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.NET vs Rust: What are the differences?

Developers describe .NET as "A free, cross-platform, open source developer platform for building many different types of applications". .NET is a general purpose development platform. With .NET, you can use multiple languages, editors, and libraries to build native applications for web, mobile, desktop, gaming, and IoT for Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, and more. On the other hand, Rust is detailed as "A safe, concurrent, practical language". Rust is a systems programming language that combines strong compile-time correctness guarantees with fast performance. It improves upon the ideas of other systems languages like C++ by providing guaranteed memory safety (no crashes, no data races) and complete control over the lifecycle of memory.

.NET can be classified as a tool in the "Frameworks (Full Stack)" category, while Rust is grouped under "Languages".

"Tight integration with visual studio" is the top reason why over 245 developers like .NET, while over 81 developers mention "Guaranteed memory safety" as the leading cause for choosing Rust.

.NET and Rust are both open source tools. Rust with 37.3K GitHub stars and 5.85K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than .NET with 11.2K GitHub stars and 2.41K GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, .NET has a broader approval, being mentioned in 1566 company stacks & 239 developers stacks; compared to Rust, which is listed in 40 company stacks and 105 developer stacks.

Advice on .NET and Rust
Needs advice
on
JavaScriptJavaScriptPythonPython
and
RustRust

So, I've been working with all 3 languages JavaScript, Python and Rust, I know that all of these languages are important in their own domain but, I haven't took any of it to the point where i could say I'm a pro at any of these languages. I learned JS and Python out of my own excitement, I learned rust for some IoT based projects. just confused which one i should invest my time in first... that does have Job and freelance potential in market as well...

I am an undergraduate in computer science. (3rd Year)

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Replies (3)
Recommends
JavaScriptJavaScript

I would start focusing on Javascript because even working with Rust and Python, you're always going to encounter some Javascript for front-ends at least. It has: - more freelancing opportunities (starting to work short after a virus/crisis, that's gonna help) - can also do back-end if needed (I would personally avoid specializing in this since there's better languages for the back-end part) - hard to avoid. it's everywhere and not going away (well not yet)

Then, later, for back-end programming languages, Rust seems like your best bet. Its pros: - it's satisfying to work with (after the learning curve) - it's got potential to grow big in the next year (also with better paying jobs) - it's super versatile (you can do high-perf system stuff, graphics, ffi, as well as your classic api server) It comes with a few cons though: - it's harder to learn (expect to put in years) - the freelancing options are virtually non-existent (and I would expect them to stay limited, as rust is better for long-term software than prototypes)

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Recommends
JavaScriptJavaScript

I suggest you to go with JavaScript. From my perspective JavaScript is the language you should invest your time in. The community of javascript and lots of framework helps developer to build what they want to build in no time whether it a desktop, web, mobile based application or even you can use javascript as a backend as well. There are lot of frameworks you can start learning i suggest you to go with (react,vue) library both are easy to learn than angular which is a complete framework.

And if you want to go with python as a secondary tool then i suggest you to learn a python framework (Flask,Django).

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Moinul Moin
Recommends
JavaScriptJavaScript

go for javascript, brother.

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Decisions about .NET and Rust
Ing. Alvaro Rodríguez Scelza
Software Systems Engineer at Ripio · | 9 upvotes · 344.2K views

Decided to change all my stack to microsoft technologies for they behave just great together. It is very easy to set up and deploy projects using visual studio and azure. Visual studio is also an amazing IDE, if not the best, when used for C#, it allows you to work in every aspect of your software.

Visual studio templates for ASP.NET MVC are the best I've found compared to django, rails, laravel, and others.

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Roman Glushko
Machine Learning, Software Engineering and Life · | 3 upvotes · 211.1K views

I chose Golang as a language to write Tango because it's super easy to get started with. I also considered Rust, but learning curve of it is much higher than in Golang. I felt like I would need to spend an endless amount of time to even get the hello world app working in Rust. While easy to learn, Golang still shows good performance, multithreading out of the box and fun to implement.

