Alternatives to Spring Boot logo

Alternatives to Spring Boot

Spring, Django, JBoss, Spring MVC, and Play are the most popular alternatives and competitors to Spring Boot.
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What is Spring Boot and what are its top alternatives?

Spring Boot is a powerful and popular framework for building stand-alone, production-grade Spring-based applications. It provides a streamlined way to set up and configure Spring applications with minimal fuss, allowing developers to focus on their business logic. Key features of Spring Boot include auto-configuration, production-ready metrics and health checks, a wide range of plugins and extensions, and strong community support. However, some limitations of Spring Boot include potential performance overhead due to auto-configuration and the complexity of customization in more complex applications.

  1. Micronaut: Micronaut is a modern, JVM-based framework for building microservices and serverless applications. Key features include minimal startup time, low memory consumption, and compile-time dependency injection. Pros include high performance, low memory overhead, and support for various cloud providers. Cons compared to Spring Boot include a smaller community and potentially less mature ecosystem.

  2. Quarkus: Quarkus is a Kubernetes-native Java stack tailored for GraalVM and OpenJDK HotSpot, crafted from best-of-breed Java libraries and standards. Key features include fast boot time, low memory consumption, and seamless reactive programming. Pros include enhanced performance for cloud-native applications and seamless integration with Kubernetes. Cons compared to Spring Boot include a steeper learning curve and potentially less comprehensive documentation.

  3. Vert.x: Vert.x is a reactive, polyglot application platform for the JVM that is designed for asynchronous, event-driven applications. Key features include high throughput, low latency, and support for clustered deployment. Pros include strong support for reactive programming and high scalability. Cons compared to Spring Boot include a different programming model that may require a paradigm shift for some developers.

  4. Dropwizard: Dropwizard is a Java framework for developing ops-friendly, high-performance RESTful web services. Key features include out-of-the-box support for metrics, health checks, and logging. Pros include a lightweight and modular design that promotes simplicity and ease of use. Cons compared to Spring Boot include potentially less flexibility for complex applications and a smaller set of built-in features.

  5. Play Framework: Play Framework is a high-velocity web framework for Java and Scala that combines productivity and performance. Key features include hot reloading, stateless and stateful web and API requests handling, and asynchronous programming support. Pros include a strong emphasis on developer productivity and support for reactive programming. Cons compared to Spring Boot include a different programming model and potentially less out-of-the-box functionality.

  6. Jooby: Jooby is a modern, micro-framework for Java and Kotlin that is designed for simplicity and modern development practices. Key features include dependency injection, reactive programming support, and lightweight design. Pros include simplicity and ease of use, along with strong support for modern development practices. Cons compared to Spring Boot include a smaller community and potentially less ecosystem support.

  7. Apache Struts: Apache Struts is an open-source framework for creating enterprise-ready Java web applications. Key features include support for various view technologies, data validation, and modular architecture. Pros include a long history of usage in enterprise applications and a large community. Cons compared to Spring Boot include potential complexity and a steeper learning curve for beginners.

  8. Ninja Framework: Ninja Framework is a full-stack web framework for Java that emphasizes simplicity, flexibility, and ease of use. Key features include a command-line code generator, built-in support for REST APIs, and a lightweight design. Pros include ease of use for developers and strong support for building RESTful applications. Cons compared to Spring Boot include potentially less community support and a smaller ecosystem.

  9. Ratpack: Ratpack is a set of Java libraries for building modern, fast, and efficient web applications. Key features include non-blocking I/O, high performance, and support for reactive programming. Pros include high performance and scalability for modern applications. Cons compared to Spring Boot include potentially less out-of-the-box functionality and a smaller user base.

  10. Blade: Blade is a lightweight and elegant Java web framework that is designed for ease of use and high performance. Key features include RESTful routing, URL parameter binding, and support for template rendering. Pros include a simple and intuitive API design and strong performance characteristics. Cons compared to Spring Boot include potentially less community support and fewer built-in features.

Top Alternatives to Spring Boot

  • Spring
    Spring

    A key element of Spring is infrastructural support at the application level: Spring focuses on the "plumbing" of enterprise applications so that teams can focus on application-level business logic, without unnecessary ties to specific deployment environments. ...

  • Django
    Django

    Django is a high-level Python Web framework that encourages rapid development and clean, pragmatic design. ...

  • JBoss
    JBoss

    An application platform for hosting your apps that provides an innovative modular, cloud-ready architecture, powerful management and automation, and world class developer productivity. ...

  • Spring MVC
    Spring MVC

    A Java framework that follows the Model-View-Controller design pattern and provides an elegant solution to use MVC in spring framework by the help of DispatcherServlet. ...

