Alternatives to SurrealDB logo

Alternatives to SurrealDB

MySQL, PostgreSQL, MongoDB, Firebase, and Microsoft SQL Server are the most popular alternatives and competitors to SurrealDB.
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What is SurrealDB and what are its top alternatives?

SurrealDB is a newsql multi-model database, that operates in schemafull or schemaless mode, with tables, inter-document record links (no JOINs), and graph database modelling functionality.
SurrealDB is a tool in the Databases category of a tech stack.
SurrealDB is an open source tool with GitHub stars and GitHub forks. Here’s a link to SurrealDB's open source repository on GitHub

Top Alternatives to SurrealDB

  • MySQL
    MySQL

    The MySQL software delivers a very fast, multi-threaded, multi-user, and robust SQL (Structured Query Language) database server. MySQL Server is intended for mission-critical, heavy-load production systems as well as for embedding into mass-deployed software. ...

  • PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL

    PostgreSQL is an advanced object-relational database management system that supports an extended subset of the SQL standard, including transactions, foreign keys, subqueries, triggers, user-defined types and functions. ...

  • MongoDB
    MongoDB

    MongoDB stores data in JSON-like documents that can vary in structure, offering a dynamic, flexible schema. MongoDB was also designed for high availability and scalability, with built-in replication and auto-sharding. ...

  • Firebase
    Firebase

    Firebase is a cloud service designed to power real-time, collaborative applications. Simply add the Firebase library to your application to gain access to a shared data structure; any changes you make to that data are automatically synchronized with the Firebase cloud and with other clients within milliseconds. ...

  • Microsoft SQL Server
    Microsoft SQL Server

    Microsoft® SQL Server is a database management and analysis system for e-commerce, line-of-business, and data warehousing solutions. ...

  • SQLite
    SQLite

    SQLite is an embedded SQL database engine. Unlike most other SQL databases, SQLite does not have a separate server process. SQLite reads and writes directly to ordinary disk files. A complete SQL database with multiple tables, indices, triggers, and views, is contained in a single disk file. ...

  • MariaDB
    MariaDB

    Started by core members of the original MySQL team, MariaDB actively works with outside developers to deliver the most featureful, stable, and sanely licensed open SQL server in the industry. MariaDB is designed as a drop-in replacement of MySQL(R) with more features, new storage engines, fewer bugs, and better performance. ...

  • Socket.IO
    Socket.IO

    It enables real-time bidirectional event-based communication. It works on every platform, browser or device, focusing equally on reliability and speed. ...

SurrealDB alternatives & related posts

MySQL logo

MySQL

102.3K
85.7K
3.7K
The world's most popular open source database
102.3K
85.7K
+ 1
3.7K
PROS OF MYSQL
  • 796
    Sql
  • 675
    Free
  • 557
    Easy
  • 527
    Widely used
  • 487
    Open source
  • 180
    High availability
  • 160
    Cross-platform support
  • 104
    Great community
  • 78
    Secure
  • 75
    Full-text indexing and searching
  • 25
    Fast, open, available
  • 15
    SSL support
  • 14
    Reliable
  • 13
    Robust
  • 8
    Enterprise Version
  • 7
    Easy to set up on all platforms
  • 2
    NoSQL access to JSON data type
  • 1
    Relational database
  • 1
    Easy, light, scalable
  • 1
    Sequel Pro (best SQL GUI)
  • 1
    Replica Support
CONS OF MYSQL
  • 15
    Owned by a company with their own agenda
  • 2
    Can't roll back schema changes

related MySQL posts

Tim Abbott

We've been using PostgreSQL since the very early days of Zulip, but we actually didn't use it from the beginning. Zulip started out as a MySQL project back in 2012, because we'd heard it was a good choice for a startup with a wide community. However, we found that even though we were using the Django ORM for most of our database access, we spent a lot of time fighting with MySQL. Issues ranged from bad collation defaults, to bad query plans which required a lot of manual query tweaks.

We ended up getting so frustrated that we tried out PostgresQL, and the results were fantastic. We didn't have to do any real customization (just some tuning settings for how big a server we had), and all of our most important queries were faster out of the box. As a result, we were able to delete a bunch of custom queries escaping the ORM that we'd written to make the MySQL query planner happy (because postgres just did the right thing automatically).

