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Swarm","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/3177/preview.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/3177/thumb_preview.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Redis","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1031/default_cbce472cd134adc6688572f999e9122b9657d4ba.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1031/thumb_cbce472cd134adc6688572f999e9122b9657d4ba.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"PostgreSQL","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1028/ASOhU5xJ.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1028/thumb_ASOhU5xJ.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Amazon S3","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/25/amazon-s3.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/25/thumb_amazon-s3.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Amazon EC2","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/18/amazon-ec2.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/18/thumb_amazon-ec2.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Heroku","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/133/3wgIDj3j.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/133/thumb_3wgIDj3j.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Kubernetes","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1885/21_d3cvM.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1885/thumb_21_d3cvM.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"VirtualBox","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/774/vbox_94px.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/774/thumb_vbox_94px.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Docker Compose","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/3136/docker-compose.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/3136/thumb_docker-compose.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Docker","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/586/n4u37v9t_400x400.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/586/thumb_n4u37v9t_400x400.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"SonarQube","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/2638/zIVhxKyn_400x400.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/2638/thumb_zIVhxKyn_400x400.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"ESLint","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/3337/Q4L7Jncy.jpg","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/3337/thumb_Q4L7Jncy.jpg","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"TSLint","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/5561/303157.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/5561/thumb_303157.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Prettier","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/7035/default_66f265943abed56bcdbfca1c866a4261b1fbb063.jpg","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/7035/thumb_66f265943abed56bcdbfca1c866a4261b1fbb063.jpg","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"CircleCI","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/190/CvqrSSFs_400x400.jpg","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/190/thumb_CvqrSSFs_400x400.jpg","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Visual Studio Code","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/4202/Visual_Studio_Code_logo.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/4202/thumb_Visual_Studio_Code_logo.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"SourceTree","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1599/sourcetree.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1599/thumb_sourcetree.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Git","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1046/git.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1046/thumb_git.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Markdown","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1147/markdown.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1147/thumb_markdown.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"GitHub Pages","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/683/default_5eeb660db1239eeb3f1c1f6187f2abf0f3a0500d.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/683/thumb_5eeb660db1239eeb3f1c1f6187f2abf0f3a0500d.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"GitHub","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/27/default_869c34d29acc794d60ecdd5d2b5bfc042a80a4ec.jpg","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/27/thumb_869c34d29acc794d60ecdd5d2b5bfc042a80a4ec.jpg","__typename":"Tool"}],"fromTools":[{"id":"101231774802095562","fans":1149,"name":"Docker Swarm","path":"/docker-swarm","slug":"docker-swarm","title":"Native clustering for Docker. Turn a pool of Docker hosts into a single, virtual host.","votes":268,"stacks":746,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/3177/preview.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/docker-swarm","followContext":null}],"viewCount":4998583,"__typename":"StackDecision","htmlContent":"<p>Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:</p>\n\n<ul>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">GitHub</span> (incl. <span class=\"tool\">GitHub Pages</span>/<span class=\"tool\">Markdown</span> for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool</li>\n<li>Respectively <span class=\"tool\">Git</span> as revision control system</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">SourceTree</span> as <span class=\"tool\">Git</span> GUI</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">Visual Studio Code</span> as IDE</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">CircleCI</span> for continuous integration (automatize development process)</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">Prettier</span> / <span class=\"tool\">TSLint</span> / <span class=\"tool\">ESLint</span> as code linter</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">SonarQube</span> as quality gate</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">Docker</span> as container management (incl. <span class=\"tool\">Docker Compose</span> for multi-container application management)</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">VirtualBox</span> for operating system simulation tests</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">Kubernetes</span> as cluster management for docker containers</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">Heroku</span> for deploying in test environments</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">nginx</span> as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">SSLMate</span> (using <span class=\"tool\">OpenSSL</span>) for certificate management</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">Amazon EC2</span> (incl. <span class=\"tool\">Amazon S3</span>) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">PostgreSQL</span> as preferred database system</li>\n<li><span class=\"tool\">Redis</span> as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p>The main reason we have chosen <span class=\"tool\">Kubernetes</span> over <span class=\"tool\">Docker Swarm</span> is related to the following artifacts:</p>\n\n<ul>\n<li>\n<strong>Key features:</strong> Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.</li>\n<li>\n<strong>Applications:</strong> An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).</li>\n<li>\n<strong>Functionality:</strong> Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.</li>\n<li>\n<strong>Monitoring:</strong> It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).</li>\n<li>\n<strong>Scalability:</strong> All-in-one framework for distributed systems.</li>\n<li>\n<strong>Other Benefits:</strong> Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.</li>\n</ul>","publishedAt":"2020-04-27T08:29:50Z","decisionType":"tool","subjectTools":[{"id":"101231774206661614","fans":50678,"name":"Kubernetes","path":"/kubernetes","slug":"kubernetes","title":"Manage a cluster of Linux containers as a single system to accelerate Dev and simplify Ops","votes":639,"stacks":49379,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1885/21_d3cvM.png","verified":false,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/kubernetes","followContext":null},{"id":"101231774802095562","fans":1149,"name":"Docker Swarm","path":"/docker-swarm","slug":"docker-swarm","title":"Native clustering for Docker. Turn a pool of Docker hosts into a single, virtual host.","votes":268,"stacks":746,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/3177/preview.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/docker-swarm","followContext":null}],"upvotesCount":29},"__typename":"StackDecisionEdge"},{"node":{"id":"104015003607719234","user":{"id":"103691762466741818","title":"Contractor","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/user/395747/default_cee6d0174a14f11b989c3248f474eb4d84809396.jpg","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/user/395747/thumb_cee6d0174a14f11b989c3248f474eb4d84809396.jpg","username":"sergey-ivanov-at-adaptive","__typename":"User","companyName":"","displayName":"Sergey Ivanov"},"stack":{"id":"103736014363182038","name":"Delta Project","path":"/AFC/delta-project","owner":{"id":"103244254226895372","name":"Adaptive","slug":"AFC","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/company/159916/default_e52b0991f25c53420dcac41f108eb338e049110e.png","__typename":"Company"},"private":false,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/stack/562201/default_c7bc2c9f6a0c977bc717c62d29b2d6fbace68918.png","__typename":"Stack","identifier":"AFC/delta-project"},"topics":[],"company":{"name":"Adaptive","path":"/companies/AFC","features":[],"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/company/159916/default_e52b0991f25c53420dcac41f108eb338e049110e.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/company/159916/thumb_e52b0991f25c53420dcac41f108eb338e049110e.png","__typename":"Company"},"private":false,"toTools":[{"id":"101231773970332063","fans":14001,"name":"Terraform","path":"/terraform","slug":"terraform","title":"Describe your complete infrastructure as code and build resources across providers","votes":337,"stacks":14281,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/terraform","followContext":null}],"publicId":"104015003607719234","services":[],"fromTools":[{"id":"101231773623413723","fans":1614,"name":"AWS CloudFormation","path":"/aws-cloudformation","slug":"aws-cloudformation","title":"Create and manage a collection of related AWS resources","votes":89,"stacks":1481,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/411/aws-cloudformation.png","verified":false,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/aws-cloudformation","followContext":null},{"id":"101231777958242651","fans":289,"name":"Pulumi","path":"/pulumi","slug":"pulumi","title":"Modern Infrastructure as Code","votes":15,"stacks":150,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/9053/pulumi_mark_flat_onPurple.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/pulumi","followContext":null}],"viewCount":309853,"__typename":"StackDecision","htmlContent":"Overview\n\n<p>We use Terraform to manage AWS cloud environment for the project. It is pretty complex, largely static, security-focused, and constantly evolving.</p>\n\n<p>Terraform provides descriptive <em>(declarative)</em> way of defining the target configuration, where it can work out the dependencies between configuration elements and apply differences without re-provisioning the entire cloud stack.</p>\n\nAdvantages\n\n<p>Terraform is vendor-neutral in a way that it is using a common configuration language (HCL) with plugins (providers) for multiple cloud and service providers.</p>\n\n<p>Terraform keeps track of the previous state of the deployment and applies incremental changes, resulting in faster deployment times.</p>\n\n<p>Terraform allows us to share reusable modules between projects. We have built an impressive library of modules internally, which makes it very easy to assemble a new project from pre-fabricated building blocks.</p>\n\nDisadvantages\n\n<p>Software is imperfect, and Terraform is no exception. Occasionally we hit annoying bugs that we have to work around. The interaction with any underlying APIs is encapsulated inside 3rd party Terraform providers, and any bug fixes or new features require a provider release. Some providers have very poor coverage of the underlying APIs.</p>\n\n<p>Terraform is not great for managing highly dynamic parts of cloud environments. That part is better delegated to other tools or scripts.</p>\n\n<p>Terraform state may go out of sync with the target environment or with the source configuration, which often results in painful reconciliation.</p>","publishedAt":"2020-04-17T17:03:18Z","decisionType":"tool","subjectTools":[{"id":"101231773970332063","fans":14001,"name":"Terraform","path":"/terraform","slug":"terraform","title":"Describe your complete infrastructure as code and build resources across providers","votes":337,"stacks":14281,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/terraform","followContext":null},{"id":"101231773623413723","fans":1614,"name":"AWS CloudFormation","path":"/aws-cloudformation","slug":"aws-cloudformation","title":"Create and manage a collection of related AWS resources","votes":89,"stacks":1481,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/411/aws-cloudformation.png","verified":false,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/aws-cloudformation","followContext":null},{"id":"101231777958242651","fans":289,"name":"Pulumi","path":"/pulumi","slug":"pulumi","title":"Modern Infrastructure as Code","votes":15,"stacks":150,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/9053/pulumi_mark_flat_onPurple.