Alternatives to Windows logo

Alternatives to Windows

Ubuntu, Linux, Debian, CentOS, and iOS are the most popular alternatives and competitors to Windows.
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What is Windows and what are its top alternatives?

A series of personal computer operating systems produced by Microsoft as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems.
Windows is a tool in the Operating Systems category of a tech stack.

Top Alternatives to Windows

  • Ubuntu

    Ubuntu

    Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning ‘humanity to others’. It also means ‘I am what I am because of who we all are’. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the world of computers. ...

  • Linux

    Linux

    A clone of the operating system Unix, written from scratch by Linus Torvalds with assistance from a loosely-knit team of hackers across the Net. It aims towards POSIX and Single UNIX Specification compliance. ...

  • Debian

    Debian

    Debian systems currently use the Linux kernel or the FreeBSD kernel. Linux is a piece of software started by Linus Torvalds and supported by thousands of programmers worldwide. FreeBSD is an operating system including a kernel and other software. ...

  • CentOS

    CentOS

    The CentOS Project is a community-driven free software effort focused on delivering a robust open source ecosystem. For users, we offer a consistent manageable platform that suits a wide variety of deployments. For open source communities, we offer a solid, predictable base to build upon, along with extensive resources to build, test, release, and maintain their code. ...

  • iOS

    iOS

    It is the operating system that presently powers many of the mobile devices, including the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch. It is designed to make your iPhone and iPad experience even faster, more responsive, and more delightful. ...

  • macOS

    macOS

    Desktop, laptop and home computers, and by web usage, it is the second most widely used desktop OS, after Microsoft Windows. ...

  • Android OS

    Android OS

    It is a mobile platform which powers phones, tablets, watches, TVs, cars etc. It makes doing business easier, in the office or out in the field. Manage entire fleets of devices with a touch. Keep corporate data protected with built-in security. And help your employees get more done. ...

  • Windows Server

    Windows Server

    It is a brand name for a group of server operating systems released by Microsoft. It includes all Windows operating systems, Increase security, evolve your data center, and innovate faster with Microsoft Windows Server, the cloud-ready operating system. ...

Windows alternatives & related posts

Ubuntu logo

Ubuntu

55.7K
38.2K
448
The leading OS for PC, tablet, phone and cloud
55.7K
38.2K
+ 1
448
PROS OF UBUNTU
  • 225
    Free to use
  • 97
    Easy setup for testing discord bot
  • 56
    Gateway Linux Distro
  • 53
    Simple interface
  • 7
    Don't need driver installation in most cases
  • 4
    Open Source
  • 3
    Many active communities
  • 2
    Easy to custom
  • 1
    Many flavors/distros based on ubuntu
CONS OF UBUNTU
  • 4
    Demanding system requirements
  • 3
    Adds overhead and unnecessary complexity over Debian

related Ubuntu posts

Tim Abbott
Shared insights
on
DebianDebianUbuntuUbuntuFedoraFedora
at

We use Debian and its derivative Ubuntu because the apt ecosystem and toolchain for Debian packages is far superior to the yum-based system used by Fedora and RHEL. This is large part due to a huge amount of investment into tools like debhelper/dh over the years by the Debian community. I haven't dealt with RPM in the last couple years, but every experience I've had with RPM is that the RPM tools are slower, have less useful options, and it's more work to package software for them (and one makes more compromises in doing so).

I think everyone has seen the better experience using Ubuntu in the shift of prevalence from RHEL to Ubuntu in what most new companies are deploying on their servers, and I expect that trend to continue as long as Red Hat is using the RPM system (and I don't really see them as having a path to migrate).

The experience with Ubuntu and Debian stable releases is pretty similar: A solid release every 2 years that's supported for a few years. (While Ubuntu in theory releases every 6 months, their non-LTS releases are effectively betas: They're often unstable, only have 9 months of support, etc. I wouldn't recommend them to anyone not actively participating in Ubuntu the development community). Ubuntu has better integration of non-free drivers, which may be important if you have hardware that requires them. But it's also the case that most bugs I experience when using Ubuntu are Ubuntu-specific issues, especially on servers (in part because Ubuntu has a bunch of "cloud management" stuff pre-installed that is definitely a regression if you're not using Canonical's cloud management products).