And then after that, we've just gotten a ton of value out of postgres. We use its excellent built-in full-text search, which has helped us avoid needing to bring in a tool like Elasticsearch, and we've really enjoyed features like its partial indexes, which saved us a lot of work adding unnecessary extra tables to get good performance for things like our "unread messages" and "starred messages" indexes.

I can't recommend it highly enough.

See more
Conor Myhrvold
Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 22 upvotes · 1.3M views

Our most popular (& controversial!) article to date on the Uber Engineering blog in 3+ yrs. Why we moved from PostgreSQL to MySQL. In essence, it was due to a variety of limitations of Postgres at the time. Fun fact -- earlier in Uber's history we'd actually moved from MySQL to Postgres before switching back for good, & though we published the article in Summer 2016 we haven't looked back since:

The early architecture of Uber consisted of a monolithic backend application written in Python that used Postgres for data persistence. Since that time, the architecture of Uber has changed significantly, to a model of microservices and new data platforms. Specifically, in many of the cases where we previously used Postgres, we now use Schemaless, a novel database sharding layer built on top of MySQL (https://eng.uber.com/schemaless-part-one/). In this article, we’ll explore some of the drawbacks we found with Postgres and explain the decision to build Schemaless and other backend services on top of MySQL:

https://eng.uber.com/mysql-migration/

See more
PostgreSQL logo

PostgreSQL

79K
65.8K
3.5K
A powerful, open source object-relational database system
79K
65.8K
+ 1
3.5K
PROS OF POSTGRESQL
  • 754
    Relational database
  • 508
    High availability
  • 435
    Enterprise class database
  • 379
    Sql
  • 303
    Sql + nosql
  • 171
    Great community
  • 145
    Easy to setup
  • 130
    Heroku
  • 128
    Secure by default
  • 112
    Postgis
  • 48
    Supports Key-Value
  • 46
    Great JSON support
  • 32
    Cross platform
  • 30
    Extensible
  • 26
    Replication
  • 24
    Triggers
  • 22
    Rollback
  • 21
    Multiversion concurrency control
  • 20
    Open source
  • 17
    Heroku Add-on
  • 14
    Stable, Simple and Good Performance
  • 13
    Powerful
  • 12
    Lets be serious, what other SQL DB would you go for?
  • 9
    Good documentation
  • 7
    Scalable
  • 7
    Intelligent optimizer
  • 6
    Reliable
  • 6
    Transactional DDL
  • 6
    Modern
  • 5
    Free
  • 5
    One stop solution for all things sql no matter the os
  • 4
    Relational database with MVCC
  • 3
    Faster Development
  • 3
    Full-Text Search
  • 3
    Developer friendly
  • 2
    Excellent source code
  • 2
    search
  • 2
    Great DB for Transactional system or Application
  • 1
    Full-text
  • 1
    Free version
  • 1
    Open-source
  • 1
    Text
CONS OF POSTGRESQL
  • 9
    Table/index bloatings

related PostgreSQL posts

Jeyabalaji Subramanian

Recently we were looking at a few robust and cost-effective ways of replicating the data that resides in our production MongoDB to a PostgreSQL database for data warehousing and business intelligence.

We set ourselves the following criteria for the optimal tool that would do this job: - The data replication must be near real-time, yet it should NOT impact the production database - The data replication must be horizontally scalable (based on the load), asynchronous & crash-resilient

Based on the above criteria, we selected the following tools to perform the end to end data replication:

We chose MongoDB Stitch for picking up the changes in the source database. It is the serverless platform from MongoDB. One of the services offered by MongoDB Stitch is Stitch Triggers. Using stitch triggers, you can execute a serverless function (in Node.js) in real time in response to changes in the database. When there are a lot of database changes, Stitch automatically "feeds forward" these changes through an asynchronous queue.

We chose Amazon SQS as the pipe / message backbone for communicating the changes from MongoDB to our own replication service. Interestingly enough, MongoDB stitch offers integration with AWS services.

In the Node.js function, we wrote minimal functionality to communicate the database changes (insert / update / delete / replace) to Amazon SQS.