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/pulumi","followContext":null}],"upvotesCount":4},"__typename":"StackDecisionEdge"},{"node":{"id":"103857300410614402","user":{"id":"103857190858082547","title":"SRE","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/user/454042/default_1876d9a83c12495d0944a905c38affdd13aa0969.jpg","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/user/454042/thumb_1876d9a83c12495d0944a905c38affdd13aa0969.jpg","username":"timothy6177","__typename":"User","companyName":"","displayName":"Timothy Adams"},"stack":{"id":"103857222961801067","name":"My Stack","path":"/timothy6177/my-stack","owner":{"id":"103857190858082547","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/user/454042/default_1876d9a83c12495d0944a905c38affdd13aa0969.jpg","username":"timothy6177","__typename":"User"},"private":false,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/stack/580947/default_6f291742f627d36aa4fd40ce3637e7bdb7af4206.jpg","__typename":"Stack","identifier":"timothy6177/my-stack"},"topics":[],"company":null,"private":false,"toTools":[{"id":"101231773970332063","fans":14001,"name":"Terraform","path":"/terraform","slug":"terraform","title":"Describe your complete infrastructure as code and build resources across providers","votes":337,"stacks":14281,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/terraform","followContext":null}],"publicId":"103857300410614402","services":[],"fromTools":[{"id":"101231773623413723","fans":1614,"name":"AWS CloudFormation","path":"/aws-cloudformation","slug":"aws-cloudformation","title":"Create and manage a collection of related AWS resources","votes":89,"stacks":1481,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/411/aws-cloudformation.png","verified":false,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/aws-cloudformation","followContext":null},{"id":"101231776857758559","fans":103,"name":"Google Cloud Deployment Manager","path":"/google-cloud-deployment-manager","slug":"google-cloud-deployment-manager","title":"Create and manage cloud resources with simple templates","votes":5,"stacks":25,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/6810/deployment-manager-3.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/google-cloud-deployment-manager","followContext":null}],"viewCount":270159,"__typename":"StackDecision","htmlContent":"<p>I personally am not a huge fan of vendor lock in for multiple reasons:</p>\n\n<ul>\n<li>I've seen cost saving moves to the cloud end up costing a fortune and trapping companies due to over utilization of cloud specific features.</li>\n<li>I've seen S3 failures nearly take down half the internet.</li>\n<li>I've seen companies get stuck in the cloud because they aren't built cloud agnostic.</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p>I choose to use terraform for my cloud provisioning for these reasons:</p>\n\n<ul>\n<li>It's cloud agnostic so I can use it no matter where I am.</li>\n<li>It isn't difficult to use and uses a relatively easy to read language.</li>\n<li>It tests infrastructure before running it, and enables me to see and keep changes up to date.</li>\n<li>It runs from the same CLI I do most of my CM work from.</li>\n</ul>","publishedAt":"2020-03-20T20:37:19Z","decisionType":"tool","subjectTools":[{"id":"101231773970332063","fans":14001,"name":"Terraform","path":"/terraform","slug":"terraform","title":"Describe your complete infrastructure as code and build resources across providers","votes":337,"stacks":14281,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/terraform","followContext":null},{"id":"101231773623413723","fans":1614,"name":"AWS CloudFormation","path":"/aws-cloudformation","slug":"aws-cloudformation","title":"Create and manage a collection of related AWS resources","votes":89,"stacks":1481,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/411/aws-cloudformation.png","verified":false,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/aws-cloudformation","followContext":null},{"id":"101231776857758559","fans":103,"name":"Google Cloud Deployment Manager","path":"/google-cloud-deployment-manager","slug":"google-cloud-deployment-manager","title":"Create and manage cloud resources with simple templates","votes":5,"stacks":25,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/6810/deployment-manager-3.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/google-cloud-deployment-manager","followContext":null}],"upvotesCount":7},"__typename":"StackDecisionEdge"},{"node":{"id":"103080800236049641","user":{"id":"102182841808695342","title":"","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/user/296875/default_a070a5411aacdfce03dc33d2977d0d73715c4049.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/user/296875/thumb_a070a5411aacdfce03dc33d2977d0d73715c4049.png","username":"sungchun12","__typename":"User","companyName":"","displayName":"Sung Won Chung"},"stack":{"id":"102182872643037099","name":"My Stack","path":"/sungchun12/my-stack","owner":{"id":"102182841808695342","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/user/296875/default_a070a5411aacdfce03dc33d2977d0d73715c4049.png","username":"sungchun12","__typename":"User"},"private":false,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/stack/371690/default_efec810d6360673757d31a62076f23136f6ee26c.png","__typename":"Stack","identifier":"sungchun12/my-stack"},"topics":[],"company":null,"private":false,"toTools":[{"id":"101231773970332063","fans":14001,"name":"Terraform","path":"/terraform","slug":"terraform","title":"Describe your complete infrastructure as code and build resources across providers","votes":337,"stacks":14281,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/terraform","followContext":null}],"publicId":"103080800236049641","services":[{"name":"Google Cloud IoT Core","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/7702/cloud-iot-core.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/7702/thumb_cloud-iot-core.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Terraform","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/package_manager/1276/thumb_og-image-8b3e4f7d.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Python","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/993/pUBY5pVj.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/993/thumb_pUBY5pVj.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Google Cloud Deployment Manager","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/6810/deployment-manager-3.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/6810/thumb_deployment-manager-3.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Google Cloud Build","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/9309/PoHJY3K8_400x400.jpg","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/9309/thumb_PoHJY3K8_400x400.jpg","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Google Cloud Run","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/10762/google-cloud-run-logo.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/10762/thumb_google-cloud-run-logo.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Google Cloud Bigtable","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/2977/Cloud-Bigtable.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/2977/thumb_Cloud-Bigtable.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Google BigQuery","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/695/BigQuery.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/695/thumb_BigQuery.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Google Cloud Storage","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/694/Cloud_Storage.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/694/thumb_Cloud_Storage.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"Google Compute Engine","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/518/s01TMTGn.png","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/518/thumb_s01TMTGn.png","__typename":"Tool"},{"name":"GitHub","imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/27/default_869c34d29acc794d60ecdd5d2b5bfc042a80a4ec.jpg","thumbUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/27/thumb_869c34d29acc794d60ecdd5d2b5bfc042a80a4ec.jpg","__typename":"Tool"}],"fromTools":[{"id":"101231776857758559","fans":103,"name":"Google Cloud Deployment Manager","path":"/google-cloud-deployment-manager","slug":"google-cloud-deployment-manager","title":"Create and manage cloud resources with simple templates","votes":5,"stacks":25,"imageUrl":"https://img.stackshare.io/service/6810/deployment-manager-3.png","verified":true,"following":false,"__typename":"Tool","canonicalUrl":"/google-cloud-deployment-manager","followContext":null},{"id":"101231773837179153","fans":188476,"name":"Python","path":"/python","slug":"python","title":"A clear and powerful 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class="css-1ob9em9"><button class="css-1mpii3w">Free Kubernetes eBook from Linode</button></div></div><div class="css-1i4hfqi"><button data-testid="follow" class="css-14pk3xx"><svg width="11" height="11" viewBox="0 0 11 11" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" fill-rule="evenodd" clip-rule="evenodd" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" stroke-miterlimit="1.5"><path d="M5.5 0v11M0 5.5h11" fill="none" stroke="#fff"></path></svg> <!-- -->Follow</button><button data-testid="iUseThis" class="css-1o4togz"><svg width="11" height="11" viewBox="0 0 11 11" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" fill-rule="evenodd" clip-rule="evenodd" stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" stroke-miterlimit="1.5"><path d="M5.5 0v11M0 5.5h11" fill="none" stroke="#fff"></path></svg> I use this</button></div></div><hr class="css-2urik6"/><div class="css-1drwozb"><div class="css-gbti5j"><label>Stacks</label><span>49.7K</span></div><div class="css-1ahj942"></div><div class="css-1an0suy"><label>Followers</label><span>43.4K</span><div>+ 1</div></div><div class="css-1ahj942"></div><div class="css-gbti5j"><label>Votes</label><span>639</span></div></div><button data-testid="removeTool" class="css-pn8ojz"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="12" height="12" viewBox="0 0 12 12"><g fill="#FFF" fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="#FFF" stroke-width=".6"><rect width="15.543" height="1.137" x="-1.805" y="5.439" rx=".569" transform="rotate(45 5.967 6.105)"></rect><rect width="15.543" height="1.137" x="-1.805" y="5.3" rx=".569" transform="rotate(135 5.967 5.967)"></rect></g></svg></button></div></div><div style="border:0;padding:0 10px 0 10px;margin-bottom:15px" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-x7ngfe"><a href="/terraform" class="css-ihgrxl"><div class="css-1i9dr9t"></div><div>Terraform</div></a><div class="css-124gz8p"><div class="css-1iv3e1o"><div class="css-1ob9em9"><button class="css-1mpii3w">Download the eBook: Understanding 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class="css-1ahj942"></div><div class="css-gbti5j"><label>Votes</label><span>337</span></div></div><button data-testid="removeTool" class="css-pn8ojz"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="12" height="12" viewBox="0 0 12 12"><g fill="#FFF" fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="#FFF" stroke-width=".6"><rect width="15.543" height="1.137" x="-1.805" y="5.439" rx=".569" transform="rotate(45 5.967 6.105)"></rect><rect width="15.543" height="1.137" x="-1.805" y="5.3" rx=".569" transform="rotate(135 5.967 5.967)"></rect></g></svg></button></div></div><div style="border:0;padding:0 10px 0 10px;margin-bottom:15px" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-1olkybm"><div data-testid="addTool" class="css-1xjq47k"><div class="css-1enuxn2"><svg class="css-1v2ezdc" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="29" height="29" viewBox="0 0 29 29"><path fill="#FFF" d="M27.426 12.477H16.523V1.574C16.523 1.077 15.85 0 14.5 0c-1.349 0-2.023 1.077-2.023 1.574v10.903H1.574C1.077 12.477 0 13.15 0 14.5c0 1.349 1.077 2.023 1.574 2.023h10.903v10.903c0 .497.674 1.574 2.023 1.574 1.349 0 2.023-1.077 2.023-1.574V16.523h10.903c.497 0 1.574-.674 1.574-2.023 0-1.349-1.077-2.023-1.574-2.023z"></path></svg></div><div class="css-n6mbbq">Add tool</div></div></div></div><div class="css-5k0ecd"><div class="css-z3du7b"><div class="css-1s3pndt"><p><strong>Kubernetes vs Terraform: What are the differences?</strong></p> <p><strong>Kubernetes:</strong> <em>Manage a cluster of Linux containers as a single system to accelerate Dev and simplify Ops</em>. Kubernetes is an open source orchestration system for Docker containers. It handles scheduling onto nodes in a compute cluster and actively manages workloads to ensure that their state matches the users declared intentions; <strong>Terraform:</strong> <em>Describe your complete infrastructure as code and build resources across providers</em>. With Terraform, you describe your complete infrastructure as code, even as it spans multiple service providers. Your servers may come from AWS, your DNS may come from CloudFlare, and your database may come from Heroku. Terraform will build all these resources across all these providers in parallel.</p> <p>Kubernetes belongs to <strong>"Container Tools"</strong> category of the tech stack, while Terraform can be primarily classified under <strong>"Infrastructure Build Tools"</strong>.</p> <p>Some of the features offered by Kubernetes are:</p> <ul> <li>Lightweight, simple and accessible</li> <li>Built for a multi-cloud world, public, private or hybrid</li> <li>Highly modular, designed so that all of its components are easily swappable</li> </ul> <p>On the other hand, Terraform provides the following key features:</p> <ul> <li>Infrastructure as Code: Infrastructure is described using a high-level configuration syntax. This allows a blueprint of your datacenter to be versioned and treated as you would any other code. Additionally, infrastructure can be shared and re-used.</li> <li>Execution Plans: Terraform has a "planning" step where it generates an execution plan. The execution plan shows what Terraform will do when you call apply. This lets you avoid any surprises when Terraform manipulates infrastructure.</li> <li>Resource Graph: Terraform builds a graph of all your resources, and parallelizes the creation and modification of any non-dependent resources. Because of this, Terraform builds infrastructure as efficiently as possible, and operators get insight into dependencies in their infrastructure.