Alternatives to Sketch logo

Alternatives to Sketch

Adobe XD, Framer, InVision, Figma, and Balsamiq are the most popular alternatives and competitors to Sketch.
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What is Sketch and what are its top alternatives?

Easily create complex shapes with our state-of-the-art vector boolean operations and take advantage of our extensive layer styles.
Sketch is a tool in the Graphic Design category of a tech stack.

Top Alternatives to Sketch

  • Adobe XD
    Adobe XD

    A vector-based tool developed and published by Adobe Inc for designing and prototyping user experience for web and mobile apps. ...

  • Framer
    Framer

    Framer is a JavaScript framework that makes creating realistic prototypes a breeze – complete with filters, spring physics and full 3D effects. Framer Generator is a desktop app that imports the resources and folder hierarchy from Photoshop files (Sketch coming soon). Import your design and immediately start to add interaction and animation. ...

  • InVision
    InVision

    InVision lets you create stunningly realistic interactive wireframes and prototypes without compromising your creative vision. ...

  • Figma
    Figma

    Figma is the first interface design tool with real-time collaboration. It keeps everyone on the same page. Focus on the work instead of fighting your tools. ...

  • Balsamiq
    Balsamiq

    Balsamiq Mockups is a web tool that allows users to mock up different designs and ideas quickly and easily. Balsamic Mockups is similar to drawing mockups, but it is digital ...

  • Affinity Designer
    Affinity Designer

    No bloat, no gimmicks, just all the tools you need, implemented how you always dreamed. It is a stripped back, pro-end workhorse that will always get your job done. It was created to thrive on the electric pace of the latest computing hardware. Live, responsive and incredibly fluid, it’s simply a joy to use. ...

  • JavaScript
    JavaScript

    JavaScript is most known as the scripting language for Web pages, but used in many non-browser environments as well such as node.js or Apache CouchDB. It is a prototype-based, multi-paradigm scripting language that is dynamic,and supports object-oriented, imperative, and functional programming styles. ...

  • Git
    Git

    Git is a free and open source distributed version control system designed to handle everything from small to very large projects with speed and efficiency. ...

Sketch alternatives & related posts

Adobe XD logo

Adobe XD

1.3K
934
55
UX/UI design and collaboration tool
1.3K
934
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55
PROS OF ADOBE XD
  • 15
    Free
  • 9
    Interactive Prototypes
  • 8
    Reusable elements/components
  • 8
    Clean Design
  • 8
    Vector
  • 5
    Imports Sketch files
  • 1
    Repeat Grid
  • 1
    Import Adobe files
CONS OF ADOBE XD
  • 6
    No dark theme

related Adobe XD posts

Howard Kiewe
Senior Director of UX at ValGenesis · | 6 upvotes · 35.3K views

Our UX designers currently use Adobe XD and we are considering moving to UXPin with Merge. Our UI developers are transitioning to React and perhaps React Native, so I'm intrigued by UXPin/Merge abilities to leverage React components, both for improved design fidelity and easier integration with production components. If you use or have evaluated UXPin and/or Merge, I'm interested to know your observations on UXPin/Merge as a design tool compared to any alternative, as well as to what extent Merge delivers on its promise of seamless integration between designers and front-end developers.

See more
Nadia Matveyeva
UI Designer at freelancer · | 5 upvotes · 150.6K views
Shared insights
on
InVisionInVisionAdobe XDAdobe XD

I am working on a project for a client, I need to provide them with ideas and prototypes. They all have Adobe XD, but not InVision - I am the only one who will have that if purchased. I am trying to decide what would be the best tool to hand off the work to a developer who in terms will be working in PySide (Qt related) or Tkinter. Is there any benefits to me or the developer to work in Adobe XD or InVision. I am just trying to use the best tool to get the job done between the two.

