Docker vs Gradle: What are the differences?
What is Docker? Enterprise Container Platform for High-Velocity Innovation. The Docker Platform is the industry-leading container platform for continuous, high-velocity innovation, enabling organizations to seamlessly build and share any application — from legacy to what comes next — and securely run them anywhere.
What is Gradle? A powerful build system for the JVM. Gradle is a build tool with a focus on build automation and support for multi-language development. If you are building, testing, publishing, and deploying software on any platform, Gradle offers a flexible model that can support the entire development lifecycle from compiling and packaging code to publishing web sites.
Docker and Gradle are primarily classified as "Virtual Machine Platforms & Containers" and "Java Build" tools respectively.
Some of the features offered by Docker are:
- Integrated developer tools
- open, portable images
- shareable, reusable apps
On the other hand, Gradle provides the following key features:
- Declarative builds and build-by-convention
- Language for dependency based programming
- Structure your build
"Rapid integration and build up" is the primary reason why developers consider Docker over the competitors, whereas "Flexibility" was stated as the key factor in picking Gradle.
Docker and Gradle are both open source tools. It seems that Docker with 54K GitHub stars and 15.6K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Gradle with 9.23K GitHub stars and 2.7K GitHub forks.
According to the StackShare community, Docker has a broader approval, being mentioned in 3524 company stacks & 3443 developers stacks; compared to Gradle, which is listed in 465 company stacks and 360 developer stacks.
lxd/lxc and Docker aren't congruent so this comparison needs a more detailed look; but in short I can say: the lxd-integrated administration of storage including zfs with its snapshot capabilities as well as the system container (multi-process) approach of lxc vs. the limited single-process container approach of Docker is the main reason I chose lxd over Docker.