JavaScript vs PHP

JavaScript
JavaScript

45K
33.5K
7.3K
PHP
PHP

37.9K
13.7K
4.3K
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JavaScript vs PHP: What are the differences?

JavaScript: Lightweight, interpreted, object-oriented language with first-class functions. JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles; PHP: A popular general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited to web development. Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.

JavaScript and PHP belong to "Languages" category of the tech stack.

"Can be used on frontend/backend", "It's everywhere" and "Lots of great frameworks" are the key factors why developers consider JavaScript; whereas "Large community", "Open source" and "Easy deployment" are the primary reasons why PHP is favored.

PHP is an open source tool with 23.9K GitHub stars and 5.53K GitHub forks. Here's a link to PHP's open source repository on GitHub.

9GAG, Hootsuite, and 37 Signals are some of the popular companies that use PHP, whereas JavaScript is used by Airbnb, Instagram, and ebay. PHP has a broader approval, being mentioned in 8904 company stacks & 2933 developers stacks; compared to JavaScript, which is listed in 5080 company stacks and 6471 developer stacks.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.

What is PHP?

Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.

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What are some alternatives to JavaScript and PHP?
TypeScript
TypeScript is a language for application-scale JavaScript development. It's a typed superset of JavaScript that compiles to plain JavaScript.
Node.js
Node.js uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient, perfect for data-intensive real-time applications that run across distributed devices.
Dart
Dart is a cohesive, scalable platform for building apps that run on the web (where you can use Polymer) or on servers (such as with Google Cloud Platform). Use the Dart language, libraries, and tools to write anything from simple scripts to full-featured apps.
CoffeeScript
CoffeeScript is a little language that compiles into JavaScript. Underneath that awkward Java-esque patina, JavaScript has always had a gorgeous heart. CoffeeScript is an attempt to expose the good parts of JavaScript in a simple way.
Java
Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
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Decisions about JavaScript and PHP
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Interest over time
Reviews of JavaScript and PHP
Review ofPHPPHP

source: w3techs.com

Rants about PHP are everywhere, but during the last years the language and the whole ecosystem has evolved.

The lastest versions support namespaces, closures, traits, generators and with composer a dependency manager that changed the way PHP developers work and collaborate.

Review ofJavaScriptJavaScript

excellent!!

How developers use JavaScript and PHP
Avatar of Andrew Faulkner
Andrew Faulkner uses JavaScriptJavaScript

Almost the entire app was written in Javascript, with JSON-based configuration and data storage. The following components were written and/or configured with Javascript:

  • Most server-side scripts, all unit tests, all build tools, etc. were driven by NodeJS.
  • ExpressJS served as the 'backend' server framework.
  • MongoDB (which stores essential JSON) was the main database.
  • MongooseJS was used as the main ORM for communicating with the database, with KnexJS used for certain edge cases.
  • MochaJS, ChaiJS, and ExpectJS were used for unit testing.
  • Frontend builds were done with Gulp and Webpack.
  • Package management was done primarily with npm - with a few exceptions that required the use of Bower (also configured with JSON).
  • "Templating" was done with Javascript dialect JSX.
  • The frontend was build primarily with ReactJS (as the View) and Redux (as the Controller / Store / frontend model).
  • Configuration was done with json files.

The only notable exceptions were the use of SCSS (augmented by Compass) for styling, Bash for a few basic 'system chores' and CLI utilities required for development of the app (most notably git and heroku's CLI interface), and a bit of custom SQL for locations where the ORM extractions leaked (the app is DB-agnostic, but a bit of SQL was required to fill gaps in the ORMs when interfacing with Postgres).

Avatar of OutSystems
OutSystems uses JavaScriptJavaScript

Read more on how to extend the OutSystems UI with Javascript here.

OutSystems provides a very simple to use AJAX mechanism. However, developers can also use JavaScript extensively to customize how users interact with their applications, to create client side custom validations and dynamic behaviors, or even to create custom, very specific, AJAX interactions. For example, each application can have an application-wide defined JavaScript file or set of files included in resources. Page-specific JavaScript can also be defined.

Avatar of Gorka Llona
Gorka Llona uses JavaScriptJavaScript

This GNU/GPL licensed Javascript library allows you to draw complex organizational charts that can't be drawn using Google's tool or equivalents. Orgchart structures are specified with JSON and can be generated on-the-fly by server-side scripts and databases. Events can be attached to clicks over the boxes. Multiple options can be defined; look at the repo for examples. This 1300-code-lines software component with contributors from 8 countries (and others for which I have to integrate their works) appears in the first page of Google Search results when searching for "Javascript Organizational Chart Library".

Avatar of Cloudcraft
Cloudcraft uses JavaScriptJavaScript

JavaScript gets a bad rep, quite undeservedly so in my opinion. Today, JS is closer to functional languages than to the traditional-OO languages, and when used as such provides a great development experience. The pace of development is just picking up with transpilers like Babel making future advanced language features available to the masses today. At Cloudcraft.co, we write 100% of both the front-end (with React) and the backend (with Node.js) in Javascript, using the latest ES6 and even some ES7 features. This is not your grandfather's Javascript!

Avatar of MOKA Analytics
MOKA Analytics uses JavaScriptJavaScript

The application front-end is written in JavaScript (ES6). We originally selected it over TypeScript because many library typings at the time were still flaky and the transpilation time was slow.

We are now re-considering TypeScript because 1) the tooling has improved significantly, and 2) and the root cause of the majority of our front-end bugs are related to typing (despite having PropTypes).

Avatar of Vladislav Moshynec
Vladislav Moshynec uses PHPPHP

Use the ipwhois.io IP lookup API to quickly and simply integrate IP geolocation into your script or website. Save yourself the hassle of setting up local GeoIP libraries and having to remember to regularly update the data.

GitHub

Avatar of ShadowICT
ShadowICT uses PHPPHP

We use PHP as our main backend preprocessor. Being a well established language, it is supported by a large community as well as a dedicated team of developers. It is used for much heavier projects that do not require realtime processes as well as being used in a hybrid system alongside NodeJS.

Avatar of Andrew Gatenby
Andrew Gatenby uses PHPPHP

PHP has been the backbone of what we've done at Visualsoft for years. We have lots of experienced people who have used it and know how to get the best out of it. It's come on leaps and bounds over recent years, and is the basis of pretty much everything we'll build with.

Avatar of Ordius IT Solutions Pvt Ltd
Ordius IT Solutions Pvt Ltd uses PHPPHP

The reason being they are simple to learn and easy to implement apps on any size.

The learning curve for PHP and MySQL is less compared to MEAN. It’s advisable to learn PHP and MySQL if you want to have a taste of web-development or you are in a hurry.

Avatar of IPWHOIS.io - IP Geolocation API
IPWHOIS.io - IP Geolocation API uses PHPPHP

Use the ipwhois.io IP lookup API to quickly and simply integrate IP geolocation into your script or website. Save yourself the hassle of setting up local GeoIP libraries and having to remember to regularly update the data.

How much does JavaScript cost?
How much does PHP cost?
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