Get Advice Icon

Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

RabbitMQ
RabbitMQ

5.7K
4.4K
+ 1
471
ZeroMQ
ZeroMQ

154
164
+ 1
52
Add tool

RabbitMQ vs ZeroMQ: What are the differences?

What is RabbitMQ? A messaging broker - an intermediary for messaging. RabbitMQ gives your applications a common platform to send and receive messages, and your messages a safe place to live until received.

What is ZeroMQ? Fast, lightweight messaging library that allows you to design complex communication system without much effort. The 0MQ lightweight messaging kernel is a library which extends the standard socket interfaces with features traditionally provided by specialised messaging middleware products. 0MQ sockets provide an abstraction of asynchronous message queues, multiple messaging patterns, message filtering (subscriptions), seamless access to multiple transport protocols and more.

RabbitMQ and ZeroMQ belong to "Message Queue" category of the tech stack.

Some of the features offered by RabbitMQ are:

  • Robust messaging for applications
  • Easy to use
  • Runs on all major operating systems

On the other hand, ZeroMQ provides the following key features:

  • Connect your code in any language, on any platform.
  • Carries messages across inproc, IPC, TCP, TPIC, multicast.
  • Smart patterns like pub-sub, push-pull, and router-dealer.

"It's fast and it works with good metrics/monitoring" is the primary reason why developers consider RabbitMQ over the competitors, whereas "Fast" was stated as the key factor in picking ZeroMQ.

RabbitMQ and ZeroMQ are both open source tools. It seems that RabbitMQ with 5.88K GitHub stars and 1.73K forks on GitHub has more adoption than ZeroMQ with 5.28K GitHub stars and 1.56K GitHub forks.

reddit, 9GAG, and CircleCI are some of the popular companies that use RabbitMQ, whereas ZeroMQ is used by SocialDecode, Binary.com, and Pixotale. RabbitMQ has a broader approval, being mentioned in 921 company stacks & 532 developers stacks; compared to ZeroMQ, which is listed in 35 company stacks and 12 developer stacks.

What is RabbitMQ?

RabbitMQ gives your applications a common platform to send and receive messages, and your messages a safe place to live until received.

What is ZeroMQ?

The 0MQ lightweight messaging kernel is a library which extends the standard socket interfaces with features traditionally provided by specialised messaging middleware products. 0MQ sockets provide an abstraction of asynchronous message queues, multiple messaging patterns, message filtering (subscriptions), seamless access to multiple transport protocols and more.
Get Advice Icon

Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

Why do developers choose RabbitMQ?
Why do developers choose ZeroMQ?

Sign up to add, upvote and see more prosMake informed product decisions

What companies use RabbitMQ?
What companies use ZeroMQ?

Sign up to get full access to all the companiesMake informed product decisions

What tools integrate with RabbitMQ?
What tools integrate with ZeroMQ?

Sign up to get full access to all the tool integrationsMake informed product decisions

What are some alternatives to RabbitMQ and ZeroMQ?
Kafka
Kafka is a distributed, partitioned, replicated commit log service. It provides the functionality of a messaging system, but with a unique design.
ActiveMQ
Apache ActiveMQ is fast, supports many Cross Language Clients and Protocols, comes with easy to use Enterprise Integration Patterns and many advanced features while fully supporting JMS 1.1 and J2EE 1.4. Apache ActiveMQ is released under the Apache 2.0 License.
Amazon SNS
Amazon Simple Notification Service makes it simple and cost-effective to push to mobile devices such as iPhone, iPad, Android, Kindle Fire, and internet connected smart devices, as well as pushing to other distributed services. Besides pushing cloud notifications directly to mobile devices, SNS can also deliver notifications by SMS text message or email, to Simple Queue Service (SQS) queues, or to any HTTP endpoint.
Redis
Redis is an open source, BSD licensed, advanced key-value store. It is often referred to as a data structure server since keys can contain strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets.
Gearman
Gearman allows you to do work in parallel, to load balance processing, and to call functions between languages. It can be used in a variety of applications, from high-availability web sites to the transport of database replication events.
See all alternatives
Decisions about RabbitMQ and ZeroMQ
James Cunningham
James Cunningham
Operations Engineer at Sentry · | 18 upvotes · 318.4K views
atSentrySentry
Celery
Celery
RabbitMQ
RabbitMQ
#MessageQueue

As Sentry runs throughout the day, there are about 50 different offline tasks that we execute—anything from “process this event, pretty please” to “send all of these cool people some emails.” There are some that we execute once a day and some that execute thousands per second.

Managing this variety requires a reliably high-throughput message-passing technology. We use Celery's RabbitMQ implementation, and we stumbled upon a great feature called Federation that allows us to partition our task queue across any number of RabbitMQ servers and gives us the confidence that, if any single server gets backlogged, others will pitch in and distribute some of the backlogged tasks to their consumers.

