Alternatives to MariaDB logo

Alternatives to MariaDB

PostgreSQL, MySQL, Percona, Oracle, and MongoDB are the most popular alternatives and competitors to MariaDB.
11.6K
8.8K
+ 1
468

What is MariaDB and what are its top alternatives?

Started by core members of the original MySQL team, MariaDB actively works with outside developers to deliver the most featureful, stable, and sanely licensed open SQL server in the industry. MariaDB is designed as a drop-in replacement of MySQL(R) with more features, new storage engines, fewer bugs, and better performance.
MariaDB is a tool in the Databases category of a tech stack.
MariaDB is an open source tool with 4.1K GitHub stars and 1.3K GitHub forks. Here’s a link to MariaDB's open source repository on GitHub

Top Alternatives to MariaDB

  • PostgreSQL

    PostgreSQL

    PostgreSQL is an advanced object-relational database management system that supports an extended subset of the SQL standard, including transactions, foreign keys, subqueries, triggers, user-defined types and functions. ...

  • MySQL

    MySQL

    The MySQL software delivers a very fast, multi-threaded, multi-user, and robust SQL (Structured Query Language) database server. MySQL Server is intended for mission-critical, heavy-load production systems as well as for embedding into mass-deployed software. ...

  • Percona

    Percona

    It delivers enterprise-class software, support, consulting and managed services for both MySQL and MongoDB across traditional and cloud-based platforms. ...

  • Oracle

    Oracle

    Oracle Database is an RDBMS. An RDBMS that implements object-oriented features such as user-defined types, inheritance, and polymorphism is called an object-relational database management system (ORDBMS). Oracle Database has extended the relational model to an object-relational model, making it possible to store complex business models in a relational database. ...

  • MongoDB

    MongoDB

    MongoDB stores data in JSON-like documents that can vary in structure, offering a dynamic, flexible schema. MongoDB was also designed for high availability and scalability, with built-in replication and auto-sharding. ...

  • Cassandra

    Cassandra

    Partitioning means that Cassandra can distribute your data across multiple machines in an application-transparent matter. Cassandra will automatically repartition as machines are added and removed from the cluster. Row store means that like relational databases, Cassandra organizes data by rows and columns. The Cassandra Query Language (CQL) is a close relative of SQL. ...

  • CouchDB

    CouchDB

    Apache CouchDB is a database that uses JSON for documents, JavaScript for MapReduce indexes, and regular HTTP for its API. CouchDB is a database that completely embraces the web. Store your data with JSON documents. Access your documents and query your indexes with your web browser, via HTTP. Index, combine, and transform your documents with JavaScript. ...

  • Firebird

    Firebird

    Firebird is a relational database offering many ANSI SQL standard features that runs on Linux, Windows, MacOS and a variety of Unix platforms. Firebird offers excellent concurrency, high performance, and powerful language support for stored procedures and triggers. It has been used in production systems, under a variety of names, since 1981. ...

MariaDB alternatives & related posts

PostgreSQL logo

PostgreSQL

66.9K
54.4K
3.5K
A powerful, open source object-relational database system
66.9K
54.4K
+ 1
3.5K
PROS OF POSTGRESQL
  • 755
    Relational database
  • 508
    High availability
  • 436
    Enterprise class database
  • 380
    Sql
  • 302
    Sql + nosql
  • 171
    Great community
  • 145
    Easy to setup
  • 129
    Heroku
  • 128
    Secure by default
  • 111
    Postgis
  • 48
    Supports Key-Value
  • 46
    Great JSON support
  • 32
    Cross platform
  • 30
    Extensible
  • 26
    Replication
  • 24
    Triggers
  • 22
    Rollback
  • 21
    Multiversion concurrency control
  • 20
    Open source
  • 17
    Heroku Add-on
  • 14
    Stable, Simple and Good Performance
  • 13
    Powerful
  • 12
    Lets be serious, what other SQL DB would you go for?
  • 9
    Good documentation
  • 7
    Intelligent optimizer
  • 7
    Scalable
  • 6
    Reliable
  • 6
    Transactional DDL
  • 6
    Modern
  • 5
    Free
  • 5
    One stop solution for all things sql no matter the os
  • 4
    Relational database with MVCC
  • 3
    Faster Development
  • 3
    Full-Text Search
  • 3
    Developer friendly
  • 2
    Excellent source code
  • 2
    Great DB for Transactional system or Application
  • 2
    search
  • 1
    Free version
  • 1
    Open-source
  • 1
    Full-text
  • 1
    Text
CONS OF POSTGRESQL
  • 9
    Table/index bloatings