</li> </ul> <p><strong>"Leading docker container management solution"</strong> is the top reason why over <strong>134</strong> developers like Kubernetes, while over <strong>81</strong> developers mention <strong>"Infrastructure as code"</strong> as the leading cause for choosing Terraform.</p> <p>Kubernetes and Terraform are both open source tools. It seems that Kubernetes with <strong>55K</strong> GitHub stars and <strong>19.1K</strong> forks on GitHub has more adoption than Terraform with <strong>17.7K</strong> GitHub stars and <strong>4.83K</strong> GitHub forks.</p> <p>According to the StackShare community, Kubernetes has a broader approval, being mentioned in <strong>1046</strong> company stacks &amp; <strong>1096</strong> developers stacks; compared to Terraform, which is listed in <strong>509</strong> company stacks and <strong>312</strong> developer stacks.</p> </div></div></div><div id="decisions" style="pointer-events:none;grid-column:span 3;display:block;height:182px;margin-top:-182px"></div><div style="border-bottom:none;padding-bottom:0" class="css-5k0ecd"><div class="css-oa3yz4"><div class="css-1g9kten">Decisions about Kubernetes and Terraform</div><div class="css-uw1ldh"><div class="css-4gnhqq"><div class="css-xkasvz"><div class="css-atv6j6"><div class="css-1m8tyev"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1vf0ygt"><div class="css-utnqcw"><div>unthought</div></div><div class="css-ds0hbm"><a href="/unthought/decisions/104112463312995040" class="css-nil"><time>May 4, 2020</time> <!-- -->| 5 upvotes · 311.3K views</a></div></div></div></div><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-dg4ww9"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="21" height="21" viewBox="0 0 21 21"><g fill="none"><path fill="#068DFE" d="M20.918 19.017l-1.442-4.195a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 1.062-4.537 10.208 10.208 0 0 0-2.949-7.207A10.199 10.199 0 0 0 10.436 0a10.23 10.23 0 0 0-7.428 3.006A10.228 10.228 0 0 0 0 10.437a10.199 10.199 0 0 0 3.077 7.153 10.207 10.207 0 0 0 7.191 2.95h.016a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 4.537-1.063l4.195 1.442a1.485 1.485 0 0 0 1.543-.357c.408-.408.545-1 .358-1.544z"></path><path fill="#FFF" d="M9.644 14.658a.923.923 0 0 1-.715.342.93.93 0 0 1-.71-.338l-1.98-2.36a1.044 1.044 0 0 1 .08-1.418.914.914 0 0 1 1.342.086l1.24 1.478 4.444-5.117a.914.914 0 0 1 1.342-.072c.39.372.42 1.006.068 1.418l-5.111 5.981z"></path></g></svg><div class="css-z9ms26">Chose</div><a href="/pulumi" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Pulumi" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/9053/pulumi_mark_flat_onPurple.png" alt="Pulumi" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Pulumi</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">over</div><a href="/aws-cloudformation" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="AWS CloudFormation" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/411/aws-cloudformation.png" alt="AWS CloudFormation" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">AWS CloudFormation</span></a><a href="/terraform" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Terraform" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png" alt="Terraform" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Terraform</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">in</div><a itemscope="" itemType="http://schema.org/Organization" itemProp="url" href="/unthought/my-stack" target="_blank" class="css-1j2w1cg"><svg class="css-lnzci0" width="24" height="24" viewBox="0 0 24 24" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><defs><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 24 2.4V17H0V2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 2.4 0z" id="path-1"></path><path d="M0 0h24v4.6A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 21.6 7H2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 0 4.6V0z" id="path-3"></path></defs><g id="Page-1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g id="default-stack-icon"><g id="Group"><g id="b-link" fill="#333" fill-rule="nonzero"><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 24 2.4V17H0V2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 2.4 0z" id="b"></path></g><g id="Clipped"><mask id="mask-2" fill="#fff"><use xlink:href="#path-1"></use></mask><path d="M2.704 1.967c0-.14.11-.253.249-.253h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.249-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.249-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.249-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252v-1.553zM10.14 1.967c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.253v1.552c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.252v1.553c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.253V8.824zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.252v1.553c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252v-1.553zM6.423 1.967a.25.25 0 0 1 .248-.253h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V1.967h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.109-.252.248-.252h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V5.395h.001zm0 3.429a.25.25 0 0 1 .248-.253h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.253V8.824h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.109-.252.248-.252h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252v-1.553h.001zM13.86 1.967c0-.14.108-.253.248-.253h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.108-.252.248-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395h.001zm0 3.429c0-.14.108-.253.248-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824h.001zm3.717-6.857c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824z" id="Shape" fill="#919191" fill-rule="nonzero" opacity=".404" mask="url(#mask-2)"></path></g></g><g id="d-link" transform="translate(0 17)" fill="#FFF" fill-rule="nonzero"><path d="M0 0h24v4.6A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 21.6 7H2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 0 4.6V0z" id="d"></path></g><g id="Clipped" transform="translate(0 17)"><mask id="mask-4" fill="#fff"><use xlink:href="#path-3"></use></mask><rect id="Rectangle-path" fill="#E5E5E5" fill-rule="nonzero" mask="url(#mask-4)" x="5.408" y="2" width="13.521" height="1.717" rx=".859"></rect></g></g></g></svg><div itemProp="name" class="css-1b2ktnx">My Stack</div></a></div><div class="css-1dp4k20"><div class="css-ztg526"><p>Because Pulumi uses real programming languages, you can actually write abstractions for your infrastructure code, which is incredibly empowering. You still 'describe' your desired state, but by having a programming language at your fingers, you can factor out patterns, and package it up for easier consumption.</p></div></div></div><a class="css-1srb7t4">See more</a></div><div class="css-uw1ldh"><div class="css-4gnhqq"><div class="css-xkasvz"><div class="css-atv6j6"><div class="css-1m8tyev"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1vf0ygt"><div class="css-utnqcw"><div>Simon Reymann</div></div><div class="css-ds0hbm">Senior Fullstack Developer<!-- --> at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH<!-- --> · <a href="/zimoony/decisions/104069607668616391" class="css-nil"><time>Apr 27, 2020</time> <!-- -->| 29 upvotes · 5M views</a></div></div></div></div><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-dg4ww9"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="21" height="21" viewBox="0 0 21 21"><g fill="none"><path fill="#068DFE" d="M20.918 19.017l-1.442-4.195a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 1.062-4.537 10.208 10.208 0 0 0-2.949-7.207A10.199 10.199 0 0 0 10.436 0a10.23 10.23 0 0 0-7.428 3.006A10.228 10.228 0 0 0 0 10.437a10.199 10.199 0 0 0 3.077 7.153 10.207 10.207 0 0 0 7.191 2.95h.016a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 4.537-1.063l4.195 1.442a1.485 1.485 0 0 0 1.543-.357c.408-.408.545-1 .358-1.544z"></path><path fill="#FFF" d="M9.644 14.658a.923.923 0 0 1-.715.342.93.93 0 0 1-.71-.338l-1.98-2.36a1.044 1.044 0 0 1 .08-1.418.914.914 0 0 1 1.342.086l1.24 1.478 4.444-5.117a.914.914 0 0 1 1.342-.072c.39.372.42 1.006.068 1.418l-5.111 5.981z"></path></g></svg><div class="css-z9ms26">Chose</div><a href="/kubernetes" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Kubernetes" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1885/21_d3cvM.png" alt="Kubernetes" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Kubernetes</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">over</div><a href="/docker-swarm" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Docker Swarm" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/3177/preview.png" alt="Docker Swarm" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Docker Swarm</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">at</div><a itemscope="" itemType="http://schema.org/Organization" itemProp="url" href="/companies/quantusflow-software-gmbh" target="_blank" class="css-1j2w1cg"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div><div itemProp="name" class="css-1b2ktnx">QUANTUSflow Software GmbH</div></a><span class="css-103289b">(</span><a itemscope="" itemType="http://schema.org/Organization" itemProp="url" href="/quantusflow-software-gmbh/qfl-stack" target="_blank" class="css-1j2w1cg"><svg class="css-lnzci0" width="24" height="24" viewBox="0 0 24 24" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><defs><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 24 2.4V17H0V2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 2.4 0z" id="path-1"></path><path d="M0 0h24v4.6A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 21.6 7H2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 0 4.6V0z" id="path-3"></path></defs><g id="Page-1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g id="default-stack-icon"><g id="Group"><g id="b-link" fill="#333" fill-rule="nonzero"><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 24 2.4V17H0V2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 2.4 0z" id="b"></path></g><g id="Clipped"><mask id="mask-2" fill="#fff"><use xlink:href="#path-1"></use></mask><path d="M2.704 1.967c0-.14.11-.253.249-.253h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.249-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.249-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.249-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252v-1.553zM10.14 1.967c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.253v1.552c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.252v1.553c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.253V8.824zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.252v1.553c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252v-1.553zM6.423 1.967a.25.25 0 0 1 .248-.253h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V1.967h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.109-.252.248-.252h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V5.395h.001zm0 3.429a.25.25 0 0 1 .248-.253h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.253V8.824h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.109-.252.248-.252h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252v-1.553h.001zM13.86 1.967c0-.14.108-.253.248-.253h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.108-.252.248-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395h.001zm0 3.429c0-.14.108-.253.248-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824h.001zm3.717-6.857c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824z" id="Shape" fill="#919191" fill-rule="nonzero" opacity=".404" mask="url(#mask-2)"></path></g></g><g id="d-link" transform="translate(0 17)" fill="#FFF" fill-rule="nonzero"><path d="M0 0h24v4.6A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 21.6 7H2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 0 4.6V0z" id="d"></path></g><g id="Clipped" transform="translate(0 17)"><mask id="mask-4" fill="#fff"><use xlink:href="#path-3"></use></mask><rect id="Rectangle-path" fill="#E5E5E5" fill-rule="nonzero" mask="url(#mask-4)" x="5.408" y="2" width="13.521" height="1.717" rx=".859"></rect></g></g></g></svg><div itemProp="name" class="css-1b2ktnx">qfl-stack</div></a><span class="css-odgfgk">)</span></div><div class="css-1dp4k20"><div class="css-ztg526"><p>Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:</p> <ul> <li><span class="tool">GitHub</span> (incl. <span class="tool">GitHub Pages</span>/<span class="tool">Markdown</span> for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool</li> <li>Respectively <span class="tool">Git</span> as revision control system</li> <li><span class="tool">SourceTree</span> as <span class="tool">Git</span> GUI</li> <li><span class="tool">Visual Studio Code</span> as IDE</li> <li><span class="tool">CircleCI</span> for continuous integration (automatize development process)</li> <li><span class="tool">Prettier</span> / <span class="tool">TSLint</span> / <span class="tool">ESLint</span> as code linter</li> <li><span class="tool">SonarQube</span> as quality gate</li> <li><span class="tool">Docker</span> as container management (incl. <span class="tool">Docker Compose</span> for multi-container application management)</li> <li><span class="tool">VirtualBox</span> for operating system simulation tests</li> <li><span class="tool">Kubernetes</span> as cluster management for docker containers</li> <li><span class="tool">Heroku</span> for deploying in test environments</li> <li><span class="tool">nginx</span> as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)</li> <li><span class="tool">SSLMate</span> (using <span class="tool">OpenSSL</span>) for certificate management</li> <li><span class="tool">Amazon EC2</span> (incl. <span class="tool">Amazon S3</span>) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments</li> <li><span class="tool">PostgreSQL</span> as preferred database system</li> <li><span class="tool">Redis</span> as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)</li> </ul> <p>The main reason we have chosen <span class="tool">Kubernetes</span> over <span class="tool">Docker Swarm</span> is related to the following artifacts:</p> <ul> <li> <strong>Key features:</strong> Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.</li> <li> <strong>Applications:</strong> An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).</li> <li> <strong>Functionality:</strong> Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.