LXC vs Portainer: What are the differences?
What is LXC? Linux containers. LXC is a userspace interface for the Linux kernel containment features. Through a powerful API and simple tools, it lets Linux users easily create and manage system or application containers.
What is Portainer? Simple management UI for Docker. Portainer is an open-source lightweight management UI which allows you to easily manage your Docker environments Portainer is available on Windows, Linux and Mac. It has never been so easy to manage Docker !.
LXC belongs to "Virtual Machine Platforms & Containers" category of the tech stack, while Portainer can be primarily classified under "Container Tools".
LXC is an open source tool with 2.66K GitHub stars and 797 GitHub forks. Here's a link to LXC's open source repository on GitHub.
Viadeo, Betaout, and Bluestem Brands are some of the popular companies that use Portainer, whereas LXC is used by Robinhood, Wiser., and Platform.sh. Portainer has a broader approval, being mentioned in 23 company stacks & 18 developers stacks; compared to LXC, which is listed in 11 company stacks and 5 developer stacks.
What is LXC?
What is Portainer?
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What are the cons of using LXC?
What are the cons of using Portainer?
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I use Portainer because it does so good with the UI that we don't have to train our whole team to be Linux bash heros. It provides deep details without leaving details behind you would think could only come from the command line. Portainer is a professional tool that gives us enterprise features we appreciate. ( Will be blogging about this in January. )
I use Portainer because we were all in on Docker Cloud, which gave 2 months notice that they were sunsetting their services. We knew we wanted to migrate to Docker Community Edition, but its lack of UI had us worried until we came across Portainer. Portainer had just release their agent feature, which was a critical feature for us. To date, Portainer has been an outstanding product and we couldn't be happier with it.
I use Portainer as a way to disseminate micro-service architectures in my institute and drive innovation forward. Portainer enables an easy to deploy, easy to build platform which decreases the learning curve for deploying containers and micro-services. I am particular interested in offering Portainer as a product in the Research space (i work in one of the bigguest Australian Universities).
I use Portainer because it's a great tool to avoid CLI in docker environment, all management in only one screen, awesome. So we can use our time in more important stuff like providing more and better services to our teams and endusers. The Builtin LDAP support and the internal teams helps a lot in diving Dev's in the Devops world. Long live to Portainer. (I work as DevOps in a Big Brazilian Public University )
Often enough I have to explain my way of going about setting up a CI/CD pipeline with multiple deployment platforms. Since I am a bit tired of yapping the same every single time, I've decided to write it up and share with the world this way, and send people to read it instead ;). I will explain it on "live-example" of how the Rome got built, basing that current methodology exists only of readme.md and wishes of good luck (as it usually is ;)).
It always starts with an app, whatever it may be and reading the readmes available while Vagrant and VirtualBox is installing and updating. Following that is the first hurdle to go over - convert all the instruction/scripts into Ansible playbook(s), and only stopping when doing a clear
vagrant up or
vagrant reload we will have a fully working environment. As our Vagrant environment is now functional, it's time to break it! This is the moment to look for how things can be done better (too rigid/too lose versioning? Sloppy environment setup?) and replace them with the right way to do stuff, one that won't bite us in the backside. This is the point, and the best opportunity, to upcycle the existing way of doing dev environment to produce a proper, production-grade product.
I should probably digress here for a moment and explain why. I firmly believe that the way you deploy production is the same way you should deploy develop, shy of few debugging-friendly setting. This way you avoid the discrepancy between how production work vs how development works, which almost always causes major pains in the back of the neck, and with use of proper tools should mean no more work for the developers. That's why we start with Vagrant as developer boxes should be as easy as
vagrant up, but the meat of our product lies in Ansible which will do meat of the work and can be applied to almost anything: AWS, bare metal, docker, LXC, in open net, behind vpn - you name it.
We must also give proper consideration to monitoring and logging hoovering at this point. My generic answer here is to grab Elasticsearch, Kibana, and Logstash. While for different use cases there may be better solutions, this one is well battle-tested, performs reasonably and is very easy to scale both vertically (within some limits) and horizontally. Logstash rules are easy to write and are well supported in maintenance through Ansible, which as I've mentioned earlier, are at the very core of things, and creating triggers/reports and alerts based on Elastic and Kibana is generally a breeze, including some quite complex aggregations.
If we are happy with the state of the Ansible it's time to move on and put all those roles and playbooks to work. Namely, we need something to manage our CI/CD pipelines. For me, the choice is obvious: TeamCity. It's modern, robust and unlike most of the light-weight alternatives, it's transparent. What I mean by that is that it doesn't tell you how to do things, doesn't limit your ways to deploy, or test, or package for that matter. Instead, it provides a developer-friendly and rich playground for your pipelines. You can do most the same with Jenkins, but it has a quite dated look and feel to it, while also missing some key functionality that must be brought in via plugins (like quality REST API which comes built-in with TeamCity). It also comes with all the common-handy plugins like Slack or Apache Maven integration.
The exact flow between CI and CD varies too greatly from one application to another to describe, so I will outline a few rules that guide me in it: 1. Make build steps as small as possible. This way when something breaks, we know exactly where, without needing to dig and root around. 2. All security credentials besides development environment must be sources from individual Vault instances. Keys to those containers should exist only on the CI/CD box and accessible by a few people (the less the better). This is pretty self-explanatory, as anything besides dev may contain sensitive data and, at times, be public-facing. Because of that appropriate security must be present. TeamCity shines in this department with excellent secrets-management. 3. Every part of the build chain shall consume and produce artifacts. If it creates nothing, it likely shouldn't be its own build. This way if any issue shows up with any environment or version, all developer has to do it is grab appropriate artifacts to reproduce the issue locally. 4. Deployment builds should be directly tied to specific Git branches/tags. This enables much easier tracking of what caused an issue, including automated identifying and tagging the author (nothing like automated regression testing!).
Speaking of deployments, I generally try to keep it simple but also with a close eye on the wallet. Because of that, I am more than happy with AWS or another cloud provider, but also constantly peeking at the loads and do we get the value of what we are paying for. Often enough the pattern of use is not constantly erratic, but rather has a firm baseline which could be migrated away from the cloud and into bare metal boxes. That is another part where this approach strongly triumphs over the common Docker and CircleCI setup, where you are very much tied in to use cloud providers and getting out is expensive. Here to embrace bare-metal hosting all you need is a help of some container-based self-hosting software, my personal preference is with Proxmox and LXC. Following that all you must write are ansible scripts to manage hardware of Proxmox, similar way as you do for Amazon EC2 (ansible supports both greatly) and you are good to go. One does not exclude another, quite the opposite, as they can live in great synergy and cut your costs dramatically (the heavier your base load, the bigger the savings) while providing production-grade resiliency.
Hey Team, As I used portainer and here I think some of functionality must be there like visualiser for monitoring.
And Here I found a issue when we open the console then does not allow to exit the terminal using exit commands and scroller is not work in terminal...
On the road to greatness. A worthy challenger soon to be