Alternatives to JSF logo

Alternatives to JSF

AngularJS, Spring MVC, Spring, Vaadin, and HTML5 are the most popular alternatives and competitors to JSF.
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What is JSF and what are its top alternatives?

JavaServer Faces (JSF) is a Java web application framework that simplifies the development of user interfaces for Java EE applications. It provides a component-based architecture, reusable UI components, event-driven programming model, and integration with other Java EE technologies. However, some limitations of JSF include complexity, steep learning curve, and lack of flexibility in certain aspects of UI development.

  1. Spring MVC: Spring MVC is a part of the popular Spring Framework and provides a flexible model-view-controller architecture for building web applications. Key features include powerful data binding, declarative validation, and seamless integration with other Spring technologies. Pros of Spring MVC include ease of testing and a broad community base, while cons include potential configuration overhead.
  2. Vaadin: Vaadin is a Java framework for building modern web applications that allows developers to write server-side Java code for the entire application. Key features include a rich set of UI components, automatic data binding, and simplified communication between client and server. Pros of Vaadin include rapid development and platform independence, while a potential con is a steep learning curve for beginners.
  3. Apache Wicket: Apache Wicket is a component-based web application framework that aims to simplify web development by focusing on reusable components and object-oriented design. Key features include stateful components, ease of unit testing, and minimal configuration. Pros of Apache Wicket include strong type safety and scalability, while cons include complex URL handling.
  4. Play Framework: Play Framework is a reactive web framework for building modern web applications using Java or Scala. Key features include hot reloading, asynchronous programming, and lightweight architecture. Pros of Play Framework include high performance and developer productivity, while a potential con is a learning curve for beginners.
  5. Thymeleaf: Thymeleaf is a modern server-side Java template engine for web and standalone environments that focuses on natural templates and intuitive expressions. Key features include natural templating, integration with Spring Framework, and powerful expression language. Pros of Thymeleaf include easy integration with existing codebases and good performance, while a con is its limited support for complex UI interactions.
  6. Spark: Spark is a simple and expressive web framework for Java that aims to enable rapid development of web applications with minimal effort. Key features include a lightweight framework, easy routing, and template engine support. Pros of Spark include simplicity and ease of use, while a potential con is its limited built-in features compared to other frameworks.
  7. Dropwizard: Dropwizard is a Java framework for building RESTful web services with production-ready features out of the box. Key features include integrated metrics, health checks, and configuration management. Pros of Dropwizard include rapid development of RESTful services and operational excellence, while cons include potential constraints on architectural choices.
  8. GWT (Google Web Toolkit): GWT is an open-source set of tools that allows developers to write client-side Java code and compile it to highly optimized JavaScript. Key features include high-performance AJAX applications, reusable UI components, and easy debugging. Pros of GWT include strong Java development tools and platform independence, while cons include potential limitations in performance optimization.
  9. Vert.x: Vert.x is a reactive toolkit that allows developers to build high-performance, event-driven applications on the JVM. Key features include event bus communication, polyglot development support, and scalable architecture. Pros of Vert.x include low latency and high throughput, while a potential con is the need for appropriate expertise in reactive programming concepts.
  10. Ratpack: Ratpack is a set of Java libraries for building modern, asynchronous web applications with a focus on simplicity and performance. Key features include asynchronous I/O, functional APIs, and lightweight architecture. Pros of Ratpack include high performance and scalability, while a con could be a learning curve for developers new to asynchronous programming paradigms.

Top Alternatives to JSF

  • AngularJS
    AngularJS

    AngularJS lets you write client-side web applications as if you had a smarter browser. It lets you use good old HTML (or HAML, Jade and friends!) as your template language and lets you extend HTML’s syntax to express your application’s components clearly and succinctly. It automatically synchronizes data from your UI (view) with your JavaScript objects (model) through 2-way data binding. ...

  • Spring MVC
    Spring MVC

    A Java framework that follows the Model-View-Controller design pattern and provides an elegant solution to use MVC in spring framework by the help of DispatcherServlet. ...

  • Spring
    Spring

    A key element of Spring is infrastructural support at the application level: Spring focuses on the "plumbing" of enterprise applications so that teams can focus on application-level business logic, without unnecessary ties to specific deployment environments. ...

  • Vaadin
    Vaadin

    It is the fastest way to build web applications in Java. It automates the communication between your server and the browser and gives you a high-level component API for all Vaadin components ...

