Alternatives to AWS Elastic Beanstalk logo

Alternatives to AWS Elastic Beanstalk

Google App Engine, AWS CodeDeploy, Docker, AWS CloudFormation, and Azure App Service are the most popular alternatives and competitors to AWS Elastic Beanstalk.
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What is AWS Elastic Beanstalk and what are its top alternatives?

Once you upload your application, Elastic Beanstalk automatically handles the deployment details of capacity provisioning, load balancing, auto-scaling, and application health monitoring.
AWS Elastic Beanstalk is a tool in the Platform as a Service category of a tech stack.

Top Alternatives to AWS Elastic Beanstalk

  • Google App Engine

    Google App Engine

    Google has a reputation for highly reliable, high performance infrastructure. With App Engine you can take advantage of the 10 years of knowledge Google has in running massively scalable, performance driven systems. App Engine applications are easy to build, easy to maintain, and easy to scale as your traffic and data storage needs grow. ...

  • AWS CodeDeploy

    AWS CodeDeploy

    AWS CodeDeploy is a service that automates code deployments to Amazon EC2 instances. AWS CodeDeploy makes it easier for you to rapidly release new features, helps you avoid downtime during deployment, and handles the complexity of updating your applications. ...

  • Docker

    Docker

    The Docker Platform is the industry-leading container platform for continuous, high-velocity innovation, enabling organizations to seamlessly build and share any application — from legacy to what comes next — and securely run them anywhere ...

  • AWS CloudFormation

    AWS CloudFormation

    You can use AWS CloudFormation’s sample templates or create your own templates to describe the AWS resources, and any associated dependencies or runtime parameters, required to run your application. You don’t need to figure out the order in which AWS services need to be provisioned or the subtleties of how to make those dependencies work. ...

  • Azure App Service

    Azure App Service

    Quickly build, deploy, and scale web apps created with popular frameworks .NET, .NET Core, Node.js, Java, PHP, Ruby, or Python, in containers or running on any operating system. Meet rigorous, enterprise-grade performance, security, and compliance requirements by using the fully managed platform for your operational and monitoring tasks. ...

  • Heroku

    Heroku

    Heroku is a cloud application platform – a new way of building and deploying web apps. Heroku lets app developers spend 100% of their time on their application code, not managing servers, deployment, ongoing operations, or scaling. ...

  • Kubernetes

    Kubernetes

    Kubernetes is an open source orchestration system for Docker containers. It handles scheduling onto nodes in a compute cluster and actively manages workloads to ensure that their state matches the users declared intentions. ...

  • Apollo

    Apollo

    Build a universal GraphQL API on top of your existing REST APIs, so you can ship new application features fast without waiting on backend changes. ...

AWS Elastic Beanstalk alternatives & related posts

Google App Engine logo

Google App Engine

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Build web applications on the same scalable systems that power Google applications
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PROS OF GOOGLE APP ENGINE
  • 144
    Easy to deploy
  • 108
    Auto scaling
  • 80
    Good free plan
  • 64
    Easy management
  • 58
    Scalability
  • 35
    Low cost
  • 33
    Comprehensive set of features
  • 29
    All services in one place
  • 23
    Simple scaling
  • 20
    Quick and reliable cloud servers
  • 5
    Granular Billing
  • 4
    Easy to develop and unit test
  • 3
    Monitoring gives comprehensive set of key indicators
  • 2
    Create APIs quickly with cloud endpoints
  • 2
    Really easy to quickly bring up a full stack
  • 1
    Mostly up
  • 1
    No Ops
CONS OF GOOGLE APP ENGINE
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    related Google App Engine posts

    Nick Rockwell
    SVP, Engineering at Fastly · | 11 upvotes · 284.4K views

    So, the shift from Amazon EC2 to Google App Engine and generally #AWS to #GCP was a long decision and in the end, it's one that we've taken with eyes open and that we reserve the right to modify at any time. And to be clear, we continue to do a lot of stuff with AWS. But, by default, the content of the decision was, for our consumer-facing products, we're going to use GCP first. And if there's some reason why we don't think that's going to work out great, then we'll happily use AWS. In practice, that hasn't really happened. We've been able to meet almost 100% of our needs in GCP.

