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Redux vs vuex: What are the differences?

Introduction:

Redux and Vuex are state management libraries commonly used with React and Vue.js frameworks, respectively. While they serve the same purpose of managing application state, there are key differences between the two that make them suited for their respective ecosystems.

  1. Architecture: Redux follows a more structured and rigid architecture, utilizing a single store with a flat hierarchy. On the other hand, Vuex is more flexible in its architecture, allowing for module-based store organization with separate modules for each piece of state.

  2. Development Overhead: Redux is known for its boilerplate code, requiring developers to write more code compared to Vuex due to its patterns like action creators, reducers, and store subscriptions. Vuex, on the other hand, minimizes boilerplate code and provides a simpler, more streamlined development experience.

  3. Mutations vs. Actions: In Vuex, state mutations must be synchronous since it directly mutates the state. Redux, on the other hand, uses actions to describe state mutations, making it asynchronous by nature. This distinction influences how side effects and async operations are handled in each library.

  4. Developer Experience: Vuex is considered more opinionated and provides more out-of-the-box solutions for common scenarios in Vue.js applications. Redux, while offering more flexibility, might require developers to make more decisions and trade-offs in terms of architecture and design.

  5. Community and Ecosystem: Redux has a larger community and ecosystem, with a rich set of tools, libraries, and resources available to aid developers. Meanwhile, Vuex benefits from being tightly integrated with Vue.js, offering seamless integration and enhanced performance optimizations specific to Vue applications.

  6. Learning Curve: Due to its more structured approach and additional concepts like middleware, Redux may have a steeper learning curve for beginners. On the other hand, Vuex's simpler design and closer alignment with Vue.js conventions could make it more approachable for developers new to state management.

In Summary, Redux and Vuex differ in architecture, development overhead, approach to mutations/actions, developer experience, community support, and learning curve, catering to the specific needs and preferences of developers in the React and Vue.js ecosystems.

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Pros of Redux
Pros of vuex
  • 191
    State is predictable
  • 150
    Plays well with React and others
  • 126
    State stored in a single object tree
  • 79
    Hot reloading out of the box
  • 74
    Allows for time travel
  • 14
    You can log everything
  • 12
    Great tutorial direct from the creator
  • 7
    Endorsed by the creator of Flux
  • 7
    Test without browser
  • 6
    Easy to debug
  • 3
    Enforces one-way data flow
  • 3
    Granular updates
  • 2
    Blabla
  • 2
    Debugging
  • 2
    Zero-config time-travel
  • 2
    Centralized State Management
  • 1
    Easy to setup

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Cons of Redux
Cons of vuex
  • 13
    Lots of boilerplate
  • 6
    Verbose
  • 5
    Steep learning curve
  • 5
    Design
  • 4
    Steeper learning curve than RxJs
  • 4
    Steeper learning curve than MobX
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    - No public GitHub repository available -

    What is Redux?

    It helps you write applications that behave consistently, run in different environments (client, server, and native), and are easy to test. t provides a great experience, such as live code editing combined with a time traveling debugger.

    What is vuex?

    Vuex is a state management pattern + library for Vue.js applications. It serves as a centralized store for all the components in an application, with rules ensuring that the state can only be mutated in a predictable fashion. It also integrates with Vue's official devtools extension to provide advanced features such as zero-config time-travel debugging and state snapshot export / import.

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    What are some alternatives to Redux and vuex?
    Cycle.js
    A functional and reactive JavaScript framework for predictable code
    MobX
    MobX is a battle tested library that makes state management simple and scalable by transparently applying functional reactive programming (TFRP). React and MobX together are a powerful combination. React renders the application state by providing mechanisms to translate it into a tree of renderable components. MobX provides the mechanism to store and update the application state that React then uses.
    Flux
    Flux is the application architecture that Facebook uses for building client-side web applications. It complements React's composable view components by utilizing a unidirectional data flow. It's more of a pattern rather than a formal framework, and you can start using Flux immediately without a lot of new code.
    React
    Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project.
    RxJS
    RxJS is a library for reactive programming using Observables, to make it easier to compose asynchronous or callback-based code. This project is a rewrite of Reactive-Extensions/RxJS with better performance, better modularity, better debuggable call stacks, while staying mostly backwards compatible, with some breaking changes that reduce the API surface.
    See all alternatives