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Google Cloud Bigtable
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Google Cloud Bigtable vs Kafka: What are the differences?

What is Google Cloud Bigtable? The same database that powers Google Search, Gmail and Analytics. Google Cloud Bigtable offers you a fast, fully managed, massively scalable NoSQL database service that's ideal for web, mobile, and Internet of Things applications requiring terabytes to petabytes of data. Unlike comparable market offerings, Cloud Bigtable doesn't require you to sacrifice speed, scale, or cost efficiency when your applications grow. Cloud Bigtable has been battle-tested at Google for more than 10 years鈥攊t's the database driving major applications such as Google Analytics and Gmail.

What is Kafka? Distributed, fault tolerant, high throughput pub-sub messaging system. Kafka is a distributed, partitioned, replicated commit log service. It provides the functionality of a messaging system, but with a unique design.

Google Cloud Bigtable belongs to "NoSQL Database as a Service" category of the tech stack, while Kafka can be primarily classified under "Message Queue".

Some of the features offered by Google Cloud Bigtable are:

  • Unmatched Performance: Single-digit millisecond latency and over 2X the performance per dollar of unmanaged NoSQL alternatives.
  • Open Source Interface: Because Cloud Bigtable is accessed through the HBase API, it is natively integrated with much of the existing big data and Hadoop ecosystem and supports Google鈥檚 big data products. Additionally, data can be imported from or exported to existing HBase clusters through simple bulk ingestion tools using industry-standard formats.
  • Low Cost: By providing a fully managed service and exceptional efficiency, Cloud Bigtable鈥檚 total cost of ownership is less than half the cost of its direct competition.

On the other hand, Kafka provides the following key features:

  • Written at LinkedIn in Scala
  • Used by LinkedIn to offload processing of all page and other views
  • Defaults to using persistence, uses OS disk cache for hot data (has higher throughput then any of the above having persistence enabled)

"High performance" is the top reason why over 5 developers like Google Cloud Bigtable, while over 95 developers mention "High-throughput" as the leading cause for choosing Kafka.

Kafka is an open source tool with 12.7K GitHub stars and 6.81K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Kafka's open source repository on GitHub.

According to the StackShare community, Kafka has a broader approval, being mentioned in 509 company stacks & 470 developers stacks; compared to Google Cloud Bigtable, which is listed in 17 company stacks and 3 developer stacks.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is Google Cloud Bigtable?

Google Cloud Bigtable offers you a fast, fully managed, massively scalable NoSQL database service that's ideal for web, mobile, and Internet of Things applications requiring terabytes to petabytes of data. Unlike comparable market offerings, Cloud Bigtable doesn't require you to sacrifice speed, scale, or cost efficiency when your applications grow. Cloud Bigtable has been battle-tested at Google for more than 10 years鈥攊t's the database driving major applications such as Google Analytics and Gmail.

What is Kafka?

Kafka is a distributed, partitioned, replicated commit log service. It provides the functionality of a messaging system, but with a unique design.
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    What are some alternatives to Google Cloud Bigtable and Kafka?
    Microsoft Access
    It is an easy-to-use tool for creating business applications, from templates or from scratch. With its rich and intuitive design tools, it can help you create appealing and highly functional applications in a minimal amount of time.
    Google Cloud Datastore
    Use a managed, NoSQL, schemaless database for storing non-relational data. Cloud Datastore automatically scales as you need it and supports transactions as well as robust, SQL-like queries.
    Google Cloud Spanner
    It is a globally distributed database service that gives developers a production-ready storage solution. It provides key features such as global transactions, strongly consistent reads, and automatic multi-site replication and failover.
    Amazon DynamoDB
    With it , you can offload the administrative burden of operating and scaling a highly available distributed database cluster, while paying a low price for only what you use.
    Cloud Firestore
    Cloud Firestore is a NoSQL document database that lets you easily store, sync, and query data for your mobile and web apps - at global scale.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Google Cloud Bigtable and Kafka
    Adam Rabinovitch
    Adam Rabinovitch
    Global Technical Recruiting Lead & Engineering Evangelist at Beamery | 3 upvotes 156.8K views
    atBeameryBeamery
    Kafka
    Kafka
    Redis
    Redis
    Elasticsearch
    Elasticsearch
    MongoDB
    MongoDB
    RabbitMQ
    RabbitMQ
    Go
    Go
    Node.js
    Node.js
    Kubernetes
    Kubernetes
    #Microservices

    Beamery runs a #microservices architecture in the backend on top of Google Cloud with Kubernetes There are a 100+ different microservice split between Node.js and Go . Data flows between the microservices over REST and gRPC and passes through Kafka RabbitMQ as a message bus. Beamery stores data in MongoDB with near-realtime replication to Elasticsearch . In addition, Beamery uses Redis for various memory-optimized tasks.