Next we wrote a minimal micro-service in Python to listen to the message events on SQS, pickup the data payload & mirror the DB changes on to the target Data warehouse. We implemented source data to target data translation by modelling target table structures through SQLAlchemy . We deployed this micro-service as AWS Lambda with Zappa. With Zappa, deploying your services as event-driven & horizontally scalable Lambda service is dumb-easy.

In the end, we got to implement a highly scalable near realtime Change Data Replication service that "works" and deployed to production in a matter of few days!

See more
Tim Abbott

We've been using PostgreSQL since the very early days of Zulip, but we actually didn't use it from the beginning. Zulip started out as a MySQL project back in 2012, because we'd heard it was a good choice for a startup with a wide community. However, we found that even though we were using the Django ORM for most of our database access, we spent a lot of time fighting with MySQL. Issues ranged from bad collation defaults, to bad query plans which required a lot of manual query tweaks.

We ended up getting so frustrated that we tried out PostgresQL, and the results were fantastic. We didn't have to do any real customization (just some tuning settings for how big a server we had), and all of our most important queries were faster out of the box. As a result, we were able to delete a bunch of custom queries escaping the ORM that we'd written to make the MySQL query planner happy (because postgres just did the right thing automatically).

And then after that, we've just gotten a ton of value out of postgres. We use its excellent built-in full-text search, which has helped us avoid needing to bring in a tool like Elasticsearch, and we've really enjoyed features like its partial indexes, which saved us a lot of work adding unnecessary extra tables to get good performance for things like our "unread messages" and "starred messages" indexes.

I can't recommend it highly enough.

See more
MongoDB logo

MongoDB

77.1K
66.4K
4.1K
The database for giant ideas
77.1K
66.4K
+ 1
4.1K
PROS OF MONGODB
  • 829
    Document-oriented storage
  • 592
    No sql
  • 551
    Ease of use
  • 465
    Fast
  • 409
    High performance
  • 257
    Free
  • 217
    Open source
  • 180
    Flexible
  • 143
    Replication & high availability
  • 112
    Easy to maintain
  • 42
    Querying
  • 39
    Easy scalability
  • 38
    Auto-sharding
  • 37
    High availability
  • 31
    Map/reduce
  • 27
    Document database
  • 25
    Easy setup
  • 25
    Full index support
  • 16
    Reliable
  • 15
    Fast in-place updates
  • 14
    Agile programming, flexible, fast
  • 12
    No database migrations
  • 8
    Easy integration with Node.Js
  • 8
    Enterprise
  • 6
    Enterprise Support
  • 5
    Great NoSQL DB
  • 4
    Support for many languages through different drivers
  • 3
    Drivers support is good
  • 3
    Aggregation Framework
  • 2
    Fast
  • 2
    Easy to Scale
  • 2
    Awesome
  • 2
    Schemaless
  • 2
    Managed service
  • 1
    Consistent
  • 1
    Acid Compliant
CONS OF MONGODB
  • 6
    Very slowly for connected models that require joins
  • 3
    Not acid compliant
  • 1
    Proprietary query language

related MongoDB posts

Jeyabalaji Subramanian

Recently we were looking at a few robust and cost-effective ways of replicating the data that resides in our production MongoDB to a PostgreSQL database for data warehousing and business intelligence.

We set ourselves the following criteria for the optimal tool that would do this job: - The data replication must be near real-time, yet it should NOT impact the production database - The data replication must be horizontally scalable (based on the load), asynchronous & crash-resilient

Based on the above criteria, we selected the following tools to perform the end to end data replication:

We chose MongoDB Stitch for picking up the changes in the source database. It is the serverless platform from MongoDB. One of the services offered by MongoDB Stitch is Stitch Triggers. Using stitch triggers, you can execute a serverless function (in Node.js) in real time in response to changes in the database. When there are a lot of database changes, Stitch automatically "feeds forward" these changes through an asynchronous queue.

We chose Amazon SQS as the pipe / message backbone for communicating the changes from MongoDB to our own replication service. Interestingly enough, MongoDB stitch offers integration with AWS services.

In the Node.js function, we wrote minimal functionality to communicate the database changes (insert / update / delete / replace) to Amazon SQS.

