Chef vs Puppet Labs vs Salt

Chef
Chef

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Puppet Labs
Puppet Labs

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Salt
Salt

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What is Chef?

Chef enables you to manage and scale cloud infrastructure with no downtime or interruptions. Freely move applications and configurations from one cloud to another. Chef is integrated with all major cloud providers including Amazon EC2, VMWare, IBM Smartcloud, Rackspace, OpenStack, Windows Azure, HP Cloud, Google Compute Engine, Joyent Cloud and others.

What is Puppet Labs?

Puppet is an automated administrative engine for your Linux, Unix, and Windows systems and performs administrative tasks (such as adding users, installing packages, and updating server configurations) based on a centralized specification.

What is Salt?

Salt is a new approach to infrastructure management. Easy enough to get running in minutes, scalable enough to manage tens of thousands of servers, and fast enough to communicate with them in seconds. Salt delivers a dynamic communication bus for infrastructures that can be used for orchestration, remote execution, configuration management and much more.

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      What are some alternatives to Chef, Puppet Labs, and Salt?
      Ansible
      Ansible is an IT automation tool. It can configure systems, deploy software, and orchestrate more advanced IT tasks such as continuous deployments or zero downtime rolling updates. Ansible’s goals are foremost those of simplicity and maximum ease of use.
      Capistrano
      Capistrano is a remote server automation tool. It supports the scripting and execution of arbitrary tasks, and includes a set of sane-default deployment workflows.
      Fabric
      Fabric is a Python (2.5-2.7) library and command-line tool for streamlining the use of SSH for application deployment or systems administration tasks. It provides a basic suite of operations for executing local or remote shell commands (normally or via sudo) and uploading/downloading files, as well as auxiliary functionality such as prompting the running user for input, or aborting execution.
      AWS OpsWorks
      Start from templates for common technologies like Ruby, Node.JS, PHP, and Java, or build your own using Chef recipes to install software packages and perform any task that you can script. AWS OpsWorks can scale your application using automatic load-based or time-based scaling and maintain the health of your application by detecting failed instances and replacing them. You have full control of deployments and automation of each component 
      Mina
      Mina works really fast because it's a deploy Bash script generator. It generates an entire procedure as a Bash script and runs it remotely in the server. Compare this to the likes of Vlad or Capistrano, where each command is run separately on their own SSH sessions. Mina only creates one SSH session per deploy, minimizing the SSH connection overhead.
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      What tools integrate with Chef?
      What tools integrate with Puppet Labs?
      What tools integrate with Salt?
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          Reviews of Chef, Puppet Labs, and Salt
          Review ofSaltSalt

          For automating deployment or system admin tasks, Shell/Perl are more than enough. Specially Perl one liners, that I use heavily, even to make changes in xml files. But quite often the need is to just check the state of system and run scripts without fear. Thats where I actually needed some scripting language with "state mechanism" associated with it. Salt provided me above similar kind of experience. I tested salt first on a small scenario. Installation of 60 RPMS on a machine. I was pleased that I could achieve that in around 25 lines of code using salt. And eventually I was also able to keep data and code separate. This was another plus point. henceforth I was able to use salt to deploy a large potion Datacenter (apps deployment). I am still working towards orchestration and finding it quite promising. The use of pure python whenever needed to deal with more complex scenario is awesome.

          How developers use Chef, Puppet Labs, and Salt
          Avatar of Cyrus Stoller
          Cyrus Stoller uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

          I'm using puppet to configure my servers. This makes it really simple to ensure that I have the same environment. There is a bit of a learning curve, but the repeatability definitely makes it worth the effort. I found puppet to be a little easier to pick up relative to chef, but I've used both. They're both great solutions.

          I really like that there are a lot of modules available on the puppet forge that are being actively maintained.

          Avatar of Trusted Shops GmbH
          Trusted Shops GmbH uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

          We provision all servers with puppet. We have one central Puppet server which uses puppet modules referenced by a Puppetfile. Those puppet modules are partly from forge and partly self written.

          All modules which are self written, have to be tested using rspec-puppet and beaker.

          Avatar of Refractal
          Refractal uses SaltSalt

          When it comes to provisioning tens to hundreds of servers, you need a tool that can handle the load, as well as being extremely customisable. Fortunately, Salt has held that gauntlet for us consistently through any kind of issue you can throw at it.

          Avatar of FAELIX
          FAELIX uses SaltSalt

          We've built something using SaltStack and Debian Linux to help us deploy and administer at scale the servers we provide for our part- and fully-managed hosting customers.

          Avatar of Goyoboard
          Goyoboard uses ChefChef

          Out custom recipes makes it simple for developers bootstrap process (using vagrant) and that same recipe is also the one that is used to prep instances

          Avatar of Opstax Ltd
          Opstax Ltd uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

          Opstax uses puppet for role/profile based configuration management and the distribution of small/static code.

          Avatar of GeniusLink
          GeniusLink uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

          Configures or servers and allows us to be region independent we have 5 regions across the globe.

          Avatar of Runbook
          Runbook uses SaltSalt

          Everything is deployed via Salt. From configurations to Docker container builds.

          Avatar of Zinc
          Zinc uses ChefChef

          We use Chef for our configuration management and our service discovery.

          Avatar of EverTrue
          EverTrue uses ChefChef

          Configuration management for any services not provided by AWS.

          Avatar of Hund
          Hund uses ChefChef

          Distributed application deployments and server configuration.

          Avatar of Aspire
          Aspire uses SaltSalt

          Simple configuration of vagrant for development environments.

          Avatar of SAP Hybris
          SAP Hybris uses SaltSalt

          configuration manager and orchestrator for deployment

          Avatar of James Salas
          James Salas uses ChefChef

          Configuration and deployment of application

          Avatar of Michael Wieland
          Michael Wieland uses Puppet LabsPuppet Labs

          The server is set up using Puppet

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