Dart vs React Native: What are the differences?
Dart can be classified as a tool in the "Languages" category, while React Native is grouped under "Cross-Platform Mobile Development".
Some of the features offered by Dart are:
- Dart’s comprehensive libraries give you lots of choices
- Pub package manager
On the other hand, React Native provides the following key features:
- Native iOS Components
- Asynchronous Execution
- Touch Handling
"Backed by Google" is the primary reason why developers consider Dart over the competitors, whereas "Learn once write everywhere" was stated as the key factor in picking React Native.
React Native is an open source tool with 78.8K GitHub stars and 17.6K GitHub forks. Here's a link to React Native's open source repository on GitHub.
Instagram, Intuit, and Yahoo! are some of the popular companies that use React Native, whereas Dart is used by Google, Hybrid Heroes, and Blossom. React Native has a broader approval, being mentioned in 719 company stacks & 809 developers stacks; compared to Dart, which is listed in 19 company stacks and 78 developer stacks.
What is Dart?
What is React Native?
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For a front end dev like me, using a mobile framework for side projects makes more sense than writing a native app. I had used Apache Cordova (formerly PhoneGap) before (because React Native didn't exist yet), and was happy with it. But once React Native came out, it made more sense to go that way instead. It's more efficient and smooth, since it doesn't have the simulation overhead, and has more access to hardware features. It feels cleaner since you don't need to deal with #WebView, using native UI widgets directly. I also considered Flutter . It looks promising, but is relatively new to the game, and React Native seems more stable for now.
I've recently switched to using Expo for initializing and developing my React Native apps. Compared to React Native CLI, it's so much easier to get set up and going. Setting up and maintaining Android Studio, Android SDK, and virtual devices used to be such a headache. Thanks to Expo, I can now test my apps directly on my Android phone, just by installing the Expo app. I still use Xcode Simulator for iOS testing, since I don't have an iPhone, but that's easy anyway. The big win for me with Expo is ease of Android testing.
The Expo SDK also provides convenient features like Facebook login,
MapView, push notifications, and many others. https://docs.expo.io/versions/v31.0.0/sdk/
I use Dart because it is a fast, modern language with an intuitive package manager and syntax similar to Java, while less verbose (i.e. public by default,
_ in front of a variable, class, etc. to be private). Dart has an excellent asynchronous syntax making asynchronous calls such as filesystem interaction or HTTP requests simple and concise.
The capability of style customization is one a large deal breaker for frontend SDKs. To solve this, we decided to use styled-components in our SDK, which makes it easy to add support for themes on top of our existing components. This practice reduces the maintenance effort for stylings of custom components and keeps the overall codebase clean.
I am starting to become a full-stack developer, by choosing and learning .NET Core for API Development, Angular CLI / React for UI Development, MongoDB for database, as it a NoSQL DB and Flutter / React Native for Mobile App Development. Using Postman, Markdown and Visual Studio Code for development.
React Native is great in that it reduces the overhead of writing native code based on a web app. If written in a good style, Redux part of the app can often just be copied or shared in the Native app - and it just works! What a timesaver.
The framework used to write the mobile apps in this project. I've chosen this because of the "write once run all" (ios and android) mentality.
We are not currently using this product but we have very high interest in learning and using this for mobile apps.
New features of our app are developed on React Native, so we could maintain a small dev team.
100% of our mobile codebase is shared between iOS and Android. Using along with TypeScript.