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Puppet Labs
Puppet Labs

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Puppet Labs vs Vagrant: What are the differences?

Puppet Labs: Server automation framework and application. Puppet is an automated administrative engine for your Linux, Unix, and Windows systems and performs administrative tasks (such as adding users, installing packages, and updating server configurations) based on a centralized specification; Vagrant: A tool for building and distributing development environments. Vagrant provides the framework and configuration format to create and manage complete portable development environments. These development environments can live on your computer or in the cloud, and are portable between Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.

Puppet Labs and Vagrant are primarily classified as "Server Configuration and Automation" and "Virtual Machine Management" tools respectively.

Some of the features offered by Puppet Labs are:

  • Insight- Puppet Enterprise's event inspector gives immediate and actionable insight into your environment, showing you what changed, where and how by classes, nodes and resources.
  • Discovery- Puppet Enterprise delivers a dynamic and fully-pluggable discovery service that allows you to take advantage of any data source or real-time query results to quickly locate, identify and group cloud nodes.
  • Provisioning- Automatically provision and configure bare metal, virtual, and private or public cloud capacity, all from a single pane. Save time getting your cloud projects off the ground by reusing the same configuration modules you set up for your physical deployments.

On the other hand, Vagrant provides the following key features:

  • Boxes
  • Up And SSH
  • Synced Folders

"Devops" is the top reason why over 45 developers like Puppet Labs, while over 354 developers mention "Development environments" as the leading cause for choosing Vagrant.

Puppet Labs and Vagrant are both open source tools. It seems that Vagrant with 18.6K GitHub stars and 3.74K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Puppet Labs with 5.37K GitHub stars and 2.1K GitHub forks.

According to the StackShare community, Vagrant has a broader approval, being mentioned in 802 company stacks & 479 developers stacks; compared to Puppet Labs, which is listed in 180 company stacks and 49 developer stacks.

What is Puppet Labs?

Puppet is an automated administrative engine for your Linux, Unix, and Windows systems and performs administrative tasks (such as adding users, installing packages, and updating server configurations) based on a centralized specification.

What is Vagrant?

Vagrant provides the framework and configuration format to create and manage complete portable development environments. These development environments can live on your computer or in the cloud, and are portable between Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux.
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What are some alternatives to Puppet Labs and Vagrant?
Ansible
Ansible is an IT automation tool. It can configure systems, deploy software, and orchestrate more advanced IT tasks such as continuous deployments or zero downtime rolling updates. Ansible’s goals are foremost those of simplicity and maximum ease of use.
Chef
Chef enables you to manage and scale cloud infrastructure with no downtime or interruptions. Freely move applications and configurations from one cloud to another. Chef is integrated with all major cloud providers including Amazon EC2, VMWare, IBM Smartcloud, Rackspace, OpenStack, Windows Azure, HP Cloud, Google Compute Engine, Joyent Cloud and others.
Capistrano
Capistrano is a remote server automation tool. It supports the scripting and execution of arbitrary tasks, and includes a set of sane-default deployment workflows.
Fabric
Fabric is a Python (2.5-2.7) library and command-line tool for streamlining the use of SSH for application deployment or systems administration tasks. It provides a basic suite of operations for executing local or remote shell commands (normally or via sudo) and uploading/downloading files, as well as auxiliary functionality such as prompting the running user for input, or aborting execution.
Salt
Salt is a new approach to infrastructure management. Easy enough to get running in minutes, scalable enough to manage tens of thousands of servers, and fast enough to communicate with them in seconds. Salt delivers a dynamic communication bus for infrastructures that can be used for orchestration, remote execution, configuration management and much more.
See all alternatives
Decisions about Puppet Labs and Vagrant
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Reviews of Puppet Labs and Vagrant
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How developers use Puppet Labs and Vagrant
Avatar of Airbnb
Airbnb uses VagrantVagrant

"The best way to ensure that local testing was possible was to normalize people’s dev environments. For this we chose Vagrant. This, combined with Chef, allows us to do our local dev in sandboxed Linux instances running locally via VirtualBox in a configuration as similar to production as possible. In addition to making dev environment setup much easier than it used to be, this ensures that each engineer has a consistent environment that is ready to run tests out of the box. The user SSHs into the local linux server and runs spec commands like they would on their host OS, and generally everything Just Works. Most people on our team combine this with Zeus, which allows the Rails environment to be preloaded for lightning fast (relatively speaking) test runs. Both Vagrant and Zeus have their share of issues, but in practice we’ve found them to be a huge time saver."

Avatar of Cyrus Stoller
Cyrus Stoller uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

I'm using puppet to configure my servers. This makes it really simple to ensure that I have the same environment. There is a bit of a learning curve, but the repeatability definitely makes it worth the effort. I found puppet to be a little easier to pick up relative to chef, but I've used both. They're both great solutions.

I really like that there are a lot of modules available on the puppet forge that are being actively maintained.

Avatar of Trusted Shops GmbH
Trusted Shops GmbH uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

We provision all servers with puppet. We have one central Puppet server which uses puppet modules referenced by a Puppetfile. Those puppet modules are partly from forge and partly self written.

All modules which are self written, have to be tested using rspec-puppet and beaker.

Avatar of GHA Technologies
GHA Technologies uses VagrantVagrant

Not blazing fast but we pick Vagrant for all our projects because the console mode without gui leads to a low consumption of ram memory making it the best way for DevOps ready environment requiring less configuration.

Avatar of Cyrus Stoller
Cyrus Stoller uses VagrantVagrant

Vagrant allows me to ensure that anyone I'm collaborating with will be able to test my web application in the same environment. I also use Vagrant to setup VMs that I can use to refine my Capistrano recipes.

Avatar of Dynamictivity
Dynamictivity uses VagrantVagrant

We use Virtualbox in combination with Vagrant during development to ensure a consistent test/development environment. This helps to reduce the number of defects when our software goes to production.

Avatar of Software Antelope
Software Antelope uses VagrantVagrant

Building development environments that closely match real world web environments, enabling more rapid and accurate testing and development.

Avatar of Opstax Ltd
Opstax Ltd uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

Opstax uses puppet for role/profile based configuration management and the distribution of small/static code.

Avatar of GeniusLink
GeniusLink uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

Configures or servers and allows us to be region independent we have 5 regions across the globe.

Avatar of Michael Wieland
Michael Wieland uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

The server is set up using Puppet

How much does Puppet Labs cost?
How much does Vagrant cost?
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