Amazon Cognito vs Keycloak: What are the differences?
Amazon Cognito and Keycloak are both identity management solutions that provide authentication and authorization services. Let's explore the key differences between them.
Integration with Cloud Services: Amazon Cognito is tightly integrated with various Amazon Web Services (AWS) offerings, making it an ideal choice for applications running on the AWS cloud infrastructure. On the other hand, Keycloak is a standalone open-source solution that can be deployed on different platforms, including private clouds and on-premises servers.
Pricing Model: The pricing model of Amazon Cognito is based on active users, where you are charged according to the number of monthly active users. Keycloak, being an open-source solution, has no licensing costs and provides more flexibility in terms of scaling and customizations without incurring additional costs.
Ease of Use and Configuration: Amazon Cognito is known for its ease of use and seamless integration with other AWS services. It provides a simple and intuitive user interface for managing user pools, groups, and app integrations. Keycloak, while offering a similar range of features, may require more configuration and customization to meet specific requirements due to its standalone nature.
User Storage and Management: Amazon Cognito provides built-in user storage and management capabilities, allowing you to create user pools, handle user registration, login, and authentication. Keycloak, on the other hand, does not offer built-in user storage and requires integration with pre-existing external identity providers or databases for user management.
Authentication Providers: Amazon Cognito supports various authentication providers, including social logins (such as Google and Facebook), SAML, and OpenID Connect. Keycloak, being an open-source solution, also supports a wide range of authentication protocols and allows the integration of custom authentication providers.
Support and Documentation: Amazon Cognito is backed by AWS, providing reliable support channels and comprehensive documentation. Keycloak, being open-source, relies on community support, and while the community is vibrant and active, the level of support may vary depending on the availability of community members.
In summary, Amazon Cognito is tightly integrated with AWS services, offering seamless authentication and authorization for cloud-based applications, while Keycloak, an open-source identity and access management system, provides a more extensible and self-hosted solution suitable for a variety of environments.