  • Play
    Play

    Play Framework makes it easy to build web applications with Java & Scala. Play is based on a lightweight, stateless, web-friendly architecture. Built on Akka, Play provides predictable and minimal resource consumption (CPU, memory, threads) for highly-scalable applications. ...

  • Dropwizard
    Dropwizard

    Dropwizard is a sneaky way of making fast Java web applications. Dropwizard pulls together stable, mature libraries from the Java ecosystem into a simple, light-weight package that lets you focus on getting things done. ...

  • Spring Cloud
    Spring Cloud

    It provides tools for developers to quickly build some of the common patterns in distributed systems. ...

  • JHipster
    JHipster

    It is a free and open-source application generator used to quickly develop modern web applications and Microservices using Spring Boot + Angular / React / Vue. ...

Spring Boot alternatives & related posts

Spring logo

Spring

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Provides a comprehensive programming and configuration model for modern Java-based enterprise applications
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PROS OF SPRING
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    Java
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    Open source
  • 136
    Great community
  • 123
    Very powerful
  • 114
    Enterprise
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    Lot of great subprojects
  • 60
    Easy setup
  • 44
    Convention , configuration, done
  • 40
    Standard
  • 31
    Love the logic
  • 13
    Good documentation
  • 11
    Dependency injection
  • 11
    Stability
  • 9
    MVC
  • 6
    Easy
  • 3
    Makes the hard stuff fun & the easy stuff automatic
  • 3
    Strong typing
  • 2
    Code maintenance
  • 2
    Best practices
  • 2
    Maven
  • 2
    Great Desgin
  • 2
    Easy Integration with Spring Security
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    Integrations with most other Java frameworks
  • 1
    Java has more support and more libraries
  • 1
    Supports vast databases
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    Large ecosystem with seamless integration
  • 1
    OracleDb integration
  • 1
    Live project
CONS OF SPRING
  • 15
    Draws you into its own ecosystem and bloat
  • 3
    Verbose configuration
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    Poor documentation
  • 3
    Java
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    Java is more verbose language in compare to python

related Spring posts

Is learning Spring and Spring Boot for web apps back-end development is still relevant in 2021? Feel free to share your views with comparison to Django/Node.js/ ExpressJS or other frameworks.

Please share some good beginner resources to start learning about spring/spring boot framework to build the web apps.

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I am consulting for a company that wants to move its current CubeCart e-commerce site to another PHP based platform like PrestaShop or Magento. I was interested in alternatives that utilize Node.js as the primary platform. I currently don't know PHP, but I have done full stack dev with Java, Spring, Thymeleaf, etc.. I am just unsure that learning a set of technologies not commonly used makes sense. For example, in PrestaShop, I would need to work with JavaScript better and learn PHP, Twig, and Bootstrap. It seems more cumbersome than a Node JS system, where the language syntax stays the same for the full stack. I am looking for thoughts and advice on the relevance of PHP skillset into the future AND whether the Node based e-commerce open source options can compete with Magento or Prestashop.

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Django

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The Web framework for perfectionists with deadlines
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PROS OF DJANGO
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    Rapid development
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    Open source
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    Great community
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    Easy to learn
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    Mvc
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    Beautiful code
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    Elegant
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    Free
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    Great packages
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    Great libraries
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    Comes with auth and crud admin panel
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    Restful
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    Powerful
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    Great documentation
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    Great for web
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    Python
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    Great orm
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    Great for api
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    All included
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    Fast
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    Web Apps
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    Easy setup
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    Clean
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    Used by top startups
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    Sexy
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    ORM
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    The Django community
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    Allows for very rapid development with great libraries
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    Convention over configuration
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    King of backend world
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    Full stack
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    Great MVC and templating engine
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    Fast prototyping
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    Mvt
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    Easy to develop end to end AI Models
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    Batteries included
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    Its elegant and practical
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    Have not found anything that it can't do
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    Very quick to get something up and running
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    Cross-Platform
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    Easy Structure , useful inbuilt library
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    Great peformance
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    Zero code burden to change databases
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    Python community
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    Map
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    Just the right level of abstraction
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    Easy to change database manager
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    Modular
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    Many libraries
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    Easy to use
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    Easy
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    Full-Text Search
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    Scaffold
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    Fastapi
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    Built in common security
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    Scalable
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    Great default admin panel
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    Node js
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    Gigante ta
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    Rails
CONS OF DJANGO
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    Underpowered templating
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    Autoreload restarts whole server
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    Underpowered ORM
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    URL dispatcher ignores HTTP method
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    Internal subcomponents coupling
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    Not nodejs
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    Configuration hell
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    Admin
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    Not as clean and nice documentation like Laravel
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    Python
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    Not typed
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    Bloated admin panel included
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    Overwhelming folder structure
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    InEffective Multithreading
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    Not type safe

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Dmitry Mukhin
Engineer at Uploadcare · | 25 upvotes · 2.4M views

Simple controls over complex technologies, as we put it, wouldn't be possible without neat UIs for our user areas including start page, dashboard, settings, and docs.

