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HTML5 vs Java: What are the differences?

HTML5: 5th major revision of the core language of the World Wide Web. HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997; Java: A concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, language specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!.

HTML5 and Java can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

"New doctype", "Local storage" and "Canvas" are the key factors why developers consider HTML5; whereas "Great libraries", "Widely used" and "Excellent tooling" are the primary reasons why Java is favored.

9GAG, Asana, and Fitbit are some of the popular companies that use HTML5, whereas Java is used by Airbnb, Uber Technologies, and Spotify. HTML5 has a broader approval, being mentioned in 3136 company stacks & 3374 developers stacks; compared to Java, which is listed in 2378 company stacks and 2633 developer stacks.

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What is HTML5?

HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.

What is Java?

Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
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    What are some alternatives to HTML5 and Java?
    Android SDK
    Android provides a rich application framework that allows you to build innovative apps and games for mobile devices in a Java language environment.
    JavaScript
    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
    WordPress
    The core software is built by hundreds of community volunteers, and when you’re ready for more there are thousands of plugins and themes available to transform your site into almost anything you can imagine. Over 60 million people have chosen WordPress to power the place on the web they call “home” — we’d love you to join the family.
    AngularJS
    AngularJS lets you write client-side web applications as if you had a smarter browser. It lets you use good old HTML (or HAML, Jade and friends!) as your template language and lets you extend HTML’s syntax to express your application’s components clearly and succinctly. It automatically synchronizes data from your UI (view) with your JavaScript objects (model) through 2-way data binding.
    PHP
    Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about HTML5 and Java
    Michael Pfaff
    Michael Pfaff
    CEO & Developer at Pfaff Development · | 3 upvotes · 14K views
    Dart
    Dart
    Java
    Java

    I use Dart because it is a fast, modern language with an intuitive package manager and syntax similar to Java, while less verbose (i.e. public by default, _ in front of a variable, class, etc. to be private). Dart has an excellent asynchronous syntax making asynchronous calls such as filesystem interaction or HTTP requests simple and concise.

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    Clojure
    Clojure
    ClojureScript
    ClojureScript
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Java
    Java
    C#
    C#

    I adopted Clojure and ClojureScript because:

    • it's 1 language, multiple platforms.
    • Simple syntax.
    • Designed to avoid unwanted side effects and bugs.
    • Immutable data-structures.
    • Compact code, very expressive.
    • Source code is data.
    • It has super-flexible macro.
    • Has metadata.
    • Interoperability with JavaScript, Java and C#.
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    Ganesa Vijayakumar
    Ganesa Vijayakumar
    Full Stack Coder | Module Lead · | 15 upvotes · 837.6K views
    Codacy
    Codacy
    SonarQube
    SonarQube
    React
    React
    React Router
    React Router
    React Native
    React Native
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    jQuery
    jQuery
    jQuery UI
    jQuery UI
    jQuery Mobile
    jQuery Mobile
    Bootstrap
    Bootstrap
    Java
    Java
    Node.js
    Node.js
    MySQL
    MySQL
    Hibernate
    Hibernate
    Heroku
    Heroku
    Amazon S3
    Amazon S3
    Amazon RDS
    Amazon RDS
    Solr
    Solr
    Elasticsearch
    Elasticsearch
    Amazon Route 53
    Amazon Route 53
    Microsoft Azure
    Microsoft Azure
    Amazon EC2 Container Service
    Amazon EC2 Container Service
    Apache Maven
    Apache Maven
    Git
    Git
    Docker
    Docker

    I'm planning to create a web application and also a mobile application to provide a very good shopping experience to the end customers. Shortly, my application will be aggregate the product details from difference sources and giving a clear picture to the user that when and where to buy that product with best in Quality and cost.

    I have planned to develop this in many milestones for adding N number of features and I have picked my first part to complete the core part (aggregate the product details from different sources).

    As per my work experience and knowledge, I have chosen the followings stacks to this mission.

    UI: I would like to develop this application using React, React Router and React Native since I'm a little bit familiar on this and also most importantly these will help on developing both web and mobile apps. In addition, I'm gonna use the stacks JavaScript, jQuery, jQuery UI, jQuery Mobile, Bootstrap wherever required.

    Service: I have planned to use Java as the main business layer language as I have 7+ years of experience on this I believe I can do better work using Java than other languages. In addition, I'm thinking to use the stacks Node.js.

    Database and ORM: I'm gonna pick MySQL as DB and Hibernate as ORM since I have a piece of good knowledge and also work experience on this combination.

