Azure Cosmos DB vs Redis: What are the differences?
What is Azure Cosmos DB? A fully-managed, globally distributed NoSQL database service. Azure DocumentDB is a fully managed NoSQL database service built for fast and predictable performance, high availability, elastic scaling, global distribution, and ease of development.
What is Redis? An in-memory database that persists on disk. Redis is an open source, BSD licensed, advanced key-value store. It is often referred to as a data structure server since keys can contain strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets.
Azure Cosmos DB belongs to "NoSQL Database as a Service" category of the tech stack, while Redis can be primarily classified under "In-Memory Databases".
"Best-of-breed NoSQL features" is the top reason why over 13 developers like Azure Cosmos DB, while over 842 developers mention "Performance" as the leading cause for choosing Redis.
Redis is an open source tool with 37.1K GitHub stars and 14.3K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Redis's open source repository on GitHub.
reddit, Instacart, and Slack are some of the popular companies that use Redis, whereas Azure Cosmos DB is used by Microsoft, Rumble, and Property With Potential. Redis has a broader approval, being mentioned in 3239 company stacks & 1732 developers stacks; compared to Azure Cosmos DB, which is listed in 24 company stacks and 23 developer stacks.
What is Azure Cosmos DB?
What is Redis?
Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!
Sign up to add, upvote and see more prosMake informed product decisions
Sign up to get full access to all the companiesMake informed product decisions
Sign up to get full access to all the tool integrationsMake informed product decisions
I use Redis because, based on the case studies I have reviewed, it appears to be the most performant cache database for my Django projects. The ease of configuration and deployment is also a big plus.
Using both higher level view caching as well as low-level QuerySet caching with Redis has allowed me to improve HTTP request times by an order of magnitude.
Redis is a good caching tool for a cluster, but our application had performance issues while using Aws Elasticache Redis since some page had 3000 cache hits per a page load and Redis just couldn't quickly process them all in once + latency and object deseialization time - page load took 8-9 seconds. We create a custom hybrid caching based on Redis and EhCache which worked great for our goals. Check it out on github, it's called HybriCache - https://github.com/batir-akhmerov/hybricache.
Redis is used for storing all ephemeral (that's data you don't necessarily want to store permanently) user data, such as mapping of session IDs (stored in cookies) to current session variables at Cloudcraft.co. The many datastructures supported by Redis also makes it an excellent caching and realtime statistics layer. It doesn't hurt that the author, Antirez, is the nicest guy ever! These days, I would be really hard pressed to find any situation where I would pick something like Memcached over Redis.
Trello uses Redis for ephemeral data that needs to be shared between server processes but not persisted to disk. Things like the activity level of a session or a temporary OpenID key are stored in Redis, and the application is built to recover gracefully if any of these (or all of them) are lost. We run with allkeys-lru enabled and about five times as much space as its actual working set needs, so Redis automatically discards data that hasn’t been accessed lately, and reconstructs it when necessary.
The UI has message inbox that is sent a message when you get a new badge, receive a message, significant event, etc. Done using WebSockets and is powered by redis. Redis has 2 slaves, SQL has 2 replicas, tag engine has 3 nodes, elastic has 3 nodes - any other service has high availability as well (and exists in both data centers).
Redis makes certain operations very easy. When I need a high-availability store, I typically look elsewhere, but for rapid development with the ability to land on your feet in prod, Redis is great. The available data types make it easy to build non-trivial indexes that would require complex queries in postgres.
I use Redis for cacheing, data storage, mining and augmentation, proprietary distributed event system for disparate apps and services to talk to each other, and more. Redis has some very useful native data types for tracking, slicing and dicing information.