Initially, there was Django. Back in 2011, considering our Python-centric approach, that was the best choice. Later, we realized we needed to iterate on our website more quickly. And this led us to detaching Django from our front end. That was when we decided to build an SPA.

For building user interfaces, we're currently using React as it provided the fastest rendering back when we were building our toolkit. It’s worth mentioning Uploadcare is not a front-end-focused SPA: we aren’t running at high levels of complexity. If it were, we’d go with Ember.js.

However, there's a chance we will shift to the faster Preact, with its motto of using as little code as possible, and because it makes more use of browser APIs. One of our future tasks for our front end is to configure our Webpack bundler to split up the code for different site sections. For styles, we use PostCSS along with its plugins such as cssnano which minifies all the code.

All that allows us to provide a great user experience and quickly implement changes where they are needed with as little code as possible.

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Hey, so I developed a basic application with Python. But to use it, you need a python interpreter. I want to add a GUI to make it more appealing. What should I choose to develop a GUI? I have very basic skills in front end development (CSS, JavaScript). I am fluent in python. I'm looking for a tool that is easy to use and doesn't require too much code knowledge. I have recently tried out Flask, but it is kinda complicated. Should I stick with it, move to Django, or is there another nice framework to use?

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JBoss

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      Spring MVC logo

      Spring MVC

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      A Java framework which is used to build web applications
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          NIDHISH PUTHIYADATH
          Lead Software Engineer at EDIFECS · | 1 upvote · 303K views

          Material Design for Angular Angular 2 Node.js TypeScript Spring-Boot RxJS Microsoft SQL Server Hibernate Spring MVC

          We built our customer facing portal application using Angular frontend backed by Spring boot.

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          Play logo

          Play

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          The High Velocity Web Framework For Java and Scala
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          PROS OF PLAY
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            Scala
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            Web-friendly architecture
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            Built on akka
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            Stateless
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            High-scalable
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            Fast
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            Open source
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            Java
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            High velocity
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            Fun
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            Lightweight
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            Non-blocking io
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            Developer friendly
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            Simple template engine
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            Scalability
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            Pure love
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            Resource efficient
          CONS OF PLAY
          • 3
            Evolves fast, keep up with releases
          • 1
            Unnecessarily complicated

          related Play posts

          Alex A

          Some may wonder why did we choose Grails ? Really good question :) We spent quite some time to evaluate what framework to go with and the battle was between Play Scala and Grails ( Groovy ). We have enough experience with both and, to be honest, I absolutely in love with Scala; however, the tipping point for us was the potential speed of development. Grails allows much faster development pace than Play , and as of right now this is the most important parameter. We might convert later though. Also, worth mentioning, by default Grails comes with Gradle as a build tool, so why change?

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          Tomas Zeman
          product manager at Broadcom · | 3 upvotes · 18.2K views
          Shared insights
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          PlayPlayApache TomcatApache Tomcat
          at

          I use Play as the best Java framewrk for web development. It is easy to use and I was able to learn it quickly. Before I was using Apache Tomcat , but I would never go back. Play is preselecting for you popular and usefull libraries, you can use templating with Twirl, JPA, Injections and much more.

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          Dropwizard

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          Java framework for developing ops-friendly, high-performance, RESTful web services
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          PROS OF DROPWIZARD
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            Quick and easy to get a new http service going
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            Health monitoring
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            Metrics integration
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            Easy setup
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            Good conventions
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            Good documentation
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            Lightweight
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            Java Powered
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            Good Testing frameworks
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            Java powered, lightweight
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            Simple
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            Scalable
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            Great performance, Good in prod
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            Open source
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            All in one-productive-production ready-makes life easy
          CONS OF DROPWIZARD
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            Slightly more confusing dependencies
          • 1
            Not on ThoughtWorks radar since 2014

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          Matt Menzenski
          Senior Software Engineering Manager at PayIt · | 16 upvotes · 996K views

          Grafana and Prometheus together, running on Kubernetes , is a powerful combination. These tools are cloud-native and offer a large community and easy integrations. At PayIt we're using exporting Java application metrics using a Dropwizard metrics exporter, and our Node.js services now use the prom-client npm library to serve metrics.

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          Spring Cloud

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              JHipster

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                  related JHipster posts

                  I would like to generate all the repetitive code in order to bootstrap my Java project. I need to define my own models. I want to be able to customize everything in what will be generated. JHipster is more popular but seems to be really related to the Spring Framework. Telosys supports multi-languages, multi-frameworks, and is highly customizable. Any feedback about these 2 tools?

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