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LXD
LXD

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Terraform

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LXD vs Terraform: What are the differences?

LXD: Daemon based on liblxc offering a REST API to manage containers. LXD isn't a rewrite of LXC, in fact it's building on top of LXC to provide a new, better user experience. Under the hood, LXD uses LXC through liblxc and its Go binding to create and manage the containers. It's basically an alternative to LXC's tools and distribution template system with the added features that come from being controllable over the network; Terraform: Describe your complete infrastructure as code and build resources across providers. With Terraform, you describe your complete infrastructure as code, even as it spans multiple service providers. Your servers may come from AWS, your DNS may come from CloudFlare, and your database may come from Heroku. Terraform will build all these resources across all these providers in parallel.

LXD and Terraform are primarily classified as "Virtual Machine Platforms & Containers" and "Infrastructure Build" tools respectively.

"More simple" is the primary reason why developers consider LXD over the competitors, whereas "Infrastructure as code" was stated as the key factor in picking Terraform.

LXD and Terraform are both open source tools. Terraform with 17.7K GitHub stars and 4.83K forks on GitHub appears to be more popular than LXD with 2.28K GitHub stars and 531 GitHub forks.

What is LXD?

LXD isn't a rewrite of LXC, in fact it's building on top of LXC to provide a new, better user experience. Under the hood, LXD uses LXC through liblxc and its Go binding to create and manage the containers. It's basically an alternative to LXC's tools and distribution template system with the added features that come from being controllable over the network.

What is Terraform?

With Terraform, you describe your complete infrastructure as code, even as it spans multiple service providers. Your servers may come from AWS, your DNS may come from CloudFlare, and your database may come from Heroku. Terraform will build all these resources across all these providers in parallel.
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      What are some alternatives to LXD and Terraform?
      Docker
      The Docker Platform is the industry-leading container platform for continuous, high-velocity innovation, enabling organizations to seamlessly build and share any application — from legacy to what comes next — and securely run them anywhere
      LXC
      LXC is a userspace interface for the Linux kernel containment features. Through a powerful API and simple tools, it lets Linux users easily create and manage system or application containers.
      KVM
      KVM (for Kernel-based Virtual Machine) is a full virtualization solution for Linux on x86 hardware containing virtualization extensions (Intel VT or AMD-V).
      Kubernetes
      Kubernetes is an open source orchestration system for Docker containers. It handles scheduling onto nodes in a compute cluster and actively manages workloads to ensure that their state matches the users declared intentions.
      Vagrant Cloud
      Vagrant Cloud pairs with Vagrant to enable access, insight and collaboration across teams, as well as to bring exposure to community contributions and development environments.
      See all alternatives
      Decisions about LXD and Terraform
      John Kodumal
      John Kodumal
      CTO at LaunchDarkly · | 3 upvotes · 36.9K views
      atLaunchDarklyLaunchDarkly
      Armory
      Armory
      Packer
      Packer
      Terraform
      Terraform
      Spinnaker
      Spinnaker
      Ansible
      Ansible

      LaunchDarkly is almost a five year old company, and our methodology for deploying was state of the art... for 2014. We recently undertook a project to modernize the way we #deploy our software, moving from Ansible-based deploy scripts that executed on our local machines, to using Spinnaker (along with Terraform and Packer) as the basis of our deployment system. We've been using Armory's enterprise Spinnaker offering to make this project a reality.

      See more
      Joseph Kunzler
      Joseph Kunzler
      DevOps Engineer at Tillable · | 9 upvotes · 31.2K views
      atTillableTillable
      AWS CloudFormation
      AWS CloudFormation
      AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
      AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
      Amazon EC2
      Amazon EC2
      Amazon S3
      Amazon S3
      Terraform
      Terraform

      We use Terraform because we needed a way to automate the process of building and deploying feature branches. We wanted to hide the complexity such that when a dev creates a PR, it triggers a build and deployment without the dev having to worry about any of the 'plumbing' going on behind the scenes. Terraform allows us to automate the process of provisioning DNS records, Amazon S3 buckets, Amazon EC2 instances and AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)'s. It also makes it easy to tear it all down when finished. We also like that it supports multiple clouds, which is why we chose to use it over AWS CloudFormation.

