Get Advice Icon

Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

Elixir
Elixir

1.6K
1.4K
+ 1
900
Lua
Lua

521
261
+ 1
63
Add tool

Elixir vs Lua: What are the differences?

Developers describe Elixir as "Dynamic, functional language designed for building scalable and maintainable applications". Elixir leverages the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed and fault-tolerant systems, while also being successfully used in web development and the embedded software domain. On the other hand, Lua is detailed as "Powerful, fast, lightweight, embeddable scripting language". Lua combines simple procedural syntax with powerful data description constructs based on associative arrays and extensible semantics. Lua is dynamically typed, runs by interpreting bytecode for a register-based virtual machine, and has automatic memory management with incremental garbage collection, making it ideal for configuration, scripting, and rapid prototyping.

Elixir and Lua can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

"Concurrency" is the primary reason why developers consider Elixir over the competitors, whereas "Fast learning curve" was stated as the key factor in picking Lua.

Elixir and Lua are both open source tools. Elixir with 15.6K GitHub stars and 2.22K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than Lua with 1.26K GitHub stars and 436 GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, Elixir has a broader approval, being mentioned in 177 company stacks & 190 developers stacks; compared to Lua, which is listed in 55 company stacks and 23 developer stacks.

What is Elixir?

Elixir leverages the Erlang VM, known for running low-latency, distributed and fault-tolerant systems, while also being successfully used in web development and the embedded software domain.

What is Lua?

Lua combines simple procedural syntax with powerful data description constructs based on associative arrays and extensible semantics. Lua is dynamically typed, runs by interpreting bytecode for a register-based virtual machine, and has automatic memory management with incremental garbage collection, making it ideal for configuration, scripting, and rapid prototyping.
Get Advice Icon

Need advice about which tool to choose?Ask the StackShare community!

Why do developers choose Elixir?
Why do developers choose Lua?

Sign up to add, upvote and see more prosMake informed product decisions

    Be the first to leave a con
    What companies use Elixir?
    What companies use Lua?

    Sign up to get full access to all the companiesMake informed product decisions

    What tools integrate with Elixir?
    What tools integrate with Lua?

    Sign up to get full access to all the tool integrationsMake informed product decisions

    What are some alternatives to Elixir and Lua?
    Go
    Go is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel type system enables flexible and modular program construction. Go compiles quickly to machine code yet has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. It's a fast, statically typed, compiled language that feels like a dynamically typed, interpreted language.
    Erlang
    Some of Erlang's uses are in telecoms, banking, e-commerce, computer telephony and instant messaging. Erlang's runtime system has built-in support for concurrency, distribution and fault tolerance. OTP is set of Erlang libraries and design principles providing middle-ware to develop these systems.
    Clojure
    Clojure is designed to be a general-purpose language, combining the approachability and interactive development of a scripting language with an efficient and robust infrastructure for multithreaded programming. Clojure is a compiled language - it compiles directly to JVM bytecode, yet remains completely dynamic. Clojure is a dialect of Lisp, and shares with Lisp the code-as-data philosophy and a powerful macro system.
    Ruby
    Ruby is a language of careful balance. Its creator, Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto, blended parts of his favorite languages (Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp) to form a new language that balanced functional programming with imperative programming.
    Rust
    Rust is a systems programming language that combines strong compile-time correctness guarantees with fast performance. It improves upon the ideas of other systems languages like C++ by providing guaranteed memory safety (no crashes, no data races) and complete control over the lifecycle of memory.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about Elixir and Lua
    StackShare Editors
    StackShare Editors
    Rust
    Rust
    Lua
    Lua

    To handle its growing observability needs, Postmates created and open sourced Cernan, a telemetry and logging aggregation server. Ceran is built on Rust and Lua, and can ingest data from many sources and then push or exposes what it’s collected to many destinations, or “sinks.” It can also create or manipulate in-flight data with programmable Lua filters.

    See more
    StackShare Editors
    StackShare Editors
    Erlang
    Erlang
    Elixir
    Elixir
    Consul
    Consul

    Postmates built a tool called Bazaar that helps onboard new partners and handles several routine tasks, like nightly emails to merchants alerting them about items that are out of stock.