</li> <li> <strong>Monitoring:</strong> It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).</li> <li> <strong>Scalability:</strong> All-in-one framework for distributed systems.</li> <li> <strong>Other Benefits:</strong> Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.</li> </ul></div></div></div><a class="css-1srb7t4">See more</a></div><div class="css-uw1ldh"><div class="css-4gnhqq"><div class="css-xkasvz"><div class="css-atv6j6"><div class="css-1m8tyev"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1vf0ygt"><div class="css-utnqcw"><div>Sergey Ivanov</div></div><div class="css-ds0hbm">Contractor<!-- --> · <a href="/sergey-ivanov-at-adaptive/decisions/104015003607719234" class="css-nil"><time>Apr 17, 2020</time> <!-- -->| 4 upvotes · 309.9K views</a></div></div></div></div><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-dg4ww9"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="21" height="21" viewBox="0 0 21 21"><g fill="none"><path fill="#068DFE" d="M20.918 19.017l-1.442-4.195a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 1.062-4.537 10.208 10.208 0 0 0-2.949-7.207A10.199 10.199 0 0 0 10.436 0a10.23 10.23 0 0 0-7.428 3.006A10.228 10.228 0 0 0 0 10.437a10.199 10.199 0 0 0 3.077 7.153 10.207 10.207 0 0 0 7.191 2.95h.016a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 4.537-1.063l4.195 1.442a1.485 1.485 0 0 0 1.543-.357c.408-.408.545-1 .358-1.544z"></path><path fill="#FFF" d="M9.644 14.658a.923.923 0 0 1-.715.342.93.93 0 0 1-.71-.338l-1.98-2.36a1.044 1.044 0 0 1 .08-1.418.914.914 0 0 1 1.342.086l1.24 1.478 4.444-5.117a.914.914 0 0 1 1.342-.072c.39.372.42 1.006.068 1.418l-5.111 5.981z"></path></g></svg><div class="css-z9ms26">Chose</div><a href="/terraform" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Terraform" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png" alt="Terraform" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Terraform</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">over</div><a href="/aws-cloudformation" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="AWS CloudFormation" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/411/aws-cloudformation.png" alt="AWS CloudFormation" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">AWS CloudFormation</span></a><a href="/pulumi" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Pulumi" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/9053/pulumi_mark_flat_onPurple.png" alt="Pulumi" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Pulumi</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">at</div><a itemscope="" itemType="http://schema.org/Organization" itemProp="url" href="/companies/AFC" target="_blank" class="css-1j2w1cg"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div><div itemProp="name" class="css-1b2ktnx">Adaptive</div></a><span class="css-103289b">(</span><a itemscope="" itemType="http://schema.org/Organization" itemProp="url" href="/AFC/delta-project" target="_blank" class="css-1j2w1cg"><svg class="css-lnzci0" width="24" height="24" viewBox="0 0 24 24" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><defs><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 24 2.4V17H0V2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 2.4 0z" id="path-1"></path><path d="M0 0h24v4.6A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 21.6 7H2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 0 4.6V0z" id="path-3"></path></defs><g id="Page-1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g id="default-stack-icon"><g id="Group"><g id="b-link" fill="#333" fill-rule="nonzero"><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 24 2.4V17H0V2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 2.4 0z" id="b"></path></g><g id="Clipped"><mask id="mask-2" fill="#fff"><use xlink:href="#path-1"></use></mask><path d="M2.704 1.967c0-.14.11-.253.249-.253h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.249-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.249-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.249-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252v-1.553zM10.14 1.967c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.253v1.552c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.252v1.553c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.253V8.824zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.252v1.553c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252v-1.553zM6.423 1.967a.25.25 0 0 1 .248-.253h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V1.967h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.109-.252.248-.252h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V5.395h.001zm0 3.429a.25.25 0 0 1 .248-.253h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.253V8.824h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.109-.252.248-.252h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252v-1.553h.001zM13.86 1.967c0-.14.108-.253.248-.253h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.108-.252.248-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395h.001zm0 3.429c0-.14.108-.253.248-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824h.001zm3.717-6.857c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824z" id="Shape" fill="#919191" fill-rule="nonzero" opacity=".404" mask="url(#mask-2)"></path></g></g><g id="d-link" transform="translate(0 17)" fill="#FFF" fill-rule="nonzero"><path d="M0 0h24v4.6A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 21.6 7H2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 0 4.6V0z" id="d"></path></g><g id="Clipped" transform="translate(0 17)"><mask id="mask-4" fill="#fff"><use xlink:href="#path-3"></use></mask><rect id="Rectangle-path" fill="#E5E5E5" fill-rule="nonzero" mask="url(#mask-4)" x="5.408" y="2" width="13.521" height="1.717" rx=".859"></rect></g></g></g></svg><div itemProp="name" class="css-1b2ktnx">Delta Project</div></a><span class="css-odgfgk">)</span></div><div class="css-1dp4k20"><div class="css-ztg526">Overview <p>We use Terraform to manage AWS cloud environment for the project. It is pretty complex, largely static, security-focused, and constantly evolving.</p> <p>Terraform provides descriptive <em>(declarative)</em> way of defining the target configuration, where it can work out the dependencies between configuration elements and apply differences without re-provisioning the entire cloud stack.</p> Advantages <p>Terraform is vendor-neutral in a way that it is using a common configuration language (HCL) with plugins (providers) for multiple cloud and service providers.</p> <p>Terraform keeps track of the previous state of the deployment and applies incremental changes, resulting in faster deployment times.</p> <p>Terraform allows us to share reusable modules between projects. We have built an impressive library of modules internally, which makes it very easy to assemble a new project from pre-fabricated building blocks.</p> Disadvantages <p>Software is imperfect, and Terraform is no exception. Occasionally we hit annoying bugs that we have to work around. The interaction with any underlying APIs is encapsulated inside 3rd party Terraform providers, and any bug fixes or new features require a provider release. Some providers have very poor coverage of the underlying APIs.</p> <p>Terraform is not great for managing highly dynamic parts of cloud environments. That part is better delegated to other tools or scripts.</p> <p>Terraform state may go out of sync with the target environment or with the source configuration, which often results in painful reconciliation.</p></div></div></div><a class="css-1srb7t4">See more</a></div><div class="css-uw1ldh"><div class="css-4gnhqq"><div class="css-xkasvz"><div class="css-atv6j6"><div class="css-1m8tyev"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1vf0ygt"><div class="css-utnqcw"><div>Timothy Adams</div></div><div class="css-ds0hbm">SRE<!-- --> · <a href="/timothy6177/decisions/103857300410614402" class="css-nil"><time>Mar 20, 2020</time> <!-- -->| 7 upvotes · 270.2K views</a></div></div></div></div><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-dg4ww9"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="21" height="21" viewBox="0 0 21 21"><g fill="none"><path fill="#068DFE" d="M20.918 19.017l-1.442-4.195a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 1.062-4.537 10.208 10.208 0 0 0-2.949-7.207A10.199 10.199 0 0 0 10.436 0a10.23 10.23 0 0 0-7.428 3.006A10.228 10.228 0 0 0 0 10.437a10.199 10.199 0 0 0 3.077 7.153 10.207 10.207 0 0 0 7.191 2.95h.016a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 4.537-1.063l4.195 1.442a1.485 1.485 0 0 0 1.543-.357c.408-.408.545-1 .358-1.544z"></path><path fill="#FFF" d="M9.644 14.658a.923.923 0 0 1-.715.342.93.93 0 0 1-.71-.338l-1.98-2.36a1.044 1.044 0 0 1 .08-1.418.914.914 0 0 1 1.342.086l1.24 1.478 4.444-5.117a.914.914 0 0 1 1.342-.072c.39.372.42 1.006.068 1.418l-5.111 5.981z"></path></g></svg><div class="css-z9ms26">Chose</div><a href="/terraform" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Terraform" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png" alt="Terraform" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Terraform</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">over</div><a href="/aws-cloudformation" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="AWS CloudFormation" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/411/aws-cloudformation.png" alt="AWS CloudFormation" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">AWS CloudFormation</span></a><a href="/google-cloud-deployment-manager" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Google Cloud Deployment Manager" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/6810/deployment-manager-3.png" alt="Google Cloud Deployment Manager" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Google Cloud Deployment Manager</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">in</div><a itemscope="" itemType="http://schema.org/Organization" itemProp="url" href="/timothy6177/my-stack" target="_blank" class="css-1j2w1cg"><svg class="css-lnzci0" width="24" height="24" viewBox="0 0 24 24" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><defs><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 24 2.4V17H0V2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 2.4 0z" id="path-1"></path><path d="M0 0h24v4.6A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 21.6 7H2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 0 4.6V0z" id="path-3"></path></defs><g id="Page-1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g id="default-stack-icon"><g id="Group"><g id="b-link" fill="#333" fill-rule="nonzero"><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 24 2.4V17H0V2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 2.4 0z" id="b"></path></g><g id="Clipped"><mask id="mask-2" fill="#fff"><use xlink:href="#path-1"></use></mask><path d="M2.704 1.967c0-.14.11-.253.249-.253h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.249-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.249-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.249-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252v-1.553zM10.14 1.967c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.253v1.552c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.252v1.553c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.253V8.824zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53c.138 0 .249.11.249.252v1.553c0 .14-.109.252-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252v-1.553zM6.423 1.967a.25.25 0 0 1 .248-.253h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V1.967h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.109-.252.248-.252h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252V5.395h.001zm0 3.429a.25.25 0 0 1 .248-.253h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.253V8.824h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.109-.252.248-.252h1.531a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.249.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.25-.252v-1.553h.001zM13.86 1.967c0-.14.108-.253.248-.253h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967h.001zm0 3.428c0-.14.108-.252.248-.252h1.53c.138 0 .25.11.25.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395h.001zm0 3.429c0-.14.108-.253.248-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .25.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824h.001zm3.717-6.857c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V1.967zm0 3.428c0-.14.11-.252.25-.252h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.252v1.553a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.252h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.252V5.395zm0 3.429c0-.14.11-.253.25-.253h1.53a.25.25 0 0 1 .249.253v1.552a.25.25 0 0 1-.25.253h-1.53a.249.249 0 0 1-.249-.253V8.824z" id="Shape" fill="#919191" fill-rule="nonzero" opacity=".404" mask="url(#mask-2)"></path></g></g><g id="d-link" transform="translate(0 17)" fill="#FFF" fill-rule="nonzero"><path d="M0 0h24v4.6A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 21.6 7H2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 0 4.6V0z" id="d"></path></g><g id="Clipped" transform="translate(0 17)"><mask id="mask-4" fill="#fff"><use xlink:href="#path-3"></use></mask><rect id="Rectangle-path" fill="#E5E5E5" fill-rule="nonzero" mask="url(#mask-4)" x="5.408" y="2" width="13.521" height="1.717" rx=".859"></rect></g></g></g></svg><div itemProp="name" class="css-1b2ktnx">My Stack</div></a></div><div class="css-1dp4k20"><div class="css-ztg526"><p>I personally am not a huge fan of vendor lock in for multiple reasons:</p> <ul> <li>I've seen cost saving moves to the cloud end up costing a fortune and trapping companies due to over utilization of cloud specific features.</li> <li>I've seen S3 failures nearly take down half the internet.</li> <li>I've seen companies get stuck in the cloud because they aren't built cloud agnostic.</li> </ul> <p>I choose to use terraform for my cloud provisioning for these reasons:</p> <ul> <li>It's cloud agnostic so I can use it no matter where I am.</li> <li>It isn't difficult to use and uses a relatively easy to read language.</li> <li>It tests infrastructure before running it, and enables me to see and keep changes up to date.