Thank you in advance! Nadia

See more
Framer logo

Framer

341
484
32
Turn static mockups into prototypes with animation & interaction
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484
+ 1
32
PROS OF FRAMER
  • 18
    Great for prototyping
  • 6
    Free
  • 5
    Fast idea validation
  • 3
    Integrates right with Photoshop
CONS OF FRAMER
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    related Framer posts

    InVision logo

    InVision

    8.4K
    5.7K
    617
    Prototyping & Collaboration For Design Teams
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    PROS OF INVISION
    • 158
      Collaborative
    • 128
      Simple
    • 95
      Pretty
    • 79
      Quick
    • 45
      Works with lots of devices
    • 33
      Free
    • 29
      Cool for remote team prototyping
    • 17
      It revolutionized the way I share work with clients
    • 10
      Legendary customer support
    • 8
      Dropbox Integration
    • 3
      Easy
    • 3
      Collaboration
    • 2
      Rapid Prototyping
    • 2
      LiveShare
    • 1
      Annotation
    • 1
      They are always improving the product suite
    • 1
      Beautiful UI
    • 1
      Brings mockups to life
    • 1
      Allows for a comprehensive workflow
    CONS OF INVISION
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      related InVision posts

      Priit Kaasik
      CTO at Katana Cloud Inventory · | 8 upvotes · 570.5K views

      How we ended up choosing Confluence as our internal web / wiki / documentation platform at Katana.

      It happened because we chose Bitbucket over GitHub . We had Katana's first hackaton to assemble and test product engineering platform. It turned out that at that time you could have Bitbucket's private repositories and a team of five people for free - Done!

      This decision led us to using Bitbucket pipelines for CI, Jira for Kanban, and finally, Confluence. We also use Microsoft Office 365 and started with using OneNote, but SharePoint is still a nightmare product to use to collaborate, so OneNote had to go.

      Now, when thinking of the key value of Confluence to Katana then it is Product Requirements Management. We use Page Properties macros, integrations (with Slack , InVision, Sketch etc.) to manage Product Roadmap, flash out Epic and User Stories.

      We ended up with using Confluence because it is the best fit for our current engineering ecosystem.

      See more
      Nadia Matveyeva
      UI Designer at freelancer · | 5 upvotes · 150.6K views
      Shared insights
      on
      InVisionInVisionAdobe XDAdobe XD

      I am working on a project for a client, I need to provide them with ideas and prototypes. They all have Adobe XD, but not InVision - I am the only one who will have that if purchased. I am trying to decide what would be the best tool to hand off the work to a developer who in terms will be working in PySide (Qt related) or Tkinter. Is there any benefits to me or the developer to work in Adobe XD or InVision. I am just trying to use the best tool to get the job done between the two.

      Thank you in advance! Nadia

      See more
      Figma logo

      Figma

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      The collaborative interface design tool.
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      PROS OF FIGMA
      • 18
        Web-based application
      • 10
        Intuitive interface and perfect collaboration
      • 8
        Free software
      • 7
        Works on both Mac and Windows
      • 7
        Highly Collaborative
      • 6
        Great plugins, easy to extend
      • 5
        Works on multiple OS's
      • 5
        Imports Sketch files
      • 5
        Large community, tutorials, documentation
      • 5
        Hands done the best design tool for collaboration!
      • 4
        Prototyping, design files and comments all in one place
      • 4
        Interactive, event-based prototypes
      • 3
        No more syncing between Sketch and InVision
      CONS OF FIGMA
      • 6
        Limited Export options

      related Figma posts

      Jonathan Pugh
      Software Engineer / Project Manager / Technical Architect · | 25 upvotes · 3M views

      I needed to choose a full stack of tools for cross platform mobile application design & development. After much research and trying different tools, these are what I came up with that work for me today:

      For the client coding I chose Framework7 because of its performance, easy learning curve, and very well designed, beautiful UI widgets. I think it's perfect for solo development or small teams. I didn't like React Native. It felt heavy to me and rigid. Framework7 allows the use of #CSS3, which I think is the best technology to come out of the #WWW movement. No other tech has been able to allow designers and developers to develop such flexible, high performance, customisable user interface elements that are highly responsive and hardware accelerated before. Now #CSS3 includes variables and flexboxes it is truly a powerful language and there is no longer a need for preprocessors such as #SCSS / #Sass / #less. React Native contains a very limited interpretation of #CSS3 which I found very frustrating after using #CSS3 for some years already and knowing its powerful features. The other very nice feature of Framework7 is that you can even build for the browser if you want your app to be available for desktop web browsers. The latest release also includes the ability to build for #Electron so you can have MacOS, Windows and Linux desktop apps. This is not possible with React Native yet.

      Framework7 runs on top of Apache Cordova. Cordova and webviews have been slated as being slow in the past. Having a game developer background I found the tweeks to make it run as smooth as silk. One of those tweeks is to use WKWebView. Another important one was using srcset on images.