Next we wrote a minimal micro-service in Python to listen to the message events on SQS, pickup the data payload & mirror the DB changes on to the target Data warehouse. We implemented source data to target data translation by modelling target table structures through SQLAlchemy . We deployed this micro-service as AWS Lambda with Zappa. With Zappa, deploying your services as event-driven & horizontally scalable Lambda service is dumb-easy.

In the end, we got to implement a highly scalable near realtime Change Data Replication service that "works" and deployed to production in a matter of few days!

See more
Robert Zuber

We use MongoDB as our primary #datastore. Mongo's approach to replica sets enables some fantastic patterns for operations like maintenance, backups, and #ETL.

As we pull #microservices from our #monolith, we are taking the opportunity to build them with their own datastores using PostgreSQL. We also use Redis to cache data we’d never store permanently, and to rate-limit our requests to partners’ APIs (like GitHub).

When we’re dealing with large blobs of immutable data (logs, artifacts, and test results), we store them in Amazon S3. We handle any side-effects of S3’s eventual consistency model within our own code. This ensures that we deal with user requests correctly while writes are in process.

See more
Firebase logo

Firebase

33.9K
29.4K
1.9K
The Realtime App Platform
33.9K
29.4K
+ 1
1.9K
PROS OF FIREBASE
  • 369
    Realtime backend made easy
  • 268
    Fast and responsive
  • 240
    Easy setup
  • 212
    Real-time
  • 188
    JSON
  • 132
    Free
  • 126
    Backed by google
  • 82
    Angular adaptor
  • 67
    Reliable
  • 35
    Great customer support
  • 30
    Great documentation
  • 25
    Real-time synchronization
  • 21
    Mobile friendly
  • 18
    Rapid prototyping
  • 14
    Great security
  • 12
    Automatic scaling
  • 11
    Freakingly awesome
  • 8
    Chat
  • 8
    Angularfire is an amazing addition!
  • 8
    Super fast development
  • 6
    Firebase hosting
  • 6
    Awesome next-gen backend
  • 6
    Ios adaptor
  • 6
    Built in user auth/oauth
  • 4
    Speed of light
  • 4
    Very easy to use
  • 3
    Great
  • 3
    Brilliant for startups
  • 3
    It's made development super fast
  • 2
    Push notification
  • 2
    Free hosting
  • 2
    Free authentication solution
  • 2
    Cloud functions
  • 2
    JS Offline and Sync suport
  • 2
    Low battery consumption
  • 2
    The concurrent updates create a great experience
  • 2
    I can quickly create static web apps with no backend
  • 2
    Great all-round functionality
  • 1
    Easy to use
  • 1
    Easy Reactjs integration
  • 1
    Free SSL
  • 1
    Faster workflow
  • 1
    Google's support
  • 1
    Simple and easy
  • 1
    CDN & cache out of the box
  • 1
    Large
  • 1
    .net
  • 1
    Serverless
  • 1
    Good Free Limits
CONS OF FIREBASE
  • 31
    Can become expensive
  • 15
    Scalability is not infinite
  • 15
    No open source, you depend on external company
  • 9
    Not Flexible Enough
  • 7
    Cant filter queries
  • 3
    Very unstable server
  • 3
    No Relational Data
  • 2
    Too many errors
  • 2
    No offline sync

related Firebase posts

Stephen Gheysens
Senior Solutions Engineer at Twilio · | 14 upvotes · 901.1K views

Hi Otensia! I'd definitely recommend using the skills you've already got and building with JavaScript is a smart way to go these days. Most platform services have JavaScript/Node SDKs or NPM packages, many serverless platforms support Node in case you need to write any backend logic, and JavaScript is incredibly popular - meaning it will be easy to hire for, should you ever need to.

My advice would be "don't reinvent the wheel". If you already have a skill set that will work well to solve the problem at hand, and you don't need it for any other projects, don't spend the time jumping into a new language. If you're looking for an excuse to learn something new, it would be better to invest that time in learning a new platform/tool that compliments your knowledge of JavaScript. For this project, I might recommend using Netlify, Vercel, or Google Firebase to quickly and easily deploy your web app. If you need to add user authentication, there are great examples out there for Firebase Authentication, Auth0, or even Magic (a newcomer on the Auth scene, but very user friendly). All of these services work very well with a JavaScript-based application.