  • HTML5
    HTML5

    HTML5 is a core technology markup language of the Internet used for structuring and presenting content for the World Wide Web. As of October 2014 this is the final and complete fifth revision of the HTML standard of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The previous version, HTML 4, was standardised in 1997. ...

  • JavaFX
    JavaFX

    It is a set of graphics and media packages that enables developers to design, create, test, debug, and deploy rich client applications that operate consistently across diverse platforms. ...

  • PrimeFaces
    PrimeFaces

    It is a popular open source framework for JavaServer Faces featuring over 100 components, touch optimized mobilekit, client side validation, theme engine and more. ...

  • React
    React

    Lots of people use React as the V in MVC. Since React makes no assumptions about the rest of your technology stack, it's easy to try it out on a small feature in an existing project. ...

JSF alternatives & related posts

AngularJS logo

AngularJS

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Superheroic JavaScript MVW Framework
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    Restful
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    Backed by google
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    Two-way data binding
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    Javascript
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    Open source
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    Dependency injection
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    Readable
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    Fast
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    Directives
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    Great community
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    Free
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    Extend html vocabulary
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    Components
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    Easy to test
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    Easy to learn
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    Easy to templates
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    Great documentation
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    Easy to start
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    Awesome
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    Light weight
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    Angular 2.0
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    Efficient
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    Javascript mvw framework
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    Great extensions
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    Easy to prototype with
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    High performance
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    Coffeescript
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    Two-way binding
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    Lots of community modules
  • 8
    Mvc
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    Easy to e2e
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    Clean and keeps code readable
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    One of the best frameworks
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    Easy for small applications
  • 5
    Works great with jquery
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    Fast development
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    I do not touch DOM
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    The two-way Data Binding is awesome
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    Hierarchical Data Structure
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    Be a developer, not a plumber.
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    Declarative programming
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    Typescript
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    Dart
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    Community
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    Fkin awesome
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    Opinionated in the right areas
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    Supports api , easy development
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    Common Place
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    Very very useful and fast framework for development
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    Linear learning curve
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    Great
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    Amazing community support
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    Readable code
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    Programming fun again
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    The powerful of binding, routing and controlling routes
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    Scopes
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    Consistency with backend architecture if using Nest
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    Fk react, all my homies hate react
CONS OF ANGULARJS
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    Complex
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    Event Listener Overload
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    Dependency injection
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    Hard to learn
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    Learning Curve

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Simon Reymann
Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 27 upvotes · 4.8M views

Our whole Node.js backend stack consists of the following tools:

  • Lerna as a tool for multi package and multi repository management
  • npm as package manager
  • NestJS as Node.js framework
  • TypeScript as programming language
  • ExpressJS as web server
  • Swagger UI for visualizing and interacting with the API’s resources
  • Postman as a tool for API development
  • TypeORM as object relational mapping layer
  • JSON Web Token for access token management

The main reason we have chosen Node.js over PHP is related to the following artifacts:

  • Made for the web and widely in use: Node.js is a software platform for developing server-side network services. Well-known projects that rely on Node.js include the blogging software Ghost, the project management tool Trello and the operating system WebOS. Node.js requires the JavaScript runtime environment V8, which was specially developed by Google for the popular Chrome browser. This guarantees a very resource-saving architecture, which qualifies Node.js especially for the operation of a web server. Ryan Dahl, the developer of Node.js, released the first stable version on May 27, 2009. He developed Node.js out of dissatisfaction with the possibilities that JavaScript offered at the time. The basic functionality of Node.js has been mapped with JavaScript since the first version, which can be expanded with a large number of different modules. The current package managers (npm or Yarn) for Node.js know more than 1,000,000 of these modules.
  • Fast server-side solutions: Node.js adopts the JavaScript "event-loop" to create non-blocking I/O applications that conveniently serve simultaneous events. With the standard available asynchronous processing within JavaScript/TypeScript, highly scalable, server-side solutions can be realized. The efficient use of the CPU and the RAM is maximized and more simultaneous requests can be processed than with conventional multi-thread servers.
  • A language along the entire stack: Widely used frameworks such as React or AngularJS or Vue.js, which we prefer, are written in JavaScript/TypeScript. If Node.js is now used on the server side, you can use all the advantages of a uniform script language throughout the entire application development. The same language in the back- and frontend simplifies the maintenance of the application and also the coordination within the development team.
  • Flexibility: Node.js sets very few strict dependencies, rules and guidelines and thus grants a high degree of flexibility in application development. There are no strict conventions so that the appropriate architecture, design structures, modules and features can be freely selected for the development.
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Simon Reymann
Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 23 upvotes · 4.8M views

