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HTML5 vs Ruby: What are the differences?

What is HTML5? 5th major revision of the core language of the World Wide Web. HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.

What is Ruby? A dynamic, interpreted, open source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity. Ruby is a language of careful balance. Its creator, Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto, blended parts of his favorite languages (Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp) to form a new language that balanced functional programming with imperative programming.

HTML5 and Ruby can be primarily classified as "Languages" tools.

"New doctype", "Local storage" and "Canvas" are the key factors why developers consider HTML5; whereas "Programme friendly", "Quick to develop" and "Great community" are the primary reasons why Ruby is favored.

Ruby is an open source tool with 15.9K GitHub stars and 4.23K GitHub forks. Here's a link to Ruby's open source repository on GitHub.

Lyft, 9GAG, and Asana are some of the popular companies that use HTML5, whereas Ruby is used by Instacart, Heroku, and Square. HTML5 has a broader approval, being mentioned in 3136 company stacks & 3374 developers stacks; compared to Ruby, which is listed in 2527 company stacks and 1114 developer stacks.

- No public GitHub repository available -

What is HTML5?

HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997.

What is Ruby?

Ruby is a language of careful balance. Its creator, Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto, blended parts of his favorite languages (Perl, Smalltalk, Eiffel, Ada, and Lisp) to form a new language that balanced functional programming with imperative programming.
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    What are some alternatives to HTML5 and Ruby?
    Android SDK
    Android provides a rich application framework that allows you to build innovative apps and games for mobile devices in a Java language environment.
    JavaScript
    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles.
    WordPress
    The core software is built by hundreds of community volunteers, and when you’re ready for more there are thousands of plugins and themes available to transform your site into almost anything you can imagine. Over 60 million people have chosen WordPress to power the place on the web they call “home” — we’d love you to join the family.
    Java
    Java is a programming language and computing platform first released by Sun Microsystems in 1995. There are lots of applications and websites that will not work unless you have Java installed, and more are created every day. Java is fast, secure, and reliable. From laptops to datacenters, game consoles to scientific supercomputers, cell phones to the Internet, Java is everywhere!
    AngularJS
    AngularJS lets you write client-side web applications as if you had a smarter browser. It lets you use good old HTML (or HAML, Jade and friends!) as your template language and lets you extend HTML’s syntax to express your application’s components clearly and succinctly. It automatically synchronizes data from your UI (view) with your JavaScript objects (model) through 2-way data binding.
    See all alternatives
    Decisions about HTML5 and Ruby
    Jerome Dalbert
    Jerome Dalbert
    Senior Backend Engineer at StackShare · | 5 upvotes · 14.1K views
    atStackShareStackShare
    Markdown
    Markdown
    Ruby
    Ruby
    Rails
    Rails
    #StackDecisionsLaunch

    I needed to make stack decisions accept a subset of Markdown, similarly to sites like Reddit or Stack Overflow.

    I used the redcarpet Ruby gem for parsing, and Rails' sanitize helper made it very easy to only allow certain tags: links, bold, italics, lists, code blocks, paragraphs.

    Problem solved! #StackDecisionsLaunch

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    Jonathan Pugh
    Jonathan Pugh
    Software Engineer / Project Manager / Technical Architect · | 23 upvotes · 748.1K views
    Framework7
    Framework7
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    TypeScript
    TypeScript
    Figma
    Figma
    Visual Studio Code
    Visual Studio Code
    Webpack
    Webpack
    Babel
    Babel
    Ruby
    Ruby
    HTML5
    HTML5
    CouchDB
    CouchDB
    Pouchdb
    Pouchdb
    Font Awesome
    Font Awesome
    Apache Cordova
    Apache Cordova
    CSS 3
    CSS 3
    PhoneGap
    PhoneGap
    #Css
    #CSS3
    #SCSS
    #Sass
    #Less
    #Electron
    #HandleBars
    #Template7
    #Sketch
    #GraphQL
    #HTML5
    #GraphCool

    I needed to choose a full stack of tools for cross platform mobile application design & development. After much research and trying different tools, these are what I came up with that work for me today:

    For the client coding I chose Framework7 because of its performance, easy learning curve, and very well designed, beautiful UI widgets. I think it's perfect for solo development or small teams. I didn't like React Native. It felt heavy to me and rigid. Framework7 allows the use of #CSS3, which I think is the best technology to come out of the #WWW movement. No other tech has been able to allow designers and developers to develop such flexible, high performance, customisable user interface elements that are highly responsive and hardware accelerated before. Now #CSS3 includes variables and flexboxes it is truly a powerful language and there is no longer a need for preprocessors such as #SCSS / #Sass / #less. React Native contains a very limited interpretation of #CSS3 which I found very frustrating after using #CSS3 for some years already and knowing its powerful features. The other very nice feature of Framework7 is that you can even build for the browser if you want your app to be available for desktop web browsers. The latest release also includes the ability to build for #Electron so you can have MacOS, Windows and Linux desktop apps. This is not possible with React Native yet.