related PostgreSQL posts

Jeyabalaji Subramanian

Recently we were looking at a few robust and cost-effective ways of replicating the data that resides in our production MongoDB to a PostgreSQL database for data warehousing and business intelligence.

We set ourselves the following criteria for the optimal tool that would do this job: - The data replication must be near real-time, yet it should NOT impact the production database - The data replication must be horizontally scalable (based on the load), asynchronous & crash-resilient

Based on the above criteria, we selected the following tools to perform the end to end data replication:

We chose MongoDB Stitch for picking up the changes in the source database. It is the serverless platform from MongoDB. One of the services offered by MongoDB Stitch is Stitch Triggers. Using stitch triggers, you can execute a serverless function (in Node.js) in real time in response to changes in the database. When there are a lot of database changes, Stitch automatically "feeds forward" these changes through an asynchronous queue.

We chose Amazon SQS as the pipe / message backbone for communicating the changes from MongoDB to our own replication service. Interestingly enough, MongoDB stitch offers integration with AWS services.

In the Node.js function, we wrote minimal functionality to communicate the database changes (insert / update / delete / replace) to Amazon SQS.

Next we wrote a minimal micro-service in Python to listen to the message events on SQS, pickup the data payload & mirror the DB changes on to the target Data warehouse. We implemented source data to target data translation by modelling target table structures through SQLAlchemy . We deployed this micro-service as AWS Lambda with Zappa. With Zappa, deploying your services as event-driven & horizontally scalable Lambda service is dumb-easy.

In the end, we got to implement a highly scalable near realtime Change Data Replication service that "works" and deployed to production in a matter of few days!

See more
Tim Abbott

We've been using PostgreSQL since the very early days of Zulip, but we actually didn't use it from the beginning. Zulip started out as a MySQL project back in 2012, because we'd heard it was a good choice for a startup with a wide community. However, we found that even though we were using the Django ORM for most of our database access, we spent a lot of time fighting with MySQL. Issues ranged from bad collation defaults, to bad query plans which required a lot of manual query tweaks.

We ended up getting so frustrated that we tried out PostgresQL, and the results were fantastic. We didn't have to do any real customization (just some tuning settings for how big a server we had), and all of our most important queries were faster out of the box. As a result, we were able to delete a bunch of custom queries escaping the ORM that we'd written to make the MySQL query planner happy (because postgres just did the right thing automatically).

And then after that, we've just gotten a ton of value out of postgres. We use its excellent built-in full-text search, which has helped us avoid needing to bring in a tool like Elasticsearch, and we've really enjoyed features like its partial indexes, which saved us a lot of work adding unnecessary extra tables to get good performance for things like our "unread messages" and "starred messages" indexes.

I can't recommend it highly enough.

See more
MySQL logo

MySQL

87.7K
71.6K
3.7K
The world's most popular open source database
87.7K
71.6K
+ 1
3.7K
PROS OF MYSQL
  • 793
    Sql
  • 673
    Free
  • 556
    Easy
  • 527
    Widely used
  • 485
    Open source
  • 180
    High availability
  • 160
    Cross-platform support
  • 104
    Great community
  • 78
    Secure
  • 75
    Full-text indexing and searching
  • 25
    Fast, open, available
  • 14
    SSL support
  • 13
    Reliable
  • 13
    Robust
  • 8
    Enterprise Version
  • 7
    Easy to set up on all platforms
  • 2
    NoSQL access to JSON data type
  • 1
    Relational database
  • 1
    Easy, light, scalable
  • 1
    Sequel Pro (best SQL GUI)
  • 1
    Replica Support
CONS OF MYSQL
  • 14
    Owned by a company with their own agenda
  • 1
    Can't roll back schema changes

related MySQL posts

Tim Abbott

We've been using PostgreSQL since the very early days of Zulip, but we actually didn't use it from the beginning. Zulip started out as a MySQL project back in 2012, because we'd heard it was a good choice for a startup with a wide community. However, we found that even though we were using the Django ORM for most of our database access, we spent a lot of time fighting with MySQL. Issues ranged from bad collation defaults, to bad query plans which required a lot of manual query tweaks.

