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axios vs jQuery: What are the differences?

Axios and jQuery are two popular JavaScript libraries that are commonly used for making HTTP requests in web applications. While they both serve the same purpose, there are several key differences between them.

  1. Error Handling: One major difference between axios and jQuery is their approach to error handling. Axios provides a built-in way to handle errors through the use of interceptors. Interceptors allow you to globally intercept and handle errors, making error handling easier and more centralized. On the other hand, jQuery requires you to handle errors manually by using the .fail() method or by checking the status code in the $.ajax() method.

  2. Promises vs Callbacks: Axios primarily uses promises for handling asynchronous operations, while jQuery typically relies on callbacks. Promises offer a more modern and cleaner syntax for handling asynchronous operations, making the code easier to read and maintain. With promises, you can use methods like .then() and .catch() to handle success and error cases respectively. In contrast, jQuery utilizes callback functions for similar purposes, which can result in more complex and nested code.

  3. Size and Performance: jQuery is a larger library compared to axios, as it encompasses various other features like DOM manipulation, event handling, and animations. This larger size can affect the overall performance of an application, especially if these additional features are not needed. Axios, on the other hand, is a leaner library that is solely focused on making HTTP requests, resulting in better performance.

  4. Syntax and Ease of Use: Axios provides a more modern and intuitive syntax for making HTTP requests. It follows the promises-based approach, allowing you to chain methods and handle responses in a more readable and efficient manner. On the other hand, jQuery uses its own unique syntax for making AJAX requests, which can be more familiar to developers already using jQuery in their projects. However, for developers who are not familiar with jQuery, the syntax can be a bit overwhelming and less intuitive.

  5. Compatibility and Browser Support: Another important difference between axios and jQuery is their compatibility and browser support. Axios is designed to work in all modern browsers, as well as in environments like Node.js. It also supports features like CORS (Cross-Origin Resource Sharing) by default. On the other hand, jQuery has historically been known for its excellent browser compatibility and support for older browsers. However, as modern browsers have become more capable, jQuery's widespread usage has declined, and many developers now prefer using libraries like axios for HTTP requests.

  6. Community and Maintenance: Axios has gained significant popularity and has a large and active community of developers who actively contribute to its development and maintenance. This means that any issues or bugs are quickly addressed and new features are regularly added. In contrast, while jQuery still has a substantial user base, its community and maintenance efforts have somewhat declined over the years due to the rise of newer libraries and frameworks.

In Summary, axios and jQuery differ in their error handling approach, their use of promises versus callbacks, their size and performance, syntax and ease of use, compatibility and browser support, and the availability of community and maintenance efforts. Overall, axios provides a more modern and efficient way of making HTTP requests, while jQuery offers a more familiar syntax for developers already using it in their projects.

Decisions about axios and jQuery
Malek Boubakri
Web developer at Quicktext · | 0 upvote · 213.2K views

The project is a web gadget previously made using vanilla script and JQuery, It is a part of the "Quicktext" platform and offers an in-app live & customizable messaging widget. We made that remake with React eco-system and Typescript and we're so far happy with results. We gained tons of TS features, React scaling & re-usabilities capabilities and much more!

What do you think?

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kazi shahin
CTO at Blubird Interactive Ltd. · | 3 upvotes · 103.3K views

I've an eCommerce platform building using Laravel, MySQL and jQuery. It's working good and if anyone become interested, I just deploy the entire source cod e in environment / Hosting. This is not a good model of course. Because everyone ask for small or large amount of change and I had to do this. Imagine when there will be 100 separate deploy and I had to manage 100 separate source. So How do I make my system architecture so that I'll have a core / base source code. To make any any change / update on specific deployment, it will be theme / plugin / extension based . Also if I introduce an API layer then I could handle the Web, Mobile App and POS as well ? Is the API should be part of source code or a individual single API and all the deployment will use that API ?

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Manatsawin Hanmongkolchai

When I started TipMe, I thought about using React frontend. At the end, plain, simple jQuery won.

I had to build this iteration of the site fast and by using jQuery I could keep using Django as a full stack development tool. One important point is Django form (combined with Django Bootstrap3) means that I don't have to reinvent form rendering again, which will be the case with React.

Over time, more interactivity seeped into the site and React components start making its way into the codebase.

I now wish the site is built using React so that I could add more user friendly interfaces easier (no more fuddling with server states) but I would still say jQuery helped me get past those early days.

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Pros of axios
Pros of jQuery
    Be the first to leave a pro
    • 1.3K
    • 957
      Dom manipulation
    • 809
    • 660
      Open source
    • 610
    • 459
    • 395
    • 350
    • 281
    • 227
      Light weight
    • 93
    • 84
      Great community
    • 79
      CSS3 Compliant
    • 69
      Mobile friendly
    • 67
    • 43
    • 42
      Swiss Army knife for webdev
    • 35
      Huge Community
    • 11
      Easy to learn
    • 4
      Clean code
    • 3
      Because of Ajax request :)
    • 2
    • 2
    • 2
      Just awesome
    • 2
      Used everywhere
    • 1
      Improves productivity
    • 1
    • 1
      Easy Setup
    • 1
      Open Source, Simple, Easy Setup
    • 1
      It Just Works
    • 1
      Industry acceptance
    • 1
      Allows great manipulation of HTML and CSS
    • 1
      Widely Used
    • 1
      I love jQuery

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    Cons of axios
    Cons of jQuery
      Be the first to leave a con
      • 6
        Large size
      • 5
        Sometimes inconsistent API
      • 5
        Encourages DOM as primary data source
      • 2
        Live events is overly complex feature

      Sign up to add or upvote consMake informed product decisions

      What is axios?

      It is a Javascript library used to make http requests from node.js or XMLHttpRequests from the browser and it supports the Promise API that is native to JS ES6.

      What is jQuery?

      jQuery is a cross-platform JavaScript library designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML.

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      What companies use axios?
      What companies use jQuery?
      See which teams inside your own company are using axios or jQuery.
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