</li> <li>It runs from the same CLI I do most of my CM work from.</li> </ul></div></div></div><a class="css-1srb7t4">See more</a></div><div class="css-uw1ldh"><div class="css-4gnhqq"><div class="css-xkasvz"><div class="css-atv6j6"><div class="css-1m8tyev"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1vf0ygt"><div class="css-utnqcw"><div>Sung Won Chung</div></div><div class="css-ds0hbm"><a href="/sungchun12/decisions/103080800236049641" class="css-nil"><time>Nov 4, 2019</time> <!-- -->| 31 upvotes · 1M views</a></div></div></div></div><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-dg4ww9"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="21" height="21" viewBox="0 0 21 21"><g fill="none"><path fill="#068DFE" d="M20.918 19.017l-1.442-4.195a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 1.062-4.537 10.208 10.208 0 0 0-2.949-7.207A10.199 10.199 0 0 0 10.436 0a10.23 10.23 0 0 0-7.428 3.006A10.228 10.228 0 0 0 0 10.437a10.199 10.199 0 0 0 3.077 7.153 10.207 10.207 0 0 0 7.191 2.95h.016a10.3 10.3 0 0 0 4.537-1.063l4.195 1.442a1.485 1.485 0 0 0 1.543-.357c.408-.408.545-1 .358-1.544z"></path><path fill="#FFF" d="M9.644 14.658a.923.923 0 0 1-.715.342.93.93 0 0 1-.71-.338l-1.98-2.36a1.044 1.044 0 0 1 .08-1.418.914.914 0 0 1 1.342.086l1.24 1.478 4.444-5.117a.914.914 0 0 1 1.342-.072c.39.372.42 1.006.068 1.418l-5.111 5.981z"></path></g></svg><div class="css-z9ms26">Chose</div><a href="/terraform" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Terraform" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1276/og-image-8b3e4f7d.png" alt="Terraform" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Terraform</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">over</div><a href="/google-cloud-deployment-manager" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Google Cloud Deployment Manager" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/6810/deployment-manager-3.png" alt="Google Cloud Deployment Manager" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Google Cloud Deployment Manager</span></a><a href="/python" class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Python" class="css-t68yd0 service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/993/pUBY5pVj.png" alt="Python" class="css-1rz3855"/></span><span class="css-i6njnm">Python</span></a><div class="css-6uh2e7">in</div><a itemscope="" itemType="http://schema.org/Organization" itemProp="url" href="/sungchun12/my-stack" target="_blank" class="css-1j2w1cg"><svg class="css-lnzci0" width="24" height="24" viewBox="0 0 24 24" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"><defs><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 24 2.4V17H0V2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 2.4 0z" id="path-1"></path><path d="M0 0h24v4.6A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 21.6 7H2.4A2.4 2.4 0 0 1 0 4.6V0z" id="path-3"></path></defs><g id="Page-1" fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g id="default-stack-icon"><g id="Group"><g id="b-link" fill="#333" fill-rule="nonzero"><path d="M2.4 0h19.2A2.4 2.4 0 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itemProp="name" class="css-1b2ktnx">My Stack</div></a></div><div class="css-1dp4k20"><div class="css-ztg526"><p><strong>Context</strong>: I wanted to create an end to end IoT data pipeline simulation in <span class="tool">Google Cloud IoT Core</span> and other GCP services. I never touched <span class="tool">Terraform</span> meaningfully until working on this project, and it's one of the best explorations in my development career. The documentation and syntax is incredibly human-readable and friendly. I'm used to building infrastructure through the google apis via <span class="tool">Python</span> , but I'm so glad past Sung did not make that decision. I was tempted to use <span class="tool">Google Cloud Deployment Manager</span>, but the templates were a bit convoluted by first impression. I'm glad past Sung did not make this decision either.</p> <p><strong>Solution</strong>: Leveraging <span class="tool">Google Cloud Build</span> <span class="tool">Google Cloud Run</span> <span class="tool">Google Cloud Bigtable</span> <span class="tool">Google BigQuery</span> <span class="tool">Google Cloud Storage</span> <span class="tool">Google Compute Engine</span> along with some other fun tools, I can deploy over 40 GCP resources using Terraform!</p> <p><strong>Check Out My Architecture</strong>: <a href="https://github.com/sungchun12/iot-python-webapp/blob/master/documentation/architecture-drawio.png" rel="nofollow noopener" target="_blank">CLICK ME</a></p> <p>Check out the <span class="tool">GitHub</span> repo attached</p></div></div></div><a class="css-1srb7t4">See more</a></div><div class="css-gyrv08"></div><div class="css-n746ki"></div></div></div><div class="css-5k0ecd"><div style="padding-top:0;padding-bottom:0" class="css-1cuq2n9"><svg class="css-1cl6o07" 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6.258 2.853 6.258 6.364v1.145z"></path></g></g></svg><div class="css-172fe00">Get Advice from developers at your company using StackShare Enterprise.<!-- --> <a href="/manage-companies/enterprise" class="css-1i2jin4">Sign up for StackShare Enterprise.</a></div><a href="/enterprise" class="css-1f94cd7">Learn More</a></div></div><div id="pros" style="pointer-events:none;grid-column:span 3;display:block;height:182px;margin-top:-182px"></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-f8hv9w"><span>Pros of Kubernetes</span></div></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 1 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-f8hv9w"><span>Pros of Terraform</span></div></div><div style="border-right:0;border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 2 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-1v4wqws"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-uxqild"><h2 hidden="" class="css-nil">Pros of Kubernetes</h2><ul class="css-7c9av6"><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">162</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Leading docker container management solution</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">126</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Simple and powerful</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">104</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Open source</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">75</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Backed by google</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">56</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">The right abstractions</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">24</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Scale services</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">19</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Replication controller</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">10</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Permission managment</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">7</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Simple</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">7</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Cheap</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">7</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Supports autoscaling</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">4</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Reliable</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">4</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Self-healing</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">4</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">No cloud platform lock-in</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">3</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Quick cloud setup</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">3</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Open, powerful, stable</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">3</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Scalable </span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">3</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Promotes modern/good infrascture practice</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">2</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Captain of Container Ship</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">2</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">A self healing environment with rich metadata</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">2</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Cloud Agnostic</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">2</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Runs on azure</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">2</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Backed by Red Hat</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">2</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Custom and extensibility</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Golang</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Expandable</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Gke</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Easy setup</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Sfg</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Everything of CaaS</span></div></li></ul></div></div></div></div></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 1 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-1v4wqws"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-uxqild"><h2 hidden="" class="css-nil">Pros of Terraform</h2><ul class="css-7c9av6"><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">117</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Infrastructure as code</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">73</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Declarative syntax</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">44</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Planning</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">28</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Simple</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">24</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Parallelism</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">8</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Well-documented</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">7</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Cloud agnostic </span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">6</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">It&#x27;s like coding your infrastructure in simple English</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">5</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Platform agnostic</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">5</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Immutable infrastructure</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">4</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Portability</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">4</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Automation </span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">4</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Automates infrastructure deployments</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">4</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Extendable</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">2</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Scales to hundreds of hosts</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">2</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Lightweight</span></div></li></ul></div></div></div></div></div><div style="border-right:0;border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 2 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"></div><div class="css-5k0ecd"><div class="css-p8n7zj"><div class="css-1uq0dwx"><svg class="css-1p6gwer" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 76 76"><g fill="none"><path fill="#068DFE" d="M73.548 63.742V23.29a6.137 6.137 0 0 0-6.129-6.129h-3.677C63.742 7.698 56.044 0 46.58 0c-9.464 0-17.162 7.698-17.162 17.161H8.581a6.136 6.136 0 0 0-6.13 6.13v40.45H0v6.13C0 73.251 2.75 76 6.129 76h63.742C73.251 76 76 73.25 76 69.871v-6.13h-2.452zm-6.129-44.13a3.682 3.682 0 0 1 3.678 3.678v40.452h-2.452V24.516c0-1.352-1.1-2.451-2.451-2.451h-3.175a17.04 17.04 0 0 0 .527-2.452h3.873zm-34.836-6.955l13.01 5.421 4.456 13.363c-1.115.27-2.272.43-3.468.43-8.112 0-14.71-6.598-14.71-14.71 0-1.571.254-3.084.712-4.504zm19.794 18.019l-4.394-13.184 9.818-9.819a14.63 14.63 0 0 1 3.49 9.488c0 6.053-3.678 11.26-8.914 13.515zM46.581 2.452a14.64 14.64 0 0 1 9.489 3.487l-9.775 9.774-12.762-5.316c2.453-4.714 7.376-7.945 13.048-7.945zM4.903 23.29a3.682 3.682 0 0 1 3.678-3.677h21.035c.12.837.289 1.657.526 2.452H9.806a2.454 2.454 0 0 0-2.451 2.451v39.226H4.903V23.29zm68.645 46.581a3.682 3.682 0 0 1-3.677 3.677H6.129a3.682 3.682 0 0 1-3.677-3.677v-3.677h25.254a9.525 9.525 0 0 0 6.407 2.451h7.775c2.39 0 4.645-.867 6.407-2.451h15.447v-2.452H47.299l-.36.36a7.096 7.096 0 0 1-5.052 2.092h-7.775a7.098 7.098 0 0 1-5.053-2.093l-.358-.36H9.806V24.517H31.1c2.762 5.789 8.653 9.807 15.482 9.807 6.828 0 12.72-4.018 15.481-9.807h4.132v41.678h7.354v3.677z"></path><path fill="#068DFE" d="M60.286 51.286c-.76 0-1.468.227-2.057.613l-4.32-3.176c.11-.344.186-.702.186-1.08 0-2.008-1.666-3.643-3.714-3.643s-3.714 1.635-3.714 3.643c0 .418.086.813.219 1.187l-6.935 5.442A3.728 3.728 0 0 0 38 53.714a3.73 3.73 0 0 0-2.215.736l-5.339-3.491c.075-.285.125-.58.125-.888 0-2.008-1.666-3.642-3.714-3.642-2.047 0-3.714 1.634-3.714 3.642 0 .309.05.603.125.888l-5.339 3.491a3.722 3.722 0 0 0-2.215-.736c-2.047 0-3.714 1.635-3.714 3.643S13.667 61 15.714 61c2.048 0 3.715-1.635 3.715-3.643 0-.308-.051-.602-.126-.887l5.34-3.492c.62.457 1.381.736 2.214.736s1.595-.279 2.215-.736l5.339 3.492c-.075.285-.125.58-.125.887C34.286 59.365 35.952 61 38 61s3.714-1.635 3.714-3.643c0-.418-.086-.813-.219-1.187l6.935-5.442a3.728 3.728 0 0 0 4.008-.055l4.319 3.176c-.11.344-.186.702-.186 1.08 0 2.008 1.667 3.642 3.715 3.642 2.047 0 3.714-1.634 3.714-3.642 0-2.009-1.667-3.643-3.714-3.643zM15.714 58.57a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.669.