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Debian vs Windows 10: What are the differences?


This markdown code provides a comparison of the key differences between Debian and Windows 10. Debian is a popular free and open-source operating system, while Windows 10 is a proprietary operating system developed by Microsoft.

  1. System Architecture: Debian is based on the Linux kernel and supports multiple processor architectures, including x86, ARM, and PowerPC. On the other hand, Windows 10 is designed primarily for x86 and x64 processors and has limited support for other architectures.

  2. Licensing: Debian is released under the GNU General Public License (GPL) which allows users to freely share, modify and distribute the software. Windows 10, on the other hand, is a proprietary operating system and requires users to purchase a license for its usage.

  3. Software Availability: Debian has a vast software repository with thousands of free and open-source applications available for installation. These applications cover a wide range of categories, including productivity, multimedia, development, and more. Windows 10 also has a wide range of software available, but a significant portion of it is proprietary and may require users to pay for licensing or purchase from third-party sources.

  4. User Interface: Debian offers various desktop environments like GNOME, KDE, Xfce, etc., allowing users to choose their preferred interface. It provides a more customizable experience with a focus on functionality. In contrast, Windows 10 has a consistent and polished user interface provided by Microsoft. It offers a more unified and streamlined user experience across different devices.

  5. System Updates: Debian follows the rolling-release model which means that updates are released more frequently. Users can easily update their system with the latest packages and security patches. Windows 10 follows a regular update cycle where major updates are released twice a year, with cumulative updates and security patches being released regularly in between.

  6. Community Support: Debian has a strong and dedicated community that provides support through forums, mailing lists, and documentation. Being an open-source project, users can also contribute to its development and improvement. Windows 10 has its own official support channels provided by Microsoft, including a knowledge base, forums, and customer support, but it may not have the same level of community-driven support as Debian.

In summary, Debian is a free and open-source operating system with support for multiple processor architectures, a vast software repository, customizable user interfaces, frequent updates, and strong community support. In contrast, Windows 10 is a proprietary operating system primarily designed for x86 and x64 processors, with a wider range of software availability, a consistent user interface, regular update cycle, and official support channels provided by Microsoft.

Decisions about Debian and Windows 10

Ubuntu is much more faster over Windows and helps to get software and other utilities easier and within a short span of time compared to Windows.

Ubuntu helps to get robustness and resiliency over Windows. Ubuntu runs faster than Windows on every computer that I have ever tested. LibreOffice (Ubuntu's default office suite) runs much faster than Microsoft Office on every computer that I have ever tested.

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I liked manjaro a lot, the huge support it has and the variety of tools it provides is just awesome. But due to its parent platform being Arch Linux it has bleeding-edge technology and that meaning, we get updated 'daily', and if we keep updating the system daily, due to the bugs in the recent updates the system sometimes used to crash, this made the OS really unstable. However, one can avoid such crashes using periodical and careful system/package updates. I now use LinuxMint which is based on Ubuntu, and this OS is completely stable with reliable(mostly tested) updates. And, since this OS is backed up by UBUNTU the concerns/questions one can encounter while using the OS can be easily rectified using the UBUNTU community, which is pretty good. Though this is backed up on UBUNTU it most certainly does NOT include the proprietary stuff of UBUNTU, which is on the bright side of the OS. That's it! Happy Computing.

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Pros of Debian
Pros of Windows 10
  • 54
    Massively supported
  • 49
  • 20
  • 8
  • 8
    Turnkey linux use it
  • 8
  • 8
    It is free
  • 6
    Works on all architectures
  • 3
    On 4gb other applications less likely to run smoothly
  • 2
    The best developer tools for all devices
  • 2
  • 1
    Great is if you have 8b ram and a 128gb ssd minimum
  • 1
    Complies with JIS Standard
  • 1
    Editors choice. But not suitable on 4gb ram. Alth
  • 1
    Best for Indonesian PC Users

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Cons of Debian
Cons of Windows 10
  • 10
    Old versions of software
  • 2
    Can be difficult to set up on vanilla Debian
  • 3
    Lags really much on low end devices
  • 3
    Slow, slow and slow
  • 2
    Worst OS to run on 2GB of RAM
  • 1
    Acts posh
  • 1
    Can't fix bugs yourself

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What is Debian?

Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software.

What is Windows 10?

It is the latest iteration of the Microsoft operating systems and has been optimized for home PC performance in a wide variety of applications from serious work to after-hours gaming.

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What companies use Debian?
What companies use Windows 10?
See which teams inside your own company are using Debian or Windows 10.
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Blog Posts

What are some alternatives to Debian and Windows 10?
Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers.
Fedora is a Linux-based operating system that provides users with access to the latest free and open source software, in a stable, secure and easy to manage form. Fedora is the largest of many free software creations of the Fedora Project. Because of its predominance, the word "Fedora" is often used interchangeably to mean both the Fedora Project and the Fedora operating system.
The CentOS Project is a community-driven free software effort focused on delivering a robust open source ecosystem. For users, we offer a consistent manageable platform that suits a wide variety of deployments. For open source communities, we offer a solid, predictable base to build upon, along with extensive resources to build, test, release, and maintain their code.
Linux Mint
The purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern, elegant and comfortable operating system which is both powerful and easy to use.
Arch Linux
A lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple.
See all alternatives