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HTML5 vs Java: What are the differences?

HTML5: 5th major revision of the core language of the World Wide Web. HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997; Java: A concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, language specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!.

HTML5 and Java can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

"New doctype", "Local storage" and "Canvas" are the key factors why developers consider HTML5; whereas "Great libraries", "Widely used" and "Excellent tooling" are the primary reasons why Java is favored.

9GAG, Asana, and Fitbit are some of the popular companies that use HTML5, whereas Java is used by Airbnb, Uber Technologies, and Spotify. HTML5 has a broader approval, being mentioned in 3136 company stacks & 3374 developers stacks; compared to Java, which is listed in 2378 company stacks and 2633 developer stacks.

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What is HTML5?

HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.

What is Java?

Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!

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    What are some alternatives to HTML5 and Java?
    Android SDK
    Android provides a rich application framework that allows you to build innovative apps and games for mobile devices in a Java language environment.
    JavaScript
    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
    WordPress
    The core software is built by hundreds of community volunteers, and when you’re ready for more there are thousands of plugins and themes available to transform your site into almost anything you can imagine. Over 60 million people have chosen WordPress to power the place on the web they call “home” — we’d love you to join the family.
    AngularJS
    AngularJS lets you write client-side web applications as if you had a smarter browser. It lets you use good old HTML (or HAML, Jade and friends!) as your template language and lets you extend HTML’s syntax to express your application’s components clearly and succinctly. It automatically synchronizes data from your UI (view) with your JavaScript objects (model) through 2-way data binding.
    PHP
    Fast, flexible and pragmatic, PHP powers everything from your blog to the most popular websites in the world.
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    Decisions about HTML5 and Java
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    How developers use HTML5 and Java
    Avatar of Brian Fults
    Brian Fults uses JavaJava

    Pretty much everything - Java is reasonably fast, reasonably safe, and reasonably expressive. I wouldn't call it the best at any of those things. The real advantage to me is that the virtual machine is ubiquitous and many people can understand it. Since I have the most experience in this language, it's my tool of choice for most projects.

    I've also been learning JavaFx so that I can build user interfaces without the web. I've started several single-page-application projects that worked, but felt like workarounds or hacks and would be better-served as self-contained applications.

    Avatar of OutSystems
    OutSystems uses HTML5HTML5

    Read more on how to extend the OutSystems UI with HTML here.

    At the user interface level, the platform provides a rich visual editor that allows web interfaces to be composed by dragging and dropping. Instead of purely writing HTML, developers use visual widgets. These widgets are wrapped and are easy to reuse just by dragging and dropping without everyone needing to understand how they are built.

    Avatar of denkbar.io
    denkbar.io uses JavaJava

    Do I really need to explain? Well to me, the most appealing factor in Java besides the unbelievable community and vast array of available libraries, is just the amount of effort that has been put in the modern JVM. Decades of optimization and improvements have lead to a terrific piece of technology. I admire the people contributed to that.

    Avatar of Rajeshkumar T
    Rajeshkumar T uses HTML5HTML5
    • Its used for "Food Ordering System" with Mobile Responsive theme.

    • Custom email template ( Static and dynamic updates)

    • Cart and checkout modules.

    • Banners and ads management.

    • Restaurant listing and website ordering.

    • It support all the mobile browser compatibility.

    Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
    Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) uses JavaJava

    Shouldn't surprise anyone, as minecraft is also java-based. Java is used for much more than just the plugins though. JCVortex (our API) is also served with vert.x (Java) and many of our team-internal tools also originated from java or are still java-applications.

    Avatar of Web Dreams
    Web Dreams uses JavaJava

    The most popular language in the world, definitely every programmer would use the Java language at some point. Frankly, I only use java when it’s a must. I find the language to be a little bit tedious when working with it.

    Avatar of brenoinojosa
    brenoinojosa uses JavaJava

    bytelore.com makes extensive use of Java in its applications. We use Java due to its performance, community and the number of other projects built in the language. We have many projects and libraries built in Java.

    Avatar of Andrew Gatenby
    Andrew Gatenby uses HTML5HTML5

    All of our responsive wireframes that are used to build the front end of our clients' sites are built with HTML 5, so we can ensure the most efficient and up to date experience for their customers.

    Avatar of Eliana Abraham
    Eliana Abraham uses HTML5HTML5

    I mostly just use it when I need to customize something from Bootstrap or *SemanticUI *and when I need to tweak tiny details or get around the limitations of Javascript.

    Avatar of Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt)
    Scrayos UG (haftungsbeschränkt) uses HTML5HTML5

    We exclusively use HTML5 instead of XHTML (or even older) HTML-versions. We like the new unity that HTML5 offers and try to keep our code according to the conventions.

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