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Apache Ant
Apache Ant

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Apache Maven
Apache Maven

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Apache Ant vs Apache Maven: What are the differences?

What is Apache Ant? Java based build tool. Ant is a Java-based build tool. In theory, it is kind of like Make, without Make's wrinkles and with the full portability of pure Java code.

What is Apache Maven? Apache build manager for Java projects. Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.

Apache Ant and Apache Maven can be primarily classified as "Java Build" tools.

Some of the features offered by Apache Ant are:

  • The most complete Java build and deployment tool available.
  • Platform neutral and can handle platform specific properties such as file separators
  • Can be used to perform platform specific tasks such as modifying the modified time of a file using 'touch' command

On the other hand, Apache Maven provides the following key features:

  • Simple project setup that follows best practices - get a new project or module started in seconds
  • Consistent usage across all projects means no ramp up time for new developers coming onto a project
  • Superior dependency management including automatic updating, dependency closures (also known as transitive dependencies)

"Flexible" is the top reason why over 3 developers like Apache Ant, while over 125 developers mention "Dependency management" as the leading cause for choosing Apache Maven.

Apache Ant and Apache Maven are both open source tools. Apache Maven with 1.74K GitHub stars and 1.28K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Apache Ant with 247 GitHub stars and 253 GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, Apache Maven has a broader approval, being mentioned in 305 company stacks & 142 developers stacks; compared to Apache Ant, which is listed in 24 company stacks and 12 developer stacks.

What is Apache Ant?

Ant is a Java-based build tool. In theory, it is kind of like Make, without Make's wrinkles and with the full portability of pure Java code.

What is Apache Maven?

Maven allows a project to build using its project object model (POM) and a set of plugins that are shared by all projects using Maven, providing a uniform build system. Once you familiarize yourself with how one Maven project builds you automatically know how all Maven projects build saving you immense amounts of time when trying to navigate many projects.
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    What are some alternatives to Apache Ant and Apache Maven?
    Eclipse
    Standard Eclipse package suited for Java and plug-in development plus adding new plugins; already includes Git, Marketplace Client, source code and developer documentation. Click here to file a bug against Eclipse Platform.
    Gradle
    Gradle is a build tool with a focus on build automation and support for multi-language development. If you are building, testing, publishing, and deploying software on any platform, Gradle offers a flexible model that can support the entire development lifecycle from compiling and packaging code to publishing web sites.
    CMake
    It is used to control the software compilation process using simple platform and compiler independent configuration files, and generate native makefiles and workspaces that can be used in the compiler environment of the user's choice.
    Sonatype Nexus
    It is an open source repository that supports many artifact formats, including Docker, Java™ and npm. With the Nexus tool integration, pipelines in your toolchain can publish and retrieve versioned apps and their dependencies
    JFrog Artifactory
    It integrates with your existing ecosystem supporting end-to-end binary management that overcomes the complexity of working with different software package management systems, and provides consistency to your CI/CD workflow.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Apache Ant and Apache Maven
    Apache Maven
    Apache Maven
    Gradle
    Gradle

    We use Apache Maven because it is a standard. Gradle is very good alternative, but Gradle doesn't provide any advantage for our project. Gradle is slower (without running daemon), need more resources and a learning curve is quite big. Our project can not use a great flexibility of Gradle. On the other hand, Maven is well-know tool integrated in many IDEs, Dockers and so on.

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    Interest over time
    Reviews of Apache Ant and Apache Maven
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    How developers use Apache Ant and Apache Maven
    Avatar of opening.io
    opening.io uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    Java build tool for internal processes: Jezebel daemon (in-mem classifiers/recommendations/feature analysis), Connemara (batch resume stream processor) and opes (opening elasticsearch plugin, simple process that listens for new incoming resumes and triggers analysis by Jezebel via a tcp json command).

    Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
    Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    All Java-Projects are compiled using Maven. We prefer it over Ant and Gradle as it combines lightweightness with feature-richness and offers basically all we can imagine from a software project-management tool and more.

    Avatar of Casey Smith
    Casey Smith uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    Package management and build automation for the back-end, plus integration of front-end build automation using Gulp/Bower/NPM.

    Avatar of Undisclosed, Do Not Contact or Spam Please
    Undisclosed, Do Not Contact or Spam Please uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    Necessary for Google j2objc

    Avatar of theskyinflames
    theskyinflames uses Apache MavenApache Maven

    JEE application development cycle management.

    Avatar of ByeongGi
    ByeongGi uses Apache AntApache Ant
    • 전 회사 레거시 프로젝트에서 war 빌드시에 사용하였다.
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