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Appium vs Selenium: What are the differences?

Developers describe Appium as "Automation for iOS and Android Apps". Appium is an open source test automation framework for use with native, hybrid, and mobile web apps. It drives iOS and Android apps using the WebDriver protocol. Appium is sponsored by Sauce Labs and a thriving community of open source developers. On the other hand, Selenium is detailed as "Web Browser Automation". Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.

Appium can be classified as a tool in the "Mobile Testing Frameworks" category, while Selenium is grouped under "Browser Testing".

"Webdriverio support" is the primary reason why developers consider Appium over the competitors, whereas "Automates browsers" was stated as the key factor in picking Selenium.

Appium and Selenium are both open source tools. It seems that Selenium with 14.9K GitHub stars and 4.97K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Appium with 9.66K GitHub stars and 3.94K GitHub forks.

MIT, Typeform, and Intuit are some of the popular companies that use Selenium, whereas Appium is used by Intuit, PedidosYa, and A+E Networks. Selenium has a broader approval, being mentioned in 777 company stacks & 442 developers stacks; compared to Appium, which is listed in 31 company stacks and 21 developer stacks.

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we are having one web application developed in Reacts.js. in the application, we have only 4 to 5 pages that we need to test. I am having experience in selenium with java. Please suggets which tool I should use. and why ............................ ............................ .............................

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Prashanth Marappa
Senior Software Engineer at Mphasis · | 1 upvotes · 109.5K views
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with the help of selenium we can automate react js for functional testing

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Pros of Appium
Pros of Selenium
  • 11
    Webdriverio support
  • 4
    Java, C#, Python support
  • 2
    Open source
  • 2
    Active community
  • 2
    Great GUI with inspector
  • 1
    Internal API access
  • 1
    Support iOS test automation
  • 1
    Support android test automation
  • 170
    Automates browsers
  • 154
    Testing
  • 101
    Essential tool for running test automation
  • 24
    Record-Playback
  • 24
    Remote Control
  • 8
    Data crawling
  • 7
    Supports end to end testing
  • 6
    Functional testing
  • 6
    Easy set up
  • 4
    The Most flexible monitoring system
  • 3
    Easy to integrate with build tools
  • 3
    End to End Testing
  • 2
    Integration Tests
  • 2
    Comparing the performance selenium is faster than jasm
  • 2
    Record and playback
  • 2
    Compatible with Python
  • 2
    Easy to scale
  • 0
    Integrated into Selenium-Jupiter framework

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Cons of Appium
Cons of Selenium
    Be the first to leave a con
    • 7
      Flaky tests
    • 2
      Slow as needs to make browser (even with no gui)

    Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

    What is Appium?

    Appium is an open source test automation framework for use with native, hybrid, and mobile web apps. It drives iOS and Android apps using the WebDriver protocol. Appium is sponsored by Sauce Labs and a thriving community of open source developers.

    What is Selenium?

    Selenium automates browsers. That's it! What you do with that power is entirely up to you. Primarily, it is for automating web applications for testing purposes, but is certainly not limited to just that. Boring web-based administration tasks can (and should!) also be automated as well.

    Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

    Jobs that mention Appium and Selenium as a desired skillset
    CBRE
    Narva, Ida-Virumaa, Estonia
    CBRE
    Narva, Ida-Virumaa, Estonia
    What companies use Appium?
    What companies use Selenium?
    See which teams inside your own company are using Appium or Selenium.
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    Sign up to get full access to all the companiesMake informed product decisions

    What tools integrate with Appium?
    What tools integrate with Selenium?

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    Blog Posts

    What are some alternatives to Appium and Selenium?
    Selendroid
    Selendroid is a test automation framework which drives off the UI of Android native and hybrid applications (apps) and the mobile web. Tests are written using the Selenium 2 client API
    Detox
    High velocity native mobile development requires us to adopt continuous integration workflows, which means our reliance on manual QA has to drop significantly. It tests your mobile app while it's running in a real device/simulator, interacting with it just like a real user.
    BrowserStack
    BrowserStack is a leading software testing platform for developers to comprehensively test their websites and mobile applications across 2,000+ real browsers and devices in a single cloud platform—and at scale.
    Kobiton
    It enables developers and testers to perform automated and manual testing of mobile apps and websites on real devices. Modern DevOps and Quality environments require apps to be tested on hundreds of device/OS/browser combinations. Managing an in-house device-lab is expensive, resource intensive, restrictive and very manual. Kobiton allows for instant provisioning of real devices for testing with automated or manual scripts, and also allows current on-premise devices to be plugged in to form a holistic testing cloud.
    Magneto
    Magneto was built by Automation Engineers for Automation Engineers out of necessity for a mobile centric test automation framework that's easy to setup, run and utilize.
    See all alternatives