    Framework7 runs on top of Apache Cordova. Cordova and webviews have been slated as being slow in the past. Having a game developer background I found the tweeks to make it run as smooth as silk. One of those tweeks is to use WKWebView. Another important one was using srcset on images.

    I use #Template7 for the for the templating system which is a no-nonsense mobile-centric #HandleBars style extensible templating system. It's easy to write custom helpers for, is fast and has a small footprint. I'm not forced into a new paradigm or learning some new syntax. It operates with standard JavaScript, HTML5 and CSS 3. It's written by the developer of Framework7 and so dovetails with it as expected.

    I configured TypeScript to work with the latest version of Framework7. I consider TypeScript to be one of the best creations to come out of Microsoft in some time. They must have an amazing team working on it. It's very powerful and flexible. It helps you catch a lot of bugs and also provides code completion in supporting IDEs. So for my IDE I use Visual Studio Code which is a blazingly fast and silky smooth editor that integrates seamlessly with TypeScript for the ultimate type checking setup (both products are produced by Microsoft).

    I use Webpack and Babel to compile the JavaScript. TypeScript can compile to JavaScript directly but Babel offers a few more options and polyfills so you can use the latest (and even prerelease) JavaScript features today and compile to be backwards compatible with virtually any browser. My favorite recent addition is "optional chaining" which greatly simplifies and increases readability of a number of sections of my code dealing with getting and setting data in nested objects.

    I use some Ruby scripts to process images with ImageMagick and pngquant to optimise for size and even auto insert responsive image code into the HTML5. Ruby is the ultimate cross platform scripting language. Even as your scripts become large, Ruby allows you to refactor your code easily and make it Object Oriented if necessary. I find it the quickest and easiest way to maintain certain aspects of my build process.

    For the user interface design and prototyping I use Figma. Figma has an almost identical user interface to #Sketch but has the added advantage of being cross platform (MacOS and Windows). Its real-time collaboration features are outstanding and I use them a often as I work mostly on remote projects. Clients can collaborate in real-time and see changes I make as I make them. The clickable prototyping features in Figma are also very well designed and mean I can send clickable prototypes to clients to try user interface updates as they are made and get immediate feedback. I'm currently also evaluating the latest version of #AdobeXD as an alternative to Figma as it has the very cool auto-animate feature. It doesn't have real-time collaboration yet, but I heard it is proposed for 2019.

    For the UI icons I use Font Awesome Pro. They have the largest selection and best looking icons you can find on the internet with several variations in styles so you can find most of the icons you want for standard projects.

    For the backend I was using the #GraphCool Framework. As I later found out, #GraphQL still has some way to go in order to provide the full power of a mature graph query language so later in my project I ripped out #GraphCool and replaced it with CouchDB and Pouchdb. Primarily so I could provide good offline app support. CouchDB with Pouchdb is very flexible and efficient combination and overcomes some of the restrictions I found in #GraphQL and hence #GraphCool also. The most impressive and important feature of CouchDB is its replication. You can configure it in various ways for backups, fault tolerance, caching or conditional merging of databases. CouchDB and Pouchdb even supports storing, retrieving and serving binary or image data or other mime types. This removes a level of complexity usually present in database implementations where binary or image data is usually referenced through an #HTML5 link. With CouchDB and Pouchdb apps can operate offline and sync later, very efficiently, when the network connection is good.

    I use PhoneGap when testing the app. It auto-reloads your app when its code is changed and you can also install it on Android phones to preview your app instantly. iOS is a bit more tricky cause of Apple's policies so it's not available on the App Store, but you can build it and install it yourself to your device.

    So that's my latest mobile stack. What tools do you use? Have you tried these ones?