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.545 1.238 1.214 0 .669-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214zm11.143-7.285a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.215c0-.668.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.546 1.238 1.214 0 .67-.556 1.215-1.238 1.215zM38 58.57a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.669.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.545 1.238 1.214 0 .669-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214zm12.381-9.714a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.669.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.545 1.238 1.214 0 .669-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214zm9.905 7.286a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.67.556-1.215 1.238-1.215a1.23 1.23 0 0 1 1.238 1.215c0 .668-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214z"></path><path fill="#E8F4FF" d="M32 27H12v17h20z"></path><path fill="#068DFE" d="M17 32h10v2H17zm0 5h10v2H17zm18 2h2v2h-2z"></path><path fill="#E8F4FF" d="M39 39h24v2H39z"></path></g></svg><h1 class="css-lr10t7">Sign up to add or upvote pros<span class="css-4yzqpf">Make informed product decisions</span></h1></div><button data-testid="signupFullAccessButton" class="css-st9eg3">Sign up now</button></div></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-f8hv9w"><span>Cons of Kubernetes</span></div></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 1 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-f8hv9w"><span>Cons of Terraform</span></div></div><div style="border-right:0;border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 2 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-1v4wqws"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-uxqild"><h2 hidden="" class="css-nil">Cons of Kubernetes</h2><ul class="css-7c9av6"><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">15</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Poor workflow for development</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">15</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Steep learning curve</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">8</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Orchestrates only infrastructure</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">4</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">High resource requirements for on-prem clusters</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">2</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Too heavy for simple systems</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Additional vendor lock-in (Docker)</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">More moving parts to secure</span></div></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Additional Technology Overhead</span></div></li></ul></div></div></div></div></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 1 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-1v4wqws"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-uxqild"><h2 hidden="" class="css-nil">Cons of Terraform</h2><ul class="css-7c9av6"><li class="css-6nrkpz"><div class="css-1mlbi0l"><div class="css-1cda8k4"><div class="css-2an9kq"><svg style="margin-top:3px;margin-bottom:3px" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="10" height="8" viewBox="0 0 10 8"><path fill="#565656" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M5 0l5 8H0z"></path></svg><span class="css-5x5cr6">1</span></div></div><span class="css-rsz8c">Doesn&#x27;t have full support to GKE </span></div></li></ul></div></div></div></div></div><div style="border-right:0;border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 2 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"></div><div class="css-5k0ecd"><div class="css-p8n7zj"><div class="css-1uq0dwx"><svg class="css-1p6gwer" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" viewBox="0 0 76 76"><g fill="none"><path fill="#068DFE" d="M73.548 63.742V23.29a6.137 6.137 0 0 0-6.129-6.129h-3.677C63.742 7.698 56.044 0 46.58 0c-9.464 0-17.162 7.698-17.162 17.161H8.581a6.136 6.136 0 0 0-6.13 6.13v40.45H0v6.13C0 73.251 2.75 76 6.129 76h63.742C73.251 76 76 73.25 76 69.871v-6.13h-2.452zm-6.129-44.13a3.682 3.682 0 0 1 3.678 3.678v40.452h-2.452V24.516c0-1.352-1.1-2.451-2.451-2.451h-3.175a17.04 17.04 0 0 0 .527-2.452h3.873zm-34.836-6.955l13.01 5.421 4.456 13.363c-1.115.27-2.272.43-3.468.43-8.112 0-14.71-6.598-14.71-14.71 0-1.571.254-3.084.712-4.504zm19.794 18.019l-4.394-13.184 9.818-9.819a14.63 14.63 0 0 1 3.49 9.488c0 6.053-3.678 11.26-8.914 13.515zM46.581 2.452a14.64 14.64 0 0 1 9.489 3.487l-9.775 9.774-12.762-5.316c2.453-4.714 7.376-7.945 13.048-7.945zM4.903 23.29a3.682 3.682 0 0 1 3.678-3.677h21.035c.12.837.289 1.657.526 2.452H9.806a2.454 2.454 0 0 0-2.451 2.451v39.226H4.903V23.29zm68.645 46.581a3.682 3.682 0 0 1-3.677 3.677H6.129a3.682 3.682 0 0 1-3.677-3.677v-3.677h25.254a9.525 9.525 0 0 0 6.407 2.451h7.775c2.39 0 4.645-.867 6.407-2.451h15.447v-2.452H47.299l-.36.36a7.096 7.096 0 0 1-5.052 2.092h-7.775a7.098 7.098 0 0 1-5.053-2.093l-.358-.36H9.806V24.517H31.1c2.762 5.789 8.653 9.807 15.482 9.807 6.828 0 12.72-4.018 15.481-9.807h4.132v41.678h7.354v3.677z"></path><path fill="#068DFE" d="M60.286 51.286c-.76 0-1.468.227-2.057.613l-4.32-3.176c.11-.344.186-.702.186-1.08 0-2.008-1.666-3.643-3.714-3.643s-3.714 1.635-3.714 3.643c0 .418.086.813.219 1.187l-6.935 5.442A3.728 3.728 0 0 0 38 53.714a3.73 3.73 0 0 0-2.215.736l-5.339-3.491c.075-.285.125-.58.125-.888 0-2.008-1.666-3.642-3.714-3.642-2.047 0-3.714 1.634-3.714 3.642 0 .309.05.603.125.888l-5.339 3.491a3.722 3.722 0 0 0-2.215-.736c-2.047 0-3.714 1.635-3.714 3.643S13.667 61 15.714 61c2.048 0 3.715-1.635 3.715-3.643 0-.308-.051-.602-.126-.887l5.34-3.492c.62.457 1.381.736 2.214.736s1.595-.279 2.215-.736l5.339 3.492c-.075.285-.125.58-.125.887C34.286 59.365 35.952 61 38 61s3.714-1.635 3.714-3.643c0-.418-.086-.813-.219-1.187l6.935-5.442a3.728 3.728 0 0 0 4.008-.055l4.319 3.176c-.11.344-.186.702-.186 1.08 0 2.008 1.667 3.642 3.715 3.642 2.047 0 3.714-1.634 3.714-3.642 0-2.009-1.667-3.643-3.714-3.643zM15.714 58.57a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.669.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.545 1.238 1.214 0 .669-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214zm11.143-7.285a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.215c0-.668.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.546 1.238 1.214 0 .67-.556 1.215-1.238 1.215zM38 58.57a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.669.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.545 1.238 1.214 0 .669-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214zm12.381-9.714a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.669.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.545 1.238 1.214 0 .669-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214zm9.905 7.286a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.67.556-1.215 1.238-1.215a1.23 1.23 0 0 1 1.238 1.215c0 .668-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214z"></path><path fill="#E8F4FF" d="M32 27H12v17h20z"></path><path fill="#068DFE" d="M17 32h10v2H17zm0 5h10v2H17zm18 2h2v2h-2z"></path><path fill="#E8F4FF" d="M39 39h24v2H39z"></path></g></svg><h1 class="css-lr10t7">Sign up to add or upvote cons<span class="css-4yzqpf">Make informed product decisions</span></h1></div><button data-testid="signupFullAccessButton" class="css-st9eg3">Sign up now</button></div></div><div id="stats" style="pointer-events:none;grid-column:span 3;display:block;height:182px;margin-top:-182px"></div><div data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-acfjt6"><div class="css-w707sh"></div></div></div><div data-notes="index 1 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-acfjt6"><div class="css-w707sh"></div></div></div><div style="border-right:0" data-notes="index 2 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"></div><div data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-14bxxd1"><div class="css-1bshyi4">- No public GitHub repository available -</div></div></div><div data-notes="index 1 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-14bxxd1"><a href="https://github.com/hashicorp/terraform" target="_blank" class="css-1hlwa6q"><svg class="css-f9zb2m" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="50" height="48" viewBox="0 0 50 48"><path fill="#161514" fill-rule="evenodd" d="M0 24.608C0 35.48 7.163 44.703 17.097 47.956c1.25.227 1.707-.533 1.707-1.185 0-.584-.022-2.132-.034-4.185-6.954 1.487-8.421-3.3-8.421-3.3-1.138-2.842-2.777-3.599-2.777-3.599-2.27-1.526.172-1.495.172-1.495 2.51.173 3.83 2.536 3.83 2.536 2.23 3.76 5.851 2.674 7.276 2.044.227-1.59.873-2.674 1.586-3.289-5.55-.62-11.387-2.733-11.387-12.162 0-2.686.974-4.884 2.574-6.603-.258-.622-1.116-3.125.245-6.512 0 0 2.098-.662 6.874 2.523 1.994-.547 4.133-.82 6.259-.83 2.124.01 4.262.283 6.258.83 4.773-3.185 6.868-2.523 6.868-2.523 1.365 3.387.507 5.89.25 6.512 1.603 1.72 2.57 3.917 2.57 6.603 0 9.454-5.846 11.534-11.414 12.143.896.76 1.696 2.26 1.696 4.557 0 3.289-.031 5.943-.031 6.75 0 .658.451 1.424 1.719 1.184C42.844 44.693 50 35.477 50 24.608 50 11.017 38.806 0 24.998 0 11.194 0 0 11.017 0 24.608z" opacity=".35"></path></svg><div class="css-1wdjt5z"><div class="css-w707sh"></div></div></a></div></div><div style="border-right:0" data-notes="index 2 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"></div><div id="description" style="pointer-events:none;grid-column:span 3;display:block;height:182px;margin-top:-182px"></div><div data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-nil"><h2 class="css-i52n91">What is Kubernetes?</h2><div class="css-13sfqhu">Kubernetes is an open source orchestration system for Docker containers. It handles scheduling onto nodes in a compute cluster and actively manages workloads to ensure that their state matches the users declared intentions.</div></div></div><div data-notes="index 1 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-nil"><h2 class="css-i52n91">What is Terraform?</h2><div class="css-13sfqhu">With Terraform, you describe your complete infrastructure as code, even as it spans multiple service providers. Your servers may come from AWS, your DNS may come from CloudFlare, and your database may come from Heroku. Terraform will build all these resources across all these providers in parallel.</div></div></div><div style="border-right:0" data-notes="index 2 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"></div><div class="css-5k0ecd"><div data-testid="getAdvice" class="css-1ke07jm"><div class="css-1di6wpo"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div><h1 class="css-lr10t7">Need advice about which tool to choose?<span class="css-4yzqpf">Ask the StackShare community!</span></h1></div><button class="css-st9eg3">Get Advice</button></div></div><div class="css-5k0ecd"><div id="jobs" style="pointer-events:none;grid-column:span 3;display:block;height:182px;margin-top:-182px"></div><div class="css-f8hv9w"><span>Jobs that mention Kubernetes and Terraform as a desired skillset</span></div><div class="css-i5u9v5"><div class="css-1ewdw7x"><div class="css-ih8ay1"><a href="/companies/cbre" title="CBRE&#x27;s company profile"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div></a><div class="css-17niv7d"><a href="https://careers.cbre.com/careers/JobDetail/PRINCIPAL-SOFTWARE-ENGINEER/93957" title="PRINCIPAL SOFTWARE ENGINEER" target="_blank" data-testid="jobsTitle" rel="noreferrer noopener nofollow">PRINCIPAL SOFTWARE ENGINEER</a></div><a href="/companies/cbre" title="CBRE&#x27;s company profile" class="css-6mpj06">CBRE</a><div class="css-nio1yx"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="11" height="14" viewBox="0 0 11 14"><g fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="#49A8F9"><path d="M4.5 12.205l.013.017c.492.612 1.243.612 1.738-.017a25.074 25.074 0 0 0 1.789-2.37c.475-.717.873-1.41 1.171-2.06.376-.818.575-1.534.575-2.11 0-2.418-1.974-4.38-4.41-4.38-2.437 0-4.411 1.962-4.411 4.38 0 .576.2 1.292.575 2.11.298.65.696 1.343 1.17 2.06a25.074 25.074 0 0 0 1.79 2.37z"></path><ellipse cx="5.375" cy="5.697" rx="1.732" ry="1.732"></ellipse></g></svg><span class="css-ak2nbp">United States of America Texas Richardson</span></div></div><div class="css-9yycaw"><a data-testid="jobsCta" title="PRINCIPAL SOFTWARE ENGINEER" href="https://careers.cbre.com/careers/JobDetail/PRINCIPAL-SOFTWARE-ENGINEER/93957" target="_blank" rel="noreferrer noopener nofollow" class="css-leu1cr">View Job Details</a><div class="css-156fhm0"><div class="css-12alag6"><span class="css-10hy8cb"><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Queue" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/39896/default_42d0c2e8bd0f8244d09ae34f8c42f3ed25e1c9cb.jpg" alt="Queue" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Git Flow" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/no-img-open-source.png" alt="Git Flow" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Azure DevOps" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/4313/XNKktHjN_400x400.png" alt="Azure DevOps" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a></span><span class="css-pvufaf">+<!-- 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2.11.298.65.696 1.343 1.17 2.06a25.074 25.074 0 0 0 1.79 2.37z"></path><ellipse cx="5.375" cy="5.697" rx="1.732" ry="1.732"></ellipse></g></svg><span class="css-ak2nbp">United States of America Texas Dallas</span></div></div><div class="css-9yycaw"><a data-testid="jobsCta" title="Sr Software Engineer" href="https://careers.cbre.com/careers/JobDetail/Sr-Software-Engineer/52308" target="_blank" rel="noreferrer noopener nofollow" class="css-leu1cr">View Job Details</a><div class="css-156fhm0"><div class="css-12alag6"><span class="css-10hy8cb"><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Scope" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/11109/KteF6X89_400x400.jpg" alt="Scope" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="jQuery" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1021/lxEKmMnB_400x400.jpg" alt="jQuery" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Java" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img 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class="css-3vlw85"></div><div data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-4pt7vy"><h2 hidden="" class="css-nil">What companies use Kubernetes?