Chef vs Puppet Labs vs Salt

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Chef
Chef

1K
754
+ 1
336
Puppet Labs
Puppet Labs

679
505
+ 1
221
Salt
Salt

324
265
+ 1
146

What is Chef?

Chef enables you to manage and scale cloud infrastructure with no downtime or interruptions. Freely move applications and configurations from one cloud to another. Chef is integrated with all major cloud providers including Amazon EC2, VMWare, IBM Smartcloud, Rackspace, OpenStack, Windows Azure, HP Cloud, Google Compute Engine, Joyent Cloud and others.

What is Puppet Labs?

Puppet is an automated administrative engine for your Linux, Unix, and Windows systems and performs administrative tasks (such as adding users, installing packages, and updating server configurations) based on a centralized specification.

What is Salt?

Salt is a new approach to infrastructure management. Easy enough to get running in minutes, scalable enough to manage tens of thousands of servers, and fast enough to communicate with them in seconds. Salt delivers a dynamic communication bus for infrastructures that can be used for orchestration, remote execution, configuration management and much more.
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Why do developers choose Chef?
Why do developers choose Puppet Labs?
Why do developers choose Salt?

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    What are some alternatives to Chef, Puppet Labs, and Salt?
    Ansible
    Ansible is an IT automation tool. It can configure systems, deploy software, and orchestrate more advanced IT tasks such as continuous deployments or zero downtime rolling updates. Ansible’s goals are foremost those of simplicity and maximum ease of use.
    Capistrano
    Capistrano is a remote server automation tool. It supports the scripting and execution of arbitrary tasks, and includes a set of sane-default deployment workflows.
    Fabric
    Fabric is a Python (2.5-2.7) library and command-line tool for streamlining the use of SSH for application deployment or systems administration tasks. It provides a basic suite of operations for executing local or remote shell commands (normally or via sudo) and uploading/downloading files, as well as auxiliary functionality such as prompting the running user for input, or aborting execution.
    EasyEngine
    It is a command-line tool for the Nginx web servers to manage WordPress sites that are running on the LEMP Stack (Linux, Nginx, MySQL/MariaDB, and PHP-FPM). It is created with python and can be installed on Ubuntu and Linux Debian distributions.
    AWS OpsWorks
    Start from templates for common technologies like Ruby, Node.JS, PHP, and Java, or build your own using Chef recipes to install software packages and perform any task that you can script. AWS OpsWorks can scale your application using automatic load-based or time-based scaling and maintain the health of your application by detecting failed instances and replacing them. You have full control of deployments and automation of each component 
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    Decisions about Chef, Puppet Labs, and Salt
    StackShare Editors
    StackShare Editors
    Salt
    Salt
    Puppet Labs
    Puppet Labs
    Ansible
    Ansible

    By 2014, the DevOps team at Lyft decided to port their infrastructure code from Puppet to Salt. At that point, the Puppet code based included around "10,000 lines of spaghetti-code,” which was unfamiliar and challenging to the relatively new members of the DevOps team.

    “The DevOps team felt that the Puppet infrastructure was too difficult to pick up quickly and would be impossible to introduce to [their] developers as the tool they’d use to manage their own services.”

    To determine a path forward, the team assessed both Ansible and Salt, exploring four key areas: simplicity/ease of use, maturity, performance, and community.

    They found that “Salt’s execution and state module support is more mature than Ansible’s, overall,” and that “Salt was faster than Ansible for state/playbook runs.” And while both have high levels of community support, Salt exceeded expectations in terms of friendless and responsiveness to opened issues.

    See more
    Marcel Kornegoor
    Marcel Kornegoor
    CTO at AT Computing · | 5 upvotes · 329.3K views
    atAT ComputingAT Computing
    Linux
    Linux
    Ubuntu
    Ubuntu
    CentOS
    CentOS
    Debian
    Debian
    Red Hat Enterprise Linux
    Red Hat Enterprise Linux
    Fedora
    Fedora
    Visual Studio Code
    Visual Studio Code
    Jenkins
    Jenkins
    VirtualBox
    VirtualBox
    GitHub
    GitHub
    Docker
    Docker
    Kubernetes
    Kubernetes
    Google Compute Engine
    Google Compute Engine
    Ansible
    Ansible
    Puppet Labs
    Puppet Labs
    Chef
    Chef
    Python
    Python
    #ATComputing

    Since #ATComputing is a vendor independent Linux and open source specialist, we do not have a favorite Linux distribution. We mainly use Ubuntu , Centos Debian , Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Fedora during our daily work. These are also the distributions we see most often used in our customers environments.

