Amazon Redshift Spectrum vs Apache Spark

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Amazon Redshift Spectrum vs Apache Spark: What are the differences?

What is Amazon Redshift Spectrum? Exabyte-Scale In-Place Queries of S3 Data. With Redshift Spectrum, you can extend the analytic power of Amazon Redshift beyond data stored on local disks in your data warehouse to query vast amounts of unstructured data in your Amazon S3 “data lake” -- without having to load or transform any data.

What is Apache Spark? Fast and general engine for large-scale data processing. Spark is a fast and general processing engine compatible with Hadoop data. It can run in Hadoop clusters through YARN or Spark's standalone mode, and it can process data in HDFS, HBase, Cassandra, Hive, and any Hadoop InputFormat. It is designed to perform both batch processing (similar to MapReduce) and new workloads like streaming, interactive queries, and machine learning.

Amazon Redshift Spectrum and Apache Spark can be primarily classified as "Big Data" tools.

Apache Spark is an open source tool with 22.5K GitHub stars and 19.4K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Apache Spark's open source repository on GitHub.

According to the StackShare community, Apache Spark has a broader approval, being mentioned in 266 company stacks & 112 developers stacks; compared to Amazon Redshift Spectrum, which is listed in 5 company stacks and 4 developer stacks.

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What is Amazon Redshift Spectrum?

With Redshift Spectrum, you can extend the analytic power of Amazon Redshift beyond data stored on local disks in your data warehouse to query vast amounts of unstructured data in your Amazon S3 “data lake” -- without having to load or transform any data.

What is Apache Spark?

Spark is a fast and general processing engine compatible with Hadoop data. It can run in Hadoop clusters through YARN or Spark's standalone mode, and it can process data in HDFS, HBase, Cassandra, Hive, and any Hadoop InputFormat. It is designed to perform both batch processing (similar to MapReduce) and new workloads like streaming, interactive queries, and machine learning.
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      What are some alternatives to Amazon Redshift Spectrum and Apache Spark?
      Amazon Athena
      Amazon Athena is an interactive query service that makes it easy to analyze data in Amazon S3 using standard SQL. Athena is serverless, so there is no infrastructure to manage, and you pay only for the queries that you run.
      Amazon Redshift
      It is optimized for data sets ranging from a few hundred gigabytes to a petabyte or more and costs less than $1,000 per terabyte per year, a tenth the cost of most traditional data warehousing solutions.
      Apache Flink
      Apache Flink is an open source system for fast and versatile data analytics in clusters. Flink supports batch and streaming analytics, in one system. Analytical programs can be written in concise and elegant APIs in Java and Scala.
      Presto
      Presto is an open source distributed SQL query engine for running interactive analytic queries against data sources of all sizes ranging from gigabytes to petabytes.
      Apache Hive
      Hive facilitates reading, writing, and managing large datasets residing in distributed storage using SQL. Structure can be projected onto data already in storage.
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      Decisions about Amazon Redshift Spectrum and Apache Spark
      StackShare Editors
      StackShare Editors
      Presto
      Presto
      Apache Spark
      Apache Spark
      Hadoop
      Hadoop

      Around 2015, the growing use of Uber’s data exposed limitations in the ETL and Vertica-centric setup, not to mention the increasing costs. “As our company grew, scaling our data warehouse became increasingly expensive. To cut down on costs, we started deleting older, obsolete data to free up space for new data.”

      To overcome these challenges, Uber rebuilt their big data platform around Hadoop. “More specifically, we introduced a Hadoop data lake where all raw data was ingested from different online data stores only once and with no transformation during ingestion.”

      “In order for users to access data in Hadoop, we introduced Presto to enable interactive ad hoc user queries, Apache Spark to facilitate programmatic access to raw data (in both SQL and non-SQL formats), and Apache Hive to serve as the workhorse for extremely large queries.

      See more
      StackShare Editors
      StackShare Editors
      Presto
      Presto
      Apache Spark
      Apache Spark
      Hadoop
      Hadoop

      To improve platform scalability and efficiency, Uber transitioned from JSON to Parquet, and built a central schema service to manage schemas and integrate different client libraries.

      While the first generation big data platform was vulnerable to upstream data format changes, “ad hoc data ingestions jobs were replaced with a standard platform to transfer all source data in its original, nested format into the Hadoop data lake.”

      These platform changes enabled the scaling challenges Uber was facing around that time: “On a daily basis, there were tens of terabytes of new data added to our data lake, and our Big Data platform grew to over 10,000 vcores with over 100,000 running batch jobs on any given day.”

      See more
      StackShare Editors
      StackShare Editors
      Presto
      Presto
      Apache Spark
      Apache Spark
      Scala
      Scala
      MySQL
      MySQL
      Kafka
      Kafka

      Slack’s data team works to “provide an ecosystem to help people in the company quickly and easily answer questions about usage, so they can make better and data informed decisions.” To achieve that goal, that rely on a complex data pipeline.

      An in-house tool call Sqooper scrapes MySQL backups and pipe them to S3. Job queue and log data is sent to Kafka then persisted to S3 using an open source tool called Secor, which was created by Pinterest.