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John Calandra
Data Manager at The Garrett Group · | 7 upvotes · 71.6K views

There is a question coming... I am using Oracle VirtualBox to spawn 3 Ubuntu Linux virtual machines (VM). VM1 is being used as a data lake - just a place to store flat files. VM2 hosts Apache NiFi. VM3 hosts PostgreSQL. I have built a NiFi pipeline that reads flat files on VM1 and then pipes the data over to and inserts it into the Postgresql database. I left this setup alone for a while, and then something hiccupped on VM3, and I had to rebuild it. Now I cannot make a remote connection to Postgresql on VM3. I was using pgAdmin3 on VM3, but it kept throwing errors - I found out it went end-of-life in 2018 and uninstalled it. pgAdmin4 is out, but for some reason, I cannot get the APT utility to find/install it. I am trying to figure out the pgAdmin4 install problem and looking for a good alternative for pgAdmin4 that I can use to diagnose the remote database connection problem. Does anyone have any suggestions? Thanks in advance.

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Linux logo

Linux

2.1K
1.7K
29
A family of free and open source software operating systems based on the Linux kernel
2.1K
1.7K
+ 1
29
PROS OF LINUX
  • 11
    Open Source
  • 9
    Free
  • 5
    Reliability
  • 4
    Safe
CONS OF LINUX
    Be the first to leave a con

    related Linux posts

    Rogério R. Alcântara
    Shared insights
    on
    macOSmacOSLinuxLinuxGitGitDockerDocker

    Personal Dotfiles management

    Given that they are all “configuration management” tools - meaning they are designed to deploy, configure and manage servers - what would be the simplest - and yet robust - solution to manage personal dotfiles - for n00bs.

    Ideally, I reckon, it should:

    • be containerized (Docker?)
    • be versionable (Git)
    • ensure idempotency
    • allow full automation (tests, CI/CD, etc.)
    • be fully recoverable (Linux/ macOS)
    • be easier to setup/manage (as much as possible)

    Does it make sense?

    See more
    William Miller

    We are developing an AWS IoT app for large boats. The IoT devices have sensors all over the boat for engine oil pressure, position, water depth, fuel level, crew location, etc. When the boat has internet, we interact with AWS cloud using lambda and Amazon DynamoDB. When the boat is offshore, the captain and crew still need normal and emergency alerts and real-time sensor information. The crew might have an Android or IoS phone or a Windows or macOS PC to receive alerts and interact with sensors. We may use the AWS GreenGrasss edge computing solution and either MQTT or HTML for that function.

    Question: We want to develop a cross-platform client to run on Windows, Mac, Android, IOS, and possibly Linux. We are primarily Python programmers, so PyQt or Kivy are options for us, but we have heard good things about React Native, Flutter, Xamarin, and others. We think an AWS Greengrass core on an RPI4 could communicate to the client with MQTT or a local webserver with a client web interface.

    Any thoughts would be much appreciated.

    See more
    Debian logo

    Debian

    10.8K
    7.1K
    142
    The Universal Operating System
    10.8K
    7.1K
    + 1
    142
    PROS OF DEBIAN
    • 50
      Massively supported
    • 46
      Stable
    • 18
      Reliable
    • 7
      Turnkey linux use it
    • 7
      Aptitude
    • 5
      It is free
    • 5
      Customizable
    • 4
      Works on all architectures
    CONS OF DEBIAN
    • 9
      Old versions of software
    • 1
      Can be difficult to set up on vanilla Debian

    related Debian posts

    Labinator Team

    At labinator.com, we use HTML5, CSS 3, Sass, Vanilla.JS and PHP when building our premium WordPress themes and plugins. When writing our codes, we use Sublime Text and Visual Studio Code depending on the project. We run Manjaro and Debian operating systems in our office. Manjaro is a great desktop operating system for all range of tasks while Debian is a solid choice for servers.

    WordPress became a very popular choice when it comes to content management systems and building websites. It is easy to learn and has a great community behind it. The high number of plugins as well that are available for WordPress allows any user to customize it depending on his/her needs.

    For development, HTML5 with Sass is our go-to choice when building our themes.

    Main Advantages Of Sass:

    • It's CSS syntax friendly
    • It offers variables
    • It uses a nested syntax
    • It includes mixins
    • Great community and online support.
    • Great documentation that is easy to read and follow.

    As for PHP, we always thrive to use PHP 7.3+. After the introduction of PHP 7, the WordPress development process became more stable and reliable than before. If you a developer considering PHP 7.3+ for your project, it would be good to note the following benefits.