We ended up getting so frustrated that we tried out PostgresQL, and the results were fantastic. We didn't have to do any real customization (just some tuning settings for how big a server we had), and all of our most important queries were faster out of the box. As a result, we were able to delete a bunch of custom queries escaping the ORM that we'd written to make the MySQL query planner happy (because postgres just did the right thing automatically).

And then after that, we've just gotten a ton of value out of postgres. We use its excellent built-in full-text search, which has helped us avoid needing to bring in a tool like Elasticsearch, and we've really enjoyed features like its partial indexes, which saved us a lot of work adding unnecessary extra tables to get good performance for things like our "unread messages" and "starred messages" indexes.

I can't recommend it highly enough.

See more
Conor Myhrvold
Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 21 upvotes · 1.1M views

Our most popular (& controversial!) article to date on the Uber Engineering blog in 3+ yrs. Why we moved from PostgreSQL to MySQL. In essence, it was due to a variety of limitations of Postgres at the time. Fun fact -- earlier in Uber's history we'd actually moved from MySQL to Postgres before switching back for good, & though we published the article in Summer 2016 we haven't looked back since:

The early architecture of Uber consisted of a monolithic backend application written in Python that used Postgres for data persistence. Since that time, the architecture of Uber has changed significantly, to a model of microservices and new data platforms. Specifically, in many of the cases where we previously used Postgres, we now use Schemaless, a novel database sharding layer built on top of MySQL (https://eng.uber.com/schemaless-part-one/). In this article, we’ll explore some of the drawbacks we found with Postgres and explain the decision to build Schemaless and other backend services on top of MySQL:

https://eng.uber.com/mysql-migration/

See more
Percona logo

Percona

87
75
0
With more than 3,000 customers worldwide, Percona delivers enterprise-class solutions for both MySQL and MongoDB across traditional and...
87
75
+ 1
0
PROS OF PERCONA
    Be the first to leave a pro
    CONS OF PERCONA
      Be the first to leave a con

      related Percona posts

      Oracle logo

      Oracle

      1.6K
      1.3K
      108
      An RDBMS that implements object-oriented features such as user-defined types, inheritance, and polymorphism
      1.6K
      1.3K
      + 1
      108
      PROS OF ORACLE
      • 42
        Reliable
      • 31
        Enterprise
      • 15
        High Availability
      • 5
        Hard to maintain
      • 5
        Expensive
      • 4
        Maintainable
      • 3
        High complexity
      • 3
        Hard to use
      CONS OF ORACLE
      • 13
        Expensive

      related Oracle posts

      Hi. We are planning to develop web, desktop, and mobile app for procurement, logistics, and contracts. Procure to Pay and Source to pay, spend management, supplier management, catalog management. ( similar to SAP Ariba, gap.com, coupa.com, ivalua.com vroozi.com, procurify.com

      We got stuck when deciding which technology stack is good for the future. We look forward to your kind guidance that will help us.

      We want to integrate with multiple databases with seamless bidirectional integration. What APIs and middleware available are best to achieve this? SAP HANA, Oracle, MySQL, MongoDB...

      ASP.NET / Node.js / Laravel. ......?