    Search Engine: I need to deal with a large amount of product data and it's in-detailed info to provide enough details to end user at the same time I need to focus on the performance area too. so I have decided to use Solr as a search engine for product search and suggestions. In addition, I'm thinking to replace Solr by Elasticsearch once explored/reviewed enough about Elasticsearch.

    Host: As of now, my plan to complete the application with decent features first and deploy it in a free hosting environment like Docker and Heroku and then once it is stable then I have planned to use the AWS products Amazon S3, EC2, Amazon RDS and Amazon Route 53. I'm not sure about Microsoft Azure that what is the specialty in it than Heroku and Amazon EC2 Container Service. Anyhow, I will do explore these once again and pick the best suite one for my requirement once I reached this level.

    Build and Repositories: I have decided to choose Apache Maven and Git as these are my favorites and also so popular on respectively build and repositories.

    Additional Utilities :) - I would like to choose Codacy for code review as their Startup plan will be very helpful to this application. I'm already experienced with Google CheckStyle and SonarQube even I'm looking something on Codacy.

    Happy Coding! Suggestions are welcome! :)

    Thanks, Ganesa

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    React
    React
    Redux
    Redux
    FeathersJS
    FeathersJS
    HTML5
    HTML5
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    MongoDB
    MongoDB
    Redis
    Redis
    Socket.IO
    Socket.IO
    ES6
    ES6

    I have always been interested in building a real-time multiplayer game engine that could be massively scalable, and recently I decided to start working on a MMO version of the classic "snake" game. I wanted the entire #Stack to be based on ES6 JavaScript so for the #Backend I chose to use FeathersJS with MongoDB for game/user data storage, Redis for distributed mutex and pub/sub, and Socket.IO for real-time communication. For the #Frontend I used React with Redux.js, the FeathersJS client as well as HTML5 canvas to render the view.

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    Tom Klein
    Tom Klein
    CEO at Gentlent · | 4 upvotes · 42.5K views
    atGentlentGentlent
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Node.js
    Node.js
    PHP
    PHP
    HTML5
    HTML5
    Sass
    Sass
    nginx
    nginx
    React
    React
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL
    Ubuntu
    Ubuntu
    ES6
    ES6
    TypeScript
    TypeScript
    Google Compute Engine
    Google Compute Engine
    Socket.IO
    Socket.IO
    Electron
    Electron
    Python
    Python

    Our most used programming languages are JavaScript / Node.js for it's lightweight and fast use, PHP because everyone knows it, HTML5 because you can't live without it and Sass to write great CSS. Occasionally, we use nginx as a web server and proxy, React for our UX, PostgreSQL as fast relational database, Ubuntu as server OS, ES6 and TypeScript for Node, Google Compute Engine for our infrastructure, and Socket.IO and Electron for specific use cases. We also use Python for some of our backends.

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    Nicolas Theck
    Nicolas Theck
    Student at RocketPlay · | 3 upvotes · 43.4K views
    atRocketPlayRocketPlay
    HTML5
    HTML5
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Vue.js
    Vue.js
    Webpack
    Webpack
    GitLab
    GitLab
    GitLab CI
    GitLab CI
    Ubuntu
    Ubuntu
    npm
    npm
    nginx
    nginx
    CloudFlare
    CloudFlare
    ExpressJS
    ExpressJS
    Sequelize
    Sequelize
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL
    JSON Web Token
    JSON Web Token
    PM2
    PM2
    OVH
    OVH
    Node.js
    Node.js
    Twilio SendGrid
    Twilio SendGrid
    #Frontend
    #Backend
    #Pulsejs
    #Passport
    #Ns

    We use JavaScript in both our #Frontend and #Backend. Front-End wise, we're using tools like Vue.js , Webpack (for dev & building), pulsejs . For delivering the content, we push to GitLab & use GitLab CI (running on our own Ubuntu machine) to install (with npm) our packages, build the app trough Webpack and finally push it to our nginx server via a folder. From there, use accessing the website will get cached content thanks to CloudFlare. Back-End wise, we again use JavaScript with tools such as ExpressJS (http server), Sequelize (database, server running on PostgreSQL ) but also JSON Web Token with passport to authenticate our users. Same process used in front-end is used for back-end, we just copy files to a dist where PM2 watches for any change made to the Node.js app. Traffic doesn't go trough CloudFlare for upload process reasons but our nginx reverse proxy handles the request (which do go trough CloudFlare SSL-wise, since we're using their ns servers with our OVH domain.) Other utils we use are SendGrid for email sending & obviously HTML5 for the base Vue.js app. I hope this article will tell you more about the Tech we use here at RocketPlay :p

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    Labinator Team
    Labinator Team
    at Labinator · | 13 upvotes · 165.7K views
    atLabinatorLabinator