Alternatives to Debian logo

Alternatives to Debian

Ubuntu, Fedora, CentOS, Linux Mint, and Arch Linux are the most popular alternatives and competitors to Debian.
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What is Debian and what are its top alternatives?

Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software.
Debian is a tool in the Operating Systems category of a tech stack.
Debian is an open source tool with GitHub stars and GitHub forks. Here’s a link to Debian's open source repository on GitHub

Top Alternatives to Debian

  • Ubuntu

    Ubuntu

    Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers. ...

  • Fedora

    Fedora

    Fedora is a Linux-based operating system that provides users with access to the latest free and open source software, in a stable, secure and easy to manage form. Fedora is the largest of many free software creations of the Fedora Project. Because of its predominance, the word "Fedora" is often used interchangeably to mean both the Fedora Project and the Fedora operating system. ...

  • CentOS

    CentOS

    The CentOS Project is a community-driven free software effort focused on delivering a robust open source ecosystem. For users, we offer a consistent manageable platform that suits a wide variety of deployments. For open source communities, we offer a solid, predictable base to build upon, along with extensive resources to build, test, release, and maintain their code. ...

  • Linux Mint

    Linux Mint

    The purpose of Linux Mint is to produce a modern, elegant and comfortable operating system which is both powerful and easy to use. ...

  • Arch Linux

    Arch Linux

    A lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple.

  • openSUSE

    openSUSE

    The openSUSE project is a worldwide effort that promotes the use of Linux everywhere. openSUSE creates one of the world's best Linux distributions, working together in an open, transparent and friendly manner as part of the worldwide Free and Open Source Software community. ...

  • Linux

    Linux

    A clone of the operating system Unix, written from scratch by Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers across the Net. It aims towards POSIX and Single UNIX Specification compliance. ...

  • Raspbian

    Raspbian

    It is optimized for the Raspberry Pi hardware. It provides more than a pure OS: it comes with over 35,000 packages, pre-compiled software bundled in a nice format for easy installation on your Raspberry Pi. ...

Debian alternatives & related posts

Ubuntu logo

Ubuntu

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36.9K
448
The leading OS for PC, tablet, phone and cloud
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PROS OF UBUNTU
  • 225
    Free to use
  • 97
    Easy setup for testing discord bot
  • 56
    Gateway Linux Distro
  • 53
    Simple interface
  • 7
    Don't need driver installation in most cases
  • 4
    Open Source
  • 3
    Many active communities
  • 2
    Easy to custom
  • 1
    Many flavors/distros based on ubuntu
CONS OF UBUNTU
  • 4
    Demanding system requirements
  • 3
    Adds overhead and unnecessary complexity over Debian

related Ubuntu posts

Tim Abbott
Shared insights
on
Debian
Ubuntu
Fedora
at

We use Debian and its derivative Ubuntu because the apt ecosystem and toolchain for Debian packages is far superior to the yum-based system used by Fedora and RHEL. This is large part due to a huge amount of investment into tools like debhelper/dh over the years by the Debian community. I haven't dealt with RPM in the last couple years, but every experience I've had with RPM is that the RPM tools are slower, have less useful options, and it's more work to package software for them (and one makes more compromises in doing so).

I think everyone has seen the better experience using Ubuntu in the shift of prevalence from RHEL to Ubuntu in what most new companies are deploying on their servers, and I expect that trend to continue as long as Red Hat is using the RPM system (and I don't really see them as having a path to migrate).

The experience with Ubuntu and Debian stable releases is pretty similar: A solid release every 2 years that's supported for a few years. (While Ubuntu in theory releases every 6 months, their non-LTS releases are effectively betas: They're often unstable, only have 9 months of support, etc. I wouldn't recommend them to anyone not actively participating in Ubuntu the development community). Ubuntu has better integration of non-free drivers, which may be important if you have hardware that requires them. But it's also the case that most bugs I experience when using Ubuntu are Ubuntu-specific issues, especially on servers (in part because Ubuntu has a bunch of "cloud management" stuff pre-installed that is definitely a regression if you're not using Canonical's cloud management products).

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John Calandra
Data Manager at The Garrett Group · | 6 upvotes · 66.6K views

There is a question coming... I am using Oracle VirtualBox to spawn 3 Ubuntu Linux virtual machines (VM). VM1 is being used as a data lake - just a place to store flat files. VM2 hosts Apache NiFi. VM3 hosts PostgreSQL. I have built a NiFi pipeline that reads flat files on VM1 and then pipes the data over to and inserts it into the Postgresql database. I left this setup alone for a while, and then something hiccupped on VM3, and I had to rebuild it. Now I cannot make a remote connection to Postgresql on VM3. I was using pgAdmin3 on VM3, but it kept throwing errors - I found out it went end-of-life in 2018 and uninstalled it. pgAdmin4 is out, but for some reason, I cannot get the APT utility to find/install it. I am trying to figure out the pgAdmin4 install problem and looking for a good alternative for pgAdmin4 that I can use to diagnose the remote database connection problem. Does anyone have any suggestions? Thanks in advance.