    So it's basically mostly Google Kubernetes Engine , we're mostly running stuff on Kubernetes right now.

    #AWStoGCPmigration #cloudmigration #migration

    See more
    Aliadoc Team

    In #Aliadoc, we're exploring the crowdfunding option to get traction before launch. We are building a SaaS platform for website design customization.

    For the Admin UI and website editor we use React and we're currently transitioning from a Create React App setup to a custom one because our needs have become more specific. We use CloudFlare as much as possible, it's a great service.

    For routing dynamic resources and proxy tasks to feed websites to the editor we leverage CloudFlare Workers for improved responsiveness. We use Firebase for our hosting needs and user authentication while also using several Cloud Functions for Firebase to interact with other services along with Google App Engine and Google Cloud Storage, but also the Real Time Database is on the radar for collaborative website editing.

    We generally hate configuration but honestly because of the stage of our project we lack resources for doing heavy sysops work. So we are basically just relying on Serverless technologies as much as we can to do all server side processing.

    Visual Studio Code definitively makes programming a much easier and enjoyable task, we just love it. We combine it with Bitbucket for our source code control needs.

    See more
    AWS CodeDeploy logo

    AWS CodeDeploy

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    Coordinate application deployments to Amazon EC2 instances
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    PROS OF AWS CODEDEPLOY
    • 17
      Automates code deployments
    • 9
      Backed by Amazon
    • 7
      Adds autoscaling lifecycle hooks
    • 5
      Git integration
    CONS OF AWS CODEDEPLOY
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      related AWS CodeDeploy posts

      Chris McFadden
      VP, Engineering at SparkPost · | 9 upvotes · 133K views

      The recent move of our CI/CD tooling to AWS CodeBuild / AWS CodeDeploy (with GitHub ) as well as moving to Amazon EC2 Container Service / AWS Lambda for our deployment architecture for most of our services has helped us significantly reduce our deployment times while improving both feature velocity and overall reliability. In one extreme case, we got one service down from 90 minutes to a very reasonable 15 minutes. Container-based build and deployments have made so many things simpler and easier and the integration between the tools has been helpful. There is still some work to do on our service mesh & API proxy approach to further simplify our environment.

      See more
      Sathish Raju
      Founder/CTO at Kloudio · | 5 upvotes · 65.9K views

      At Kloud.io we use Node.js for our backend Microservices and Angular 2 for the frontend. We also use React for a couple of our internal applications. Writing services in Node.js in TypeScript improved developer productivity and we could capture bugs way before they can occur in the production. The use of Angular 2 in our production environment reduced the time to release any new features. At the same time, we are also exploring React by using it in our internal tools. So far we enjoyed what React has to offer. We are an enterprise SAAS product and also offer an on-premise or hybrid cloud version of #kloudio. We heavily use Docker for shipping our on-premise version. We also use Docker internally for automated testing. Using Docker reduced the install time errors in customer environments. Our cloud version is deployed in #AWS. We use AWS CodePipeline and AWS CodeDeploy for our CI/CD. We also use AWS Lambda for automation jobs.