</h2><ul class="css-7c9av6"><li class="css-6nrkpz"><a href="/google/google" class="css-mta8ak"><div class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Google" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/company/151/thumb_e1b4809725037d6d5210c715609f1957a629ad68.jpg" alt="Google" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span> </div><span class="css-rsz8c">Google</span></a></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><a href="/shopify/shopify" class="css-mta8ak"><div class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Shopify" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/company/304/thumb_65d89e78d6e735e81a8ec47f79e90698b9f8f2ef.jpg" alt="Shopify" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span> </div><span class="css-rsz8c">Shopify</span></a></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><a href="/udemy/udemy" class="css-mta8ak"><div 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27H12v17h20z"></path><path fill="#068DFE" d="M17 32h10v2H17zm0 5h10v2H17zm18 2h2v2h-2z"></path><path fill="#E8F4FF" d="M39 39h24v2H39z"></path></g></svg><h1 class="css-lr10t7">Sign up to get full access to all the companies<span class="css-4yzqpf">Make informed product decisions</span></h1></div><button data-testid="signupFullAccessButton" class="css-st9eg3">Sign up now</button></div></div><div id="integrations" style="pointer-events:none;grid-column:span 3;display:block;height:182px;margin-top:-182px"></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-f8hv9w"><span>What tools integrate with Kubernetes?</span></div></div><div style="border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 1 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-f8hv9w"><span>What tools integrate with Terraform?</span></div></div><div style="border-right:0;border-bottom:0;padding-bottom:0" data-notes="index 2 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"></div><div data-notes="index 0 num 3 offset 0" class="css-3vlw85"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-nil"><div class="css-4pt7vy"><h2 hidden="" class="css-nil">What tools integrate with Kubernetes?</h2><ul class="css-7c9av6"><li class="css-6nrkpz"><a href="/docker" class="css-mta8ak"><div class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Docker" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/586/thumb_n4u37v9t_400x400.png" alt="Docker" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span> </div><span class="css-rsz8c">Docker</span></a></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><a href="/microsoft-azure" class="css-mta8ak"><div class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Microsoft Azure" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/213/thumb_88defae415fcb9cd0ac5d36c1ed27e74133c6287.jpg" alt="Microsoft Azure" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span> </div><span class="css-rsz8c">Microsoft Azure</span></a></li><li class="css-6nrkpz"><a href="/ansible" class="css-mta8ak"><div 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3.491a3.722 3.722 0 0 0-2.215-.736c-2.047 0-3.714 1.635-3.714 3.643S13.667 61 15.714 61c2.048 0 3.715-1.635 3.715-3.643 0-.308-.051-.602-.126-.887l5.34-3.492c.62.457 1.381.736 2.214.736s1.595-.279 2.215-.736l5.339 3.492c-.075.285-.125.58-.125.887C34.286 59.365 35.952 61 38 61s3.714-1.635 3.714-3.643c0-.418-.086-.813-.219-1.187l6.935-5.442a3.728 3.728 0 0 0 4.008-.055l4.319 3.176c-.11.344-.186.702-.186 1.08 0 2.008 1.667 3.642 3.715 3.642 2.047 0 3.714-1.634 3.714-3.642 0-2.009-1.667-3.643-3.714-3.643zM15.714 58.57a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.669.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.545 1.238 1.214 0 .669-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214zm11.143-7.285a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.215c0-.668.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.546 1.238 1.214 0 .67-.556 1.215-1.238 1.215zM38 58.57a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.669.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.545 1.238 1.214 0 .669-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214zm12.381-9.714a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.669.556-1.214 1.238-1.214.682 0 1.238.545 1.238 1.214 0 .669-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214zm9.905 7.286a1.229 1.229 0 0 1-1.238-1.214c0-.67.556-1.215 1.238-1.215a1.23 1.23 0 0 1 1.238 1.215c0 .668-.556 1.214-1.238 1.214z"></path><path fill="#E8F4FF" d="M32 27H12v17h20z"></path><path fill="#068DFE" d="M17 32h10v2H17zm0 5h10v2H17zm18 2h2v2h-2z"></path><path fill="#E8F4FF" d="M39 39h24v2H39z"></path></g></svg><h1 class="css-lr10t7">Sign up to get full access to all the tool integrations<span class="css-4yzqpf">Make informed product decisions</span></h1></div><button data-testid="signupFullAccessButton" class="css-st9eg3">Sign up now</button></div></div><div class="css-5k0ecd"><div id="posts" style="pointer-events:none;grid-column:span 3;display:block;height:182px;margin-top:-182px"></div><div class="css-fa6ece"><h3 id="blog-posts">Blog Posts</h3></div><div class="css-vbfwyr"><div class="css-1gtwocl"><div class="css-1kcdhc3"><div class="css-cuzej8"><div class="css-12h9n7t"><a href="/pinterest/99-percent-to-99-9-percent-slo-high-performance-kubernetes-control-plane-at-pinterest">99% to 99.9% SLO: High Performance Kubernetes Control Plane at...</a></div></div><div class="css-m2gwm">Mar 30 2022 at 5:02PM</div><div class="css-14kdfdp"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div><p>Pinterest</p></div></div><div class="css-lscypq"><div class="css-12alag6"><span class="css-10hy8cb"><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Kubernetes" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1885/21_d3cvM.png" alt="Kubernetes" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a></span><span class="css-pvufaf">+<!-- -->1</span></div><div class="css-maw68b"><div class="favourites"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="14" height="14" viewBox="0 0 14 14"><path fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width="1.166" d="M12.045 6.038H8.038l-.137-.389-1.296-3.673L5.17 6.038H1.165L4.488 8.65l-.13.389-1.284 3.853 3.53-2.59.346.253 3.185 2.337L8.721 8.65l.323-.254 3-2.358zm-11.58-.55zm12.28 0z"></path></svg> <span>2</span></div><div class="views"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="11" viewBox="0 0 18 11"><g fill="#ADADAD" fill-rule="evenodd"><path fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width=".533" d="M17.409 4.88a.684.684 0 0 1 0 .862c-.142.176-.378.443-.695.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7 1.494c-1.777 1.338-3.675 2.14-5.628 2.14-1.953 0-3.85-.802-5.627-2.14a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7-1.494 11.3 11.3 0 0 1-.696-.766.684.684 0 0 1 0-.862c.142-.176.379-.443.696-.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1 1.7-1.494C5.536 1.282 7.433.48 9.386.48c1.953 0 3.85.802 5.628 2.14.625.471 1.195.98 1.7 1.494.317.323.553.59.695.766l-.289.233.289-.233zm-2.842-1.666c-1.66-1.25-3.413-1.991-5.18-1.991-1.768 0-3.522.741-5.181 1.991C3.2 3.971 2.429 4.751 1.97 5.311c.458.56 1.23 1.34 2.235 2.097 1.66 1.25 3.413 1.99 5.18 1.99 1.768 0 3.521-.74 5.18-1.99 1.005-.757 1.778-1.537 2.236-2.097-.458-.56-1.23-1.34-2.235-2.097zm2.553 1.9l-.289.233.29-.234zm-.289.16l-.03.037.03.036a.059.059 0 0 1 0-.072z"></path><path d="M9.386 7.54c-1.255 0-2.276-1-2.276-2.229 0-1.23 1.021-2.23 2.276-2.23s2.276 1 2.276 2.23-1.02 2.23-2.276 2.23m0-5.097c-1.613 0-2.926 1.286-2.926 2.867 0 1.58 1.313 2.867 2.926 2.867 1.614 0 2.927-1.286 2.927-2.867 0-1.58-1.313-2.867-2.927-2.867"></path><path d="M9.386 3.718a.322.322 0 0 0-.325.318c0 .177.146.319.325.319.538 0 .976.43.976.956a.967.967 0 0 1-.976.956.967.967 0 0 1-.975-.956.322.322 0 0 0-.325-.319.322.322 0 0 0-.326.319c0 .878.73 1.593 1.626 1.593.897 0 1.626-.715 1.626-1.593s-.73-1.593-1.626-1.593"></path></g></svg><span>1456</span></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1gtwocl"><div class="css-1kcdhc3"><div class="css-cuzej8"><div class="css-12h9n7t"><a href="/pinterest/scaling-kubernetes-with-assurance-at-pinterest">Scaling Kubernetes with Assurance at Pinterest</a></div></div><div class="css-m2gwm">Apr 28 2021 at 7:51AM</div><div class="css-14kdfdp"><div 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<span>2</span></div><div class="views"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="11" viewBox="0 0 18 11"><g fill="#ADADAD" fill-rule="evenodd"><path fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width=".533" d="M17.409 4.88a.684.684 0 0 1 0 .862c-.142.176-.378.443-.695.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7 1.494c-1.777 1.338-3.675 2.14-5.628 2.14-1.953 0-3.85-.802-5.627-2.14a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7-1.494 11.3 11.3 0 0 1-.696-.766.684.684 0 0 1 0-.862c.142-.176.379-.443.696-.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1 1.7-1.494C5.536 1.282 7.433.48 9.386.48c1.953 0 3.85.802 5.628 2.14.625.471 1.195.98 1.7 1.494.317.323.553.59.695.766l-.289.233.289-.233zm-2.842-1.666c-1.66-1.25-3.413-1.991-5.18-1.991-1.768 0-3.522.741-5.181 1.991C3.2 3.971 2.429 4.751 1.97 5.311c.458.56 1.23 1.34 2.235 2.097 1.66 1.25 3.413 1.99 5.18 1.99 1.768 0 3.521-.74 5.18-1.99 1.005-.757 1.778-1.537 2.236-2.097-.458-.56-1.23-1.34-2.235-2.097zm2.553 1.9l-.289.233.29-.234zm-.289.16l-.03.037.03.036a.059.059 0 0 1 0-.072z"></path><path d="M9.386 7.54c-1.255 0-2.276-1-2.276-2.229 0-1.23 1.021-2.23 2.276-2.23s2.276 1 2.276 2.23-1.02 2.23-2.276 2.23m0-5.097c-1.613 0-2.926 1.286-2.926 2.867 0 1.58 1.313 2.867 2.926 2.867 1.614 0 2.927-1.286 2.927-2.867 0-1.58-1.313-2.867-2.927-2.867"></path><path d="M9.386 3.718a.322.322 0 0 0-.325.318c0 .177.146.319.325.319.538 0 .976.43.976.956a.967.967 0 0 1-.976.956.967.967 0 0 1-.975-.956.322.322 0 0 0-.325-.319.322.322 0 0 0-.326.319c0 .878.73 1.593 1.626 1.593.897 0 1.626-.715 1.626-1.593s-.73-1.593-1.626-1.593"></path></g></svg><span>1073</span></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1gtwocl"><div class="css-1kcdhc3"><div class="css-cuzej8"><div class="css-12h9n7t"><a href="/pinterest/how-we-designed-our-continuous-integration-system-to-be-more-than-50-percent-faster">How We Designed Our Continuous Integration System to be More T...</a></div></div><div class="css-m2gwm">Mar 3 2021 at 5:37PM</div><div class="css-14kdfdp"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div 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6.038H1.165L4.488 8.65l-.13.389-1.284 3.853 3.53-2.59.346.253 3.185 2.337L8.721 8.65l.323-.254 3-2.358zm-11.58-.55zm12.28 0z"></path></svg> <span>2</span></div><div class="views"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="11" viewBox="0 0 18 11"><g fill="#ADADAD" fill-rule="evenodd"><path fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width=".533" d="M17.409 4.88a.684.684 0 0 1 0 .862c-.142.176-.378.443-.695.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7 1.494c-1.777 1.338-3.675 2.14-5.628 2.14-1.953 0-3.85-.802-5.627-2.14a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7-1.494 11.3 11.3 0 0 1-.696-.766.684.684 0 0 1 0-.862c.142-.176.379-.443.696-.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1 1.7-1.494C5.536 1.282 7.433.48 9.386.48c1.953 0 3.85.802 5.628 2.14.625.471 1.195.98 1.7 1.494.317.323.553.59.695.766l-.289.233.289-.233zm-2.842-1.666c-1.66-1.25-3.413-1.991-5.18-1.991-1.768 0-3.522.741-5.181 1.991C3.2 3.971 2.429 4.751 1.97 5.311c.458.56 1.23 1.34 2.235 2.097 1.66 1.25 3.413 1.99 5.18 1.99 1.768 0 3.521-.74 5.18-1.99 1.005-.757 1.778-1.537 2.236-2.097-.458-.56-1.23-1.34-2.235-2.097zm2.553 1.9l-.289.233.29-.234zm-.289.16l-.03.037.03.036a.059.059 0 0 1 0-.072z"></path><path d="M9.386 7.54c-1.255 0-2.276-1-2.276-2.229 0-1.23 1.021-2.23 2.276-2.23s2.276 1 2.276 2.23-1.02 2.23-2.276 2.23m0-5.097c-1.613 0-2.926 1.286-2.926 2.867 0 1.58 1.313 2.867 2.926 2.867 1.614 0 2.927-1.286 2.927-2.867 0-1.58-1.313-2.867-2.927-2.867"></path><path d="M9.386 3.718a.322.322 0 0 0-.325.318c0 .177.146.319.325.319.538 0 .976.43.976.956a.967.967 0 0 1-.976.956.967.967 0 0 1-.975-.956.322.322 0 0 0-.325-.319.322.322 0 0 0-.326.319c0 .878.73 1.593 1.626 1.593.897 0 1.626-.715 1.626-1.593s-.73-1.593-1.626-1.593"></path></g></svg><span>3790</span></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1gtwocl"><div class="css-1kcdhc3"><div class="css-cuzej8"><div class="css-12h9n7t"><a href="/digitalocean/building-component-based-apps">Building Component Based Apps</a></div></div><div class="css-m2gwm">Dec 8 2020 at 5:50PM</div><div 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fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width="1.166" d="M12.045 6.038H8.038l-.137-.389-1.296-3.673L5.17 6.038H1.165L4.488 8.65l-.13.389-1.284 3.853 3.53-2.59.346.253 3.185 2.337L8.721 8.65l.323-.254 3-2.358zm-11.58-.55zm12.28 0z"></path></svg> <span>2</span></div><div class="views"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="11" viewBox="0 0 18 11"><g fill="#ADADAD" fill-rule="evenodd"><path fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width=".533" d="M17.409 4.88a.684.684 0 0 1 0 .862c-.142.176-.378.443-.695.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7 1.494c-1.777 1.338-3.675 2.14-5.628 2.14-1.953 0-3.85-.802-5.627-2.14a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7-1.494 11.3 11.3 0 0 1-.696-.766.684.684 0 0 1 0-.862c.142-.176.379-.443.696-.