NGINX vs PHP-FPM

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NGINX

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PHP-FPM

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Advice on NGINX and PHP-FPM

I am diving into web development, both front and back end. I feel comfortable with administration, scripting and moderate coding in bash, Python and C++, but I am also a Windows fan (i love inner conflict). What are the votes on web servers? IIS is expensive and restrictive (has Windows adoption of open source changed this?) Apache has the history but seems to be at the root of most of my Infosec issues, and I know nothing about nginx (is it too new to rely on?). And no, I don't know what I want to do on the web explicitly, but hosting and data storage (both cloud and tape) are possibilities. Ready, aim fire!

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Replies (1)
Simon Aronsson
Developer Advocate at k6 / Load Impact · | 4 upvotes · 392.8K views
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I would pick nginx over both IIS and Apace HTTP Server any day. Combine it with docker, and as you grow maybe even traefik, and you'll have a really flexible solution for serving http content where you can take sites and projects up and down without effort, easily move it between systems and dont have to handle any dependencies on your actual local machine.

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Apache HTTP ServerApache HTTP Server
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NGINXNGINX

From a StackShare Community member: "We are a LAMP shop currently focused on improving web performance for our customers. We have made many front-end optimizations and now we are considering replacing Apache with nginx. I was wondering if others saw a noticeable performance gain or any other benefits by switching."

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Replies (3)
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I use nginx because it is very light weight. Where Apache tries to include everything in the web server, nginx opts to have external programs/facilities take care of that so the web server can focus on efficiently serving web pages. While this can seem inefficient, it limits the number of new bugs found in the web server, which is the element that faces the client most directly.

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Leandro Barral
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I use nginx because its more flexible and easy to configure

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Christian Cwienk
Software Developer at SAP · | 1 upvotes · 373.4K views

I use Apache HTTP Server because it's intuitive, comprehensive, well-documented, and just works

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Pros of NGINX
Pros of PHP-FPM
  • 1.4K
    High-performance http server
  • 893
    Performance
  • 728
    Easy to configure
  • 606
    Open source
  • 529
    Load balancer
  • 287
    Free
  • 287
    Scalability
  • 223
    Web server
  • 174
    Simplicity
  • 135
    Easy setup
  • 29
    Content caching
  • 20
    Web Accelerator
  • 14
    Capability
  • 13
    Fast
  • 11
    High-latency
  • 11
    Predictability
  • 7
    Reverse Proxy
  • 6
    Supports http/2
  • 5
    The best of them
  • 4
    Great Community
  • 4
    Lots of Modules
  • 4
    Enterprise version
  • 3
    High perfomance proxy server
  • 3
    Embedded Lua scripting
  • 3
    Reversy Proxy
  • 3
    Streaming media delivery
  • 3
    Streaming media
  • 2
    Fast and easy to set up
  • 2
    Slim
  • 2
    Blash
  • 2
    Lightweight
  • 2
    saltstack
  • 1
    Virtual hosting
  • 1
    Along with Redis Cache its the Most superior
  • 1
    Ingress controller
  • 1
    Narrow focus. Easy to configure. Fast
  • 1
    GRPC-Web
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    Cons of NGINX
    Cons of PHP-FPM
    • 8
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      What is NGINX?

      nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as a mail proxy server, written by Igor Sysoev. According to Netcraft nginx served or proxied 30.46% of the top million busiest sites in Jan 2018.

      What is PHP-FPM?

      It is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation with some additional features useful for sites of any size, especially busier sites. It includes Adaptive process spawning, Advanced process management with graceful stop/start, Emergency restart in case of accidental opcode cache destruction etc.

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      What tools integrate with NGINX?
      What tools integrate with PHP-FPM?
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        What are some alternatives to NGINX and PHP-FPM?
        HAProxy
        HAProxy (High Availability Proxy) is a free, very fast and reliable solution offering high availability, load balancing, and proxying for TCP and HTTP-based applications.
        lighttpd
        lighttpd has a very low memory footprint compared to other webservers and takes care of cpu-load. Its advanced feature-set (FastCGI, CGI, Auth, Output-Compression, URL-Rewriting and many more) make lighttpd the perfect webserver-software for every server that suffers load problems.
        Traefik
        A modern HTTP reverse proxy and load balancer that makes deploying microservices easy. Traefik integrates with your existing infrastructure components and configures itself automatically and dynamically.
        Caddy
        Caddy 2 is a powerful, enterprise-ready, open source web server with automatic HTTPS written in Go.
        Envoy
        Originally built at Lyft, Envoy is a high performance C++ distributed proxy designed for single services and applications, as well as a communication bus and “universal data plane” designed for large microservice “service mesh” architectures.
        See all alternatives