#MessageQueue

See more
Kafka
Kafka
RabbitMQ
RabbitMQ

The question for which Message Queue to use mentioned "availability, distributed, scalability, and monitoring". I don't think that this excludes many options already. I does not sound like you would take advantage of Kafka's strengths (replayability, based on an even sourcing architecture). You could pick one of the AMQP options.

I would recommend the RabbitMQ message broker, which not only implements the AMQP standard 0.9.1 (it can support 1.x or other protocols as well) but has also several very useful extensions built in. It ticks the boxes you mentioned and on top you will get a very flexible system, that allows you to build the architecture, pick the options and trade-offs that suite your case best.

For more information about RabbitMQ, please have a look at the linked markdown I assembled. The second half explains many configuration options. It also contains links to managed hosting and to libraries (though it is missing Python's - which should be Puka, I assume).

See more
Frédéric MARAND
Frédéric MARAND
Core Developer at OSInet · | 2 upvotes · 121.4K views
atOSInetOSInet
Beanstalkd
Beanstalkd
RabbitMQ
RabbitMQ
Kafka
Kafka

I used Kafka originally because it was mandated as part of the top-level IT requirements at a Fortune 500 client. What I found was that it was orders of magnitude more complex ...and powerful than my daily Beanstalkd , and far more flexible, resilient, and manageable than RabbitMQ.

So for any case where utmost flexibility and resilience are part of the deal, I would use Kafka again. But due to the complexities involved, for any time where this level of scalability is not required, I would probably just use Beanstalkd for its simplicity.

I tend to find RabbitMQ to be in an uncomfortable middle place between these two extremities.

See more
Michael Mota
Michael Mota
CEO & Founder at AlterEstate · | 4 upvotes · 78.4K views
atAlterEstateAlterEstate
Celery
Celery
RabbitMQ
RabbitMQ
Django
Django

Automations are what makes a CRM powerful. With Celery and RabbitMQ we've been able to make powerful automations that truly works for our clients. Such as for example, automatic daily reports, reminders for their activities, important notifications regarding their client activities and actions on the website and more.

We use Celery basically for everything that needs to be scheduled for the future, and using RabbitMQ as our Queue-broker is amazing since it fully integrates with Django and Celery storing on our database results of the tasks done so we can see if anything fails immediately.

See more
Interest over time
Reviews of RabbitMQ and ZeroMQ
Review ofRabbitMQRabbitMQ

I developed one of the largest queue based medical results delivery systems in the world, 18,000+ queues and still growing over a decade later all using MQSeries, later called Websphere MQ. When I left that company I started using RabbitMQ after doing some research on free offerings.. it works brilliantly and is incredibly flexible from small scale single instance use to large scale multi-server - multi-site architectures.

If you can think in queues then RabbitMQ should be a viable solution for integrating disparate systems.

How developers use RabbitMQ and ZeroMQ
Avatar of Cloudify
Cloudify uses RabbitMQRabbitMQ

The poster child for scalable messaging systems, RabbitMQ has been used in countless large scale systems as the messaging backbone of any large cluster, and has proven itself time and again in many production settings.

Avatar of Chris Saylor
Chris Saylor uses RabbitMQRabbitMQ

Rabbit acts as our coordinator for all actions that happen during game time. All worker containers connect to rabbit in order to receive game events and emit their own events when applicable.

Avatar of Clarabridge Engage
Clarabridge Engage uses RabbitMQRabbitMQ

Used as central Message Broker; off-loading tasks to be executed asynchronous, used as communication tool between different microservices, used as tool to handle peaks in incoming data, etc.

Avatar of Analytical Informatics
Analytical Informatics uses RabbitMQRabbitMQ

RabbitMQ is the enterprise message bus for our platform, providing infrastructure for managing our ETL queues, real-time event notifications for applications, and audit logging.

Avatar of Packet
Packet uses RabbitMQRabbitMQ

RabbitMQ is an all purpose queuing service for our stack. We use it for user facing jobs as well as keeping track of behind the scenes jobs.

Avatar of OnlineCity
OnlineCity uses ZeroMQZeroMQ

Our platform is based on interconnected services with a custom RPC protocol based on ZeroMQ and inspired by ZeroMQs LPP/MDP protocols.

Avatar of Runbook
Runbook uses ZeroMQZeroMQ

Our backend monitors and reactions all talk over ZeroMQ.

Avatar of clonn
clonn uses ZeroMQZeroMQ

Data Transfer

Avatar of Max Lit
Max Lit uses ZeroMQZeroMQ

The blood

How much does RabbitMQ cost?
How much does ZeroMQ cost?
Pricing unavailable
Pricing unavailable
News about RabbitMQ
More news
News about ZeroMQ
More news