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Godot vs Unity: What are the differences?


Godot and Unity are both popular game development engines used to create interactive and immersive gaming experiences. Although they share similarities in terms of functionality and purpose, there are several key differences that set them apart. Understanding these differences can help developers make informed decisions when choosing the right game engine for their projects.

  1. Programming Language:

    • Godot supports GDScript as its primary scripting language, which is a Python-inspired language. It also supports C# and C++, allowing developers to choose their preferred language.
    • Unity, on the other hand, primarily uses C# as its scripting language. While it does support other languages like JavaScript and Boo, C# is the most commonly used language for Unity development.
  2. Development Environment:

    • Godot provides an integrated development environment (IDE) that is designed specifically for game development. It offers a user-friendly interface with a built-in animation editor, visual scripting system, and a dedicated 2D and 3D editor.
    • Unity, on the other hand, offers a more extensive and robust development environment. It provides a comprehensive editor with sophisticated features, such as a timeline editor, a particle system, and a visual storytelling tool.
  3. Multiplatform Support:

    • Godot is known for its exceptional cross-platform support. It allows developers to export their games to various platforms, including Windows, macOS, Linux, Android, iOS, and even web browsers.
    • Unity also offers robust multiplatform support, allowing developers to publish their games across a wide range of platforms, including consoles (PlayStation, Xbox), desktop (Windows, macOS, Linux), mobile (Android, iOS), and even virtual reality devices.
  4. License:

    • Godot is an open-source game engine released under the MIT license. This means that developers can access and modify the engine's source code, making it highly customizable and flexible.
    • Unity, on the other hand, follows a proprietary license model. While it does offer a free version (Unity Personal), certain advanced features and deployment options are only available in the paid versions (Unity Plus and Unity Pro).
  5. Asset Store:

    • Godot has a relatively smaller asset store compared to Unity. While it does offer a collection of community-created assets, scripts, and plugins, the variety and quantity are not as extensive as Unity's Asset Store.
    • Unity's Asset Store is one of its standout features, offering a vast library of ready-to-use assets, ranging from 3D models and textures to pre-built scripts and shaders. This makes it easier for developers to find and implement assets into their projects, reducing development time.
  6. Learning Curve:

    • Godot has a slightly steeper learning curve for beginners due to its unique scripting language (GDScript) and its less extensive documentation compared to Unity.
    • Unity, being widely adopted and supported by a large community, has more comprehensive documentation and tutorials available, making it relatively easier for beginners to get started with.

In Summary, Godot and Unity differ in programming language, development environment, multiplatform support, license, asset store, and learning curve. Understanding these differences can help developers choose the right game engine for their specific needs.

Decisions about Godot and Unity
Software Engineer / Game Developer at Norlin Games · | 7 upvotes · 87K views

When I started to learn game development, I've tried to use Unity multiple times because it's the most popular option. But never get it worked because of the clunky UI which is very hard to understand for a new user. After some time, I've decided to try UE4 despite there was a lot of rumors that it's "heavy" or requires an AAA team. And suddenly it clicked, everything works as I expecting, UI is clear and much more powerfull, no need to build custom tools to work on the game itself. Blueprints are very helpful for beginners, C++ has a lot of "syntax-sugar" - macroses, a lot of convenient in-engine types for everything. Later while working with Unreal, I've realized it has very consistent roadmap with constant improvements and adding new features. At the same time, each major version update is painless so you can upgrade your project during development to get new features. UE4 is free to use with the full list of features and you only have to pay royalty after getting your first $1 million from the project (and that's just the default case, you can always discuss custom license with an upfront fee, if you want to).

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Arthur Osipyan
Software Engineer at Value Industry · | 2 upvotes · 84.5K views

I chose Unity over Unreal Engine because Unity has a more user friendly UI for beginners looking to learn game development. Additionally, as someone who uses a lot of online resources to learn new languages and tools, I found a lot of tutorials covering game development with Unity as the core engine. This doesn't mean Unreal is not a great choice for game development, I just personally found learning game development much smoother with the amount of resources available with Unity.

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Pros of Godot
Pros of Unity
  • 11
    Open source
  • 6
    Easy to port
  • 5
    Supports both C++, C# and GDScript
  • 5
  • 5
  • 4
    Avaible on Steam For Free
  • 3
    GDScript is Based On Python
  • 16
    Because it's a powerful engine, you can build anything
  • 14
    C# language
  • 11
    Very Popular
  • 7
    Easy to Use
  • 6
    He Has A Free VErsion
  • 6
    Cross Platform
  • 5
    2nd Game Engine In The World
  • 4
    Good Choise
  • 4
    Very Large Showcase

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Cons of Godot
Cons of Unity
  • 1
    Harder to learn
  • 1
    Performance in 3D
  • 1
    Need opengl 2.1 / 3.3
  • 1
    Somewhat poor 3D performance and lacks automatic LODs
  • 4
    Hard to get started with
  • 4
    Clunky UI
  • 4
    Closed source
  • 3
    No consistency with updates
  • 3
    Requires to build a lot of tools
  • 2
    Gigantic by being 9gb (thats what setup says)

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What is Godot?

It is an advanced, feature-packed, multi-platform 2D and 3D open source game engine. It is developed by hundreds of contributors from all around the world.

What is Unity?

Unity is the ultimate game development platform. Use Unity to build high-quality 3D and 2D games, deploy them across mobile, desktop, VR/AR, consoles or the Web, and connect with loyal and enthusiastic players and customers.

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