      See more
      Docker logo

      Docker

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      Enterprise Container Platform for High-Velocity Innovation.
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      PROS OF DOCKER
      • 821
        Rapid integration and build up
      • 688
        Isolation
      • 517
        Open source
      • 505
        Testa­bil­i­ty and re­pro­ducibil­i­ty
      • 459
        Lightweight
      • 217
        Standardization
      • 182
        Scalable
      • 105
        Upgrading / down­grad­ing / ap­pli­ca­tion versions
      • 86
        Security
      • 84
        Private paas environments
      • 33
        Portability
      • 25
        Limit resource usage
      • 15
        I love the way docker has changed virtualization
      • 15
        Game changer
      • 12
        Fast
      • 11
        Concurrency
      • 7
        Docker's Compose tools
      • 4
        Fast and Portable
      • 4
        Easy setup
      • 4
        Because its fun
      • 3
        Makes shipping to production very simple
      • 2
        It's dope
      • 1
        Highly useful
      • 1
        MacOS support FAKE
      • 1
        Its cool
      • 1
        Docker hub for the FTW
      • 1
        Very easy to setup integrate and build
      • 1
        Package the environment with the application
      • 1
        Does a nice job hogging memory
      • 1
        Open source and highly configurable
      • 1
        Simplicity, isolation, resource effective
      CONS OF DOCKER
      • 7
        New versions == broken features
      • 5
        Documentation not always in sync
      • 5
        Unreliable networking
      • 3
        Moves quickly
      • 2
        Not Secure

      related Docker posts

      Simon Reymann
      Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 28 upvotes · 3.3M views

      Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:

      • GitHub (incl. GitHub Pages/Markdown for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool
      • Respectively Git as revision control system
      • SourceTree as Git GUI
      • Visual Studio Code as IDE
      • CircleCI for continuous integration (automatize development process)
      • Prettier / TSLint / ESLint as code linter
      • SonarQube as quality gate
      • Docker as container management (incl. Docker Compose for multi-container application management)
      • VirtualBox for operating system simulation tests
      • Kubernetes as cluster management for docker containers
      • Heroku for deploying in test environments
      • nginx as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)
      • SSLMate (using OpenSSL) for certificate management
      • Amazon EC2 (incl. Amazon S3) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments
      • PostgreSQL as preferred database system
      • Redis as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)

      The main reason we have chosen Kubernetes over Docker Swarm is related to the following artifacts:

      • Key features: Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.
      • Applications: An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).
      • Functionality: Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.
      • Monitoring: It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).
      • Scalability: All-in-one framework for distributed systems.
      • Other Benefits: Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.
      See more
      Tymoteusz Paul
      Devops guy at X20X Development LTD · | 23 upvotes · 4.7M views

      Often enough I have to explain my way of going about setting up a CI/CD pipeline with multiple deployment platforms. Since I am a bit tired of yapping the same every single time, I've decided to write it up and share with the world this way, and send people to read it instead ;). I will explain it on "live-example" of how the Rome got built, basing that current methodology exists only of readme.md and wishes of good luck (as it usually is ;)).

      It always starts with an app, whatever it may be and reading the readmes available while Vagrant and VirtualBox is installing and updating. Following that is the first hurdle to go over - convert all the instruction/scripts into Ansible playbook(s), and only stopping when doing a clear vagrant up or vagrant reload we will have a fully working environment. As our Vagrant environment is now functional, it's time to break it! This is the moment to look for how things can be done better (too rigid/too lose versioning? Sloppy environment setup?) and replace them with the right way to do stuff, one that won't bite us in the backside. This is the point, and the best opportunity, to upcycle the existing way of doing dev environment to produce a proper, production-grade product.

      I should probably digress here for a moment and explain why. I firmly believe that the way you deploy production is the same way you should deploy develop, shy of few debugging-friendly setting. This way you avoid the discrepancy between how production work vs how development works, which almost always causes major pains in the back of the neck, and with use of proper tools should mean no more work for the developers. That's why we start with Vagrant as developer boxes should be as easy as vagrant up, but the meat of our product lies in Ansible which will do meat of the work and can be applied to almost anything: AWS, bare metal, docker, LXC, in open net, behind vpn - you name it.

      We must also give proper consideration to monitoring and logging hoovering at this point. My generic answer here is to grab Elasticsearch, Kibana, and Logstash. While for different use cases there may be better solutions, this one is well battle-tested, performs reasonably and is very easy to scale both vertically (within some limits) and horizontally. Logstash rules are easy to write and are well supported in maintenance through Ansible, which as I've mentioned earlier, are at the very core of things, and creating triggers/reports and alerts based on Elastic and Kibana is generally a breeze, including some quite complex aggregations.