    See more
    Conor Myhrvold
    Conor Myhrvold
    Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber | 4 upvotes 97.8K views
    atUber TechnologiesUber Technologies
    Kafka Manager
    Kafka Manager
    Kafka
    Kafka
    GitHub
    GitHub
    Apache Spark
    Apache Spark
    Hadoop
    Hadoop

    Why we built Marmaray, an open source generic data ingestion and dispersal framework and library for Apache Hadoop :

    Built and designed by our Hadoop Platform team, Marmaray is a plug-in-based framework built on top of the Hadoop ecosystem. Users can add support to ingest data from any source and disperse to any sink leveraging the use of Apache Spark . The name, Marmaray, comes from a tunnel in Turkey connecting Europe and Asia. Similarly, we envisioned Marmaray within Uber as a pipeline connecting data from any source to any sink depending on customer preference:

    https://eng.uber.com/marmaray-hadoop-ingestion-open-source/

    (Direct GitHub repo: https://github.com/uber/marmaray Kafka Kafka Manager )

    See more
    Roman Bulgakov
    Roman Bulgakov
    Senior Back-End Developer, Software Architect at Chemondis GmbH | 3 upvotes 10.5K views
    Kafka
    Kafka

    I use Kafka because it has almost infinite scaleability in terms of processing events (could be scaled to process hundreds of thousands of events), great monitoring (all sorts of metrics are exposed via JMX).

    Downsides of using Kafka are: - you have to deal with Zookeeper - you have to implement advanced routing yourself (compared to RabbitMQ it has no advanced routing)

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    RabbitMQ
    RabbitMQ
    Kafka
    Kafka

    The question for which Message Queue to use mentioned "availability, distributed, scalability, and monitoring". I don't think that this excludes many options already. I does not sound like you would take advantage of Kafka's strengths (replayability, based on an even sourcing architecture). You could pick one of the AMQP options.

    I would recommend the RabbitMQ message broker, which not only implements the AMQP standard 0.9.1 (it can support 1.x or other protocols as well) but has also several very useful extensions built in. It ticks the boxes you mentioned and on top you will get a very flexible system, that allows you to build the architecture, pick the options and trade-offs that suite your case best.

    For more information about RabbitMQ, please have a look at the linked markdown I assembled. The second half explains many configuration options. It also contains links to managed hosting and to libraries (though it is missing Python's - which should be Puka, I assume).

    See more
    Fr茅d茅ric MARAND
    Fr茅d茅ric MARAND
    Core Developer at OSInet | 2 upvotes 88.2K views
    atOSInetOSInet
    RabbitMQ
    RabbitMQ
    Beanstalkd
    Beanstalkd
    Kafka
    Kafka

    I used Kafka originally because it was mandated as part of the top-level IT requirements at a Fortune 500 client. What I found was that it was orders of magnitude more complex ...and powerful than my daily Beanstalkd , and far more flexible, resilient, and manageable than RabbitMQ.

    So for any case where utmost flexibility and resilience are part of the deal, I would use Kafka again. But due to the complexities involved, for any time where this level of scalability is not required, I would probably just use Beanstalkd for its simplicity.

    I tend to find RabbitMQ to be in an uncomfortable middle place between these two extremities.

    See more
    Interest over time
    Reviews of Google Cloud Bigtable and Kafka
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    How developers use Google Cloud Bigtable and Kafka
    Avatar of Pinterest
    Pinterest uses KafkaKafka

    http://media.tumblr.com/d319bd2624d20c8a81f77127d3c878d0/tumblr_inline_nanyv6GCKl1s1gqll.png

    Front-end messages are logged to Kafka by our API and application servers. We have batch processing (on the middle-left) and real-time processing (on the middle-right) pipelines to process the experiment data. For batch processing, after daily raw log get to s3, we start our nightly experiment workflow to figure out experiment users groups and experiment metrics. We use our in-house workflow management system Pinball to manage the dependencies of all these MapReduce jobs.

    Avatar of Coolfront Technologies
    Coolfront Technologies uses KafkaKafka

    Building out real-time streaming server to present data insights to Coolfront Mobile customers and internal sales and marketing teams.

    Avatar of ShareThis
    ShareThis uses KafkaKafka

    We are using Kafka as a message queue to process our widget logs.

    Avatar of Christopher Davison
    Christopher Davison uses KafkaKafka

    Used for communications and triggering jobs across ETL systems

    Avatar of theskyinflames
    theskyinflames uses KafkaKafka

    Used as a integration middleware by messaging interchanging.

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