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Material-UI vs React Native Paper: What are the differences?

Key Differences between Material-UI and React Native Paper

Material-UI and React Native Paper are both popular libraries used for building user interfaces in React. However, there are several key differences between the two:

  1. Design Philosophy: Material-UI follows the principles of Material Design, which focuses on creating visually appealing and consistent UIs. React Native Paper, on the other hand, is based on the Material Design guidelines but also adds support for theming and customization.

  2. Platform Compatibility: Material-UI is primarily intended for web applications and targets the browser environment. React Native Paper, as the name suggests, is designed specifically for React Native applications and is compatible with both Android and iOS platforms.

  3. Component API: While both libraries provide a rich set of UI components, the API and structure differ. Material-UI uses a more "React-like" component structure, with a focus on composition and reusability. React Native Paper, on the other hand, follows the React Native component structure and naming conventions, making it feel more native to React Native developers.

  4. Styling Approach: Material-UI uses a combination of inline styles and CSS-in-JS libraries like JSS for styling. It provides a robust theming system that allows easy customization of the UI. React Native Paper utilizes React Native's built-in styling mechanism, which is based on JavaScript objects. It also supports theming but in a more limited way compared to Material-UI.

  5. Documentation and Community Support: Material-UI has been around for a longer time and has a larger community behind it. It has extensive documentation, a dedicated website, and a wide range of resources available, including blogs, tutorials, and example projects. React Native Paper, while also having good documentation, may not be as extensively covered as Material-UI in terms of community support and resources.

  6. Performance and Bundle Size: React Native Paper has a smaller bundle size since it is optimized for mobile applications. Material-UI, being primarily designed for web applications, may have a larger bundle size due to additional dependencies and features.

In summary, Material-UI and React Native Paper differ in their design philosophy, platform compatibility, component API, styling approach, documentation and community support, as well as performance and bundle size considerations.

Decisions about Material-UI and React Native Paper

Fonts and typography are fun. Material Design is a framework (developed by Google) that basically geeks out on how to assemble your typographical elements together into a design language. If you're into fonts and typography, it's fantastic. It provides a theming engine, reusable components, and can pull different user interfaces together under a common design paradigm. I'd highly recommend looking into Borries Schwesinger's book "The Form Book" if you're going to be working with Material UI or are otherwise new to component design.

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Pros of Material-UI
Pros of React Native Paper
  • 141
  • 82
    Material Design
  • 60
    Ui components
  • 30
    CSS framework
  • 26
  • 15
    Looks great
  • 13
  • 12
    Good documentation
  • 9
  • 8
    Ui component
  • 7
    Open source
  • 6
  • 6
    Code examples
  • 5
  • 3
    Very accessible
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
    Supports old browsers out of the box
  • 2
    # of components
  • 2
  • 2
    Designed for Server Side Rendering
  • 2
    Typescript support
  • 1
  • 1
    Easy to work with
  • 1
  • 1
    Support for multiple styling systems
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    Cons of Material-UI
    Cons of React Native Paper
    • 35
      Hard to learn. Bad documentation
    • 28
      Hard to customize
    • 21
      Hard to understand Docs
    • 8
      Bad performance
    • 7
      Extra library needed for date/time pickers
    • 7
      For editable table component need to use material-table
    • 2
      Typescript Support
    • 1
      # of components
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      - No public GitHub repository available -

      What is Material-UI?

      Material UI is a library of React UI components that implements Google's Material Design.

      What is React Native Paper?

      Material design for React Native.

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      What companies use React Native Paper?
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      What tools integrate with React Native Paper?

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      What are some alternatives to Material-UI and React Native Paper?
      Kendo UI
      Fast, light, complete: 70+ jQuery-based UI widgets in one powerful toolset. AngularJS integration, Bootstrap support, mobile controls, offline data solution.
      Flat UI
      Flat UI is a beautiful theme for Bootstrap. We have redesigned many of its components to look flat in every pixel.
      Ant Design
      An enterprise-class UI design language and React-based implementation. Graceful UI components out of the box, base on React Component. A npm + webpack + babel + dora + dva development framework.
      React MD is Google's Material Design specifications implemented with Sass and React. The goal of the project is to create components that adhere to the Material Design specifications.
      Angular Material
      Sprint from Zero to App. Hit the ground running with comprehensive, modern UI components that work across the web, mobile and desktop. It allows to create material styled angular apps fast and easy.
      See all alternatives