      If we are happy with the state of the Ansible it's time to move on and put all those roles and playbooks to work. Namely, we need something to manage our CI/CD pipelines. For me, the choice is obvious: TeamCity. It's modern, robust and unlike most of the light-weight alternatives, it's transparent. What I mean by that is that it doesn't tell you how to do things, doesn't limit your ways to deploy, or test, or package for that matter. Instead, it provides a developer-friendly and rich playground for your pipelines. You can do most the same with Jenkins, but it has a quite dated look and feel to it, while also missing some key functionality that must be brought in via plugins (like quality REST API which comes built-in with TeamCity). It also comes with all the common-handy plugins like Slack or Apache Maven integration.

      The exact flow between CI and CD varies too greatly from one application to another to describe, so I will outline a few rules that guide me in it: 1. Make build steps as small as possible. This way when something breaks, we know exactly where, without needing to dig and root around. 2. All security credentials besides development environment must be sources from individual Vault instances. Keys to those containers should exist only on the CI/CD box and accessible by a few people (the less the better). This is pretty self-explanatory, as anything besides dev may contain sensitive data and, at times, be public-facing. Because of that appropriate security must be present. TeamCity shines in this department with excellent secrets-management. 3. Every part of the build chain shall consume and produce artifacts. If it creates nothing, it likely shouldn't be its own build. This way if any issue shows up with any environment or version, all developer has to do it is grab appropriate artifacts to reproduce the issue locally. 4. Deployment builds should be directly tied to specific Git branches/tags. This enables much easier tracking of what caused an issue, including automated identifying and tagging the author (nothing like automated regression testing!).

      Speaking of deployments, I generally try to keep it simple but also with a close eye on the wallet. Because of that, I am more than happy with AWS or another cloud provider, but also constantly peeking at the loads and do we get the value of what we are paying for. Often enough the pattern of use is not constantly erratic, but rather has a firm baseline which could be migrated away from the cloud and into bare metal boxes. That is another part where this approach strongly triumphs over the common Docker and CircleCI setup, where you are very much tied in to use cloud providers and getting out is expensive. Here to embrace bare-metal hosting all you need is a help of some container-based self-hosting software, my personal preference is with Proxmox and LXC. Following that all you must write are ansible scripts to manage hardware of Proxmox, similar way as you do for Amazon EC2 (ansible supports both greatly) and you are good to go. One does not exclude another, quite the opposite, as they can live in great synergy and cut your costs dramatically (the heavier your base load, the bigger the savings) while providing production-grade resiliency.

      See more
      AWS CloudFormation logo

      AWS CloudFormation

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      Create and manage a collection of related AWS resources
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      PROS OF AWS CLOUDFORMATION
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        Automates infrastructure deployments
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        Declarative infrastructure and deployment
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        No more clicking around
      • 3
        Any Operative System you want
      • 3
        Infrastructure as code
      • 3
        Atomic
      • 1
        Automates Infrastructure Deployment
      • 1
        CDK makes it truly infrastructure-as-code
      CONS OF AWS CLOUDFORMATION
      • 4
        Brittle
      • 2
        No RBAC and policies in templates

      related AWS CloudFormation posts

      Joseph Kunzler
      DevOps Engineer at Tillable · | 9 upvotes · 140.6K views

      We use Terraform because we needed a way to automate the process of building and deploying feature branches. We wanted to hide the complexity such that when a dev creates a PR, it triggers a build and deployment without the dev having to worry about any of the 'plumbing' going on behind the scenes. Terraform allows us to automate the process of provisioning DNS records, Amazon S3 buckets, Amazon EC2 instances and AWS Elastic Load Balancing (ELB)'s. It also makes it easy to tear it all down when finished. We also like that it supports multiple clouds, which is why we chose to use it over AWS CloudFormation.

