantic UI

        We haven't yet, but we would like to integrate into our Web App.

        Jackson Lucas uses
        Semantic UI

        CSS components (design)

        Wellzesta uses
        Semantic UI

        Grid, widgets, theming.