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ExpressJS

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19.2K
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1.6K
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101.7K
50.9K
+ 1
5.5K
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ExpressJS vs nginx: What are the differences?

Developers describe ExpressJS as "Sinatra inspired web development framework for node.js -- insanely fast, flexible, and simple". Express is a minimal and flexible node.js web application framework, providing a robust set of features for building single and multi-page, and hybrid web applications. On the other hand, nginx is detailed as "A high performance free open source web server powering busiest sites on the Internet". nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as a mail proxy server, written by Igor Sysoev. According to Netcraft nginx served or proxied 30.46% of the top million busiest sites in Jan 2018.

ExpressJS and nginx are primarily classified as "Microframeworks (Backend)" and "Web Servers" tools respectively.

"Simple", "Node.js" and "Javascript" are the key factors why developers consider ExpressJS; whereas "High-performance http server", "Performance" and "Easy to configure" are the primary reasons why nginx is favored.

ExpressJS and nginx are both open source tools. It seems that ExpressJS with 44.6K GitHub stars and 7.48K forks on GitHub has more adoption than nginx with 9.11K GitHub stars and 3.44K GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, nginx has a broader approval, being mentioned in 8677 company stacks & 2561 developers stacks; compared to ExpressJS, which is listed in 854 company stacks and 790 developer stacks.

Advice on ExpressJS and NGINX

I am diving into web development, both front and back end. I feel comfortable with administration, scripting and moderate coding in bash, Python and C++, but I am also a Windows fan (i love inner conflict). What are the votes on web servers? IIS is expensive and restrictive (has Windows adoption of open source changed this?) Apache has the history but seems to be at the root of most of my Infosec issues, and I know nothing about nginx (is it too new to rely on?). And no, I don't know what I want to do on the web explicitly, but hosting and data storage (both cloud and tape) are possibilities. Ready, aim fire!

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Replies (1)
Simon Aronsson
Developer Advocate at k6 / Load Impact · | 4 upvotes · 376.2K views
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I would pick nginx over both IIS and Apace HTTP Server any day. Combine it with docker, and as you grow maybe even traefik, and you'll have a really flexible solution for serving http content where you can take sites and projects up and down without effort, easily move it between systems and dont have to handle any dependencies on your actual local machine.

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From a StackShare Community member: "We are a LAMP shop currently focused on improving web performance for our customers. We have made many front-end optimizations and now we are considering replacing Apache with nginx. I was wondering if others saw a noticeable performance gain or any other benefits by switching."

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Replies (3)
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I use nginx because it is very light weight. Where Apache tries to include everything in the web server, nginx opts to have external programs/facilities take care of that so the web server can focus on efficiently serving web pages. While this can seem inefficient, it limits the number of new bugs found in the web server, which is the element that faces the client most directly.

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Leandro Barral
Recommends
NGINXNGINX

I use nginx because its more flexible and easy to configure

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Christian Cwienk
Software Developer at SAP · | 1 upvotes · 357.6K views

I use Apache HTTP Server because it's intuitive, comprehensive, well-documented, and just works

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Pros of ExpressJS
Pros of NGINX
  • 375
    Simple
  • 331
    Node.js
  • 241
    Javascript
  • 192
    High performance
  • 150
    Robust routing
  • 71
    Middlewares
  • 70
    Open source
  • 57
    Great community
  • 36
    Hybrid web applications
  • 13
    Well documented
  • 9
    Sinatra inspired
  • 8
    Rapid development
  • 7
    Isomorphic js.. superfast and easy
  • 5
    Socket connection
  • 5
    Light weight
  • 4
    Npm
  • 4
    Resource available for learning
  • 3
    Event loop
  • 3
    Callbacks
  • 2
    Data stream
  • 1.4K
    High-performance http server
  • 893
    Performance
  • 727
    Easy to configure
  • 606
    Open source
  • 529
    Load balancer
  • 287
    Free
  • 287
    Scalability
  • 223
    Web server
  • 174
    Simplicity
  • 135
    Easy setup
  • 29
    Content caching
  • 20
    Web Accelerator
  • 14
    Capability
  • 13
    Fast
  • 11
    Predictability
  • 11
    High-latency
  • 7
    Reverse Proxy
  • 6
    Supports http/2
  • 5
    The best of them
  • 4
    Great Community
  • 4
    Lots of Modules
  • 4
    Enterprise version
  • 3
    High perfomance proxy server
  • 3
    Embedded Lua scripting
  • 3
    Reversy Proxy
  • 3
    Streaming media delivery
  • 3
    Streaming media
  • 2
    Fast and easy to set up
  • 2
    Slim
  • 2
    Blash
  • 2
    Lightweight
  • 2
    saltstack
  • 1
    Virtual hosting
  • 1
    Along with Redis Cache its the Most superior
  • 1
    Ingress controller
  • 1
    Narrow focus. Easy to configure. Fast
  • 1
    GRPC-Web

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Cons of ExpressJS
Cons of NGINX
  • 26
    Not python
  • 17
    Overrated
  • 14
    No multithreading
  • 7
    Javascript
  • 5
    Not fast
  • 2
    Easily Insecure for Novices
  • 8
    Advanced features require subscription

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- No public GitHub repository available -

What is ExpressJS?

Express is a minimal and flexible node.js web application framework, providing a robust set of features for building single and multi-page, and hybrid web applications.

What is NGINX?

nginx [engine x] is an HTTP and reverse proxy server, as well as a mail proxy server, written by Igor Sysoev. According to Netcraft nginx served or proxied 30.46% of the top million busiest sites in Jan 2018.

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What are some alternatives to ExpressJS and NGINX?
Koa
Koa aims to be a smaller, more expressive, and more robust foundation for web applications and APIs. Through leveraging generators Koa allows you to ditch callbacks and greatly increase error-handling. Koa does not bundle any middleware.
React
Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project.
Flask
Flask is intended for getting started very quickly and was developed with best intentions in mind.
Django
Django is a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design.
Golang
Go is expressive, concise, clean, and efficient. Its concurrency mechanisms make it easy to write programs that get the most out of multicore and networked machines, while its novel type system enables flexible and modular program construction. Go compiles quickly to machine code yet has the convenience of garbage collection and the power of run-time reflection. It's a fast, statically typed, compiled language that feels like a dynamically typed, interpreted language.
See all alternatives