Our whole Vue.js frontend stack (incl. SSR) consists of the following tools:

  • Nuxt.js consisting of Vue CLI, Vue Router, vuex, Webpack and Sass (Bundler for HTML5, CSS 3), Babel (Transpiler for JavaScript),
  • Vue Styleguidist as our style guide and pool of developed Vue.js components
  • Vuetify as Material Component Framework (for fast app development)
  • TypeScript as programming language
  • Apollo / GraphQL (incl. GraphiQL) for data access layer (https://apollo.vuejs.org/)
  • ESLint, TSLint and Prettier for coding style and code analyzes
  • Jest as testing framework
  • Google Fonts and Font Awesome for typography and icon toolkit
  • NativeScript-Vue for mobile development

The main reason we have chosen Vue.js over React and AngularJS is related to the following artifacts:

  • Empowered HTML. Vue.js has many similar approaches with Angular. This helps to optimize HTML blocks handling with the use of different components.
  • Detailed documentation. Vue.js has very good documentation which can fasten learning curve for developers.
  • Adaptability. It provides a rapid switching period from other frameworks. It has similarities with Angular and React in terms of design and architecture.
  • Awesome integration. Vue.js can be used for both building single-page applications and more difficult web interfaces of apps. Smaller interactive parts can be easily integrated into the existing infrastructure with no negative effect on the entire system.
  • Large scaling. Vue.js can help to develop pretty large reusable templates.
  • Tiny size. Vue.js weights around 20KB keeping its speed and flexibility. It allows reaching much better performance in comparison to other frameworks.
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Spring MVC logo

Spring MVC

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A Java framework which is used to build web applications
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PROS OF SPRING MVC
    Be the first to leave a pro
    CONS OF SPRING MVC
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      Lead Software Engineer at EDIFECS · | 1 upvote · 303.8K views

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      We built our customer facing portal application using Angular frontend backed by Spring boot.

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      Spring logo

      Spring

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        Java
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        Great community
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        Very powerful
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        Lot of great subprojects
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        Easy setup
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        Convention , configuration, done
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        Standard
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        Love the logic
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        Good documentation
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        Dependency injection
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        Stability
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        MVC
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        Easy
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        Makes the hard stuff fun & the easy stuff automatic
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        Strong typing
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        Code maintenance
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        Best practices
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        Maven
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        Great Desgin
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        Easy Integration with Spring Security
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        Integrations with most other Java frameworks
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        Java has more support and more libraries
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        Supports vast databases
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        Large ecosystem with seamless integration
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        OracleDb integration
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        Live project
      CONS OF SPRING
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        Draws you into its own ecosystem and bloat
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        Verbose configuration
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        Poor documentation
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        Java
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        Java is more verbose language in compare to python

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      Is learning Spring and Spring Boot for web apps back-end development is still relevant in 2021? Feel free to share your views with comparison to Django/Node.js/ ExpressJS or other frameworks.

      Please share some good beginner resources to start learning about spring/spring boot framework to build the web apps.

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      I am consulting for a company that wants to move its current CubeCart e-commerce site to another PHP based platform like PrestaShop or Magento. I was interested in alternatives that utilize Node.js as the primary platform. I currently don't know PHP, but I have done full stack dev with Java, Spring, Thymeleaf, etc.. I am just unsure that learning a set of technologies not commonly used makes sense. For example, in PrestaShop, I would need to work with JavaScript better and learn PHP, Twig, and Bootstrap. It seems more cumbersome than a Node JS system, where the language syntax stays the same for the full stack. I am looking for thoughts and advice on the relevance of PHP skillset into the future AND whether the Node based e-commerce open source options can compete with Magento or Prestashop.