      Please guide us

      See more
      MongoDB logo

      MongoDB

      66.4K
      55.9K
      4.1K
      The database for giant ideas
      66.4K
      55.9K
      + 1
      4.1K
      PROS OF MONGODB
      • 826
        Document-oriented storage
      • 591
        No sql
      • 548
        Ease of use
      • 465
        Fast
      • 407
        High performance
      • 256
        Free
      • 215
        Open source
      • 180
        Flexible
      • 143
        Replication & high availability
      • 110
        Easy to maintain
      • 42
        Querying
      • 38
        Easy scalability
      • 37
        Auto-sharding
      • 36
        High availability
      • 31
        Map/reduce
      • 27
        Document database
      • 25
        Full index support
      • 25
        Easy setup
      • 16
        Reliable
      • 15
        Fast in-place updates
      • 14
        Agile programming, flexible, fast
      • 12
        No database migrations
      • 8
        Enterprise
      • 8
        Easy integration with Node.Js
      • 6
        Enterprise Support
      • 5
        Great NoSQL DB
      • 3
        Drivers support is good
      • 3
        Aggregation Framework
      • 3
        Support for many languages through different drivers
      • 2
        Awesome
      • 2
        Schemaless
      • 2
        Managed service
      • 2
        Fast
      • 2
        Easy to Scale
      • 1
        Consistent
      • 1
        Acid Compliant
      CONS OF MONGODB
      • 5
        Very slowly for connected models that require joins
      • 3
        Not acid compliant
      • 1
        Proprietary query language

      related MongoDB posts

      Jeyabalaji Subramanian

      Recently we were looking at a few robust and cost-effective ways of replicating the data that resides in our production MongoDB to a PostgreSQL database for data warehousing and business intelligence.

      We set ourselves the following criteria for the optimal tool that would do this job: - The data replication must be near real-time, yet it should NOT impact the production database - The data replication must be horizontally scalable (based on the load), asynchronous & crash-resilient

      Based on the above criteria, we selected the following tools to perform the end to end data replication:

      We chose MongoDB Stitch for picking up the changes in the source database. It is the serverless platform from MongoDB. One of the services offered by MongoDB Stitch is Stitch Triggers. Using stitch triggers, you can execute a serverless function (in Node.js) in real time in response to changes in the database. When there are a lot of database changes, Stitch automatically "feeds forward" these changes through an asynchronous queue.

      We chose Amazon SQS as the pipe / message backbone for communicating the changes from MongoDB to our own replication service. Interestingly enough, MongoDB stitch offers integration with AWS services.

      In the Node.js function, we wrote minimal functionality to communicate the database changes (insert / update / delete / replace) to Amazon SQS.

      Next we wrote a minimal micro-service in Python to listen to the message events on SQS, pickup the data payload & mirror the DB changes on to the target Data warehouse. We implemented source data to target data translation by modelling target table structures through SQLAlchemy . We deployed this micro-service as AWS Lambda with Zappa. With Zappa, deploying your services as event-driven & horizontally scalable Lambda service is dumb-easy.

      In the end, we got to implement a highly scalable near realtime Change Data Replication service that "works" and deployed to production in a matter of few days!

      See more
      Robert Zuber

      We use MongoDB as our primary #datastore. Mongo's approach to replica sets enables some fantastic patterns for operations like maintenance, backups, and #ETL.

      As we pull #microservices from our #monolith, we are taking the opportunity to build them with their own datastores using PostgreSQL. We also use Redis to cache data we’d never store permanently, and to rate-limit our requests to partners’ APIs (like GitHub).

      When we’re dealing with large blobs of immutable data (logs, artifacts, and test results), we store them in Amazon S3. We handle any side-effects of S3’s eventual consistency model within our own code. This ensures that we deal with user requests correctly while writes are in process.

      See more
      Cassandra logo

      Cassandra

      3.2K
      3.2K
      492
      A partitioned row store. Rows are organized into tables with a required primary key.
      3.2K
      3.2K
      + 1
      492
      PROS OF CASSANDRA
      • 114
        Distributed
      • 95
        High performance
      • 80
        High availability
      • 74
        Easy scalability
      • 52
        Replication
      • 26
        Multi datacenter deployments
      • 26
        Reliable
      • 8
        OLTP
      • 7
        Open source
      • 7
        Schema optional
      • 2
        Workload separation (via MDC)
      • 1
        Fast
      CONS OF CASSANDRA
      • 2
        Reliability of replication
      • 1
        Updates

      related Cassandra posts

      Thierry Schellenbach
      Shared insights
      on
      RedisRedisCassandraCassandraRocksDBRocksDB
      at

      1.0 of Stream leveraged Cassandra for storing the feed. Cassandra is a common choice for building feeds. Instagram, for instance started, out with Redis but eventually switched to Cassandra to handle their rapid usage growth. Cassandra can handle write heavy workloads very efficiently.