      I use #Template7 for the for the templating system which is a no-nonsense mobile-centric #HandleBars style extensible templating system. It's easy to write custom helpers for, is fast and has a small footprint. I'm not forced into a new paradigm or learning some new syntax. It operates with standard JavaScript, HTML5 and CSS 3. It's written by the developer of Framework7 and so dovetails with it as expected.

      I configured TypeScript to work with the latest version of Framework7. I consider TypeScript to be one of the best creations to come out of Microsoft in some time. They must have an amazing team working on it. It's very powerful and flexible. It helps you catch a lot of bugs and also provides code completion in supporting IDEs. So for my IDE I use Visual Studio Code which is a blazingly fast and silky smooth editor that integrates seamlessly with TypeScript for the ultimate type checking setup (both products are produced by Microsoft).

      I use Webpack and Babel to compile the JavaScript. TypeScript can compile to JavaScript directly but Babel offers a few more options and polyfills so you can use the latest (and even prerelease) JavaScript features today and compile to be backwards compatible with virtually any browser. My favorite recent addition is "optional chaining" which greatly simplifies and increases readability of a number of sections of my code dealing with getting and setting data in nested objects.

      I use some Ruby scripts to process images with ImageMagick and pngquant to optimise for size and even auto insert responsive image code into the HTML5. Ruby is the ultimate cross platform scripting language. Even as your scripts become large, Ruby allows you to refactor your code easily and make it Object Oriented if necessary. I find it the quickest and easiest way to maintain certain aspects of my build process.

      For the user interface design and prototyping I use Figma. Figma has an almost identical user interface to #Sketch but has the added advantage of being cross platform (MacOS and Windows). Its real-time collaboration features are outstanding and I use them a often as I work mostly on remote projects. Clients can collaborate in real-time and see changes I make as I make them. The clickable prototyping features in Figma are also very well designed and mean I can send clickable prototypes to clients to try user interface updates as they are made and get immediate feedback. I'm currently also evaluating the latest version of #AdobeXD as an alternative to Figma as it has the very cool auto-animate feature. It doesn't have real-time collaboration yet, but I heard it is proposed for 2019.

      For the UI icons I use Font Awesome Pro. They have the largest selection and best looking icons you can find on the internet with several variations in styles so you can find most of the icons you want for standard projects.

      For the backend I was using the #GraphCool Framework. As I later found out, #GraphQL still has some way to go in order to provide the full power of a mature graph query language so later in my project I ripped out #GraphCool and replaced it with CouchDB and Pouchdb. Primarily so I could provide good offline app support. CouchDB with Pouchdb is very flexible and efficient combination and overcomes some of the restrictions I found in #GraphQL and hence #GraphCool also. The most impressive and important feature of CouchDB is its replication. You can configure it in various ways for backups, fault tolerance, caching or conditional merging of databases. CouchDB and Pouchdb even supports storing, retrieving and serving binary or image data or other mime types. This removes a level of complexity usually present in database implementations where binary or image data is usually referenced through an #HTML5 link. With CouchDB and Pouchdb apps can operate offline and sync later, very efficiently, when the network connection is good.

      I use PhoneGap when testing the app. It auto-reloads your app when its code is changed and you can also install it on Android phones to preview your app instantly. iOS is a bit more tricky cause of Apple's policies so it's not available on the App Store, but you can build it and install it yourself to your device.

      So that's my latest mobile stack. What tools do you use? Have you tried these ones?

      See more
      Jakub Olan
      Node.js Software Engineer · | 17 upvotes · 390.1K views

      Last time we shared there information about our decision about using YouTrack over Jira actually we found much better solution that our team have loved. Linear is a minimalistic issue tracker that integrates well with Sentry, GitHub, Slack and Figma which are our basic tools. I would like to recommend checking out Linear as a potential alternative to "heavy" issue trackers, maybe at enterprises that may not work but when we're a startup that works awesome!