      See more

      I use Terraform because it hits the level of abstraction pocket of being high-level and flexible, and is agnostic to cloud platforms. Creating complex infrastructure components for a solution with a UI console is tedious to repeat. Using low-level APIs are usually specific to cloud platforms, and you still have to build your own tooling for deploying, state management, and destroying infrastructure.

      However, Terraform is usually slower to implement new services compared to cloud-specific APIs. It's worth the trade-off though, especially if you're multi-cloud. I heard someone say, "We want to preference a cloud, not lock in to one." Terraform builds on that claim.

      Terraform Google Cloud Deployment Manager AWS CloudFormation

      See more
      Azure App Service logo

      Azure App Service

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      Build, deploy, and scale web apps on a fully managed platform
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      PROS OF AZURE APP SERVICE
      • 4
        .Net Framework
      • 3
        Visual studio
      CONS OF AZURE APP SERVICE
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        related Azure App Service posts

        Heroku logo

        Heroku

        20.1K
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        Build, deliver, monitor and scale web apps and APIs with a trail blazing developer experience.
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        PROS OF HEROKU
        • 704
          Easy deployment
        • 460
          Free for side projects
        • 374
          Huge time-saver
        • 348
          Simple scaling
        • 261
          Low devops skills required
        • 190
          Easy setup
        • 174
          Add-ons for almost everything
        • 154
          Beginner friendly
        • 150
          Better for startups
        • 133
          Low learning curve
        • 48
          Postgres hosting
        • 41
          Easy to add collaborators
        • 30
          Faster development
        • 24
          Awesome documentation
        • 19
          Focus on product, not deployment
        • 19
          Simple rollback
        • 15
          Natural companion for rails development
        • 15
          Easy integration
        • 12
          Great customer support
        • 8
          GitHub integration
        • 6
          No-ops
        • 6
          Painless & well documented
        • 4
          Free
        • 4
          I love that they make it free to launch a side project
        • 3
          Just works
        • 3
          Great UI
        • 2
          PostgreSQL forking and following
        • 2
          MySQL extension
        • 1
          Able to host stuff good like Discord Bot
        • 0
          Sec
        • 0
          Security
        CONS OF HEROKU
        • 23
          Super expensive
        • 6
          Not a whole lot of flexibility
        • 5
          No usable MySQL option
        • 5
          Storage
        • 4
          Low performance on free tier
        • 1
          24/7 support is $1,000 per month

        related Heroku posts

        Russel Werner
        Lead Engineer at StackShare · | 30 upvotes · 1.5M views

        StackShare Feed is built entirely with React, Glamorous, and Apollo. One of our objectives with the public launch of the Feed was to enable a Server-side rendered (SSR) experience for our organic search traffic. When you visit the StackShare Feed, and you aren't logged in, you are delivered the Trending feed experience. We use an in-house Node.js rendering microservice to generate this HTML. This microservice needs to run and serve requests independent of our Rails web app. Up until recently, we had a mono-repo with our Rails and React code living happily together and all served from the same web process. In order to deploy our SSR app into a Heroku environment, we needed to split out our front-end application into a separate repo in GitHub. The driving factor in this decision was mostly due to limitations imposed by Heroku specifically with how processes can't communicate with each other. A new SSR app was created in Heroku and linked directly to the frontend repo so it stays in-sync with changes.

        Related to this, we need a way to "deploy" our frontend changes to various server environments without building & releasing the entire Ruby application. We built a hybrid Amazon S3 Amazon CloudFront solution to host our Webpack bundles. A new CircleCI script builds the bundles and uploads them to S3. The final step in our rollout is to update some keys in Redis so our Rails app knows which bundles to serve. The result of these efforts were significant. Our frontend team now moves independently of our backend team, our build & release process takes only a few minutes, we are now using an edge CDN to serve JS assets, and we have pre-rendered React pages!