      For compute, Amazon’s Elastic MapReduce (EMR) creates clusters preconfigured for Presto, Hive, and Spark.

      Presto is then used for ad-hoc questions, validating data assumptions, exploring smaller datasets, and creating visualizations for some internal tools. Hive is used for larger data sets or longer time series data, and Spark allows teams to write efficient and robust batch and aggregation jobs. Most of the Spark pipeline is written in Scala.

      Thrift binds all of these engines together with a typed schema and structured data.

      Finally, the Hive Metastore serves as the ground truth for all data and its schema.

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      StackShare Editors
      StackShare Editors
      Apache Thrift
      Apache Thrift
      Kotlin
      Kotlin
      Presto
      Presto
      HHVM (HipHop Virtual Machine)
      HHVM (HipHop Virtual Machine)
      gRPC
      gRPC
      Kubernetes
      Kubernetes
      Apache Spark
      Apache Spark
      Airflow
      Airflow
      Terraform
      Terraform
      Hadoop
      Hadoop
      Swift
      Swift
      Hack
      Hack
      Memcached
      Memcached
      Consul
      Consul
      Chef
      Chef
      Prometheus
      Prometheus

      Since the beginning, Cal Henderson has been the CTO of Slack. Earlier this year, he commented on a Quora question summarizing their current stack.

      Apps
      • Web: a mix of JavaScript/ES6 and React.
      • Desktop: And Electron to ship it as a desktop application.
      • Android: a mix of Java and Kotlin.
      • iOS: written in a mix of Objective C and Swift.
      Backend
      • The core application and the API written in PHP/Hack that runs on HHVM.
      • The data is stored in MySQL using Vitess.
      • Caching is done using Memcached and MCRouter.
      • The search service takes help from SolrCloud, with various Java services.
      • The messaging system uses WebSockets with many services in Java and Go.
      • Load balancing is done using HAproxy with Consul for configuration.
      • Most services talk to each other over gRPC,
      • Some Thrift and JSON-over-HTTP
      • Voice and video calling service was built in Elixir.
      Data warehouse
      • Built using open source tools including Presto, Spark, Airflow, Hadoop and Kafka.
      Etc
      See more
      Eric Colson
      Eric Colson
      Chief Algorithms Officer at Stitch Fix · | 19 upvotes · 286.6K views
      atStitch FixStitch Fix
      Amazon EC2 Container Service
      Amazon EC2 Container Service
      Docker
      Docker
      PyTorch
      PyTorch
      R
      R
      Python
      Python
      Presto
      Presto
      Apache Spark
      Apache Spark
      Amazon S3
      Amazon S3
      PostgreSQL
      PostgreSQL
      Kafka
      Kafka
      #AWS
      #Etl
      #ML
      #DataScience
      #DataStack
      #Data

      The algorithms and data infrastructure at Stitch Fix is housed in #AWS. Data acquisition is split between events flowing through Kafka, and periodic snapshots of PostgreSQL DBs. We store data in an Amazon S3 based data warehouse. Apache Spark on Yarn is our tool of choice for data movement and #ETL. Because our storage layer (s3) is decoupled from our processing layer, we are able to scale our compute environment very elastically. We have several semi-permanent, autoscaling Yarn clusters running to serve our data processing needs. While the bulk of our compute infrastructure is dedicated to algorithmic processing, we also implemented Presto for adhoc queries and dashboards.

      Beyond data movement and ETL, most #ML centric jobs (e.g. model training and execution) run in a similarly elastic environment as containers running Python and R code on Amazon EC2 Container Service clusters. The execution of batch jobs on top of ECS is managed by Flotilla, a service we built in house and open sourced (see https://github.com/stitchfix/flotilla-os).

      At Stitch Fix, algorithmic integrations are pervasive across the business. We have dozens of data products actively integrated systems. That requires serving layer that is robust, agile, flexible, and allows for self-service. Models produced on Flotilla are packaged for deployment in production using Khan, another framework we've developed internally. Khan provides our data scientists the ability to quickly productionize those models they've developed with open source frameworks in Python 3 (e.g. PyTorch, sklearn), by automatically packaging them as Docker containers and deploying to Amazon ECS. This provides our data scientist a one-click method of getting from their algorithms to production. We then integrate those deployments into a service mesh, which allows us to A/B test various implementations in our product.

      For more info:

      #DataScience #DataStack #Data

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      Reviews of Amazon Redshift Spectrum and Apache Spark
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      How developers use Amazon Redshift Spectrum and Apache Spark
      Avatar of Wei Chen
      Wei Chen uses Apache SparkApache Spark

      Spark is good at parallel data processing management. We wrote a neat program to handle the TBs data we get everyday.

      Avatar of Ralic Lo
      Ralic Lo uses Apache SparkApache Spark

      Used Spark Dataframe API on Spark-R for big data analysis.

      Avatar of Kalibrr
      Kalibrr uses Apache SparkApache Spark

      We use Apache Spark in computing our recommendations.

      Avatar of BrainFinance
      BrainFinance uses Apache SparkApache Spark

      As a part of big data machine learning stack (SMACK).

      Avatar of Dotmetrics
      Dotmetrics uses Apache SparkApache Spark

      Big data analytics and nightly transformation jobs.

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