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1 1.7-1.494C5.536 1.282 7.433.48 9.386.48c1.953 0 3.85.802 5.628 2.14.625.471 1.195.98 1.7 1.494.317.323.553.59.695.766l-.289.233.289-.233zm-2.842-1.666c-1.66-1.25-3.413-1.991-5.18-1.991-1.768 0-3.522.741-5.181 1.991C3.2 3.971 2.429 4.751 1.97 5.311c.458.56 1.23 1.34 2.235 2.097 1.66 1.25 3.413 1.99 5.18 1.99 1.768 0 3.521-.74 5.18-1.99 1.005-.757 1.778-1.537 2.236-2.097-.458-.56-1.23-1.34-2.235-2.097zm2.553 1.9l-.289.233.29-.234zm-.289.16l-.03.037.03.036a.059.059 0 0 1 0-.072z"></path><path d="M9.386 7.54c-1.255 0-2.276-1-2.276-2.229 0-1.23 1.021-2.23 2.276-2.23s2.276 1 2.276 2.23-1.02 2.23-2.276 2.23m0-5.097c-1.613 0-2.926 1.286-2.926 2.867 0 1.58 1.313 2.867 2.926 2.867 1.614 0 2.927-1.286 2.927-2.867 0-1.58-1.313-2.867-2.927-2.867"></path><path d="M9.386 3.718a.322.322 0 0 0-.325.318c0 .177.146.319.325.319.538 0 .976.43.976.956a.967.967 0 0 1-.976.956.967.967 0 0 1-.975-.956.322.322 0 0 0-.325-.319.322.322 0 0 0-.326.319c0 .878.73 1.593 1.626 1.593.897 0 1.626-.715 1.626-1.593s-.73-1.593-1.626-1.593"></path></g></svg><span>2156</span></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1gtwocl"><div class="css-1kcdhc3"><div class="css-cuzej8"><div class="css-12h9n7t"><a 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3.85.802 5.628 2.14.625.471 1.195.98 1.7 1.494.317.323.553.59.695.766l-.289.233.289-.233zm-2.842-1.666c-1.66-1.25-3.413-1.991-5.18-1.991-1.768 0-3.522.741-5.181 1.991C3.2 3.971 2.429 4.751 1.97 5.311c.458.56 1.23 1.34 2.235 2.097 1.66 1.25 3.413 1.99 5.18 1.99 1.768 0 3.521-.74 5.18-1.99 1.005-.757 1.778-1.537 2.236-2.097-.458-.56-1.23-1.34-2.235-2.097zm2.553 1.9l-.289.233.29-.234zm-.289.16l-.03.037.03.036a.059.059 0 0 1 0-.072z"></path><path d="M9.386 7.54c-1.255 0-2.276-1-2.276-2.229 0-1.23 1.021-2.23 2.276-2.23s2.276 1 2.276 2.23-1.02 2.23-2.276 2.23m0-5.097c-1.613 0-2.926 1.286-2.926 2.867 0 1.58 1.313 2.867 2.926 2.867 1.614 0 2.927-1.286 2.927-2.867 0-1.58-1.313-2.867-2.927-2.867"></path><path d="M9.386 3.718a.322.322 0 0 0-.325.318c0 .177.146.319.325.319.538 0 .976.43.976.956a.967.967 0 0 1-.976.956.967.967 0 0 1-.975-.956.322.322 0 0 0-.325-.319.322.322 0 0 0-.326.319c0 .878.73 1.593 1.626 1.593.897 0 1.626-.715 1.626-1.593s-.73-1.593-1.626-1.593"></path></g></svg><span>6221</span></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1gtwocl"><div class="css-1kcdhc3"><div class="css-cuzej8"><div class="css-12h9n7t"><a href="/rancher-labs/find-security-vulnerabilities-in-kubernetes-clusters">Find Security Vulnerabilities in Kubernetes Clusters</a></div></div><div class="css-m2gwm">Jun 16 2020 at 5:38PM</div><div class="css-14kdfdp"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div><p>Rancher Labs</p></div></div><div class="css-lscypq"><div class="css-12alag6"><span class="css-10hy8cb"><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Python" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/993/pUBY5pVj.png" alt="Python" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Docker" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/586/n4u37v9t_400x400.png" alt="Docker" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Kubernetes" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1885/21_d3cvM.png" alt="Kubernetes" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a></span><span class="css-pvufaf">+<!-- -->7</span></div><div class="css-maw68b"><div class="favourites"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="14" height="14" viewBox="0 0 14 14"><path fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width="1.166" d="M12.045 6.038H8.038l-.137-.389-1.296-3.673L5.17 6.038H1.165L4.488 8.65l-.13.389-1.284 3.853 3.53-2.59.346.253 3.185 2.337L8.721 8.65l.323-.254 3-2.358zm-11.58-.55zm12.28 0z"></path></svg> <span>3</span></div><div class="views"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="11" viewBox="0 0 18 11"><g fill="#ADADAD" fill-rule="evenodd"><path fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width=".533" d="M17.409 4.88a.684.684 0 0 1 0 .862c-.142.176-.378.443-.695.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7 1.494c-1.777 1.338-3.675 2.14-5.628 2.14-1.953 0-3.85-.802-5.627-2.14a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7-1.494 11.3 11.3 0 0 1-.696-.766.684.684 0 0 1 0-.862c.142-.176.379-.443.696-.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1 1.7-1.494C5.536 1.282 7.433.48 9.386.48c1.953 0 3.85.802 5.628 2.14.625.471 1.195.98 1.7 1.494.317.323.553.59.695.766l-.289.233.289-.233zm-2.842-1.666c-1.66-1.25-3.413-1.991-5.18-1.991-1.768 0-3.522.741-5.181 1.991C3.2 3.971 2.429 4.751 1.97 5.311c.458.56 1.23 1.34 2.235 2.097 1.66 1.25 3.413 1.99 5.18 1.99 1.768 0 3.521-.74 5.18-1.99 1.005-.757 1.778-1.537 2.236-2.097-.458-.56-1.23-1.34-2.235-2.097zm2.553 1.9l-.289.233.29-.234zm-.289.16l-.03.037.03.036a.059.059 0 0 1 0-.072z"></path><path d="M9.386 7.54c-1.255 0-2.276-1-2.276-2.229 0-1.23 1.021-2.23 2.276-2.23s2.276 1 2.276 2.23-1.02 2.23-2.276 2.23m0-5.097c-1.613 0-2.926 1.286-2.926 2.867 0 1.58 1.313 2.867 2.926 2.867 1.614 0 2.927-1.286 2.927-2.867 0-1.58-1.313-2.867-2.927-2.867"></path><path d="M9.386 3.718a.322.322 0 0 0-.325.318c0 .177.146.319.325.319.538 0 .976.43.976.956a.967.967 0 0 1-.976.956.967.967 0 0 1-.975-.956.322.322 0 0 0-.325-.319.322.322 0 0 0-.326.319c0 .878.73 1.593 1.626 1.593.897 0 1.626-.715 1.626-1.593s-.73-1.593-1.626-1.593"></path></g></svg><span>764</span></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1gtwocl"><div class="css-1kcdhc3"><div class="css-cuzej8"><div class="css-12h9n7t"><a href="/rancher-labs/3-ways-to-run-kubernetes-on-aws">3 Ways to Run Kubernetes on AWS</a></div></div><div class="css-m2gwm">May 21 2020 at 12:02AM</div><div class="css-14kdfdp"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div><p>Rancher Labs</p></div></div><div class="css-lscypq"><div class="css-12alag6"><span class="css-10hy8cb"><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Kubernetes" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1885/21_d3cvM.png" alt="Kubernetes" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Amazon EC2" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/18/amazon-ec2.png" alt="Amazon EC2" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Grafana" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/2645/default_8f9d552b144493679449b16c79647da5787e808b.jpg" alt="Grafana" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a></span><span class="css-pvufaf">+<!-- -->12</span></div><div class="css-maw68b"><div class="favourites"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="14" height="14" viewBox="0 0 14 14"><path fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width="1.166" d="M12.045 6.038H8.038l-.137-.389-1.296-3.673L5.17 6.038H1.165L4.488 8.65l-.13.389-1.284 3.853 3.53-2.59.346.253 3.185 2.337L8.721 8.65l.323-.254 3-2.358zm-11.58-.55zm12.28 0z"></path></svg> <span>4</span></div><div class="views"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="11" viewBox="0 0 18 11"><g fill="#ADADAD" fill-rule="evenodd"><path fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width=".533" d="M17.409 4.88a.684.684 0 0 1 0 .862c-.142.176-.378.443-.695.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7 1.494c-1.777 1.338-3.675 2.14-5.628 2.14-1.953 0-3.85-.802-5.627-2.14a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7-1.494 11.3 11.3 0 0 1-.696-.766.684.684 0 0 1 0-.862c.142-.176.379-.443.696-.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1 1.7-1.494C5.536 1.282 7.433.48 9.386.48c1.953 0 3.85.802 5.628 2.14.625.471 1.195.98 1.7 1.494.317.323.553.59.695.766l-.289.233.289-.233zm-2.842-1.666c-1.66-1.25-3.413-1.991-5.18-1.991-1.768 0-3.522.741-5.181 1.991C3.2 3.971 2.429 4.751 1.97 5.311c.458.56 1.23 1.34 2.235 2.097 1.66 1.25 3.413 1.99 5.18 1.99 1.768 0 3.521-.74 5.18-1.99 1.005-.757 1.778-1.537 2.236-2.097-.458-.56-1.23-1.34-2.235-2.097zm2.553 1.9l-.289.233.29-.234zm-.289.16l-.03.037.03.036a.059.059 0 0 1 0-.072z"></path><path d="M9.386 7.54c-1.255 0-2.276-1-2.276-2.229 0-1.23 1.021-2.23 2.276-2.23s2.276 1 2.276 2.23-1.02 2.23-2.276 2.23m0-5.097c-1.613 0-2.926 1.286-2.926 2.867 0 1.58 1.313 2.867 2.926 2.867 1.614 0 2.927-1.286 2.927-2.867 0-1.58-1.313-2.867-2.927-2.867"></path><path d="M9.386 3.718a.322.322 0 0 0-.325.318c0 .177.146.319.325.319.538 0 .976.43.976.956a.967.967 0 0 1-.976.956.967.967 0 0 1-.975-.956.322.322 0 0 0-.325-.319.322.322 0 0 0-.326.319c0 .878.73 1.593 1.626 1.593.897 0 1.626-.715 1.626-1.593s-.73-1.593-1.626-1.593"></path></g></svg><span>1362</span></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1gtwocl"><div class="css-1kcdhc3"><div class="css-cuzej8"><div class="css-12h9n7t"><a href="/rancher-labs/the-business-case-for-container-adoption">The Business Case for Container Adoption</a></div></div><div class="css-m2gwm">Apr 16 2020 at 5:34AM</div><div class="css-14kdfdp"><div class="lazyload-wrapper"><div class="lazyload-placeholder"></div></div><p>Rancher Labs</p></div></div><div class="css-lscypq"><div class="css-12alag6"><span class="css-10hy8cb"><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Kubernetes" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/1885/21_d3cvM.png" alt="Kubernetes" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a><a class="css-1pwtf47"><span title="Rancher" class="css-13fg6qi service"><img src="https://img.stackshare.io/service/2552/rancher.png" alt="Rancher" class="css-4lwqz5"/></span></a></span><span class="css-pvufaf">+<!-- -->2</span></div><div class="css-maw68b"><div class="favourites"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="14" height="14" viewBox="0 0 14 14"><path fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width="1.166" d="M12.045 6.038H8.038l-.137-.389-1.296-3.673L5.17 6.038H1.165L4.488 8.65l-.13.389-1.284 3.853 3.53-2.59.346.253 3.185 2.337L8.721 8.65l.323-.254 3-2.358zm-11.58-.55zm12.28 0z"></path></svg> <span>2</span></div><div class="views"><svg xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="18" height="11" viewBox="0 0 18 11"><g fill="#ADADAD" fill-rule="evenodd"><path fill-rule="nonzero" stroke="#ADADAD" stroke-width=".533" d="M17.409 4.88a.684.684 0 0 1 0 .862c-.142.176-.378.443-.695.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7 1.494c-1.777 1.338-3.675 2.14-5.628 2.14-1.953 0-3.85-.802-5.627-2.14a15.262 15.262 0 0 1-1.7-1.494 11.3 11.3 0 0 1-.696-.766.684.684 0 0 1 0-.862c.142-.176.379-.443.696-.766a15.262 15.262 0 0 1 1.7-1.494C5.536 1.282 7.433.48 9.386.48c1.953 0 3.85.802 5.628 2.14.625.471 1.195.98 1.7 1.494.317.323.553.59.695.766l-.289.233.289-.233zm-2.842-1.666c-1.66-1.25-3.413-1.991-5.18-1.991-1.768 0-3.522.741-5.181 1.991C3.2 3.971 2.429 4.751 1.97 5.311c.458.56 1.23 1.34 2.235 2.097 1.66 1.25 3.413 1.99 5.18 1.99 1.768 0 3.521-.74 5.18-1.99 1.005-.757 1.778-1.537 2.236-2.097-.458-.56-1.23-1.34-2.235-2.097zm2.553 1.9l-.289.233.29-.234zm-.289.16l-.03.037.03.036a.059.059 0 0 1 0-.072z"></path><path d="M9.386 7.54c-1.255 0-2.276-1-2.276-2.229 0-1.23 1.021-2.23 2.276-2.23s2.276 1 2.276 2.23-1.02 2.23-2.276 2.23m0-5.097c-1.613 0-2.926 1.286-2.926 2.867 0 1.58 1.313 2.867 2.926 2.867 1.614 0 2.927-1.286 2.927-2.867 0-1.58-1.313-2.867-2.927-2.867"></path><path d="M9.386 3.718a.322.322 0 0 0-.325.318c0 .177.146.319.325.319.538 0 .976.43.976.956a.967.967 0 0 1-.976.956.967.967 0 0 1-.975-.956.322.322 0 0 0-.325-.319.322.322 0 0 0-.326.319c0 .878.73 1.593 1.626 1.593.897 0 1.626-.715 1.626-1.593s-.73-1.593-1.626-1.593"></path></g></svg><span>839</span></div></div></div></div></div><div class="css-1i8b05s"><button class="css-1iqua1m">Sign up to see more</button></div></div><div id="alternatives" style="pointer-events:none;grid-column:span 3;display:block;height:182px;margin-top:-182px"></div><div style="border-bottom:none" class="css-5k0ecd"><div class="css-4d5oui"><div class="css-ptavxb">What are some alternatives to Kubernetes and Terraform?</div><div class="css-10pc7td"><div class="css-1ukyolz"><div class="css-1uackhz">Docker Swarm</div></div><div class="css-1ofkegx">Swarm serves the standard Docker API, so any tool which already communicates with a Docker daemon can use Swarm to transparently scale to multiple hosts: Dokku, Compose, Krane, Deis, DockerUI, Shipyard, Drone, Jenkins... and, of course, the Docker client itself.</div><div class="css-1ukyolz"><div class="css-1uackhz">Nomad</div></div><div class="css-1ofkegx">Nomad is a cluster manager, designed for both long lived services and short lived batch processing workloads. Developers use a declarative job specification to submit work, and Nomad ensures constraints are satisfied and resource utilization is optimized by efficient task packing. Nomad supports all major operating systems and virtualized, containerized, or standalone applications. </div><div class="css-1ukyolz"><div class="css-1uackhz">OpenStack</div></div><div class="css-1ofkegx">OpenStack is a cloud operating system that controls large pools of compute, storage, and networking resources throughout a datacenter, all managed through a dashboard that gives administrators control while empowering their users to provision resources through a web interface.</div><div class="css-1ukyolz"><div class="css-1uackhz">Rancher</div></div><div class="css-1ofkegx">Rancher is an open source container management platform that includes full distributions of Kubernetes, Apache Mesos and Docker Swarm, and makes it simple to operate container clusters on any cloud or infrastructure platform.</div><div class="css-1ukyolz"><div class="css-1uackhz">Docker Compose</div></div><div class="css-1ofkegx">With Compose, you define a multi-container application in a single file, then spin your application up in a single command which does everything that needs to be done to get it running.</div></div><a data-testid="seeAllAlternativesLink" href="/kubernetes/alternatives" class="css-1xexurq">See all alternatives</a></div></div></div><aside class="css-1cqgl9p"><div class="css-p223ph"><div style="position:sticky;top:23%"><div class="css-81jah4"></div><div class="css-cn7d1w"><svg class="css-1fj3l7d" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" width="123" height="70" viewBox="0 0 123 70"><g fill="none" fill-rule="evenodd"><g fill="#008FF9" stroke="#008FF9" opacity=".74"><g stroke-width="2.207" opacity=".413"><path d="M62.27 24.009c6.068 0 11.004-4.937 11.004-11.005C73.274 6.937 68.338 2 62.27 2S51.266 6.937 51.266 13.004c0 6.068 4.936 11.005 11.004 11.005zm0-19.368c4.612 0 8.363 3.752 8.363 8.363 0 4.612-3.751 8.364-8.363 8.364-4.611 0-8.363-3.752-8.363-8.364 0-4.611 3.752-8.363 8.363-8.363zm-.579 24.58c-11.177 0-20.271 9.28-20.271 20.689 0 .73.58 1.32 1.294 1.32.714 0 1.294-.59 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