        #StackDecisionsLaunch #SSR #Microservices #FrontEndRepoSplit

        See more
        Simon Reymann
        Senior Fullstack Developer at QUANTUSflow Software GmbH · | 28 upvotes · 3.3M views

        Our whole DevOps stack consists of the following tools:

        • GitHub (incl. GitHub Pages/Markdown for Documentation, GettingStarted and HowTo's) for collaborative review and code management tool
        • Respectively Git as revision control system
        • SourceTree as Git GUI
        • Visual Studio Code as IDE
        • CircleCI for continuous integration (automatize development process)
        • Prettier / TSLint / ESLint as code linter
        • SonarQube as quality gate
        • Docker as container management (incl. Docker Compose for multi-container application management)
        • VirtualBox for operating system simulation tests
        • Kubernetes as cluster management for docker containers
        • Heroku for deploying in test environments
        • nginx as web server (preferably used as facade server in production environment)
        • SSLMate (using OpenSSL) for certificate management
        • Amazon EC2 (incl. Amazon S3) for deploying in stage (production-like) and production environments
        • PostgreSQL as preferred database system
        • Redis as preferred in-memory database/store (great for caching)

        The main reason we have chosen Kubernetes over Docker Swarm is related to the following artifacts:

        • Key features: Easy and flexible installation, Clear dashboard, Great scaling operations, Monitoring is an integral part, Great load balancing concepts, Monitors the condition and ensures compensation in the event of failure.
        • Applications: An application can be deployed using a combination of pods, deployments, and services (or micro-services).
        • Functionality: Kubernetes as a complex installation and setup process, but it not as limited as Docker Swarm.
        • Monitoring: It supports multiple versions of logging and monitoring when the services are deployed within the cluster (Elasticsearch/Kibana (ELK), Heapster/Grafana, Sysdig cloud integration).
        • Scalability: All-in-one framework for distributed systems.
        • Other Benefits: Kubernetes is backed by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF), huge community among container orchestration tools, it is an open source and modular tool that works with any OS.
        See more
        Kubernetes logo

        Kubernetes

        39.1K
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        628
        Manage a cluster of Linux containers as a single system to accelerate Dev and simplify Ops
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        PROS OF KUBERNETES
        • 159
          Leading docker container management solution
        • 124
          Simple and powerful
        • 101
          Open source
        • 75
          Backed by google
        • 56
          The right abstractions
        • 24
          Scale services
        • 18
          Replication controller
        • 9
          Permission managment
        • 7
          Simple
        • 7
          Supports autoscaling
        • 6
          Cheap
        • 4
          Self-healing
        • 4
          Reliable
        • 4
          No cloud platform lock-in
        • 3
          Open, powerful, stable
        • 3
          Scalable
        • 3
          Quick cloud setup
        • 3
          Promotes modern/good infrascture practice
        • 2
          Backed by Red Hat
        • 2
          Runs on azure
        • 2
          Cloud Agnostic
        • 2
          Custom and extensibility
        • 2
          Captain of Container Ship
        • 2
          A self healing environment with rich metadata
        • 1
          Golang
        • 1
          Easy setup
        • 1
          Everything of CaaS
        • 1
          Sfg
        • 1
          Expandable
        • 1
          Gke
        CONS OF KUBERNETES
        • 13
          Poor workflow for development
        • 11
          Steep learning curve
        • 5
          Orchestrates only infrastructure
        • 2
          High resource requirements for on-prem clusters

        related Kubernetes posts

        Conor Myhrvold
        Tech Brand Mgr, Office of CTO at Uber · | 39 upvotes · 4.2M views

        How Uber developed the open source, end-to-end distributed tracing Jaeger , now a CNCF project:

        Distributed tracing is quickly becoming a must-have component in the tools that organizations use to monitor their complex, microservice-based architectures. At Uber, our open source distributed tracing system Jaeger saw large-scale internal adoption throughout 2016, integrated into hundreds of microservices and now recording thousands of traces every second.