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      Vaadin logo

      Vaadin

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      Components and tools for building web apps in Java
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      PROS OF VAADIN
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        Java
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        Compatibility
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        Open Source
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        Components
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        Performance
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        Abstraction
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        Example packages
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      CONS OF VAADIN
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      HTML5 logo

      HTML5

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        Geolocation
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        Form autofocus
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        Email inputs
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        Editable content
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        Application caches
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        Easy to use
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        Cleaner Code
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        Easy
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        Semantical
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        Better
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        Audio element
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        Modern
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        Websockets
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        Semantic Header and Footer, Geolocation, New Doctype
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        Content focused
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        Compatible
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        Portability
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        Very easy to learning to HTML
      CONS OF HTML5
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      Jonathan Pugh
      Software Engineer / Project Manager / Technical Architect · | 25 upvotes · 3M views

      I needed to choose a full stack of tools for cross platform mobile application design & development. After much research and trying different tools, these are what I came up with that work for me today:

      For the client coding I chose Framework7 because of its performance, easy learning curve, and very well designed, beautiful UI widgets. I think it's perfect for solo development or small teams. I didn't like React Native. It felt heavy to me and rigid. Framework7 allows the use of #CSS3, which I think is the best technology to come out of the #WWW movement. No other tech has been able to allow designers and developers to develop such flexible, high performance, customisable user interface elements that are highly responsive and hardware accelerated before. Now #CSS3 includes variables and flexboxes it is truly a powerful language and there is no longer a need for preprocessors such as #SCSS / #Sass / #less. React Native contains a very limited interpretation of #CSS3 which I found very frustrating after using #CSS3 for some years already and knowing its powerful features. The other very nice feature of Framework7 is that you can even build for the browser if you want your app to be available for desktop web browsers. The latest release also includes the ability to build for #Electron so you can have MacOS, Windows and Linux desktop apps. This is not possible with React Native yet.

      Framework7 runs on top of Apache Cordova. Cordova and webviews have been slated as being slow in the past. Having a game developer background I found the tweeks to make it run as smooth as silk. One of those tweeks is to use WKWebView. Another important one was using srcset on images.

      I use #Template7 for the for the templating system which is a no-nonsense mobile-centric #HandleBars style extensible templating system. It's easy to write custom helpers for, is fast and has a small footprint. I'm not forced into a new paradigm or learning some new syntax. It operates with standard JavaScript, HTML5 and CSS 3. It's written by the developer of Framework7 and so dovetails with it as expected.

      I configured TypeScript to work with the latest version of Framework7. I consider TypeScript to be one of the best creations to come out of Microsoft in some time. They must have an amazing team working on it. It's very powerful and flexible. It helps you catch a lot of bugs and also provides code completion in supporting IDEs. So for my IDE I use Visual Studio Code which is a blazingly fast and silky smooth editor that integrates seamlessly with TypeScript for the ultimate type checking setup (both products are produced by Microsoft).

      I use Webpack and Babel to compile the JavaScript. TypeScript can compile to JavaScript directly but Babel offers a few more options and polyfills so you can use the latest (and even prerelease) JavaScript features today and compile to be backwards compatible with virtually any browser. My favorite recent addition is "optional chaining" which greatly simplifies and increases readability of a number of sections of my code dealing with getting and setting data in nested objects.

      I use some Ruby scripts to process images with ImageMagick and pngquant to optimise for size and even auto insert responsive image code into the HTML5. Ruby is the ultimate cross platform scripting language. Even as your scripts become large, Ruby allows you to refactor your code easily and make it Object Oriented if necessary. I find it the quickest and easiest way to maintain certain aspects of my build process.

      For the user interface design and prototyping I use Figma. Figma has an almost identical user interface to #Sketch but has the added advantage of being cross platform (MacOS and Windows). Its real-time collaboration features are outstanding and I use them a often as I work mostly on remote projects. Clients can collaborate in real-time and see changes I make as I make them. The clickable prototyping features in Figma are also very well designed and mean I can send clickable prototypes to clients to try user interface updates as they are made and get immediate feedback. I'm currently also evaluating the latest version of #AdobeXD as an alternative to Figma as it has the very cool auto-animate feature. It doesn't have real-time collaboration yet, but I heard it is proposed for 2019.

      For the UI icons I use Font Awesome Pro. They have the largest selection and best looking icons you can find on the internet with several variations in styles so you can find most of the icons you want for standard projects.