      See more
      AWS CloudFormation
      AWS CloudFormation
      Google Cloud Deployment Manager
      Google Cloud Deployment Manager
      Terraform
      Terraform

      I use Terraform because it hits the level of abstraction pocket of being high-level and flexible, and is agnostic to cloud platforms. Creating complex infrastructure components for a solution with a UI console is tedious to repeat. Using low-level APIs are usually specific to cloud platforms, and you still have to build your own tooling for deploying, state management, and destroying infrastructure.

      However, Terraform is usually slower to implement new services compared to cloud-specific APIs. It's worth the trade-off though, especially if you're multi-cloud. I heard someone say, "We want to preference a cloud, not lock in to one." Terraform builds on that claim.

      Terraform Google Cloud Deployment Manager AWS CloudFormation

      See more
      Pedro Arnal Puente
      Pedro Arnal Puente
      CTO at La Cupula Music SL · | 7 upvotes · 50.9K views
      atLa Cupula Music SLLa Cupula Music SL
      Ansible
      Ansible
      Packer
      Packer
      Terraform
      Terraform
      Amazon ElastiCache
      Amazon ElastiCache
      Redis
      Redis
      Amazon RDS for Aurora
      Amazon RDS for Aurora
      Amazon S3
      Amazon S3
      Amazon EC2
      Amazon EC2
      Debian
      Debian

      Our base infrastructure is composed of Debian based servers running in Amazon EC2 , asset storage with Amazon S3 , and Amazon RDS for Aurora and Redis under Amazon ElastiCache for data storage.

      We are starting to work in automated provisioning and management with Terraform , Packer , and Ansible .

      See more
      GitHub
      GitHub
      Google Compute Engine
      Google Compute Engine
      Google Cloud Storage
      Google Cloud Storage
      Google BigQuery
      Google BigQuery
      Google Cloud Bigtable
      Google Cloud Bigtable
      Google Cloud Run
      Google Cloud Run
      Google Cloud Build
      Google Cloud Build
      Google Cloud Deployment Manager
      Google Cloud Deployment Manager
      Python
      Python
      Terraform
      Terraform
      Google Cloud IoT Core
      Google Cloud IoT Core

      Context: I wanted to create an end to end IoT data pipeline simulation in Google Cloud IoT Core and other GCP services. I never touched Terraform meaningfully until working on this project, and it's one of the best explorations in my development career. The documentation and syntax is incredibly human-readable and friendly. I'm used to building infrastructure through the google apis via Python , but I'm so glad past Sung did not make that decision. I was tempted to use Google Cloud Deployment Manager, but the templates were a bit convoluted by first impression. I'm glad past Sung did not make this decision either.

      Solution: Leveraging Google Cloud Build Google Cloud Run Google Cloud Bigtable Google BigQuery Google Cloud Storage Google Compute Engine along with some other fun tools, I can deploy over 40 GCP resources using Terraform!

      Check Out My Architecture: CLICK ME

      Check out the GitHub repo attached

      See more
      Interest over time
      Reviews of LXD and Terraform
      No reviews found
      How developers use LXD and Terraform
      Avatar of Royal Icing
      Royal Icing uses TerraformTerraform

      Terraform makes it so easy to deploy AWS and Google Cloud services, with the declarative approach avoiding so many headaches of manual work and possible mistakes.

      Avatar of Bùi Thanh
      Bùi Thanh uses TerraformTerraform
      • Infrastructure as Code.
      • Central tool to deploy all infratructure: AWS, CloudFlare, StatusCake
      Avatar of Prime Technologies
      Prime Technologies uses TerraformTerraform

      The entire AWS environments is described and setup using Terraform.

      Avatar of Binded
      Binded uses TerraformTerraform

      All of our infrastructure is stored as code thanks to Terraform.

      Avatar of Razorpay
      Razorpay uses TerraformTerraform

      We orchestrate our AWS infrastructure using Terraform.

      How much does LXD cost?
      How much does Terraform cost?
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