    For our #ci/cd training, we use an open source pipeline that is build around Visual Studio Code , Jenkins , VirtualBox , GitHub , Docker Kubernetes and Google Compute Engine.

    For #ServerConfigurationAndAutomation, we have embraced and contributed to Ansible mainly because it is not only flexible and powerful, but also straightforward and easier to learn than some other (open source) solutions. On the other hand: we are not affraid of Puppet Labs and Chef either.

    Currently, our most popular #programming #Language course is Python . The reason Python is so popular has to do with it's versatility, but also with its low complexity. This helps sysadmins to write scripts or simple programs to make their job less repetitive and automating things more fun. Python is also widely used to communicate with (REST) API's and for data analysis.

    See more
    Interest over time
    Reviews of Chef, Puppet Labs, and Salt
    Review ofSaltSalt

    For automating deployment or system admin tasks, Shell/Perl are more than enough. Specially Perl one liners, that I use heavily, even to make changes in xml files. But quite often the need is to just check the state of system and run scripts without fear. Thats where I actually needed some scripting language with "state mechanism" associated with it. Salt provided me above similar kind of experience. I tested salt first on a small scenario. Installation of 60 RPMS on a machine. I was pleased that I could achieve that in around 25 lines of code using salt. And eventually I was also able to keep data and code separate. This was another plus point. henceforth I was able to use salt to deploy a large potion Datacenter (apps deployment). I am still working towards orchestration and finding it quite promising. The use of pure python whenever needed to deal with more complex scenario is awesome.

    How developers use Chef, Puppet Labs, and Salt
    Avatar of Cyrus Stoller
    Cyrus Stoller uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

    I'm using puppet to configure my servers. This makes it really simple to ensure that I have the same environment. There is a bit of a learning curve, but the repeatability definitely makes it worth the effort. I found puppet to be a little easier to pick up relative to chef, but I've used both. They're both great solutions.

    I really like that there are a lot of modules available on the puppet forge that are being actively maintained.

    Avatar of Trusted Shops GmbH
    Trusted Shops GmbH uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

    We provision all servers with puppet. We have one central Puppet server which uses puppet modules referenced by a Puppetfile. Those puppet modules are partly from forge and partly self written.

    All modules which are self written, have to be tested using rspec-puppet and beaker.

    Avatar of Refractal
    Refractal uses SaltSalt

    When it comes to provisioning tens to hundreds of servers, you need a tool that can handle the load, as well as being extremely customisable. Fortunately, Salt has held that gauntlet for us consistently through any kind of issue you can throw at it.

    Avatar of FAELIX
    FAELIX uses SaltSalt

    We've built something using SaltStack and Debian Linux to help us deploy and administer at scale the servers we provide for our part- and fully-managed hosting customers.

    Avatar of Goyoboard
    Goyoboard uses ChefChef

    Out custom recipes makes it simple for developers bootstrap process (using vagrant) and that same recipe is also the one that is used to prep instances

    Avatar of Opstax Ltd
    Opstax Ltd uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

    Opstax uses puppet for role/profile based configuration management and the distribution of small/static code.

    Avatar of GeniusLink
    GeniusLink uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

    Configures or servers and allows us to be region independent we have 5 regions across the globe.

    Avatar of Runbook
    Runbook uses SaltSalt

    Everything is deployed via Salt. From configurations to Docker container builds.

    Avatar of Zinc
    Zinc uses ChefChef

    We use Chef for our configuration management and our service discovery.

    Avatar of EverTrue
    EverTrue uses ChefChef

    Configuration management for any services not provided by AWS.

    Avatar of Hund
    Hund uses ChefChef

    Distributed application deployments and server configuration.

    Avatar of Aspire
    Aspire uses SaltSalt

    Simple configuration of vagrant for development environments.

    Avatar of SAP Hybris
    SAP Hybris uses SaltSalt

    configuration manager and orchestrator for deployment

    Avatar of James Salas
    James Salas uses ChefChef

    Configuration and deployment of application

    Avatar of Michael Wieland
    Michael Wieland uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

    The server is set up using Puppet

    How much does Chef cost?
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    How much does Salt cost?
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