    Since they ran Bazaar across multiple instances, the team needed to avoid sending multiple emails to their partners by obtaining lock across multiple hosts. To solve their challenge, they created and open sourced ConsulMutEx, and an Elixir module for acquiring and releasing locks with Consul and other backends.

    It works with Consul’s KV store, as well as other backends, including ets, Erlang’s in-memory database.

    See more
    Go
    Go
    Lua
    Lua
    OpenResty
    OpenResty
    nginx
    nginx
    Logstash
    Logstash
    Prometheus
    Prometheus

    At Kong while building an internal tool, we struggled to route metrics to Prometheus and logs to Logstash without incurring too much latency in our metrics collection.

    We replaced nginx with OpenResty on the edge of our tool which allowed us to use the lua-nginx-module to run Lua code that captures metrics and records telemetry data during every request’s log phase. Our code then pushes the metrics to a local aggregator process (written in Go) which in turn exposes them in Prometheus Exposition Format for consumption by Prometheus. This solution reduced the number of components we needed to maintain and is fast thanks to NGINX and LuaJIT.

    See more
    Sebastian Gębski
    Sebastian Gębski
    CTO at Shedul/Fresha · | 7 upvotes · 38.3K views
    atFresha EngineeringFresha Engineering
    AppSignal
    AppSignal
    Hex
    Hex
    Credo
    Credo
    Erlang
    Erlang
    Phoenix Framework
    Phoenix Framework
    Elixir
    Elixir

    Another major decision was to adopt Elixir and Phoenix Framework - the DX (Developer eXperience) is pretty similar to what we know from RoR, but this tech is running on the top of rock-solid Erlang platform which is powering planet-scale telecom solutions for 20+ years. So we're getting pretty much the best from both worlds: minimum friction & smart conventions that eliminate the excessive boilerplate AND highly concurrent EVM (Erlang's Virtual Machine) that makes all the scalability problems vanish. The transition was very smooth - none of Ruby developers we had decided to leave because of Elixir. What is more, we kept recruiting Ruby developers w/o any requirement regarding Elixir proficiency & we still were able to educate them internally in almost no time. Obviously Elixir comes with some more tools in the stack: Credo , Hex , AppSignal (required to properly monitor BEAM apps).

    See more
    Interest over time
    Reviews of Elixir and Lua
    Review ofElixirElixir

    i've give a try to Ruby, Crystal, Python and GO, and yeah, for web development i use Elixir-Phoenix, because idk why just amazing, my phoenix app is very stable (comparing to api that written in other language), Ruby is slow, Crystal has unstable API, GO, umm yeah, you need too complicated (i use golang for microservice)

    How developers use Elixir and Lua
    Avatar of papaver
    papaver uses LuaLua

    used lua as gameplay glue while at insomniac. one my favorite wins was integrating table support. it took walking the source code in a debugger to figure it out, still remember being at work at 3am when i got it working finally. (no google back then to make such things simple.)

    Avatar of Sine Wave Entertainment
    Sine Wave Entertainment uses LuaLua

    We use Lua as our primary scripting language for third party developers - it's fast, the runtime can be quite small and fits into everywhere it needs to go - from mobile to web.

    Avatar of Provide Booking
    Provide Booking uses ElixirElixir

    Huge boon to productivity when coupled with Phoenix. Moreover, it has made background jobs and all the unseen aspects of a business easily abstracted.

    Avatar of micro systems
    micro systems uses LuaLua

    Lua is used as the programming language for all extensions and the main business logic.

    Avatar of Walter
    Walter uses ElixirElixir

    Knowledge collection, collation, and enrichment. Business logic.

    Avatar of Ruben Timmerman
    Ruben Timmerman uses ElixirElixir

    For some internal tools like our email deliverability monitor

    Avatar of Dick Cocker
    Dick Cocker uses LuaLua

    Used for hashing client IP in Nginx

    Avatar of Ryan Jennings
    Ryan Jennings uses ElixirElixir

    language used by phoenix framework

    Avatar of olenderhub
    olenderhub uses ElixirElixir

    Elixir and Phoenix are awesome.

    How much does Elixir cost?
    How much does Lua cost?
    Pricing unavailable
    Pricing unavailable