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    AWS Elastic Beanstalk
    AWS Elastic Beanstalk
    Heroku
    Heroku
    Ruby
    Ruby
    Rails
    Rails
    Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL
    Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL
    MariaDB
    MariaDB
    Microsoft SQL Server
    Microsoft SQL Server
    Amazon RDS
    Amazon RDS
    AWS Lambda
    AWS Lambda
    Python
    Python
    Redis
    Redis
    Memcached
    Memcached
    AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
    AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)
    Amazon Elasticsearch Service
    Amazon Elasticsearch Service
    Amazon ElastiCache
    Amazon ElastiCache

    We initially started out with Heroku as our PaaS provider due to a desire to use it by our original developer for our Ruby on Rails application/website at the time. We were finding response times slow, it was painfully slow, sometimes taking 10 seconds to start loading the main page. Moving up to the next "compute" level was going to be very expensive.

    We moved our site over to AWS Elastic Beanstalk , not only did response times on the site practically become instant, our cloud bill for the application was cut in half.

    In database world we are currently using Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL also, we have both MariaDB and Microsoft SQL Server both hosted on Amazon RDS. The plan is to migrate to AWS Aurora Serverless for all 3 of those database systems.

    Additional services we use for our public applications: AWS Lambda, Python, Redis, Memcached, AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB), Amazon Elasticsearch Service, Amazon ElastiCache

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    Jeyabalaji Subramanian
    Jeyabalaji Subramanian
    CTO at FundsCorner · | 21 upvotes · 204.1K views
    atFundsCornerFundsCorner
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    HTML5
    HTML5
    Vue.js
    Vue.js
    Vuetify
    Vuetify
    Amazon Cognito
    Amazon Cognito

    At FundsCorner, when we set out to pick up the front-end tech stack (around Dec 2017), we drove our decision based on the following considerations:

    (1) We were clear that we will NOT have a hybrid app. We will start with Responsive Web & once there is traction, we will rollout our Android App. However, we wanted to ensure that the users have a consistent experience on both the Web & the App. So, the front-end framework must also have a material design component library which we can choose from.

    (2) Before joining FundsCorner as a CTO, I had already worked with Angular. I enjoyed working with Angular, but I felt that I must choose something that will provide us with the fastest time from Concept to Reality.

    (3) I am strong proponent of segregating HTML & JavaScript. I.e. I was not for writing or generating HTML through JavaScript. Because, this will mean that the Front-end developers I have to hire will always be very strong on JavaScript alongside HTML5 & CSS. I was looking for a Framework that was on JavaScript but not HEAVY on JavaScript.

    (3) The first iteration of the web app was to be done by myself. But I was clear that when someone takes up the mantle, they will be able to come up the curve fast.

    In the end, Vue.js and Vuetify satisfied all the above criteria with aplomb! When I did our first POC on Vue.js I could not believe that front-end development could be this fast. The documentation was par excellence and all the required essentials that come along with the Framework (viz. Routing, Store, Validations) etc. were available from the same community! It was also a breeze to integrate with other JavaScript libraries (such as Amazon Cognito).

    By picking Vuetify, we were able to provide a consistent UI experience between our Web App and Native App, besides making the UI development ultra blazing fast!

    In the end, we were able to rollout our Web App in record 6 weeks (that included the end to end Loan Origination flow, Loans management system & Customer engagement module). www.jeyabalaji.com

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    Hampton Catlin
    Hampton Catlin
    VP of Engineering at Rent The Runway · | 9 upvotes · 109.5K views
    atRent the RunwayRent the Runway
    Ruby
    Ruby
    Python
    Python
    Java
    Java

    At our company, and I've noticed a lot of other ones... application developers and dev-ops people tend to use Ruby and our statisticians and data scientists love Python . Like most companies, our stack is kind of split that way. Ruby is used as glue in most of our production systems ( Java being the main backend language), and then all of our data scientists and their various pipelines tend towards Python

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    Omid Farhang
    Omid Farhang
    Sr. Full Stack Developer · | 11 upvotes · 95.4K views
    HTML5
    HTML5
    Bootstrap
    Bootstrap
    gulp
    gulp
    GitHub Pages
    GitHub Pages
    GitHub
    GitHub
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Google Analytics
    Google Analytics

    Developing static sites like a landing page for mobile app or just a personal resume using HTML5 and Bootstrap is a lot fun when you are using build tools like gulp . I made a personal resume using above tools and published them on GitHub Pages. It was fast and easy, Thanks to GitHub for the free service. All the JavaScript codes worked perfectly after being concat and minified and uglified by gulp and running perfectly on GitHub Pages. gulp created sitemap and inserted Google Analytics code into all pages and saved about 30% of images size by compressing them during build.