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Fedora logo

Fedora

337
367
58
Operating system based on the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project
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PROS OF FEDORA
  • 17
    Great for developers
  • 8
    Represents the future of rhel/centos
  • 7
    Good release schedule
  • 6
    Great integration with system tools
  • 5
    Reliable
  • 4
    Fast
  • 3
    Docker integration
  • 2
    Latest packages
  • 1
    Awesome community
  • 1
    Has SeLinux
  • 1
    Complies with International Standard
  • 1
    Python distribution
  • 1
    Updated with Bleeding-edge software
  • 1
    Great for ops teams
CONS OF FEDORA
  • 1
    Bugs get fixed slowly from kernel side
  • 1
    Much less support from Wiki
  • 1
    Boring
  • 1
    Systemd
  • 1
    Less packages in official repository
  • 1
    A bit complicated
  • 0
    Slightly difficult to install for beginners

related Fedora posts

Tim Abbott
Shared insights
on
Debian
Ubuntu
Fedora
at

We use Debian and its derivative Ubuntu because the apt ecosystem and toolchain for Debian packages is far superior to the yum-based system used by Fedora and RHEL. This is large part due to a huge amount of investment into tools like debhelper/dh over the years by the Debian community. I haven't dealt with RPM in the last couple years, but every experience I've had with RPM is that the RPM tools are slower, have less useful options, and it's more work to package software for them (and one makes more compromises in doing so).

I think everyone has seen the better experience using Ubuntu in the shift of prevalence from RHEL to Ubuntu in what most new companies are deploying on their servers, and I expect that trend to continue as long as Red Hat is using the RPM system (and I don't really see them as having a path to migrate).

The experience with Ubuntu and Debian stable releases is pretty similar: A solid release every 2 years that's supported for a few years. (While Ubuntu in theory releases every 6 months, their non-LTS releases are effectively betas: They're often unstable, only have 9 months of support, etc. I wouldn't recommend them to anyone not actively participating in Ubuntu the development community). Ubuntu has better integration of non-free drivers, which may be important if you have hardware that requires them. But it's also the case that most bugs I experience when using Ubuntu are Ubuntu-specific issues, especially on servers (in part because Ubuntu has a bunch of "cloud management" stuff pre-installed that is definitely a regression if you're not using Canonical's cloud management products).

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Marcel Kornegoor

Since #ATComputing is a vendor independent Linux and open source specialist, we do not have a favorite Linux distribution. We mainly use Ubuntu , Centos Debian , Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Fedora during our daily work. These are also the distributions we see most often used in our customers environments.

For our #ci/cd training, we use an open source pipeline that is build around Visual Studio Code , Jenkins , VirtualBox , GitHub , Docker Kubernetes and Google Compute Engine.

For #ServerConfigurationAndAutomation, we have embraced and contributed to Ansible mainly because it is not only flexible and powerful, but also straightforward and easier to learn than some other (open source) solutions. On the other hand: we are not affraid of Puppet Labs and Chef either.

Currently, our most popular #programming #Language course is Python . The reason Python is so popular has to do with it's versatility, but also with its low complexity. This helps sysadmins to write scripts or simple programs to make their job less repetitive and automating things more fun. Python is also widely used to communicate with (REST) API's and for data analysis.

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CentOS logo

CentOS

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The Community ENTerprise Operating System
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PROS OF CENTOS
  • 14
    Stable
  • 7
    Reliable
  • 7
    Free to use
  • 5
    Good support
  • 4
    Has epel packages
  • 3
    Great Community
  • 2
    I've moved from gentoo to centos
  • 1
    好用
CONS OF CENTOS
  • 1
    Yum is a horrible package manager

related CentOS posts

Marcel Kornegoor

Since #ATComputing is a vendor independent Linux and open source specialist, we do not have a favorite Linux distribution. We mainly use Ubuntu , Centos Debian , Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Fedora during our daily work. These are also the distributions we see most often used in our customers environments.

For our #ci/cd training, we use an open source pipeline that is build around Visual Studio Code , Jenkins , VirtualBox , GitHub , Docker Kubernetes and Google Compute Engine.

For #ServerConfigurationAndAutomation, we have embraced and contributed to Ansible mainly because it is not only flexible and powerful, but also straightforward and easier to learn than some other (open source) solutions. On the other hand: we are not affraid of Puppet Labs and Chef either.

Currently, our most popular #programming #Language course is Python . The reason Python is so popular has to do with it's versatility, but also with its low complexity. This helps sysadmins to write scripts or simple programs to make their job less repetitive and automating things more fun. Python is also widely used to communicate with (REST) API's and for data analysis.

See more
Shared insights
on
Ubuntu
OpenStack
CentOS
at

Hello guys

I am confused between choosing CentOS7 or centos8 for OpenStack tripleo undercloud deployment. Which one should I use? There is another option to use OpenStack, Ubuntu, or MicroStack.