See more
Tassanai Singprom

This is my stack in Application & Data

JavaScript PHP HTML5 jQuery Redis Amazon EC2 Ubuntu Sass Vue.js Firebase Laravel Lumen Amazon RDS GraphQL MariaDB

My Utilities Tools

Google Analytics Postman Elasticsearch

My Devops Tools

Git GitHub GitLab npm Visual Studio Code Kibana Sentry BrowserStack

My Business Tools

Slack

See more
Microsoft SQL Server logo

Microsoft SQL Server

15.9K
12.3K
539
A relational database management system developed by Microsoft
15.9K
12.3K
+ 1
539
PROS OF MICROSOFT SQL SERVER
  • 139
    Reliable and easy to use
  • 102
    High performance
  • 95
    Great with .net
  • 65
    Works well with .net
  • 56
    Easy to maintain
  • 21
    Azure support
  • 17
    Always on
  • 17
    Full Index Support
  • 10
    Enterprise manager is fantastic
  • 9
    In-Memory OLTP Engine
  • 2
    Security is forefront
  • 1
    Columnstore indexes
  • 1
    Great documentation
  • 1
    Faster Than Oracle
  • 1
    Decent management tools
  • 1
    Easy to setup and configure
  • 1
    Docker Delivery
CONS OF MICROSOFT SQL SERVER
  • 4
    Expensive Licensing
  • 2
    Microsoft

related Microsoft SQL Server posts

We initially started out with Heroku as our PaaS provider due to a desire to use it by our original developer for our Ruby on Rails application/website at the time. We were finding response times slow, it was painfully slow, sometimes taking 10 seconds to start loading the main page. Moving up to the next "compute" level was going to be very expensive.

We moved our site over to AWS Elastic Beanstalk , not only did response times on the site practically become instant, our cloud bill for the application was cut in half.

In database world we are currently using Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL also, we have both MariaDB and Microsoft SQL Server both hosted on Amazon RDS. The plan is to migrate to AWS Aurora Serverless for all 3 of those database systems.

Additional services we use for our public applications: AWS Lambda, Python, Redis, Memcached, AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB), Amazon Elasticsearch Service, Amazon ElastiCache

See more

I am a Microsoft SQL Server programmer who is a bit out of practice. I have been asked to assist on a new project. The overall purpose is to organize a large number of recordings so that they can be searched. I have an enormous music library but my songs are several hours long. I need to include things like time, date and location of the recording. I don't have a problem with the general database design. I have two primary questions:

  1. I need to use either MySQL or PostgreSQL on a Linux based OS. Which would be better for this application?
  2. I have not dealt with a sound based data type before. How do I store that and put it in a table? Thank you.
See more
SQLite logo

SQLite

14.8K
12.1K
529
A software library that implements a self-contained, serverless, zero-configuration, transactional SQL database engine
14.8K
12.1K
+ 1
529
PROS OF SQLITE
  • 161
    Lightweight
  • 135
    Portable
  • 121
    Simple
  • 80
    Sql
  • 28
    Preinstalled on iOS and Android
  • 2
    Tcl integration
  • 1
    Free
  • 1
    Portable A database on my USB 'love it'
CONS OF SQLITE
  • 2
    Not for multi-process of multithreaded apps
  • 1
    Needs different binaries for each platform

related SQLite posts

Dimelo Waterson
Shared insights
on
PostgreSQLPostgreSQLMySQLMySQLSQLiteSQLite

I need to add a DBMS to my stack, but I don't know which. I'm tempted to learn SQLite since it would be useful to me with its focus on local access without concurrency. However, doing so feels like I would be defeating the purpose of trying to expand my skill set since it seems like most enterprise applications have the opposite requirements.

To be able to apply what I learn to more projects, what should I try to learn? MySQL? PostgreSQL? Something else? Is there a comfortable middle ground between high applicability and ease of use?