I also could choose PHP and create a phar-based tool, but I was not sure that it would be a good choice as I want to scale to be able to process Gbs of access log data

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Pros of .NET
Pros of Rust
  • 271
    Tight integration with visual studio
  • 261
    Stable code
  • 187
    Great community
  • 181
    Reliable and strongly typed server side language.
  • 141
    Microsoft
  • 119
    Fantastic documentation
  • 89
    Great 3rd party libraries
  • 79
    Speedy
  • 71
    Great azure integration
  • 63
    Great support
  • 33
    Linq
  • 33
    C#
  • 33
    Highly productive
  • 30
    High Performance
  • 28
    Great programming languages (C#, VB)
  • 24
    Open source
  • 19
    Powerful Web application framework (ASP.NET MVC)
  • 16
    Fast
  • 16
    Clean markup with razor
  • 15
    Powerful ORM (EntityFramework)
  • 13
    Dependency injection
  • 10
    Visual studio + Resharper = <3
  • 10
    Constantly improving to keep up with new trends
  • 8
    High-Performance
  • 8
    TFS
  • 8
    Security
  • 7
    Huge ecosystem and communities
  • 7
    Job opportunities
  • 7
    Integrated and Reliable
  • 6
    Light-weight
  • 6
    Lovely
  • 5
    {get; set;}
  • 5
    Variations
  • 5
    Asynchrony
  • 4
    Useful IoC
  • 4
    Support and SImplicity
  • 4
    Entity framework
  • 4
    Concurrent
  • 4
    Scaffolding
  • 4
    Default Debuging tools
  • 3
    Blazor
  • 2
    F♯
  • 2
    F#
  • 2
    Nuget package manager
  • 137
    Guaranteed memory safety
  • 125
    Fast
  • 83
    Open source
  • 75
    Minimal runtime
  • 69
    Pattern matching
  • 61
    Type inference
  • 55
    Concurrent
  • 54
    Algebraic data types
  • 45
    Efficient C bindings
  • 43
    Practical
  • 37
    Best advances in languages in 20 years
  • 29
    Fix for C/C++
  • 29
    Safe, fast, easy + friendly community
  • 23
    Stablity
  • 22
    Closures
  • 21
    Zero-cost abstractions
  • 19
    Extensive compiler checks
  • 18
    Great community
  • 15
    No NULL type
  • 14
    Async/await
  • 14
    Completely cross platform: Windows, Linux, Android
  • 13
    No Garbage Collection
  • 12
    Great documentations
  • 12
    High-performance
  • 11
    Super fast
  • 11
    High performance
  • 10
    Generics
  • 10
    Safety no runtime crashes
  • 10
    Fearless concurrency
  • 9
    Guaranteed thread data race safety
  • 9
    Compiler can generate Webassembly
  • 9
    Helpful compiler
  • 8
    Easy Deployment
  • 8
    Prevents data races
  • 8
    Macros
  • 7
    Painless dependency management
  • 7
    RLS provides great IDE support
  • 6
    Real multithreading
  • 4
    Good package management
  • 4
    Support on Other Languages

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Cons of .NET
Cons of Rust
  • 12
    C#
  • 11
    Too expensive to deploy and maintain
  • 7
    Microsoft dependable systems
  • 7
    Microsoft itself
  • 4
    Hard learning curve
  • 2
    Tight integration with visual studio
  • 1
    Not have a full fledged visual studio for linux
  • 25
    Hard to learn
  • 23
    Ownership learning curve
  • 10
    Unfriendly, verbose syntax
  • 4
    High size of builded executable
  • 4
    Variable shadowing
  • 4
    Many type operations make it difficult to follow
  • 3
    No jobs

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What companies use .NET?
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What are some alternatives to .NET and Rust?
ASP.NET
.NET is a developer platform made up of tools, programming languages, and libraries for building many different types of applications.
Java
Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
Python
Python is a general purpose programming language created by Guido Van Rossum. Python is most praised for its elegant syntax and readable code, if you are just beginning your programming career python suits you best.
PHP
Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.
JavaScript
JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
See all alternatives