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    Epistol
    Epistol
    Laravel
    Laravel
    PhpStorm
    PhpStorm
    Google Analytics
    Google Analytics
    Sass
    Sass
    HTML5
    HTML5
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Vue.js
    Vue.js
    Webpack
    Webpack
    Buddy
    Buddy
    nginx
    nginx
    Ubuntu
    Ubuntu
    GitHub
    GitHub
    Git
    Git
    Deployer
    Deployer
    CloudFlare
    CloudFlare
    Let's Encrypt
    Let's Encrypt
    Stripe
    Stripe
    Asana
    Asana
    Bulma
    Bulma
    PHP
    PHP
    #CDG
    CDG

    I use Laravel because it's the most advances PHP framework out there, easy to maintain, easy to upgrade and most of all : easy to get a handle on, and to follow every new technology ! PhpStorm is our main software to code, as of simplicity and full range of tools for a modern application.

    Google Analytics Analytics of course for a tailored analytics, Bulma as an innovative CSS framework, coupled with our Sass (Scss) pre-processor.

    As of more basic stuff, we use HTML5, JavaScript (but with Vue.js too) and Webpack to handle the generation of all this.

    To deploy, we set up Buddy to easily send the updates on our nginx / Ubuntu server, where it will connect to our GitHub Git private repository, pull and do all the operations needed with Deployer .

    CloudFlare ensure the rapidity of distribution of our content, and Let's Encrypt the https certificate that is more than necessary when we'll want to sell some products with our Stripe api calls.

    Asana is here to let us list all the functionalities, possibilities and ideas we want to implement.

    See more
    HTML5
    HTML5
    CSS 3
    CSS 3
    JavaScript
    JavaScript

    I use HTML5 because it's mandatory. Everyone who isn't a programmer should learn this as their first language because you can instantly get visual feedback for what you did. It's also one of the easiest languages to learn as it's just a markup language to display content. Learning this and then CSS 3 and then JavaScript should be the future of what everyone has to learn.

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    React
    React
    Redux
    Redux
    FeathersJS
    FeathersJS
    HTML5
    HTML5
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    MongoDB
    MongoDB
    Redis
    Redis
    Socket.IO
    Socket.IO
    ES6
    ES6

    I have always been interested in building a real-time multiplayer game engine that could be massively scalable, and recently I decided to start working on a MMO version of the classic "snake" game. I wanted the entire #Stack to be based on ES6 JavaScript so for the #Backend I chose to use FeathersJS with MongoDB for game/user data storage, Redis for distributed mutex and pub/sub, and Socket.IO for real-time communication. For the #Frontend I used React with Redux.js, the FeathersJS client as well as HTML5 canvas to render the view.

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    Tom Klein
    Tom Klein
    CEO at Gentlent · | 4 upvotes · 43K views
    atGentlentGentlent
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Node.js
    Node.js
    PHP
    PHP
    HTML5
    HTML5
    Sass
    Sass
    nginx
    nginx
    React
    React
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL
    Ubuntu
    Ubuntu
    ES6
    ES6
    TypeScript
    TypeScript
    Google Compute Engine
    Google Compute Engine
    Socket.IO
    Socket.IO
    Electron
    Electron
    Python
    Python

    Our most used programming languages are JavaScript / Node.js for it's lightweight and fast use, PHP because everyone knows it, HTML5 because you can't live without it and Sass to write great CSS. Occasionally, we use nginx as a web server and proxy, React for our UX, PostgreSQL as fast relational database, Ubuntu as server OS, ES6 and TypeScript for Node, Google Compute Engine for our infrastructure, and Socket.IO and Electron for specific use cases. We also use Python for some of our backends.

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    Nicolas Theck
    Nicolas Theck
    Student at RocketPlay · | 3 upvotes · 44.5K views
    atRocketPlayRocketPlay
    HTML5
    HTML5
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    Vue.js
    Vue.js
    Webpack
    Webpack
    GitLab
    GitLab
    GitLab CI
    GitLab CI
    Ubuntu
    Ubuntu
    npm
    npm
    nginx
    nginx
    CloudFlare
    CloudFlare
    ExpressJS
    ExpressJS
    Sequelize
    Sequelize
    PostgreSQL
    PostgreSQL
    JSON Web Token
    JSON Web Token
    PM2
    PM2
    OVH
    OVH
    Node.js
    Node.js
    Twilio SendGrid
    Twilio SendGrid
    #Frontend
    #Backend
    #Pulsejs
    #Passport
    #Ns