See more

Hi all. I want to rewrite my system. I was a complete newbie 4 years ago and have developed a comprehensive business / finance web application that has been running successfully for 3 years (I am a business person and not a developer primarily although it seems I have become a developer). Front-end is written in native PHP (no framework) and jQuery with backend and where many processes run in MySQL. Hosted on Linux and also sends emails with attachments etc. The system logic is great and the business has grown and the system is creaking and needs to be modernised. I feel I would stick with MySql as DB and update / use Django / Spring or Laravel (because its php which I understand). To me, PHP feels old fashioned. I don't mind learning new things and also I want to set the system up that it can be easily migrated to Android/iOS app with SQLite. I would probably employ an experienced developer while also doing some myself. Please provide advice -- from my research it seems Spring/Java is the way to go ... not sure. Thanks

See more
MariaDB logo

MariaDB

13.6K
10.5K
468
An enhanced, drop-in replacement for MySQL
13.6K
10.5K
+ 1
468
PROS OF MARIADB
  • 149
    Drop-in mysql replacement
  • 100
    Great performance
  • 74
    Open source
  • 55
    Free
  • 44
    Easy setup
  • 15
    Easy and fast
  • 14
    Lead developer is "monty" widenius the founder of mysql
  • 6
    Also an aws rds service
  • 4
    Learning curve easy
  • 4
    Consistent and robust
  • 2
    Native JSON Support / Dynamic Columns
  • 1
    Real Multi Threaded queries on a table/db
CONS OF MARIADB
    Be the first to leave a con

    related MariaDB posts

    Joshua Dean Küpper
    CEO at Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) · | 11 upvotes · 366.5K views

    We primarily use MariaDB but use PostgreSQL as a part of GitLab , Sentry and Nextcloud , which (initially) forced us to use it anyways. While this isn't much of a decision – because we didn't have one (ha ha) – we learned to love the perks and advantages of PostgreSQL anyways. PostgreSQL's extension system makes it even more flexible than a lot of the other SQL-based DBs (that only offer stored procedures) and the additional JOIN options, the enhanced role management and the different authentication options came in really handy, when doing manual maintenance on the databases.

    See more

    I'm researching what Technology Stack I should use to build my product (something like food delivery App) for Web, iOS, and Android Apps. Please advise which technologies you would recommend from a Scalability, Reliability, Cost, and Efficiency standpoint for a start-up. Here are the technologies I came up with, feel free to suggest any new technology even it's not in the list below.

    For Mobile Apps -

    1. native languages like Swift for IOS and Java/Kotlin for Android
    2. or cross-platform languages like React Native for both IOS and Android Apps

    For UI -

    1. React

    For Back-End or APIs -

    1. Node.js
    2. PHP

    For Database -

    1. PostgreSQL
    2. MySQL
    3. Cloud Firestore
    4. MariaDB

    Thanks!

    See more
    Socket.IO logo

    Socket.IO

    10.8K
    9.3K
    779
    Realtime application framework (Node.JS server)
    10.8K
    9.3K
    + 1
    779
    PROS OF SOCKET.IO
    • 217
      Real-time
    • 141
      Node.js
    • 141
      Event-based communication
    • 102
      WebSockets
    • 101
      Open source
    • 26
      Binary streaming
    • 21
      No internet dependency
    • 10
      Large community
    • 9
      Fallback to polling if WebSockets not supported
    • 6
      Push notification
    • 5
      Ease of access and setup
    CONS OF SOCKET.IO
    • 11
      Bad documentation
    • 4
      Githubs that complement it are mostly deprecated
    • 3
      Doesn't work on React Native
    • 2
      Small community
    • 2
      Websocket Errors

    related Socket.IO posts

    across_the_grid
    Full-stack web developer · | 10 upvotes · 371.2K views
    Shared insights
    on
    Socket.IOSocket.IONode.jsNode.jsExpressJSExpressJS

    I use Socket.IO because the application has 2 frontend clients, which need to communicate in real-time. The backend-server handles the communication between these two clients via websockets. Socket.io is very easy to set up in Node.js and ExpressJS.

    In the research project, the 1st client shows panoramic videos in a so called cave system (it is the VR setup of our research lab, which consists of three big screens, which are specially arranged, so the user experience the videos more immersive), the 2nd client controls the videos/locations of the 1st client.

    See more

    We are starting to work on a web-based platform aiming to connect artists (clients) and professional freelancers (service providers). In-app, timeline-based, real-time communication between users (& storing it), file transfers, and push notifications are essential core features. We are considering using Node.js, ExpressJS, React, MongoDB stack with Socket.IO & Apollo, or maybe using Real-Time Database and functionalities of Firebase.

    See more