      For the backend I was using the #GraphCool Framework. As I later found out, #GraphQL still has some way to go in order to provide the full power of a mature graph query language so later in my project I ripped out #GraphCool and replaced it with CouchDB and Pouchdb. Primarily so I could provide good offline app support. CouchDB with Pouchdb is very flexible and efficient combination and overcomes some of the restrictions I found in #GraphQL and hence #GraphCool also. The most impressive and important feature of CouchDB is its replication. You can configure it in various ways for backups, fault tolerance, caching or conditional merging of databases. CouchDB and Pouchdb even supports storing, retrieving and serving binary or image data or other mime types. This removes a level of complexity usually present in database implementations where binary or image data is usually referenced through an #HTML5 link. With CouchDB and Pouchdb apps can operate offline and sync later, very efficiently, when the network connection is good.

      I use PhoneGap when testing the app. It auto-reloads your app when its code is changed and you can also install it on Android phones to preview your app instantly. iOS is a bit more tricky cause of Apple's policies so it's not available on the App Store, but you can build it and install it yourself to your device.

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      JavaFX logo

      JavaFX

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      A Java library for building Rich Internet Applications
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      PrimeFaces logo

      PrimeFaces

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      PROS OF PRIMEFACES
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        Support Contract available
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        Nice Components
      CONS OF PRIMEFACES
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        JSF
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      React logo

      React

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        Simplicity
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        Composable
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        Data flow
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        Declarative
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        Isn't an mvc framework
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        Reactive updates
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        Explicit app state
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        JSX
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        Learn once, write everywhere
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        Easy to Use
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        Uni-directional data flow
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        Works great with Flux Architecture
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        Great perfomance
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        Javascript
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        Built by Facebook
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        TypeScript support
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        Speed
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        Server Side Rendering
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        Feels like the 90s
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        Excellent Documentation
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        Props
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        Functional
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        Easy as Lego
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        Closer to standard JavaScript and HTML than others
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        Cross-platform
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        Easy to start
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        Hooks
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        Awesome
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        Scalable
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        Super easy
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        Allows creating single page applications
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        Server side views
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        Sdfsdfsdf
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        Start simple
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        Strong Community
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        Fancy third party tools
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        Scales super well
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        Has arrow functions
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        Beautiful and Neat Component Management
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        Just the View of MVC
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        Simple, easy to reason about and makes you productive
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        Fast evolving
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        SSR
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        Great migration pathway for older systems
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        Rich ecosystem
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        Simple
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        Has functional components
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        Every decision architecture wise makes sense
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        Very gentle learning curve
      • 2
        Split your UI into components with one true state
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        Recharts
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        Permissively-licensed
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        Fragments
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        Sharable
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        Image upload
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        HTML-like
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        React hooks
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        Datatables
      CONS OF REACT
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        Requires discipline to keep architecture organized
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        No predefined way to structure your app
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        Need to be familiar with lots of third party packages
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        JSX
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        Not enterprise friendly
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        One-way binding only
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        State consistency with backend neglected
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        Bad Documentation
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        Error boundary is needed
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        Paradigms change too fast

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      I built out my application using tools I was familiar with, React for the framework, Redux.js to manage my state across components, and styled-components for the styling.

      Now as this was a project I was just working on in my free time for fun I didn't really want to pay for hosting. I did some research and I found Netlify. I had actually seen them at #ReactRally the year before and deployed a Gatsby site to Netlify already.

      Netlify was very easy to setup and link to my GitHub account you select a repo and pretty much with very little configuration you have a live site that will deploy every time you push to master.

      With the selection of these tools I was able to build out my application, connect it to a realtime database, and deploy to a live environment all with $0 spent.

      If you're looking to build out a small app I suggest giving these tools a go as you can get your idea out into the real world for absolutely no cost.

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      Zach Holman

      Oof. I have truly hated JavaScript for a long time. Like, for over twenty years now. Like, since the Clinton administration. It's always been a nightmare to deal with all of the aspects of that silly language.

      But wowza, things have changed. Tooling is just way, way better. I'm primarily web-oriented, and using React and Apollo together the past few years really opened my eyes to building rich apps. And I deeply apologize for using the phrase rich apps; I don't think I've ever said such Enterprisey words before.

      But yeah, things are different now. I still love Rails, and still use it for a lot of apps I build. But it's that silly rich apps phrase that's the problem. Users have way more comprehensive expectations than they did even five years ago, and the JS community does a good job at building tools and tech that tackle the problems of making heavy, complicated UI and frontend work.

      Obviously there's a lot of things happening here, so just saying "JavaScript isn't terrible" might encompass a huge amount of libraries and frameworks. But if you're like me, yeah, give things another shot- I'm somehow not hating on JavaScript anymore and... gulp... I kinda love it.

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