    We use JavaScript in both our #Frontend and #Backend. Front-End wise, we're using tools like Vue.js , Webpack (for dev & building), pulsejs . For delivering the content, we push to GitLab & use GitLab CI (running on our own Ubuntu machine) to install (with npm) our packages, build the app trough Webpack and finally push it to our nginx server via a folder. From there, use accessing the website will get cached content thanks to CloudFlare. Back-End wise, we again use JavaScript with tools such as ExpressJS (http server), Sequelize (database, server running on PostgreSQL ) but also JSON Web Token with passport to authenticate our users. Same process used in front-end is used for back-end, we just copy files to a dist where PM2 watches for any change made to the Node.js app. Traffic doesn't go trough CloudFlare for upload process reasons but our nginx reverse proxy handles the request (which do go trough CloudFlare SSL-wise, since we're using their ns servers with our OVH domain.) Other utils we use are SendGrid for email sending & obviously HTML5 for the base Vue.js app. I hope this article will tell you more about the Tech we use here at RocketPlay :p

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    Labinator Team
    Labinator Team
    at Labinator · | 13 upvotes · 168.9K views
    atLabinatorLabinator
    HTML5
    HTML5
    CSS 3
    CSS 3
    Sass
    Sass
    Vanilla.JS
    Vanilla.JS
    PHP
    PHP
    WordPress
    WordPress
    Sublime Text
    Sublime Text
    Visual Studio Code
    Visual Studio Code
    Manjaro
    Manjaro
    Debian
    Debian

    At labinator.com, we use HTML5, CSS 3, Sass, Vanilla.JS and PHP when building our premium WordPress themes and plugins. When writing our codes, we use Sublime Text and Visual Studio Code depending on the project. We run Manjaro and Debian operating systems in our office. Manjaro is a great desktop operating system for all range of tasks while Debian is a solid choice for servers.

    WordPress became a very popular choice when it comes to content management systems and building websites. It is easy to learn and has a great community behind it. The high number of plugins as well that are available for WordPress allows any user to customize it depending on his/her needs.

    For development, HTML5 with Sass is our go-to choice when building our themes.

    Main Advantages Of Sass:

    • It's CSS syntax friendly
    • It offers variables
    • It uses a nested syntax
    • It includes mixins
    • Great community and online support.
    • Great documentation that is easy to read and follow.

    As for PHP, we always thrive to use PHP 7.3+. After the introduction of PHP 7, the WordPress development process became more stable and reliable than before. If you a developer considering PHP 7.3+ for your project, it would be good to note the following benefits.

    The Benefits Of Using PHP:

    • Open Source.
    • Highly Extendible.
    • Easy to learn and read.
    • Platform independent.
    • Compatible with APACHE.
    • Low development and maintenance cost.
    • Great community and support.
    • Detailed documentation that has everything you need!

    Why PHP 7.3+?

    • Flexible Heredoc & Nowdoc Syntaxes - Two key methods for defining strings within PHP. They also became easier to read and more reliable.
    • A good boost in performance speed which is extremely important when it comes to WordPress development.
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    Tassanai Singprom
    Tassanai Singprom
    JavaScript
    JavaScript
    PHP
    PHP
    HTML5
    HTML5
    jQuery
    jQuery
    Redis
    Redis
    Amazon EC2
    Amazon EC2
    Ubuntu
    Ubuntu
    Sass
    Sass
    Vue.js
    Vue.js
    Firebase
    Firebase
    Laravel
    Laravel
    Lumen
    Lumen
    Amazon RDS
    Amazon RDS
    GraphQL
    GraphQL
    MariaDB
    MariaDB
    Google Analytics
    Google Analytics
    Postman
    Postman
    Elasticsearch
    Elasticsearch
    Git
    Git
    GitHub
    GitHub
    GitLab
    GitLab
    npm
    npm
    Visual Studio Code
    Visual Studio Code
    Kibana
    Kibana
    Sentry
    Sentry
    BrowserStack
    BrowserStack
    Slack
    Slack

    This is my stack in Application & Data

    JavaScript PHP HTML5 jQuery Redis Amazon EC2 Ubuntu Sass Vue.js Firebase Laravel Lumen Amazon RDS GraphQL MariaDB

    My Utilities Tools

    Google Analytics Postman Elasticsearch

    My Devops Tools

    Git GitHub GitLab npm Visual Studio Code Kibana Sentry BrowserStack

    My Business Tools

    Slack

    See more
    Kamil Kowalski
    Kamil Kowalski
    Engineering Manager at Fresha · | 26 upvotes · 139.6K views
    atFresha EngineeringFresha Engineering