What is Codecov?
What is Coveralls?
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What are the cons of using Coveralls?
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We use Codecov because it's a lot better than Coveralls. Both of them provide the useful feature of having nice web-accessible reports of which files have what level of test coverage (though every coverage tool produces reasonably nice HTML in a directory on the local filesystem), and can report on PRs cases where significant new code was added without test coverage.
That said, I'm pretty unhappy with both of them for our use case. The fundamental problem with both of them is that they don't handle the ~1% probability situations with missing data due to networking flakiness well. The reason I think our use case is relevant is that we submit coverage data from multiple jobs (one that runs our frontend test suite and another that runs our backend test suite), and the coverage provider is responsible for combining that data together.
I think the problem is if a test suite runs successfully but due to some operational/networking error between Travis/CircleCI and Codecov the coverage data for part of the codebase doesn't get submitted, Codecov will report a huge coverage drop in a way that is very confusing for our contributors (because they experience it as "why did the coverage drop 12%, all I did was added a test").
We migrated from Coveralls to Codecov because empirically this sort of breakage happened 10x less on Codecov, but it still happens way more often than I'd like.
I wish they put more effort in their retry mechanism and/or providing clearer debugging information (E.g. a big "Missing data" banner) so that one didn't need to be specifically told to ignore Codecov/Coveralls when it reports a giant coverage drop.
Code Coverage is an important metric for us as we aim to deliver regular improvements to our platform.