      See more
      Balsamiq logo

      Balsamiq

      847
      594
      222
      Rapid wireframing tool that helps you work faster & smarter
      847
      594
      + 1
      222
      PROS OF BALSAMIQ
      • 71
        Useful mockups
      • 60
        Easy to use
      • 51
        Very useful & simple
      • 19
        Good looking
      • 15
        It helps my creative work
      • 4
        Integrate with Confluence and JIRA
      • 2
        For layouts with deadlines
      CONS OF BALSAMIQ
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        related Balsamiq posts

        Affinity Designer logo

        Affinity Designer

        158
        113
        11
        A vector graphics editor developed for macOS, iOS, and Microsoft Windows
        158
        113
        + 1
        11
        PROS OF AFFINITY DESIGNER
        • 3
          Easy of use
        • 2
          No subscription
        • 2
          Feels like Illustrator
        • 2
          Love the UI
        • 1
          Export options
        • 1
          Customizable layouts
        • 0
          Feels like Photoshop
        CONS OF AFFINITY DESIGNER
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          related Affinity Designer posts

          JavaScript logo

          JavaScript

          352.3K
          268.2K
          8.1K
          Lightweight, interpreted, object-oriented language with first-class functions
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          268.2K
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          PROS OF JAVASCRIPT
          • 1.7K
            Can be used on frontend/backend
          • 1.5K
            It's everywhere
          • 1.2K
            Lots of great frameworks
          • 897
            Fast
          • 745
            Light weight
          • 425
            Flexible
          • 392
            You can't get a device today that doesn't run js
          • 286
            Non-blocking i/o
          • 237
            Ubiquitousness
          • 191
            Expressive
          • 55
            Extended functionality to web pages
          • 49
            Relatively easy language
          • 46
            Executed on the client side
          • 30
            Relatively fast to the end user
          • 25
            Pure Javascript
          • 21
            Functional programming
          • 15
            Async
          • 13
            Full-stack
          • 12
            Setup is easy
          • 12
            Future Language of The Web
          • 12
            Its everywhere
          • 11
            Because I love functions
          • 11
            JavaScript is the New PHP
          • 10
            Like it or not, JS is part of the web standard
          • 9
            Expansive community
          • 9
            Everyone use it
          • 9
            Can be used in backend, frontend and DB
          • 9
            Easy
          • 8
            Most Popular Language in the World
          • 8
            Powerful
          • 8
            Can be used both as frontend and backend as well
          • 8
            For the good parts
          • 8
            No need to use PHP
          • 8
            Easy to hire developers
          • 7
            Agile, packages simple to use
          • 7
            Love-hate relationship
          • 7
            Photoshop has 3 JS runtimes built in
          • 7
            Evolution of C
          • 7
            It's fun
          • 7
            Hard not to use
          • 7
            Versitile
          • 7
            Its fun and fast
          • 7
            Nice
          • 7
            Popularized Class-Less Architecture & Lambdas
          • 7
            Supports lambdas and closures
          • 6
            It let's me use Babel & Typescript
          • 6
            Can be used on frontend/backend/Mobile/create PRO Ui
          • 6
            1.6K Can be used on frontend/backend
          • 6
            Client side JS uses the visitors CPU to save Server Res
          • 6
            Easy to make something
          • 5
            Clojurescript
          • 5
            Promise relationship
          • 5
            Stockholm Syndrome
          • 5
            Function expressions are useful for callbacks
          • 5
            Scope manipulation
          • 5
            Everywhere
          • 5
            Client processing
          • 5
            What to add
          • 4
            Because it is so simple and lightweight
          • 4
            Only Programming language on browser
          • 1
            Test
          • 1
            Hard to learn
          • 1
            Test2
          • 1
            Not the best
          • 1
            Easy to understand
          • 1
            Subskill #4
          • 1
            Easy to learn
          • 0
            Hard 彤
          CONS OF JAVASCRIPT
          • 22
            A constant moving target, too much churn
          • 20
            Horribly inconsistent
          • 15
            Javascript is the New PHP
          • 9
            No ability to monitor memory utilitization
          • 8
            Shows Zero output in case of ANY error
          • 7
            Thinks strange results are better than errors
          • 6
            Can be ugly
          • 3
            No GitHub
          • 2
            Slow

          related JavaScript posts

          Zach Holman

          Oof. I have truly hated JavaScript for a long time. Like, for over twenty years now. Like, since the Clinton administration. It's always been a nightmare to deal with all of the aspects of that silly language.

          But wowza, things have changed. Tooling is just way, way better. I'm primarily web-oriented, and using React and Apollo together the past few years really opened my eyes to building rich apps. And I deeply apologize for using the phrase rich apps; I don't think I've ever said such Enterprisey words before.