    The Benefits Of Using PHP:

    • Open Source.
    • Highly Extendible.
    • Easy to learn and read.
    • Platform independent.
    • Compatible with APACHE.
    • Low development and maintenance cost.
    • Great community and support.
    • Detailed documentation that has everything you need!

    Why PHP 7.3+?

    • Flexible Heredoc & Nowdoc Syntaxes - Two key methods for defining strings within PHP. They also became easier to read and more reliable.
    • A good boost in performance speed which is extremely important when it comes to WordPress development.
    See more
    Tim Abbott
    Shared insights
    on
    DebianDebianUbuntuUbuntuFedoraFedora
    at

    We use Debian and its derivative Ubuntu because the apt ecosystem and toolchain for Debian packages is far superior to the yum-based system used by Fedora and RHEL. This is large part due to a huge amount of investment into tools like debhelper/dh over the years by the Debian community. I haven't dealt with RPM in the last couple years, but every experience I've had with RPM is that the RPM tools are slower, have less useful options, and it's more work to package software for them (and one makes more compromises in doing so).

    I think everyone has seen the better experience using Ubuntu in the shift of prevalence from RHEL to Ubuntu in what most new companies are deploying on their servers, and I expect that trend to continue as long as Red Hat is using the RPM system (and I don't really see them as having a path to migrate).

    The experience with Ubuntu and Debian stable releases is pretty similar: A solid release every 2 years that's supported for a few years. (While Ubuntu in theory releases every 6 months, their non-LTS releases are effectively betas: They're often unstable, only have 9 months of support, etc. I wouldn't recommend them to anyone not actively participating in Ubuntu the development community). Ubuntu has better integration of non-free drivers, which may be important if you have hardware that requires them. But it's also the case that most bugs I experience when using Ubuntu are Ubuntu-specific issues, especially on servers (in part because Ubuntu has a bunch of "cloud management" stuff pre-installed that is definitely a regression if you're not using Canonical's cloud management products).

    See more
    CentOS logo

    CentOS

    10.5K
    6.3K
    43
    The Community ENTerprise Operating System
    10.5K
    6.3K
    + 1
    43
    PROS OF CENTOS
    • 14
      Stable
    • 7
      Reliable
    • 7
      Free to use
    • 5
      Good support
    • 4
      Has epel packages
    • 3
      Great Community
    • 2
      I've moved from gentoo to centos
    • 1
      好用
    CONS OF CENTOS
    • 1
      Yum is a horrible package manager

    related CentOS posts

    Marcel Kornegoor

    Since #ATComputing is a vendor independent Linux and open source specialist, we do not have a favorite Linux distribution. We mainly use Ubuntu , Centos Debian , Red Hat Enterprise Linux and Fedora during our daily work. These are also the distributions we see most often used in our customers environments.

    For our #ci/cd training, we use an open source pipeline that is build around Visual Studio Code , Jenkins , VirtualBox , GitHub , Docker Kubernetes and Google Compute Engine.

    For #ServerConfigurationAndAutomation, we have embraced and contributed to Ansible mainly because it is not only flexible and powerful, but also straightforward and easier to learn than some other (open source) solutions. On the other hand: we are not affraid of Puppet Labs and Chef either.

    Currently, our most popular #programming #Language course is Python . The reason Python is so popular has to do with it's versatility, but also with its low complexity. This helps sysadmins to write scripts or simple programs to make their job less repetitive and automating things more fun. Python is also widely used to communicate with (REST) API's and for data analysis.

    See more
    Shared insights
    on
    UbuntuUbuntuOpenStackOpenStackCentOSCentOS
    at

    Hello guys

    I am confused between choosing CentOS7 or centos8 for OpenStack tripleo undercloud deployment. Which one should I use? There is another option to use OpenStack, Ubuntu, or MicroStack.

    We wanted to use this deployment to build our home cloud or private cloud infrastructure. I heard that centOS is always the best choice through a little research, but still not sure. As centos8 from Redhat is not supported for OpenStack tripleo deployments anymore, I had to upgrade to CentosStream.