      Cassandra is a great tool that allows you to scale write capacity simply by adding more nodes, though it is also very complex. This complexity made it hard to diagnose performance fluctuations. Even though we had years of experience with running Cassandra, it still felt like a bit of a black box. When building Stream 2.0 we decided to go for a different approach and build Keevo. Keevo is our in-house key-value store built upon RocksDB, gRPC and Raft.

      RocksDB is a highly performant embeddable database library developed and maintained by Facebook’s data engineering team. RocksDB started as a fork of Google’s LevelDB that introduced several performance improvements for SSD. Nowadays RocksDB is a project on its own and is under active development. It is written in C++ and it’s fast. Have a look at how this benchmark handles 7 million QPS. In terms of technology it’s much more simple than Cassandra.

      This translates into reduced maintenance overhead, improved performance and, most importantly, more consistent performance. It’s interesting to note that LinkedIn also uses RocksDB for their feed.

      #InMemoryDatabases #DataStores #Databases

      See more
      Umair Iftikhar
      Technical Architect at ERP Studio · | 3 upvotes · 157.2K views

      Developing a solution that collects Telemetry Data from different devices, nearly 1000 devices minimum and maximum 12000. Each device is sending 2 packets in 1 second. This is time-series data, and this data definition and different reports are saved on PostgreSQL. Like Building information, maintenance records, etc. I want to know about the best solution. This data is required for Math and ML to run different algorithms. Also, data is raw without definitions and information stored in PostgreSQL. Initially, I went with TimescaleDB due to PostgreSQL support, but to increase in sites, I started facing many issues with timescale DB in terms of flexibility of storing data.

      My major requirement is also the replication of the database for reporting and different purposes. You may also suggest other options other than Druid and Cassandra. But an open source solution is appreciated.

      See more
      CouchDB logo

      CouchDB

      431
      506
      139
      HTTP + JSON document database with Map Reduce views and peer-based replication
      431
      506
      + 1
      139
      PROS OF COUCHDB
      • 43
        JSON
      • 30
        Open source
      • 18
        Highly available
      • 12
        Partition tolerant
      • 11
        Eventual consistency
      • 7
        Sync
      • 5
        REST API
      • 4
        Attachments mechanism to docs
      • 4
        Multi master replication
      • 3
        Changes feed
      • 1
        REST interface
      • 1
        js- and erlang-views
      CONS OF COUCHDB
        Be the first to leave a con

        related CouchDB posts

        Jonathan Pugh
        Software Engineer / Project Manager / Technical Architect · | 25 upvotes · 1.6M views

        I needed to choose a full stack of tools for cross platform mobile application design & development. After much research and trying different tools, these are what I came up with that work for me today:

        For the client coding I chose Framework7 because of its performance, easy learning curve, and very well designed, beautiful UI widgets. I think it's perfect for solo development or small teams. I didn't like React Native. It felt heavy to me and rigid. Framework7 allows the use of #CSS3, which I think is the best technology to come out of the #WWW movement. No other tech has been able to allow designers and developers to develop such flexible, high performance, customisable user interface elements that are highly responsive and hardware accelerated before. Now #CSS3 includes variables and flexboxes it is truly a powerful language and there is no longer a need for preprocessors such as #SCSS / #Sass / #less. React Native contains a very limited interpretation of #CSS3 which I found very frustrating after using #CSS3 for some years already and knowing its powerful features. The other very nice feature of Framework7 is that you can even build for the browser if you want your app to be available for desktop web browsers. The latest release also includes the ability to build for #Electron so you can have MacOS, Windows and Linux desktop apps. This is not possible with React Native yet.

        Framework7 runs on top of Apache Cordova. Cordova and webviews have been slated as being slow in the past. Having a game developer background I found the tweeks to make it run as smooth as silk. One of those tweeks is to use WKWebView. Another important one was using srcset on images.