          But yeah, things are different now. I still love Rails, and still use it for a lot of apps I build. But it's that silly rich apps phrase that's the problem. Users have way more comprehensive expectations than they did even five years ago, and the JS community does a good job at building tools and tech that tackle the problems of making heavy, complicated UI and frontend work.

          Obviously there's a lot of things happening here, so just saying "JavaScript isn't terrible" might encompass a huge amount of libraries and frameworks. But if you're like me, yeah, give things another shot- I'm somehow not hating on JavaScript anymore and... gulp... I kinda love it.

          See more
          Conor Myhrvold
          Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 44 upvotes · 10.9M views

          How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:

          Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.

          Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:

          https://eng.uber.com/distributed-tracing/

          (GitHub Pages : https://www.jaegertracing.io/, GitHub: https://github.com/jaegertracing/jaeger)

          Bindings/Operator: Python Java Node.js Go C++ Kubernetes JavaScript OpenShift C# Apache Spark

          See more
          Git logo

          Git

          291.3K
          174.8K
          6.6K
          Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system
          291.3K
          174.8K
          + 1
          6.6K
          PROS OF GIT
          • 1.4K
            Distributed version control system
          • 1.1K
            Efficient branching and merging
          • 959
            Fast
          • 845
            Open source
          • 726
            Better than svn
          • 368
            Great command-line application
          • 306
            Simple
          • 291
            Free
          • 232
            Easy to use
          • 222
            Does not require server
          • 27
            Distributed
          • 22
            Small & Fast
          • 18
            Feature based workflow
          • 15
            Staging Area
          • 13
            Most wide-spread VSC
          • 11
            Role-based codelines
          • 11
            Disposable Experimentation
          • 7
            Frictionless Context Switching
          • 6
            Data Assurance
          • 5
            Efficient
          • 4
            Just awesome
          • 3
            Github integration
          • 3
            Easy branching and merging
          • 2
            Compatible
          • 2
            Flexible
          • 2
            Possible to lose history and commits
          • 1
            Rebase supported natively; reflog; access to plumbing
          • 1
            Light
          • 1
            Team Integration
          • 1
            Fast, scalable, distributed revision control system
          • 1
            Easy
          • 1
            Flexible, easy, Safe, and fast
          • 1
            CLI is great, but the GUI tools are awesome
          • 1
            It's what you do
          • 0
            Phinx
          CONS OF GIT
          • 16
            Hard to learn
          • 11
            Inconsistent command line interface
          • 9
            Easy to lose uncommitted work
          • 7
            Worst documentation ever possibly made
          • 5
            Awful merge handling
          • 3
            Unexistent preventive security flows
          • 3
            Rebase hell
          • 2
            When --force is disabled, cannot rebase
          • 2
            Ironically even die-hard supporters screw up badly
          • 1
            Doesn't scale for big data

          related Git posts

          Simon Reymann
          Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 30 upvotes · 9.7M views

          Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:

          • GitHub (incl. GitHub Pages/Markdown for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool
          • Respectively Git as revision control system
          • SourceTree as Git GUI
          • Visual Studio Code as IDE
          • CircleCI for continuous integration (automatize development process)
          • Prettier / TSLint / ESLint as code linter
          • SonarQube as quality gate
          • Docker as container management (incl. Docker Compose for multi-container application management)
          • VirtualBox for operating system simulation tests
          • Kubernetes as cluster management for docker containers
          • Heroku for deploying in test environments
          • nginx as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)
          • SSLMate (using OpenSSL) for certificate management
          • Amazon EC2 (incl. Amazon S3) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments
          • PostgreSQL as preferred database system
          • Redis as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)

          The main reason we have chosen Kubernetes over Docker Swarm is related to the following artifacts:

          • Key features: Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.
          • Applications: An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).
          • Functionality: Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.
          • Monitoring: It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).
          • Scalability: All-in-one framework for distributed systems.
          • Other Benefits: Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.
          See more
          Tymoteusz Paul
          Devops guy at X20X Development LTD · | 23 upvotes · 8.7M views

          Often enough I have to explain my way of going about setting up a CI/CD pipeline with multiple deployment platforms. Since I am a bit tired of yapping the same every single time, I've decided to write it up and share with the world this way, and send people to read it instead ;). I will explain it on "live-example" of how the Rome got built, basing that current methodology exists only of readme.md and wishes of good luck (as it usually is ;)).

