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Hibernate vs Java Persistence API: What are the differences?

Developers describe Hibernate as "Idiomatic persistence for Java and relational databases". Hibernate is a suite of open source projects around domain models. The flagship project is Hibernate ORM, the Object Relational Mapper. On the other hand, Java Persistence API is detailed as "*A Java application programming interface specification *". It is a Java application programming interface specification that describes the management of relational data in applications using Java Platform, Standard Edition and Java Platform, Enterprise Edition.It provides a POJO persistence model for object-relational mapping.

Hibernate can be classified as a tool in the "Object Relational Mapper (ORM)" category, while Java Persistence API is grouped under "Mapping APIs".

Bodybuilding.com, StyleShare Inc., and Zola are some of the popular companies that use Hibernate, whereas Java Persistence API is used by StyleShare Inc., Kwery, and engel80. Hibernate has a broader approval, being mentioned in 87 company stacks & 74 developers stacks; compared to Java Persistence API, which is listed in 6 company stacks and 4 developer stacks.

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Pros of Hibernate
Pros of Java Persistence API
  • 16
    Easy ORM
  • 7
    Easy transaction definition
  • 1
    Is integrated with spring jpa
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    Cons of Hibernate
    Cons of Java Persistence API
    • 3
      Can't control proxy associations when entity graph used
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      What is Hibernate?

      Hibernate is a suite of open source projects around domain models. The flagship project is Hibernate ORM, the Object Relational Mapper.

      What is Java Persistence API?

      It is a Java application programming interface specification that describes the management of relational data in applications using Java Platform, Standard Edition and Java Platform, Enterprise Edition.It provides a POJO persistence model for object-relational mapping.

      Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

      What companies use Hibernate?
      What companies use Java Persistence API?
      See which teams inside your own company are using Hibernate or Java Persistence API.
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      What tools integrate with Hibernate?
      What tools integrate with Java Persistence API?

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      What are some alternatives to Hibernate and Java Persistence API?
      MyBatis
      It is a first class persistence framework with support for custom SQL, stored procedures and advanced mappings. It eliminates almost all of the JDBC code and manual setting of parameters and retrieval of results. It can use simple XML or Annotations for configuration and map primitives, Map interfaces and Java POJOs (Plain Old Java Objects) to database records.
      Spring
      A key element of Spring is infrastructural support at the application level: Spring focuses on the "plumbing" of enterprise applications so that teams can focus on application-level business logic, without unnecessary ties to specific deployment environments.
      Sequelize
      Sequelize is a promise-based ORM for Node.js and io.js. It supports the dialects PostgreSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, SQLite and MSSQL and features solid transaction support, relations, read replication and more.
      SQLAlchemy
      SQLAlchemy is the Python SQL toolkit and Object Relational Mapper that gives application developers the full power and flexibility of SQL.
      Entity Framework
      It is an object-relational mapper that enables .NET developers to work with relational data using domain-specific objects. It eliminates the need for most of the data-access code that developers usually need to write.
      See all alternatives