We wanted to use this deployment to build our home cloud or private cloud infrastructure. I heard that centOS is always the best choice through a little research, but still not sure. As centos8 from Redhat is not supported for OpenStack tripleo deployments anymore, I had to upgrade to CentosStream.

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Linux Mint logo

Linux Mint

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The most popular desktop Linux distribution and the 3rd most widely used home operating system behind Microsoft Windows...
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+ 1
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PROS OF LINUX MINT
  • 11
    Simple, Fast, Comfort and Easy to Use
  • 10
    Stable
  • 8
    Elegant
  • 7
    Good for beginners
  • 6
    Free to use
CONS OF LINUX MINT
  • 3
    Easy to mess up with a few settings (like the panel)
  • 2
    Security breaches

related Linux Mint posts

Arch Linux logo

Arch Linux

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A lightweight and flexible Linux distribution that tries to Keep It Simple.
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PROS OF ARCH LINUX
  • 13
    Large Community
  • 11
    Package Manager
  • 10
    Customizable
  • 9
    Arch User Repository
  • 9
    Rolling Release
  • 8
    Bleeding Edge
  • 8
    Extensive Documentation
  • 6
    Arch Build System
  • 5
    X86_64 architecture supported
  • 2
    Can fix bugs yourself if you know how to
CONS OF ARCH LINUX
  • 2
    Systemd only
  • 1
    Only X86_64 architecture is offically supported
  • 1
    No Guided Installation
  • 1
    System maintenance
  • 1
    Unstable
  • 1
    Comparatively fewer offically supported packages

related Arch Linux posts

Shared insights
on
Ubuntu
Linux
Arch Linux

I once used Ubuntu as my exclusive Linux distro, but then I decided to switch my primary operating system to Arch Linux.

While more difficult to install, Arch Linux offered more flexibility during the installation process which allowed me to customize my system to fit me perfectly. With Ubuntu, instead of installing everything i did want, I had to remove everything that I didn't need.

See more
Shared insights
on
Kali Linux
Arch Linux
Linux

I do find Linux-based systems to be cool! However, I am confused when it comes to which Linux operating system to use. I cannot make my mind between Arch Linux and Kali Linux. Guys, give me some advice if you would be so kind.

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openSUSE logo

openSUSE

86
118
6
The makers' choice for sysadmins, developers and desktop users
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+ 1
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PROS OF OPENSUSE
  • 2
    Stable
  • 1
    Snapshot
  • 1
    Lightweight for server
  • 1
    Reliable
  • 1
    Rolling release
CONS OF OPENSUSE
    Be the first to leave a con

    related openSUSE posts

    Linux logo

    Linux

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    A family of free and open source software operating systems based on the Linux kernel
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    PROS OF LINUX
    • 11
      Open Source
    • 9
      Free
    • 5
      Reliability
    • 4
      Safe
    CONS OF LINUX
      Be the first to leave a con

      related Linux posts

      Rogério R. Alcântara
      Shared insights
      on
      macOS
      Linux
      Git
      Docker

      Personal Dotfiles management

      Given that they are all “configuration management” tools - meaning they are designed to deploy, configure and manage servers - what would be the simplest - and yet robust - solution to manage personal dotfiles - for n00bs.

      Ideally, I reckon, it should:

      • be containerized (Docker?)
      • be versionable (Git)
      • ensure idempotency
      • allow full automation (tests, CI/CD, etc.)
      • be fully recoverable (Linux/ macOS)
      • be easier to setup/manage (as much as possible)

      Does it make sense?

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      William Miller

      We are developing an AWS IoT app for large boats. The IoT devices have sensors all over the boat for engine oil pressure, position, water depth, fuel level, crew location, etc. When the boat has internet, we interact with AWS cloud using lambda and Amazon DynamoDB. When the boat is offshore, the captain and crew still need normal and emergency alerts and real-time sensor information. The crew might have an Android or IoS phone or a Windows or macOS PC to receive alerts and interact with sensors. We may use the AWS GreenGrasss edge computing solution and either MQTT or HTML for that function.

      Question: We want to develop a cross-platform client to run on Windows, Mac, Android, IOS, and possibly Linux. We are primarily Python programmers, so PyQt or Kivy are options for us, but we have heard good things about React Native, Flutter, Xamarin, and others. We think an AWS Greengrass core on an RPI4 could communicate to the client with MQTT or a local webserver with a client web interface.

      Any thoughts would be much appreciated.

      See more
      Raspbian logo

      Raspbian

      94
      110
      7
      A free operating system based on Debian
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      110
      + 1
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      PROS OF RASPBIAN
      • 6
        Runs well on rpi
      • 1
        Easy to use with little experience
      CONS OF RASPBIAN
      • 3
        Desktop enviroment is unstable

      related Raspbian posts