Gatsby vs Next.js: What are the differences?
Gatsby and Next.js are primarily classified as "Static Site Generators" and "Frameworks (Full Stack)" tools respectively.
"Generated websites are super fast" is the primary reason why developers consider Gatsby over the competitors, whereas "Automatic server rendering and code splitting" was stated as the key factor in picking Next.js.
Gatsby and Next.js are both open source tools. It seems that Next.js with 39.7K GitHub stars and 4.93K forks on GitHub has more adoption than Gatsby with 36.9K GitHub stars and 5.65K GitHub forks.
According to the StackShare community, Gatsby has a broader approval, being mentioned in 66 company stacks & 414 developers stacks; compared to Next.js, which is listed in 118 company stacks and 218 developer stacks.
My backend set up is Prisma / GraphQL-Yoga at the moment, and I love it. It's so intuitive to learn and is really neat on the frontend too, however, there were a few gotchas when I was learning! Especially around understanding how it all pieces together (the stack). There isn't a great deal of information out there on exactly how to put into production my set up, which is a backend set up on a Digital Ocean droplet with Prisma/GraphQL Yoga in a Docker Container using Next & Apollo Client on the frontend somewhere else. It's such a niche subject, so I bet only a few hundred people have got a website with this stack in production. Anyway, I wrote a blog post to help those who might need help understanding it. Here it is, hope it helps!
Next and Gatsby come in pretty close when it comes to a lot of the front-end features, with a lot of it in favor of Gatsby. However, Next comes with first-class support for Server-Side-Rendering (SSR), while it's a bit of an afterthought in Gatsby; a lot of Gatsby's features wins are also nullified if you attempt to do SSR.
Ultimately, with Next if you want to get to the same level of polish that a Gatsby site you'll have to put in some hard work. Next is simple enough to get going and does a decent job dealing with SSR, which can be painful to deal with. I don't have first hand experience, but it's probably going to be a lot more painful trying to do SSR in Gatsby.
However, I do think that SSR is the future, for now, and Next provides the best developer experience in that regard.
What is Gatsby?
What is Next.js?
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We use Gatsby.js to render our website server-side for SEO purposes, and blazing fast load times. It also hydrates into a react app, so having dynamic functionality is a breeze.