        Here is the story of how we got here, from investigating off-the-shelf solutions like Zipkin, to why we switched from pull to push architecture, and how distributed tracing will continue to evolve:

        https://eng.uber.com/distributed-tracing/

        (GitHub Pages : https://www.jaegertracing.io/, GitHub: https://github.com/jaegertracing/jaeger)

        Bindings/Operator: Python Java Node.js Go C++ Kubernetes JavaScript OpenShift C# Apache Spark

        See more
        Yshay Yaacobi

        Our first experience with .NET core was when we developed our OSS feature management platform - Tweek (https://github.com/soluto/tweek). We wanted to create a solution that is able to run anywhere (super important for OSS), has excellent performance characteristics and can fit in a multi-container architecture. We decided to implement our rule engine processor in F# , our main service was implemented in C# and other components were built using JavaScript / TypeScript and Go.

        Visual Studio Code worked really well for us as well, it worked well with all our polyglot services and the .Net core integration had great cross-platform developer experience (to be fair, F# was a bit trickier) - actually, each of our team members used a different OS (Ubuntu, macos, windows). Our production deployment ran for a time on Docker Swarm until we've decided to adopt Kubernetes with almost seamless migration process.

        After our positive experience of running .Net core workloads in containers and developing Tweek's .Net services on non-windows machines, C# had gained back some of its popularity (originally lost to Node.js), and other teams have been using it for developing microservices, k8s sidecars (like https://github.com/Soluto/airbag), cli tools, serverless functions and other projects...

        See more
        Apollo logo

        Apollo

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        GraphQL server for Express, Connect, Hapi, Koa and more
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        PROS OF APOLLO
        • 12
          From the creators of Meteor
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          Great documentation
        • 2
          Real time if use subscription
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          Open source
        CONS OF APOLLO
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          Nick Rockwell
          SVP, Engineering at Fastly · | 44 upvotes · 1.7M views

          When I joined NYT there was already broad dissatisfaction with the LAMP (Linux Apache HTTP Server MySQL PHP) Stack and the front end framework, in particular. So, I wasn't passing judgment on it. I mean, LAMP's fine, you can do good work in LAMP. It's a little dated at this point, but it's not ... I didn't want to rip it out for its own sake, but everyone else was like, "We don't like this, it's really inflexible." And I remember from being outside the company when that was called MIT FIVE when it had launched. And been observing it from the outside, and I was like, you guys took so long to do that and you did it so carefully, and yet you're not happy with your decisions. Why is that? That was more the impetus. If we're going to do this again, how are we going to do it in a way that we're gonna get a better result?

          So we're moving quickly away from LAMP, I would say. So, right now, the new front end is React based and using Apollo. And we've been in a long, protracted, gradual rollout of the core experiences.

          React is now talking to GraphQL as a primary API. There's a Node.js back end, to the front end, which is mainly for server-side rendering, as well.

          Behind there, the main repository for the GraphQL server is a big table repository, that we call Bodega because it's a convenience store. And that reads off of a Kafka pipeline.

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          Adam Neary

          At Airbnb we use GraphQL Unions for a "Backend-Driven UI." We have built a system where a very dynamic page is constructed based on a query that will return an array of some set of possible “sections.” These sections are responsive and define the UI completely.

          The central file that manages this would be a generated file. Since the list of possible sections is quite large (~50 sections today for Search), it also presumes we have a sane mechanism for lazy-loading components with server rendering, which is a topic for another post. Suffice it to say, we do not need to package all possible sections in a massive bundle to account for everything up front.

          Each section component defines its own query fragment, colocated with the section’s component code. This is the general idea of Backend-Driven UI at Airbnb. It’s used in a number of places, including Search, Trip Planner, Host tools, and various landing pages. We use this as our starting point, and then in the demo show how to (1) make and update to an existing section, and (2) add a new section.

          While building your product, you want to be able to explore your schema, discovering field names and testing out potential queries on live development data. We achieve that today with GraphQL Playground, the work of our friends at #Prisma. The tools come standard with Apollo Server.

          #BackendDrivenUI

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