    See more
    iOS logo

    iOS

    1.4K
    1.1K
    3
    A mobile operating system by Apple
    1.4K
    1.1K
    + 1
    3
    PROS OF IOS
    • 1
      Privacy
    • 1
      Integrated with other Apple products
    • 1
      Apple
    CONS OF IOS
      Be the first to leave a con

      related iOS posts

      macOS logo

      macOS

      630
      375
      4
      The primary operating system for Apple's Mac family of computers
      630
      375
      + 1
      4
      PROS OF MACOS
      • 3
        Clean Interface
      • 1
        No promoted content
      CONS OF MACOS
        Be the first to leave a con

        related macOS posts

        Rogério R. Alcântara
        Shared insights
        on
        macOSmacOSLinuxLinuxGitGitDockerDocker

        Personal Dotfiles management

        Given that they are all “configuration management” tools - meaning they are designed to deploy, configure and manage servers - what would be the simplest - and yet robust - solution to manage personal dotfiles - for n00bs.

        Ideally, I reckon, it should:

        • be containerized (Docker?)
        • be versionable (Git)
        • ensure idempotency
        • allow full automation (tests, CI/CD, etc.)
        • be fully recoverable (Linux/ macOS)
        • be easier to setup/manage (as much as possible)

        Does it make sense?

        See more
        William Miller

        We are developing an AWS IoT app for large boats. The IoT devices have sensors all over the boat for engine oil pressure, position, water depth, fuel level, crew location, etc. When the boat has internet, we interact with AWS cloud using lambda and Amazon DynamoDB. When the boat is offshore, the captain and crew still need normal and emergency alerts and real-time sensor information. The crew might have an Android or IoS phone or a Windows or macOS PC to receive alerts and interact with sensors. We may use the AWS GreenGrasss edge computing solution and either MQTT or HTML for that function.

        Question: We want to develop a cross-platform client to run on Windows, Mac, Android, IOS, and possibly Linux. We are primarily Python programmers, so PyQt or Kivy are options for us, but we have heard good things about React Native, Flutter, Xamarin, and others. We think an AWS Greengrass core on an RPI4 could communicate to the client with MQTT or a local webserver with a client web interface.

        Any thoughts would be much appreciated.

        See more
        Android OS logo

        Android OS

        527
        397
        17
        An open source mobile operating system by Google
        527
        397
        + 1
        17
        PROS OF ANDROID OS
        • 3
          Customization
        • 3
          Material Design
        • 2
          Not Apple
        • 2
          Open Source
        • 2
          Google
        • 1
          Google Assistant
        • 1
          Secure
        • 1
          Play Store
        • 1
          Easier to install APK’s
        • 1
          Reliable
        CONS OF ANDROID OS
          Be the first to leave a con

          related Android OS posts

          Siddhant Sharma
          Tech Connoisseur at Channelize.io · | 4 upvotes · 24.3K views

          WordPress Java JavaScript Android SDK Magneto Android OS Google Analytics PHP FileZilla

          Since the evolution of the Internet, online communities and forums are playing a major p part in information sharing. I signed up for a similar community back in 2008 namely Orkut. We used to share scraps all day. At that time, the only communication we have was through either Orkut or text messaging.

          Nobody wanted to share their number with us. and we were not getting any scraps from random girls as we imagined. Even though the popularity of Orkut increased subsequently. However, there was nothing like real-time messaging available in any of the websites. Then comes Facebook.

          Facebook's entrance in the market was big. but WHY?

          Facebook managed to provide everything Orkut had. And to Top it off, A real Time Messaging Platform "messenger" as we know it today. that was the doom of Orkut.

          There are many online communities for Sports, LGBTQ Community, Gaming Community and many more. Communities can see a major downfall if they didn't accept the change. They need to integrate the messaging application into their websites or application. That's what we do at Channelize.io. Have a look and decide for yourself.

          Be it a large enterprise or a startup business, you need real-time messaging. we can help you with that.

          Channelize.io #wordpress #onlinecommunity #Chatsdk #Chatapi #business
          See more
          Windows Server  logo

          Windows Server

          433
          146
          0
          A Microsoft product and a brand name for a group of server operating systems
          433
          146
          + 1
          0
          PROS OF WINDOWS SERVER
            Be the first to leave a pro
            CONS OF WINDOWS SERVER
            • 1
              Not open source
            • 1
              License needed

            related Windows Server posts

            Paul Whittemore
            Developer and Owner at Appurist Software · | 4 upvotes · 135.8K views

            For those needing hosting on Windows or Windows Server too (and avoiding licensing hurdles), both Vultr and Amazon LightSail offer compelling choices, depending on how much compute power you need. Don't underestimate Amazon LightSail, especially for smaller or starting projects, but Vultr also offers an incremental $16 Windows option on top of their standard compute offerings.

            See more