Amazon EC2
Amazon EC2

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Amazon EC2 vs Amazon EMR: What are the differences?

Amazon EC2: Scalable, pay-as-you-go compute capacity in the cloud. Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) is a web service that provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud. It is designed to make web-scale computing easier for developers; Amazon EMR: Distribute your data and processing across a Amazon EC2 instances using Hadoop. Amazon EMR is used in a variety of applications, including log analysis, web indexing, data warehousing, machine learning, financial analysis, scientific simulation, and bioinformatics. Customers launch millions of Amazon EMR clusters every year.

Amazon EC2 can be classified as a tool in the "Cloud Hosting" category, while Amazon EMR is grouped under "Big Data as a Service".

Some of the features offered by Amazon EC2 are:

  • Elastic – Amazon EC2 enables you to increase or decrease capacity within minutes, not hours or days. You can commission one, hundreds or even thousands of server instances simultaneously.
  • Completely Controlled – You have complete control of your instances. You have root access to each one, and you can interact with them as you would any machine.
  • Flexible – You have the choice of multiple instance types, operating systems, and software packages. Amazon EC2 allows you to select a configuration of memory, CPU, instance storage, and the boot partition size that is optimal for your choice of operating system and application.

On the other hand, Amazon EMR provides the following key features:

  • Elastic- Amazon EMR enables you to quickly and easily provision as much capacity as you need and add or remove capacity at any time. Deploy multiple clusters or resize a running cluster
  • Low Cost- Amazon EMR is designed to reduce the cost of processing large amounts of data. Some of the features that make it low cost include low hourly pricing, Amazon EC2 Spot integration, Amazon EC2 Reserved Instance integration, elasticity, and Amazon S3 integration.
  • Flexible Data Stores- With Amazon EMR, you can leverage multiple data stores, including Amazon S3, the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS), and Amazon DynamoDB.

"Quick and reliable cloud servers" is the primary reason why developers consider Amazon EC2 over the competitors, whereas "On demand processing power" was stated as the key factor in picking Amazon EMR.

Airbnb, Uber Technologies, and Netflix are some of the popular companies that use Amazon EC2, whereas Amazon EMR is used by Netflix, Medium, and Yelp. Amazon EC2 has a broader approval, being mentioned in 3607 company stacks & 1618 developers stacks; compared to Amazon EMR, which is listed in 95 company stacks and 18 developer stacks.

Decisions about Amazon EC2 and Amazon EMR
Stephen Fox
Stephen Fox
Artificial Intelligence Fellow · | 2 upvotes · 320 views

GCE is much more user friendly than EC2, though Amazon has come a very long way since the early days (pre-2010's). This can be seen in how easy it is to edit the storage attached to an instance in GCE: it's under the instance details and is edited inline. In AWS you have to click the instance > click the storage block device (new screen) > click the edit option (new modal) > resize the volume > confirm (new model) then wait a very long time. Google's is nearly instant.

  • In both cases, the instance much be shut down.

There also the preference between "user burden-of-security" and automatic security: AWS goes for the former, GCE the latter.

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Most bioinformatics shops nowadays are hosting on AWS or Azure, since they have HIPAA tiers and offer enterprise SLA contracts. Meanwhile Heroku hasn't historically supported HIPAA. Rackspace and Google Cloud would be other hosting providers we would consider, but we just don't get requests for them. So, we mostly focus on AWS and Azure support.

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Ookma Kyi
Ookma Kyi
Lead Developer · | 2 upvotes · 235 views

I chose DigitalOcean because their pricing is very fair. Their tech support is very quick to respond to any inquiries you may have. They also have a community of developer who are more then happy to help you with any non-account issues you may have.

The drawbacks of this decision are their managed services can be quite pricey at $15/mo extra for a MySQL database.

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    What is Amazon EC2?

    It is a web service that provides resizable compute capacity in the cloud. It is designed to make web-scale computing easier for developers.

    What is Amazon EMR?

    It is used in a variety of applications, including log analysis, data warehousing, machine learning, financial analysis, scientific simulation, and bioinformatics.
    What companies use Amazon EC2?
    What companies use Amazon EMR?

    Sign up to get full access to all the companiesMake informed product decisions

    What tools integrate with Amazon EC2?
    What tools integrate with Amazon EMR?

    Sign up to get full access to all the tool integrationsMake informed product decisions

    What are some alternatives to Amazon EC2 and Amazon EMR?
    Amazon LightSail
    Everything you need to jumpstart your project on AWS—compute, storage, and networking—for a low, predictable price. Launch a virtual private server with just a few clicks.
    Amazon S3
    Amazon Simple Storage Service provides a fully redundant data storage infrastructure for storing and retrieving any amount of data, at any time, from anywhere on the web
    Amazon EC2 Container Service
    Amazon EC2 Container Service lets you launch and stop container-enabled applications with simple API calls, allows you to query the state of your cluster from a centralized service, and gives you access to many familiar Amazon EC2 features like security groups, EBS volumes and IAM roles.
    Beanstalk
    A single process to commit code, review with the team, and deploy the final result to your customers.
    Microsoft Azure
    Azure is an open and flexible cloud platform that enables you to quickly build, deploy and manage applications across a global network of Microsoft-managed datacenters. You can build applications using any language, tool or framework. And you can integrate your public cloud applications with your existing IT environment.
    See all alternatives
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    How much does Amazon EC2 cost?
    How much does Amazon EMR cost?