          It always starts with an app, whatever it may be and reading the readmes available while Vagrant and VirtualBox is installing and updating. Following that is the first hurdle to go over - convert all the instruction/scripts into Ansible playbook(s), and only stopping when doing a clear vagrant up or vagrant reload we will have a fully working environment. As our Vagrant environment is now functional, it's time to break it! This is the moment to look for how things can be done better (too rigid/too lose versioning? Sloppy environment setup?) and replace them with the right way to do stuff, one that won't bite us in the backside. This is the point, and the best opportunity, to upcycle the existing way of doing dev environment to produce a proper, production-grade product.

          I should probably digress here for a moment and explain why. I firmly believe that the way you deploy production is the same way you should deploy develop, shy of few debugging-friendly setting. This way you avoid the discrepancy between how production work vs how development works, which almost always causes major pains in the back of the neck, and with use of proper tools should mean no more work for the developers. That's why we start with Vagrant as developer boxes should be as easy as vagrant up, but the meat of our product lies in Ansible which will do meat of the work and can be applied to almost anything: AWS, bare metal, docker, LXC, in open net, behind vpn - you name it.

          We must also give proper consideration to monitoring and logging hoovering at this point. My generic answer here is to grab Elasticsearch, Kibana, and Logstash. While for different use cases there may be better solutions, this one is well battle-tested, performs reasonably and is very easy to scale both vertically (within some limits) and horizontally. Logstash rules are easy to write and are well supported in maintenance through Ansible, which as I've mentioned earlier, are at the very core of things, and creating triggers/reports and alerts based on Elastic and Kibana is generally a breeze, including some quite complex aggregations.

          If we are happy with the state of the Ansible it's time to move on and put all those roles and playbooks to work. Namely, we need something to manage our CI/CD pipelines. For me, the choice is obvious: TeamCity. It's modern, robust and unlike most of the light-weight alternatives, it's transparent. What I mean by that is that it doesn't tell you how to do things, doesn't limit your ways to deploy, or test, or package for that matter. Instead, it provides a developer-friendly and rich playground for your pipelines. You can do most the same with Jenkins, but it has a quite dated look and feel to it, while also missing some key functionality that must be brought in via plugins (like quality REST API which comes built-in with TeamCity). It also comes with all the common-handy plugins like Slack or Apache Maven integration.

          The exact flow between CI and CD varies too greatly from one application to another to describe, so I will outline a few rules that guide me in it: 1. Make build steps as small as possible. This way when something breaks, we know exactly where, without needing to dig and root around. 2. All security credentials besides development environment must be sources from individual Vault instances. Keys to those containers should exist only on the CI/CD box and accessible by a few people (the less the better). This is pretty self-explanatory, as anything besides dev may contain sensitive data and, at times, be public-facing. Because of that appropriate security must be present. TeamCity shines in this department with excellent secrets-management. 3. Every part of the build chain shall consume and produce artifacts. If it creates nothing, it likely shouldn't be its own build. This way if any issue shows up with any environment or version, all developer has to do it is grab appropriate artifacts to reproduce the issue locally. 4. Deployment builds should be directly tied to specific Git branches/tags. This enables much easier tracking of what caused an issue, including automated identifying and tagging the author (nothing like automated regression testing!).

          Speaking of deployments, I generally try to keep it simple but also with a close eye on the wallet. Because of that, I am more than happy with AWS or another cloud provider, but also constantly peeking at the loads and do we get the value of what we are paying for. Often enough the pattern of use is not constantly erratic, but rather has a firm baseline which could be migrated away from the cloud and into bare metal boxes. That is another part where this approach strongly triumphs over the common Docker and CircleCI setup, where you are very much tied in to use cloud providers and getting out is expensive. Here to embrace bare-metal hosting all you need is a help of some container-based self-hosting software, my personal preference is with Proxmox and LXC. Following that all you must write are ansible scripts to manage hardware of Proxmox, similar way as you do for Amazon EC2 (ansible supports both greatly) and you are good to go. One does not exclude another, quite the opposite, as they can live in great synergy and cut your costs dramatically (the heavier your base load, the bigger the savings) while providing production-grade resiliency.

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