        I use #Template7 for the for the templating system which is a no-nonsense mobile-centric #HandleBars style extensible templating system. It's easy to write custom helpers for, is fast and has a small footprint. I'm not forced into a new paradigm or learning some new syntax. It operates with standard JavaScript, HTML5 and CSS 3. It's written by the developer of Framework7 and so dovetails with it as expected.

        I configured TypeScript to work with the latest version of Framework7. I consider TypeScript to be one of the best creations to come out of Microsoft in some time. They must have an amazing team working on it. It's very powerful and flexible. It helps you catch a lot of bugs and also provides code completion in supporting IDEs. So for my IDE I use Visual Studio Code which is a blazingly fast and silky smooth editor that integrates seamlessly with TypeScript for the ultimate type checking setup (both products are produced by Microsoft).

        I use Webpack and Babel to compile the JavaScript. TypeScript can compile to JavaScript directly but Babel offers a few more options and polyfills so you can use the latest (and even prerelease) JavaScript features today and compile to be backwards compatible with virtually any browser. My favorite recent addition is "optional chaining" which greatly simplifies and increases readability of a number of sections of my code dealing with getting and setting data in nested objects.

        I use some Ruby scripts to process images with ImageMagick and pngquant to optimise for size and even auto insert responsive image code into the HTML5. Ruby is the ultimate cross platform scripting language. Even as your scripts become large, Ruby allows you to refactor your code easily and make it Object Oriented if necessary. I find it the quickest and easiest way to maintain certain aspects of my build process.

        For the user interface design and prototyping I use Figma. Figma has an almost identical user interface to #Sketch but has the added advantage of being cross platform (MacOS and Windows). Its real-time collaboration features are outstanding and I use them a often as I work mostly on remote projects. Clients can collaborate in real-time and see changes I make as I make them. The clickable prototyping features in Figma are also very well designed and mean I can send clickable prototypes to clients to try user interface updates as they are made and get immediate feedback. I'm currently also evaluating the latest version of #AdobeXD as an alternative to Figma as it has the very cool auto-animate feature. It doesn't have real-time collaboration yet, but I heard it is proposed for 2019.

        For the UI icons I use Font Awesome Pro. They have the largest selection and best looking icons you can find on the internet with several variations in styles so you can find most of the icons you want for standard projects.

        For the backend I was using the #GraphCool Framework. As I later found out, #GraphQL still has some way to go in order to provide the full power of a mature graph query language so later in my project I ripped out #GraphCool and replaced it with CouchDB and Pouchdb. Primarily so I could provide good offline app support. CouchDB with Pouchdb is very flexible and efficient combination and overcomes some of the restrictions I found in #GraphQL and hence #GraphCool also. The most impressive and important feature of CouchDB is its replication. You can configure it in various ways for backups, fault tolerance, caching or conditional merging of databases. CouchDB and Pouchdb even supports storing, retrieving and serving binary or image data or other mime types. This removes a level of complexity usually present in database implementations where binary or image data is usually referenced through an #HTML5 link. With CouchDB and Pouchdb apps can operate offline and sync later, very efficiently, when the network connection is good.

        I use PhoneGap when testing the app. It auto-reloads your app when its code is changed and you can also install it on Android phones to preview your app instantly. iOS is a bit more tricky cause of Apple's policies so it's not available on the App Store, but you can build it and install it yourself to your device.

        So that's my latest mobile stack. What tools do you use? Have you tried these ones?

        See more
        Gabriel Pa

        We implemented our first large scale EPR application from naologic.com using CouchDB .

        Very fast, replication works great, doesn't consume much RAM, queries are blazing fast but we found a problem: the queries were very hard to write, it took a long time to figure out the API, we had to go and write our own @nodejs library to make it work properly.

        It lost most of its support. Since then, we migrated to Couchbase and the learning curve was steep but all worth it. Memcached indexing out of the box, full text search works great.

        See more
        Firebird logo

        Firebird

        69
        93
        5
        Relational database offering many ANSI SQL standard features that runs on Linux, Windows, and a variety of Unix...
        69
        93
        + 1
        5
        PROS OF FIREBIRD
        • 3
          Open-Source
        • 2
          Free
        CONS OF FIREBIRD
        • 1
          Speed

        related Firebird posts